NO BUSH MECHANICS THESE: Bush Sr, W, and new kid on the block Jeb Bush. The US presidency, seemingly, is now a virtual birthright for these bogus Americans.
“I John Ellis Bush do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States. So Help me God.” – January 20 2017
In January 2013, I did a piece headed “BUSH SR MUST HANG” as the eighth instalment of the JFK Series under my weekly column This Earth My Brother.
Of the succession of men who have strutted the Oval Office from Harrison Truman (1945-1953) to the incumbent Barack Obama, I wrote: “Barack Obama is a time-out interlude, holding fort for the next neo-Nazi President, one of either John Ellis Bush (Jeb) or his son George P Bush, one of whom takes over from Barack in 2017. That’s how the cycle runs folks.”
At the time I asserted so, Jeb Bush was yet to signal he was contemplating the highest office in the land. He had in fact hitherto parried suggestions to the effect that he might make a bid in that direction. Thankfully, I’m not American and so I wasn’t fooled. I knew he was going to run because he was destined to be America’s 45th President. So when on December 16 last year he for the first time expressly made known that he was exploring the possibility of a tilt at the presidency, I was not roused though naturally I was revolted. It did not help my sense of disgust that in the ensuing delirium of snap opinion polls, Jeb shot right to the top of potential GOP candidates by margins of at least 10 points to the good.
When it comes to the pinch, however, Jeb has the resolute Hilary Clinton to contend with as she is convinced she was fated to be America’s first breasted president. In a head-to-head popularity match-up with the former First Lady, Jeb trails by a numerologically foreboding 13 points according to one authoritative survey. But Democrats need not lick their chops: Hilary is simply a mock contender meant to give the impression that the US presidency is not a coronation but a do or die, blow for blow contest. If I were a Yankee, I would not fixate myself on the talking heads whilst they spew forth the Gallup stats but would instead direct my gaze up the stars. In there, it is written, in black and white, that on January 20 2017, Chief Justice John Glover Roberts will administer the Oath of Presidential Office not to Hilary Rodham Clinton but to John Ellis Bush. Of that I swear by John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Of course you are wondering why I can be so definite in my prognosis. Let me explain why.
A SHAM OF A DEMOCRACY
First, let me dispel two deeply ingrained myths about the US. The one is that “God’s own country” is a democracy. It is not. America has never been a democracy from the day it was founded. The word democracy does not feature both in the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the Constitution of the United States of America (1789). The Founding Fathers were skeptical of and anxious about democracy. Let us listen to just one of their ilk called James Madison: “Democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and in general have been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths”. The setup the Founding Fathers envisaged from the word go was a republic dressed as a democracy and there is a difference. Madison again: “By a republic I mean a government in which a scheme of representation takes place, opens a different prospect and promises the cure for which we are seeking.”
A republic is a scheme and I need not explain that as it is self-explanatory. Since the powers that be in the US frowns upon democracy, they devised a way with which to circumvent it in decision-making once in a while. This was in the form of Executive Orders, which are issued by the President and have the force of law although they are not subject to Congressional approval. A sample of the tally of Executive Orders per presidential tenure goes thus: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 3522; Ike, 484; George W Bush, 291; Barack Obama to date, 194. The closest we have to Executive Orders in Botswana are Presidential Directives. In Kenneth Kaunda’s Zambia, Executive orders took the form of Statutory Instruments and believe you me “Super Ken” pronounced them forth with a flourish.
Another very mistaken belief is that US Presidents are elected. Far from being elected, they are actually selected and typically decades before they trumpet their candidature. The anointing is done by frontmen of the Military-Industrial Complex at the behest of the Jesuit-General. For instance, very few people are aware that Obama was tipped to be future President whilst he was studying at Columba University at age 20/21. The news was broken to him by Democratic Party Tsar Zbigniew Brzezinski. and Republican Party fiend Henry Kissinger, presently two of the few Methuselah’s of American politics. Whereas in public the projected impression is that of two cutthroat opposition parties furiously at odds with each other, in reality the two are actually joined at the hip – what I call opposames.
By the same token, when Bill Clinton stepped forward to feature in the Democratic primaries and later on challenged incumbent President George H W Bush, he wasn’t simply a former and undistinguished governor of Arkansas. He had long been prepped as the guy who was going to either take over from Bush Sr or dislodge him if he somehow rubbed the Cabal – courtesy of Winston Churchill – the wrong way. Indeed on pages 184-185 of her book Access Denied, Cathy O’ Brien, who was a mind-controlled slave of America’s high and mighty, writes that in 1984, she heard Bush Sr tell Clinton that “when the American people become disillusioned with Republicans leading them into the New World Order, you as a Democrat will be put into place.” Clinton ascended to the presidency in 1993, almost ten years since the “prize” was promised him. The fact that the elections that catapulted him to power were a charade is partly attested by the absurdity (which the shockingly gullible American populace took lying down) of Bush Sr’s and Clinton’s campaign managers, namely James Carville and Mary Matlin respectively, being husband and wife! Of course to the Illuminati this was no big deal as in the grand scheme of things the couple served masters who were simply two sides of the same Mephistophelean coin.
MOST POWERFUL PRESIDENT
If I were to ask you as to who was the most powerful American President ever, you would in all likelihood strain to venture a response particularly that being the “archetypal democracy”, America has never had a Stalin or a Mao. Well, this will probably take you aback: America’s most powerful President ever was George HW Bush. When he became President in 1989, that was not the first time he had ruled America. Of the Presidents who were in office from JFK to George W, the only one on whom Bush Sr had no sway was Jimmy Carter. The rest dutifully answered to Bush, including the “Democrat” Bill Clinton. It was actually worse with Bill Clinton because he owed his turn at the presidency to Bush himself.
Writes Cathy O’ Brien in Access Denied: “In 1984, I was at the Swiss Villa Ampitheatre in Lampe, Missouri, when Bush and Clinton were talking about their New World Order. Bush was really pleased with how well Clinton’s Mena cocaine operation was funding the New World Order effort and he assured Clinton he would be rewarded politically”. It was Bush Sr, folks, who positioned Bill Clinton in line for presidential office. Bush Sr was meant to serve two terms but he made the mistake of upsetting the Jews when he withheld the US’s paternalistic and routine monetary assistance to the Israeli government subject to conditions Israel considered unpalatable. The 1989 elections were meant to be simply a dress rehearsal for Bill Clinton as he was ideally “scripted” to take occupancy of the Oval Office in 1997. Thus alienated by Bush Sr, the highly influential and moneyed Jewish lobby nipped his presidency in the bud prematurely by dramatically propelling Clinton to office. After a whole life time of being so loyal to the Illuminati cause, Bush was as stunned as he was gutted.
In regard to the other Presidents before Obama, Bush Sr was their line manager save for Carter. For instance, Bush Sr had an office next door to Richard Nixon’s so that he could barge in any time he saw fit and bark instructions at him. When Clinton was President, Cathy O’ Brien wrote in a subsequent edition of her other book, Tranceformation of America, that “Clinton poses no more leadership or loyalty to our country than Ronald Reagan did since both follow (ed) New World Order directives from former UN Ambassador and CIA Director George Bush”. As for his own son W, Bush Sr controlled him by proxy, through Vice President Dick Cheney. At one time, when Cheney reported to Bush Sr that W was being a shade intransigent on an issue, Bush Sr picked up a phone to directly ram sense into his son and father and son had a tiff which ended in W curtly hanging up on the old man.
THE JFK BENEDICTION
If you are wondering why Bush Sr has been able to wield such political power for such an inordinately long time, then you didn’t read my JFK Series. To begin with, the Bushes, as I demonstrated in the series, are not Americans: they are Nazis. They were transplanted from Germany at the fall of the Third Reich to come and assume covert hegemony over the US. That Bush Sr was one of the founders of the CIA in the 1940s was not coincidental. All US Presidents to date save for Carter, Clinton, and Obama have been either Nazis proper or Nazi Chester Missings.
Although Bush Sr was promised the presidency half a century ago, this was not solely on account of his Nazi antecedents: it crucially had to do with the role he played in the JFK assassination. We now know that it was he who carried out on-scene supervision of the assassination at Dealey Plaza and was even arrested shortly thereafter but was freed when it was realised that he was one of the country’s untouchables. All the prime movers in the JFK assassination with demonstrable political pedigrees were promised the presidency. Besides Bush Sr, they included Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and Ronald Reagan. Indeed, W is on record as having repeatedly boasted to his friends whilst in high school that his father was going to be President some day. Barbara Bush too took special pleasure in telling her friends in hushed tones that she was a First Lady in waiting.
Yet Bush was content not only to be President in his own right. The privilege had to extend to his brood. Just like Joseph Kennedy created a powerful political dynasty, Bush Sr also was determined to mould his own that in the fullness of time would even eclipse the Kennedys. One way he ensured this came to pass was to engineer the 1999 aerial demise of JFK Jr, who was not only tipped to be the future President by the drooling body politic but had indicated to close friends and kith and kin that he did indeed have presidential designs.
Meanwhile, the Bush boys had long been told they were headed for No. 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. Writes Cathy O’Brien in Access Denied of a conversation she conducted in 1992: “I did see Bush Jr being conditioned and trained for the role of President at the Mount Shasta, California military programming compound in 1986. He is not very bright though, so I don’t know how they could possibly prop him up.” Before each became President, he first of all had to gain experience in the exercise of political power at the level of state governor. As such, W was maneuvered to become governor of Texas in 1995 and Jeb governor of Florida in 1999, both prestigious and preeminent gubernatorial perches.
Thus far, America has had two Bush presidencies, the 41st and 43rd. The 45th was preordained and it comes to pass in January 2017. Will that be the end of the Bush scrum? Far from it. On January 2nd this very year, a Bush took the oath of office as Commissioner of the Texas General Land Office. It is just a matter of time before he makes a bid for governorship. Before long, we will be calling him President George Prescott Bush, the grandson of former President George H W Bush, the son of former President Jeb Bush, and the nephew of former President George W Bush.
No: the dynasty will live on, probably till Kingdom come. So trust me folks, 47 is on the way!
SPEDU, Botswana’s investment promotion vehicle in the SPEDU Region has brought yet another immense project which will be situated adjacent to the town of Selebi Phikwe, dubbed “Selebi Phikwe Citrus Project.”
Commenting on the plan for the project,Manager Agribusiness- Maiba Samunzala, said the Selebi Phikwe Citrus Project is envisaged to become a model citrus development in Southern Africa and a flagship project in Botswana.
“This will be one of the largest flat units of citrus plantation in Southern Africa occupying one thousand two hundred hectares (1200ha) of land. This project has come at a very crucial time when our Government is seriously exploring means to create jobs. Such a project will therefore stimulate the town and restore economic activity within the SPEDU Region,” he said.
In line with Government’s efforts of diversifying the economy away from over reliance on the mineral sector, SPEDU’s critical role is to facilitate inward investment and economic diversification in the Region.
SPEDU started facilitating the project in May 2018 where engagements began between SPEDU itself, Botswana Investment and Trade Centre (BITC) and the investors. It has been a long journey which involved a number of negotiations which was done with due caution without compromise to both parties. This deal brings the number of SPEDU’s total projects to 70 in various sectors which are at different stages of development. Amongst these projects, forty-five (45) are at advanced stages of development.
Twenty-six (26) are citizen-owned companies in Information Technology (IT), Manufacturing, Agriculture and Construction; Four (4) Government projects in Infrastructure Development and Agriculture; Eight (8) Foreign-owned companies in Agriculture; and Seven (7) Joint ventures in Manufacturing and Agriculture.
For his part, SPEDU Chief Executive Officer, Dr Mokubung Mokubung added that the project will be sitting on the Mmadinare Multi-Cooperative Society’s land, leased for a period of 33 years with an automatic renewal clause for a further 50 years. Dr Mokubung further indicated: “It was our responsibility that we ensure that clear steps are followed to allow for subleasing of the piece of land.
“A decision was further taken to approve a water quota and a reduced water tariff for this project. This decision was made considering the contribution envisaged from this project to the economy of Botswana. This project therefore will draw water from Letsibogo dam with an approved water allocation to the Project of 8 million cubic meters. Electricity supply will be from Botswana Power Corporation, while back-up generators will be present for pump stations as well as the pack house.
The development will be on a 1,500 hectare site, with 1,200 hectares of citrus orchards to be developed between 2020 and 2025 in two phases of development”, Mokubung added. The Selebi Phikwe Citrus (Pty) Ltd shortened as “SPC”, is foreign owned by South African (RSA) citizens. The RSA owners will manage the project with their highly experienced citrus growers personnel, with strong established track records in the industry, cumulatively spanning more than 50 years.
The location of the project was chosen on geo-political, economic and climatological merits including amongst others: Botswana’s stable political environment, amidst a mature democracy and a strong independent judiciary; Favourable business conditions, including attractive taxation and foreign exchange regulations, and a stable local currency with low annual inflation; Attractive long-term investment incentives; Good technical and agricultural conditions; and Adequate infrastructure and logistical access to markets.
Informed by the climactic factors particular to the site, the orchards will be planted with a range of citrus cultivars, including mandarins, Valencia oranges, seedless lemons and grapefruit. Although it will be one of the largest single citrus developments ever undertaken in Southern Africa, the development will only represent a maximum of 1.2% of the Southern African citrus plantings, all of which are mainly oriented towards overseas citrus demand markets. It is therefore not expected to have any destabilising effect on prices or industry dynamics.
The SPC project is being established at one of the most lucrative places in Botswana, as the SPEDU Region is strategically located even in the broader Sothern African Development Community (SADC) region.
The town of Selebi Phikwe is surrounded by 52 villages and rural settlements, and is located approximately 400 kilometers north of the capital city Gaborone. Selebi Phikwe serves as the commercial capital of the SPEDU Region. The town is home for 49,411 people, making up approximately a quarter of the entire population of the Region.
The Selebi Phikwe Citrus Project is forecast to create 1000 sustainable job opportunities at full capacity, with creation of both forward and backward linkages with other sectors. This Project would bring about growth and diversification of the agro industry, with spin-off effects that will generate other value chain business opportunities. The other benefits which would be brought by the Project include, increased level of exports, increased export revenue, technological and skills transfer, and import substitution.
Some of the areas in the SPEDU land pockets serves as a Special Economic Zone with the intention to support industrialisation through the economic sectors of Tourism, Manufacturing and Agro-Business in diversifying the economy.
This is in recognition of the inherent comparative advantages of the region evidenced by availability of ample surface and underground water resources. It is also the home of five of the country’s major dams, the Thune Dam, the Letsibogo Dam, the Lotsane Dam, the Dikabeya Dam and the Dikgatlhong Dam.
The region also boasts highly fertile soils and a climate conducive for agricultural, especially horticulture production. The availability of land for industrialisation in Selebi Phikwe and the region, infrastructure resources, abundant natural attractions, flora and fauna, natural resources such as granite, sandstone, marble and silica sands open up opportunity for industrialization.
Just like in politics, numbers matter in the church. As much as the COVID-19 pandemic has put so many commercial entities in the red, the church in Botswana has not escaped the wrath either. These glaring similarities between the church and world have pushed the former beyond limits and now there is a bone to pick with government.
Just last week, President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi met with men of the cloth, a jaw-jaw that precipitated a decision to increase the number of congregants per church service from 75 to 100 in line with the State of Emergency powers and COVID-19 regulations. The decision by the President is an indication that he has a foot in both camps – that is the church and COVID-19 Presidential Task Team.
But the church is still not satisfied, with some leaders expressing hard feelings over the bunch that met the President. From the latest decisions, it seems the government will open churches to their full capacity in a pi’s eye. In any case this position is expressed in black and white through various press statements from the Task team and individual ministries. Government is hell-bent on containing the possible spread of the coronavirus.
For some churches, such as the Zion Christian Church (ZCC) they have leaned on the Hobson choice – taking what is offered or nothing at all – and they have chosen the latter. The ZCC has also adopted a hush up as per the instruction of its leader, Bishop Lekganyane.
AND HERE ARE THE NUMBERS
A statistical generalisation in Botswana when it comes to church capacities demonstrates thus; St Peters Roman Catholic in Gabane, has a church capacity of 600. In main mall, Christ the King Cathedral Roman Catholic has a capacity of 1300, and in Gaborone West they have close to 1200 capacity.
Eloyi Christian Church in Selibe Phikwe boasts of a 1000 strong membership. On a normal service, The City Angeles Church in Tlokweng has 1500 people attending one service. For Spiritual Healing in Gaborone more than 800 people normally attend in between services; and as for Naledi Church of God in Palapye it has 700 people while Cornelius Apostolic Church has an average attendance of 2000 people in one service. The figures continue to pour in, Olive Church in Metsimotlhabe has more than 2500 members; while Royal Assembly in Gaborone has more than 800 attendees for a normal service. Their membership stands at 1200.
Speaking to this publication, Bishop Raphael Habibo of Assemblies of God confirmed that the 100 per service as recently prescribed is not enough. He pointed out that it would have been better had they been allowed a 200 or 300 ceiling looking at the capacity of various churches around the country.
“We are not in a position to take care of the needs of our people. In terms of counselling, ministering and standing with them during challenging times and financially. We have hired different people in church. When services are stopped it means we are not making enough money to pay these people. We hear the government’s cry but we need to come up with ways of living with this,” he said.
From Bishop Habibo’s interjection, it is evident that the church has an itching palm for purposes of paying salaries, rent, and general welfare issues. In essence the church is saying the 100 capacity command remains in the clouds, it is far from addressing the realities they face.
From the figures shared, it is evident that the church has a Midas touch but the Presidential Task Team on COVID-19 remains in the driver’s seat hence the church’s itching palm may be satisfied in a coon’s age!
While some church leaders agree that the churches do not need to be opened to the brim, they still shoot down the 100 members cap. They argue that they have enough space to adhere to COVID-19 protocols should their numbers be increased to 200 or 300.
The church says it is not only money that will ensure that they keep head above the water. There is a claim that by limiting the number of people may attend church services, emotional strain and depression are taking a toll on citizens. Faith thought leaders also attempt to link emerging worries such as Gender Based Violence and suicides to restrained spiritual interactions. While there is yet to be empirical data to full-proof these assertions as gospel truth, the church’s campaign for more numbers remains just a grasp at straws.
The church is also worried that certain decisions by the Presidential Task team appear to swim against the tide. They cite opening of borders, buses loading full capacity, tourism industry’s leisure travels, and a litany of decisions only explained by the idiom, smoke and mirrors.
CHURCH MEMBERS ARE DEPRESSED
“A lot of people have been stressed and depressed by this season. Having to live with the fear of the chance of contacting the virus or a loved one or colleague being positive is too much. It is at this point that we need to have a closer relationship with God to pray; to be in church and as we sing, we create an atmosphere of hope. People lost their jobs, businesses and for some it will take months if not years to recover.
We have even seen a rise in gender based violence – I would even think it’s indirectly connected to this pandemic. An affected mind facing a situation that is heavy and can’t take it anymore will just lose it and misbehave,” said the President of Royal Assembly Ministries, Boago Ramogapi.
“I wish the government could do “Capacity Seating” while still adhering to COVID-19 regulations of masks and distance between seats. In that case, a building that normally seats 1000 people will be able to take 500 people – there will still be space between the people and strict compliance on masks and sanitising,” he said.
He further highlighted that challenges arose amid the pandemic within the church and the main one was that many people were losing themselves and feeling helpless because they do not have the opportunity to go to church – a place that has an atmosphere to encounter, inspire and vibe peace of mind.
“On top of that, let’s understand that churches are run by the free will offerings of the congregants. Most of the time the offerings are taken when people have congregated. Discussing with some Pastors I discovered that many churches have had serious financial challenges – those renting places of worship, staff members to pay salaries and their usual outreaches to the less privileged were affected. We have banking online platforms to make transactions but they have not yet penetrated that much on the church sphere where people send their contributions to the church accounts,” he said.
When quizzed on the stand of the Ministry regarding the opening of churches, the Minister of Nationality, Immigration and Gender Affairs, Anna Mokgethi said;
“There is no silence at all. My Ministry has been engaged with faith leaders on the issue of increasing the number of attendees at church services. They have made their submissions to the Ministry on a number of occasions and we agreed on the submissions to be made to the Task Force team. Consultations are ongoing.
At yesterday’s COVID-19 Task Force meeting it was agreed that consultations should be concluded and submissions should be presented this coming Monday and a final decision be made.”But from the black and white issued by various Government agencies, capacity seating for churches will come in a month of Sundays!
In an effort to address the mounting challenges of unemployment and labour issues in Botswana, government has introduced the Decent Work Programme that will help the country achieve its decent work ambitions by the year 2024.
Botswana’s unemployment rate has been high at around 20% over the years as a result of the slow growth of employment opportunities. Youth and women are the most affected, however, the ratio of female to male youth unemployment has since had a significant decline from 165% in 2008 to 139% in the past three years, reflecting improvements in employment opportunities for women. The youth unemployment rate hovered around 35% over the last years.
In their Decent Work Country report, the Ministry of Employment, Labour Productivity and Skills Development strives to contribute to Botswana’s progress towards the achievement of full and productive employment and decent for all. The report prioritizes sustainable employment creation in which, government aims to reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.
By 20230, the Decent Work Report aspires for sustainable food production systems and implementation of resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaption to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.
It has been suggested that Botswana should move to adopt measures to ensure that proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.
Furthermore, the country aims to ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education hence increasing the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship.
Gender disparity has always been a challenge in Botswana. According to the report, there are aspirations to eliminate gender disparities in education and ensuring equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations.
As the country moves towards the digital space, technology is anticipated to play a bigger role in developing the economy. In the next ten years, Botswana says it would have enhanced the use of technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women. In a more tangible approach, there will be the adoption and strengthening of sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and women at all levels.
Achieving higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors has also been a target outlined on the report, as well as promoting development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, formalization and growth of micro-small and medium sized enterprises, including through access to financial services.
Furthermore, the report says Botswana will work to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and other forms of exploitation. “Botswana will take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and the use of child soldiers which is to be ended by 2025 in all its forms.”
Meanwhile, the slow growth in employment opportunities in Botswana is said to be due to the fact that the supply of skills from the education sector does not match the needs of the job market. The skills mismatch has led to an oversupply of certain skills in the job market, resulting in high graduate unemployment, even though other skills are in short supply.
The report highlighted that there is a need to develop an adequately skills workforce, which is responsive to the labour market demands. “The growing rate of unemployment of the youth, specifically graduates, indicates the critical need for improving the coordination, planning, quality as well as management of human resource development. Government aims to address this challenge by implementing the National Human Resource Development Strategy, which stipulates the formulation of HRD Sector Plans, aimed at matching of skills with the labour market and the needs of the economy,” the Decent Work report reads.
Meanwhile, government has introduced Labour Market Information System that collects, analyses, monitors and captures labour market information such as labour indicators, data, labour demand and supply forecasts and any other labour market data.
In other words, it is a system that collects statistical and non-statistical information concerning labour market actors and their environment, as well as information concerning labour market institutions, policies and regulations that serves the needs of users and has been collected through the application of accepted methodologies and practice to the largest possible extent.
Government further says the labour market information is key to all players: policy makers use it for decision making purposes, students and their parents for informed career choices, researchers amongst others.
The availability of reliable, comprehensive, cost effective and up-to date labour market information is a necessary condition for effective human resource planning and its implementation. Such information is not only required by government and its agencies, but also by employers for their personnel planning decisions.
Individuals also need information on the state of the labour market to make their training and career choices. As a result of this, knowledge of how the labour market functions become integral to an understanding of the key economic issues of time.