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Teachers suspend overtime activities again


Teachers have suspended their participation in overtime activities at schools pending ongoing nationwide consultations with their unions regarding overtime allowance.


The consultations are scheduled towards the end of January and will focus on reviewing participation by teachers on working overtime – both after hours and during rest days and corresponding remuneration with particular reference to participating in sporting activities.


It is not the first time teachers reach a dispute with the employer concerning payments and hours of work to their otherwise peculiar profession.


The recent dispute came into play following the employer, the Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM)’s alleged breach of the agreement that was harmonised in 2012 by altering the overtime conditions as provided for in the Public Service Act and the Employment Act.


DPSM and the Ministry of Education and Skills Development (MoESD) have subsequent to the agreement authored various savingrams that are seen by teachers as not only offensive to the provisions of the labour statutes regulating overtime but also meant to deliberately exploit teachers.


“The DPSM specifically authored a circular savingram referenced DP19/72VI (68) which was followed by a subsequent one from Permanent Secretary, MoE&SD referenced E3/2/21(116) which all purported that employees are required by law (could be forced) to work overtime and should be paid by days off, which in our view was a deliberate distortion of the statutes regulating overtime,” BOSETU Secretary General Tobokani Rari told WeekendPost.


He said the Ministry of Education through Regional Directors has also on several occasions issued various instructions both verbal and written varying and altering the overtime conditions as provided for in the labour statutes, and during the process subjecting teachers to debilitating working conditions.

Of particular reference, according to Rari, is the instruction issued at various Regional Offices requiring teachers to work overtime and be compensated by taking 50% of the days worked as day offs, and another 50% to be compensated in monetary form. This is despite the fact that in line with MoESD, days off can only be taken during school holidays.

“This took away the right of employees as provided for in the statutes to decide on how they should be compensated in case they have to work overtime,” Rari contended.

Rari asserted that they have many incidences where the Ministry of Education has flatly refused to pay teachers after having been lawfully authorised and procedurally rendered service after normal hours and on rest days. “We are alive to the fact that some authorised overtime has been returned to schools unpaid across regions.”

He also noted that: “the cited transgressions of the then understanding of the labour statutes warrant a review of our participation as teachers on working overtime both after hours and during rest days.”

Prior to the implementation of the Public Service Act No. 30 of 2008, teachers then regulated by the repealed Teaching Service Act (TSA) worked very long hours without regard to international standards on hours of work.

With the implementation of the Public Service Act No. 30 of 2008, the hours of work for the whole of the Public Service were standardized in compliance with the international standards, that is, maximum of 8 working hours per day.

During the transitional negotiations for a smooth change over to the new dispensation in 2010, trade unions raised the issue of the peculiarity of the teaching profession on hours of work and suggested a 10 hour working week which would translate to a 26 day month for teachers.

Rari explained that the employer (DPSM) then requested for more time to study the proposal and also come up with their own. While other issues were resolved, this issue, leave versus vacation, non-teaching duties, just to mention a few remained outstanding, he added.

At subsequent meetings, the Secretary General explained – the employer remained reluctant to adopt the 10 hour working week / 26 day month as suggested by unions but could not provide a solution to the impasse. In fact he said as from the engagement of the sectoral bargaining unit this issue has been with cabinet as from 2010.

“At the beginning of 2011 teacher unions conducted nation- wide consultation with teachers on this matter and teachers resolved that they would stick to the 8 hour working duration per day from 0730hrs – 1630hrs and would not work beyond these times including on rest days.”

He noted that this brought sporting and some other academic activities done after hours and during weekends (rest days) to a halt. “We saw 2011 and part of 2012 going without sporting activities. These also included perniciously the subject enrichment activities e.g.: subject fairs, remedial teachings etc.”

It is understood that in 2012 the Ministry of Education through Permanent Secretary Mrs. Grace Muzila opened dialogue once more with teacher unions regarding the impasse (non – participation of teachers in sporting and non-teaching activities).

It was agreed at these consultations that a joint (unions and MoESD) consultation process with teachers be conducted regarding the application of overtime to teachers as per provisions of the labour statutes (Employment Act).

Following the consultation process it was agreed between teacher unions and MoESD that teachers could work overtime including during rest days and the overtime would be regulated by the provisions of the Public Service Act & the Employment Act.

Back then teachers resumed providing service after normal hours and during rest days as per authorization by supervisors hence the commencement of sporting and educational enrichment activities.

However WeekendPost understands that the impasse to halt overtime activities in schools has again come back to haunt the ministry (MoESD) while students are likely to suffer most as they are always the victims due to these disagreements between teachers/unions and the ministry.

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Civil Service volatility: Democracy vs Bureaucracy

19th April 2021
President Masisi

Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.

These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.

The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”

The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.

“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”

Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.

The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.

The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.

Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.

One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.

But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.

One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.

Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.

In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.

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Morupisi fights for freedom in court

19th April 2021
morupisi

Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.

Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.

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Pressure mounts on Biden to suspend Covid-19 vaccine patents

19th April 2021
Joe Biden

United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.

According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.

“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.

A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.

Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.

In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”

While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.

Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility.  Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.

For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies.  European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.

It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.

According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.

The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.

“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”

“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.”
The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”

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