Consciously or unconsciously as Youth activists and advocates we find great pleasure and comfort in attributing Youth Development obstacles and challenges to legislation/policy, culture, corruption, nepotism, questionable political determination and insufficient youth representation in key decision making structures. Strategically we opt to over-look and undermine the effects of “Climate Change” on Youth Development and Empowerment.
I suspect this is because unlike policies and legislation, ‘Climate Change’ has no clearly defined immediate culprit to blame for its prevalence. Referred to as “Global Warming” in some collected works, “Climate Change” is basically alteration in the statistical distribution of weather patterns for an extended period of time.
Though our Revised Nation Policy (2010) justly captures ‘Environment Conservation and Protection’ as one of the key contemporary Youth Development issues, it lacks proper deliberation and prescription for this matter, thus its section 5.3 cannot be considered ‘Climate Change’ specific or responsive.
At continental level, the African Youth Charter (AYC), its article 19 to be precise, shares corresponding sentiments, but goes a step further by committing to well defined policy and social justice interventions. Unfortunately Botswana has opted otherwise in ratifying this political and legal instrument; however, this author hopes our civil society and policy architects will continue drawing boundless inspiration from it (AYC).
In all honesty and fairness, ‘Climate Change’ remains a fairly complex development agenda item; technocrats, goverments, continents and the international community at large are struggling to have a universal commitment/agreement on it. Nevertheless, despite deficiency of a universal stratagem addressing it, “Climate Change” is not a mere academic hallucination, it is here and it is happening.
Its effects have been felt and registered in most if not all sectors of the local and global economy; agriculture & forestry, health, water resources and tourism being the hardest hit. The scope of this article is not to interrogate the nature of this creature nor impose/propose a universal strategy for its elimination.
The major scope herein is to acknowledge the direct and prevailing impact of ‘Climate Change’ on the Youth Development agenda at community and national level. As we all know, key challenges facing our national Youth Development agenda include but not limited to; high escalating un- and underemployment, high poverty levels, high rural-urban migration, worrying collapse of youth owned enterprises (government and privately funded), escalating business input prices, limited and short-lived financial assistance to young entrepreneurs.
It is easy and convenient to attribute these challenges to basic economic and governance dynamics. However it is equally significant to admit that a certain percentage of each of these challenges is accounted for by this mysterious and invisible creature popularly known as “Climate Change” aka “Global Warming”.
For instance: Following a Drought Assessment Exercise conducted last year Government declared 2013/14 a drought year: The drought was envisaged to be severe in terms of its effects and coverage to adversely affect human livelihood and the national economy at large, agro-based livelihoods are expected to suffer income losses and asset depletion, especially noting the anticipated drought related livestock mortality.
In our Youth development frameworks the Youth Development Fund (YDF) and Young Framers Fund (YFF) rightfully and strategically advance Agriculture or Agribusiness as viable avenue for youth income generation and employment creation.
Agriculture is strategically favored for its distinctive ability to tackle citizen self-reliance, economic diversification, employment creation, poverty reduction and food security at once. I have empirically and theoretically documented and accentuated these sentiments in a script titled ‘Commercial Agriculture a Viable Avenue for Youth’ first published mid-2012 and reprinted several times thereafter.
As deliberated above, it is not misguided to affirm that majority of youth targeted grants and schemes promote and target agri-businesses. Thus the drought year declaration effectively meant majority of youth owned and funded enterprises will not survive, make profit or at least break-even.
Furthermore, a significant percentage of young people (more especially those in remote areas) are employed in various agriculture related industries, this deceleration effectively meant due to financial losses majority of them are likely to be retrenched from work, hence becoming unemployed, ultimately leading to increased figures of Youth unemployment, exploitation and abject poverty.
This declaration effectively meant government would have to implement drought relief measures and actions which come at a cost; these are funds that could otherwise be invested in building capacity and skills of a number of young citizens awaiting assistance.
This declaration effectively means the cost of food prices will go up increasing household expenditure drawing more households (youth inclusive) into abject poverty. Similarly, I assume we all know and remember the ‘Water Restrictions’ that were triggered by low water levels in our country. The low water levels are largely but not exclusively attributed to current low and unreliable rainfall levels and patterns, but, I’m sure questionable water resources management and planning is a fundamental part of the equation.
Nonetheless, what exceptionally and adversely affected the socioeconomic standing of youth was the inclusion of ‘car washes’ in the water restriction list. This ‘Water Restrictions’ directly crippled the efficiency and productivity of respective youth owned car washes, within a short period of time majority of the car washes collapsed.
Consequently this resulted in the undesirable loss of; jobs, income and socioeconomic activity in several households and communities. These are not the only, these are just just some of the practical realties that can be cited to illustrate and highlight how and why ‘climate change’ is an obstacle to Youth development and prosperity. As a matter of reality and fact: “Climate Change” is one of the disturbing key challenges to effective and prosperous national Youth empowerment and development.
It is proactive, progressive and essential for us to ensure we add “Climate Change” aka “Global Warming” to our list of challenges going forward, with the earnest intention of coming up with inclusive sustainable interventions that will be cognizant and resilient to modern-day economic and “Climate Change” dynamics.
At this juncture I divert from regular programming to honor some of the duties that patriotism, nation building and citizenship demand form each and every upright compatriot: Firstly; I join fellow countrymen in wishing Rre Mompati Merafhe aka ‘The General’ eternal peace in the mercy of God. His sacrifices, battles and achievements are tremendous, endless and well documented, like any human being he had his shortfalls here and there. He was and remains a great inspiration to the young and old, his ideals will never ever perish.
In the words of one George Eliot, ‘our dead are never dead to us, until we have forgotten them’. Nobel laureate, Nelson Mandela (MHSRIP) once said “Death is something inevitable. When a man has done what he considers to be his duty to his people and his country, he can rest in peace”.
In these words we find comfort and assurance that ‘The General’ rests in Peace. Secondly; I join the rest of the nation in commending, pleading and encouraging fellow compatriots to help raise funds for one of our own, 14 year old Abian Abbie Ntshabele. Abbie is battling a complex rare medical condition; she is currently in the UK where doctors are battling to keep her stable.
Abbie and her family are in desperate need of US$50 000 (P500 000) for a complex treatment which can only be done at a specialist children’s hospital in China. Abbie’s only hope is sympathetic people around the world to help her get the treatment she urgently and desperately needs, by offering any amount they can. Her local account details are: Account Name: Abian Ntshabele, Bank: First National Bank, Account Number: 62263884291, Branch: Main Branch.
* Taziba is Youth Advocate, Columnist & Researcher with keen interest in Youth Policy, Civic Engagement, Social Inclusion and Capacity Building (7189 firstname.lastname@example.org)
This is a question that should seriously exercise the mind of every Botswana citizen and every science researcher, every health worker and every political leader political.
The Covid-19 currently defines our lives and poses a direct threat to every aspect and every part of national safety, security and general well-being. This disease has become a normative part of human life throughout the world.
The first part of the struggle against the murderous depredation of this disease was to protect personal life through restrictive health injunctions and protocols; the worst possibly being human isolation and masks that hid our sorrows and lamentations through thin veils. We suffered that humiliation with grace and I believe as a nation we did a great job.
Now the vaccines are here, ushering us into the second phase of this war against the plague; and we are asking ourselves, is this science-driven fight against Covid-19 spell the end of pandemic anxiety? Is the health nightmare coming to an end? What happy lives lie ahead? Is this the time for celebration or caution? As the Non State Actors, we have being struggling with these questions for months.
We have published our thoughts and feelings, and our research reviews and thorough reading of both the local and international impacts of this rampaging viral invasion in local newspapers and social media platforms.
More significantly, we have successfully organised workshops about the impact of the pandemic on society and the economy and the last workshop invited a panel of health experts, professionals, and public administers to advance this social dialogue as part of our commitment to the tripartite engagement we enjoy working with Government of Botswana, Civil Society and Development partners. These workshops are virtual and open to all Batswana, foreign diplomatic missions based in Gaborone, UN agencies located in Gaborone and international academic researchers and professional health experts and specialists.
The mark of Covid-19 on our nation is a painful one, a tragedy shared by the entire human race, but still a contextually painful experience. Our response is fraught with grave difficulties; limited resources, limited time, and the urgency to not only save lives but also avert economic ruin and a bleak future for all who survive. Several vaccines are already in the market.
Parts of the world are already doing the best they can to trunk the pestilential march of this disease by rolling out mass-vaccinations campaigns that promise to evict this health menace and nightmare from their public lives. Botswana, like much of Africa, is still up in the disreputable, and, unenviable, preventative social melee of masked interactions, metered distances, contactless commerce.
We remain very much at the mercy of a marauding virus that daily runs amuck with earth shattering implications for the economy and human lives. And the battle against both infections and transmissions is proving to be difficult, in terms of finance, institutional capacities and resource mobilization. How are we prepared as government, and as citizens, to embrace the impending mass-vaccinations? What are the chances of us succeeding at this last-ditch effort to defeat the virus? What are the most pressing obstacles?
Does the work of vaccines spell an end to the pandemic anxieties?
Our panellists addressed the current state of mass-vaccination preparedness at the Botswana national level. What resources are available? What are the financial, institutional and administrative operational challenges (costs and supply chains, delivery, distribution, administering the vaccine on time, surveillance and security of vaccines?) What is being done to overcome them, or what can be done to overcome them? What do public assessments of preparedness tell us at the local community levels? How strong is the political will and direction? How long can we expect the whole exercise to last? At what point should we start seeing tangible results of the mass-vaccination campaign?
They also addressed the challenges of the anticipated emerging Vaccinated Society. How to fight the myths of vaccines and the superstitions about histories of human immunizations? What exactly is being done to grow robust local confidence in the science of vaccinations and the vaccines themselves? More significantly, how to square these campaigns vis-vis personal rights, moral/religious obligations?
What messages are being sent out in these regards and how are Batswana responding? What about issues of justice and equality? Will we get the necessary vaccines to everyone who wants them? What is being done to ensure no deserving person is left behind?
They also addressed issues of health data. To accomplish this mass-vaccination campaign and do everything right we need accurate and complete data. Poor data already makes it very hard to just cope with the disease. What is being done to improve data for the mass-vaccination campaign? How is this data being collected, aggregated and prepared for real life situation/applications throughout Botswana in the coming campaign?
We know in America, for example, general reporting and treatment of health data at the beginning of vaccinations was so poor, so chaotic and so scattered mainstream newspapers like The Atlantic, Washington Post and the New York Times had to step in, working very closely with civil society organizations, to rescue the situation. What data-related issues are still problematic in Botswana?
To be specific, what kind of Covid-19 data is being taken now to ready the whole country for an effective and efficient mass-vaccination program?
Batswana must be made aware that the end part of vaccination will just mark the beginning of a long journey to health recovery and national redemption; that in many ways Covid-19 vaccination is just another step toward the many efforts in abeyance to fight this health pandemic, the road ahead is still long and painful.
For this purpose, and to highlight the significance of this observation we tasked our panellists with the arduous imperative of analysing the impact of mass-vaccination on society and the economy alongside the pressing issues of post-Covid-19 national health surveillance and rehabilitation programs.
Research suggests the aftermath of Covid-19 vaccination is going to be just as difficult and uncertain world as the present reality in many ways, and that caution should prevail over celebration, at least for a long time. The disease itself is projected to linger around for some time after all these mass-vaccination campaigns unless an effort is made to vaccinate everyone to the last reported case, every nation succeeds beyond herd immunity, and cure is found for Covid-19 disease. Many people are going to continue in need of medications, psychological and psychiatric services and therapy.
Is Botswana ready for this long holdout? If not, what path should we take going into the future? The Second concern is , are we going to have a single, trusted national agency charged with the mandate to set standards for our national health data system, now that we know how real bad pandemics can be, and the value of data in quickly responding to them and mitigating impact? Finally, what is being done to curate a short history of this pandemic? A national museum of health and medicine or a Public Health Institute in Botswana is overdue.
If we are to create strong sets of data policies and data quality standards for fighting future health pandemics it is critical that they find ideological and moral foundations in the artistic imagery and photography of the present human experience…context is essential to fighting such diseases, and to be prepared we must learn from every tragic health incident.
Our panellists answered most of these questions with distinguished intellectual clarity. We wish Batswana to join us in our second Mass-vaccination workshop.
Today is International Women’s Day – it’s a moment to think about how much better our news diet could be if inequities were eliminated. In 1995, when the curtains fell in one of the largest meetings that have ever brought women together to discuss women in development, it was noted that women and media remain key to development.
Twenty-six years later, the relevant “Article J” of the Beijing Platform for Action, remains unfulfilled. Its two strategic objectives with regard to Women and Media have not been met. They are Increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication
Promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media.
Today, as we mark International Women’s Day, it’s an indictment on both media owners and civil society that women remain on the periphery of news-making. They cannot claim equal space in either the structures of newsrooms or in the content produced, be that as sources of news or as the subjects of reports. Indeed, the latest figures from WAN-IFRA’s Women in News Programme show just one in five voices in news belong to women*, be they as sources, as the author or as the main character of the news report.
Some progress was evident several years back, with stand-out women being named as chief executive officers, editors in chief, managing editors and executive editors. But these gains appear short lived in most media organisations. Excitement has turned to frustration as one-step forward has been replaced with three steps backwards. In Africa, the problem is acute. The decision-making tables of media organisations remain deprived of women and where there are women, they are surrounded by men.
Few women have followed in the footsteps of Esther Kamweru, the first woman managing editor in Kenya, and indeed sub-Saharan Africa. Today’s standout women editors include Pamela Makotsi-Sittoni (Nation Media Group, Kenya), Barbara Kaija (New Vision, Uganda), Mary Mbewe (Daily Nation, Zambia), Margaret Vuchiri (The Monitor, Uganda), Joyce Shebe (Clouds, Tanzania), Tryphinah Dongwana (Weekend Post, Botswana), Joyce Mhaville (Independent Television -ITV, Tanzania) and Tuma Abdallah (Standard Newspapers,Tanzania). But they remain an exception.
The lack of balance between women and men at the table of decision making has a rollback effect on the content that is produced. A table dominated by men typically makes decisions that benefit men.
So today, International Women’s Day is a grim reminder that things are not rosy in the news business. Achieving gender balance in news and in the structure of media organisations remains a challenge. Unmet, it sees more than half of the population in our countries suffer the consequences of bias, discrimination and sexism.
The business of ignoring the other half of the population can no longer be treated as normal. It’s time that media leaders grasp the challenge, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it also makes a whole lot of business sense: start covering women, give them space and a voice in news-making and propel them to all levels of decision making within your organisation.
We can no longer afford to imagine that it’s only men who make and sell the news and bring in the shillings to fund the media business. Women too are worthy newsmakers. In all of our societies, there are women holding decision making positions and who are now experts in once male-only domains such as engineers, doctors, scientists and researchers.
They can be deliberately picked out to share their perspectives and expertise and bring balance to the profile of experts quoted on our news pages. Media is the prism through which society sees itself and women are an untapped audience. So, as we celebrate International Women’s Day, let us embrace diversity, which yields better news content and business products, and in so doing eliminate sexism. We know that actions and attitudes that discriminate against people based on their gender is bad for business.
As media, the challenge is ours. We need to consciously embrace and reach the commitments made 26 years ago when the Beijing Platform for Action was signed globally. As the news consuming public, you have a role to play too. Hold your news organization to account and make sure they deliver balanced news that reflects the voices of all of society.
Jane Godia is a gender development and media expert who serves as the Africa Director of Women in News programme. WOMEN IN NEWS is WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org
The eve of International Women’s Day presents an opportunity for us to think about gender equality and the long and often frustrating march toward societies that are truly equal.
As media, we are uniquely placed to drive forward this reflection and discussion. But while focusing on the challenges of gender in society, we owe it to our staff and the communities we serve to also take a hard look at the obstacles within our own organisations.
I’m talking specifically about the scourge of sexual harassment. It’s likely to have happened in your newsroom. It has likely happened to a member of your team. It happens to all genders but is disproportionately directed at women. It happens in every industry, regardless of country, culture or context. This is because sexual harassment is driven by power, not sex. Wherever you have imbalances in power, you have individuals who are at risk of sexual harassment, and those who abuse this power.
I’ve been sexually harassed. The many journalists and editors, friends and family members who I have spoken to over the years on this subject have also been harassed. Yet it is still hard for leaders to recognize that this could be happening within their newsrooms and boardrooms. Why does it continue to be such a taboo?
Counting the cost of sexual harassment
Sexual harassment is, simply put, bad for business. It can harm your corporate reputation. It is a drain on the productivity of staff and managers. Maintaining and building trust in your brand is an absolute imperative for media organisations globally. If and when a case gets out of control or is badly handled – this can directly impact your bottom line.
It is for this reason that WAN-IFRA Women in News has put eliminating sexual harassment as a top priority in our work around gender equality in the media sector. This might seem at odds with the current climate where social interactions are fewer and remote work scenarios are in place in many newsrooms and businesses. But one only needs to tune into the news to know that the abuse of power, manifested as verbal, physical or online harassment, is alive and well.
Preliminary results from an ongoing Women in News research study into the issue of sexual harassment polling hundreds of journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia indicate that more than 1 in 3 women media professionals have been physically harassed, and just under 50% have been verbally harassed. Just over 15% of men in African newsrooms reported being physically harassed, and slightly less than 1 in 4 reports being verbally harassed. The numbers for male media professionals in Southeast Asia are slightly higher than a quarter on both forms of harassment.
The first step in confronting sexual harassment is to talk about it. We need to strip away the stigma and discomfort around having open conversations about what sexual harassment is and isn’t. Media managers, it is entirely in your power to create dynamics in your own teams that are free from sexual harassment.
Publishers and CEOs, you set the organisational culture in your media company.
By being vocal in recognising that it happens everywhere, and communicating to your employees that you will not tolerate sexual harassment of any kind, you send a powerful message to your teams, and publicly. With these actions, you will help us overcome the legacy of silence around this topic, and in doing so take an important first step to create media environments that truly embrace equality.
Melanie Walker is Executive Director of Media Development of the World Association of News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). She is a creator of Women in News, WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org