Batawana vow to fight tooth and nail via the courts
Batawana and their paramount chief who is also the Member of Parliament for Maun West, Tawana Moremi have accused Tawana Land Board and Office of the President for what they term unconstitutional transfers to take away land from Batawana.
The attack follows a February 2014 decision by the Office of the President issued through a directive order, for the transfer of thirteen tourists’ sites within the Okavango Delta from Tawana Land Board, to the central government – this thirteen include Moremi Game Reserve.
The decision escalated the feud between Batawana and the Government over ownership of both Moremi Game Reserve and Maun Educational Park. Batawana, with their paramount chief at the forefront, have been battling for the repossession of these two tourism sites from Tawana Land Board which they believe the government acquired illegally.
On June 2014, Batawana unanimously agreed to take the legal route by dragging the government before the courts of law in order to resolve their feud with the state concerning their tourism assets. This decision came after the tribe concluded that the Government has failed the dialogue approach.
At a held kgotla meeting held recently in Maun, Member of Parliament, Kgosi Tawana Moremi explained that it is unconstitutional for the Government leadership to take land of a particular tribe without any clear understanding of their purpose to do so.
Moremi explained that the constitution indeed sometimes gives the state the power to take land from original owners only if it is for the benefit of the nation at large. But according to the Batawana royal, the constitution was violated in the Batawana case and the national interest argument is clouded by the unconstitutionality of the acquisition. Tawana Moremi also took time and demonstrated how government took Moremi Game Reserve and Maun Educational Park without proper consultation with Batawana.
Tawana Moremi also blamed President Lieutenant General Ian Khama for land problems found in the Batawana territory. He said Khama has forgotten his own 5Ds – being Democracy, Development, Dignity, Discipline and Delivery which he introduced when he took power in 2008. He said Khama’s 5Ds have been destroyed by his unconstitutional approach of leadership. He added that even the pillars of Vision 2016 are no longer in sight under President Khama.
Moremi expressed concern that Khama’s directives which are usually meted without consultation contradicts what he promised Batswana in his State of the Nation Address of 2014 after winning power in the October 24 general elections.
“Khama expressed that land is an important asset that could be used for the economic empowerment of Batswana,” explained Tawana Moremi.
The Batawana royal further explained that the same land that President Khama is talking about is illegally taken away from Batswana instead of Government helping tribes maximize benefits from the land.
Tawana Moremi warned that land conflicts will come back to haunt Khama’s administration hence frustrating the President’s declaration to improve the lives of Batswana.
He advised that Ngamiland is a special economic zone where there is tourism, fishery and farming potential that can be used to improve people of Ngamiland who are reported to be the second poorest district in the country after Kgalagadi district.
The P250 million National Petroleum Fund (NPF) saga that has been before court since 2017 seems to be losing its momentum with a high possibility of it being thrown out as defence lawyers unmask incompetency on the part of the Directorate of Public Prosecution (DPP).
The Gaborone High Court this week ruled that the decision by the State to prosecute Justice Zein Kebonang and his twin brother, Sadique Kebonang has been reviewed and set aside. The two brothers have now been cleared of the charges that where laid against them three years ago.
The United States (US) will on the 3rd of November 2020 chose between incumbent Donald Trump of the Republicans and former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democrats amid the coronavirus pandemics, which has affected how voting is conducted in the world’s biggest economy.
Trump (74) seeks re-election after trouncing Hillary Clinton in 2016, while Biden (77) is going for his first shot as Democratic nominee after previous unsuccessful spells.
US Presidents mostly succeed in their re-election bid, but there have been nine individuals who failed to garner a second term mandate, the latest being George W H. Bush, a Republican who served as the 41st US President between 1989 and 1993.
Dr Mark Rozell, a Dean of the School of Policy and Government at George Mason University in Arlington, Virginia describes the complex US electoral system that will deliver the winner at the 3rd November elections.
“The founders of our Republic de-centralised authority significantly in creating our constitutional system, which means that they gave an enormous amount of independent power and authority to State and local governments,” Dr Rozell told international media on Elections 2020 Virtual Reporting Tour.
Unlike parliamentary democracies, like Botswana the United States does not have all of the national government elected in one year. They do not have what is commonly called mandate elections where the entire federal government is elected all in one election cycle giving a “mandate” to a particular political party to lead, and instead US have what are called staggered elections, elections over time.
The two house Congress, members of the House of Representatives have two-year long terms of office. Every two years the entire House of Representatives is up for re-election, but senators serve for six years and one third of the Senate is elected every two years.
For this election cycle, US citizens will be electing the President and Vice
President, the entire House of Representatives and one third of the open or contested seats in the Senate, whereas two thirds are still fulfilling the remainder of their terms beyond this year.
An important facet of US electoral system to understand given the federalism nature of the republic, the US elect presidents State by State, therefore they do not have a national popular vote for the presidency.
“We have a national popular vote total that says that Hillary Clinton got three million more votes than Donald Trump or in Year 2000 that Al Gore got a half million more votes than George W. Bush, but we have what is called a State by State winner takes all system where each State is assigned a number of electors to our Electoral College and the candidate who wins the popular vote within each State takes 100 percent of the electors to the Electoral College,” explained Dr Rozell.
“And that is why mathematically, it is possible for someone to win the popular vote but lose the presidency.”
Dr Rozell indicated that in 2016, Hillary Clinton won very large popular majorities in some big population States like California, but the system allows a candidate to only have to win a State by one vote to win a 100 percent of its electors, the margin does not matter.
“Donald Trump won many more States by smaller margins, hence he got an Electoral College majority.”
Another interesting features by the way of US constitutional system, according to Dr Rozell, but extremely rare, is what is called the faithless elector.
“That’s the elector to the Electoral College who says, ‘I’m not going to vote the popular vote in my State, I think my State made a bad decision and I’m going to break with the popular vote,’’ Dr Rozell said.
“That’s constitutionally a very complicated matter in our federalism system because although the federal constitution says electors may exercise discretion, most States have passed State laws making it illegal for any elector to the Electoral College to break faith with the popular vote of that State, it is a criminal act that can be penalized if one is to do that. And we just had an important Supreme Court case that upheld the right of the states to impose and to enforce this restriction”
There are 538 electors at the Electoral College, 270 is the magic number, the candidate who gets 270 or more becomes President of the United States.
If however there are more candidates, and this happens extremely rarely, and a third candidate got some electors to the Electoral College denying the two major party candidates, either one getting a majority, nobody gets 270 or more, then the election goes to the House of Representatives and the House of Representatives votes among the top three vote getters as to who should be the next President.
“You’d have to go back to the early 19th century to have such a scenario, and that’s not going to happen this year unless there is a statistical oddity, which would be a perfect statistical tie of 269 to 269 which could happen but you can just imagine how incredibly unlikely that is,” stated Dr Rozell.
BLUE STATES vs RED STATES
Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.
Many states have populations that are so heavily concentrated in the Democratic party or the Republican party that there is really no competition in those states.
California is a heavily Democratic State, so is New York and Maryland. It is given that Joe Biden will win those states. Meanwhile Texas, Florida and Alabama are republicans. So, the candidates will spent no time campaigning in those states because it is already a given.
However there are swing states, where there is a competition between about five and 10 states total in each election cycle that make a difference, and that is where the candidates end up spending almost all of their time.
“So it ends up making a national contest for the presidency actually look like several state-wide contests with candidates spending a lot of time talking about State and local issues in those parts of the country,” said Dr Rozell.
High Commissioner of the Federal Government of Nigeria to Botswana, His Excellency Umar Zainab Salisu, has challenged President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi to move swiftly and lobby Africa’s richest man, Nigerian Billionaire, Aliko Dangote to invest in Botswana.
Speaking during a meeting with President Masisi at Office of President on Thursday Zainab Salisu said Dangote has expressed massive interest in setting up billion dollar industries in Botswana. “We have a lot of investors who wish to come and invest in Botswana , when we look at Botswana we don’t see Botswana itself , but we are lured by its geographic location , being in the centre of Southern Africa presents a good opportunity for strategic penetration into other markets of the region,” said Salisu.