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Thursday, 18 April 2024

Analysts: Botswana banks face a tough 2015

Business

Botswana banks face a tough 2015 as the liquidity debacle, further declines in credit growth, and interest margin squeeze continue – the challenge is further compounded by the stagnant economic growth.


More than eight years after the start of the financial crisis, banks have made strides towards improving financial stability but they are still struggling to boost profits. Over the past year 2014, the market as a whole experienced a squeeze in local currency liquidity.


“The year 2015 is going to be another challenging year for financial stocks given the tough economic landscape,” said Garry Juma, an Investment Analyst with local brokerage, Motswedi Securities.


Juma said the moratorium which is still hanging around the banks necks barring them from increasing bank charges on existing products will continue to have an impact on non-interest income.


He observed that the intensifying competition in the banking sector, especially with the presence of new shareholders on Banc ABC (Bob Diamonds) will also make it more tough for the financial sector. “We don’t know what these sharp minds in banking have in store for us,” he said.


 He pointed out that the benign inflation might compel the Bank of Botswana to reduce the bank rate once again, further eating on bank’s interest income, which is already under pressure.


“December inflation printed at historic low of 3.8% and further reductions in inflation might prompt the BoB to reduce interest rates. Amidst stagnant economic growth, declining purchasing power, counteractive fiscal changes and banking operations which are tightening the monetary conditions, the BoB might counteract these developments by a rate cut in 2015 to loosen the monetary conditions further,” he said.


“This will be a challenge to banks as they will have to act accordingly in reducing rates on existing loans, while lower deposit rates will be unattractive to savers, thus exacerbating some of the liquidity concerns as loans and advances are likely to grow at a faster pace than deposits,” Moatlhodi Sebabole Research Manager with Rand Merchant Bank (RMB) Botswana stated.
 
The banking sector is going through a tough time as they are no longer benefiting from the tax revenue which used to accumulate in commercial banks over a long period of time, now the   revenue service’s collections are now transferred to the central bank overnight.


In addition parastatal institutions’ balances held in commercial banks have decreased by 18% in the past year. This is a result of the government’s strategy to take on a more prudent and directed funding for its agencies. Instead of receiving the lump sum annual budget for government funded projects, parastatal institutions and local authorities receive funding as and when payments are due.


In the past year total market pula denominated advances has grown faster than deposits. Between October 2013 and October 2014 advances grew by 13.6% whilst deposit grew by only 11.6%.There has been an increase in offshore investments by fund managers. The Bank of Botswana statistics show that from April 2013 the proportion of assets invested offshore increased from 50.9% and reached 55.7% in October 2014.


“The MPC has maintained the bank rate at decades’ low of 7.5% since December 2013. Despite this expansionary monetary stance, actual monetary conditions have swung from being exceptionally easy to being exceptionally tight as a result of changes to tax and parastatals banking arrangements, among others,” said Sebabole.


The market’s loan to deposit ratio (excluding foreign currency) for October reported at 100.2% and liquidity from government to fund activity remains constricted. Sebabole said these constraints have resulted in curtailing of loans and advances by commercial banks.


Additionally, market liquidity remains subdued, with a downward trend in average positions and excess liquidity trending around P1 billion. The market deposit rate curve has shifted upwards as banks compete for limited market liquidity.


“Unless banks become more innovative; the fiscal stance become expansionary and; there is regulation easing on primary reserve requirements, liquid asset classification and capital adequacy requirements, the persistence of liquidity challenges might see great reduction in lending activities which is counteractive to the financial intermediation process and economic-wide expansion,” said Sebabole.


He added that despite the low interest environment, credit slowed down in 2014 as a reflection of: erosion of purchasing power, liquidity squeeze, and increased cost of borrowing and underperformance of several sectors.


In the twelve months to November 2014, y/y total credit growth slowed down to 14% compared to 15.8% in the previous period. The y/y household credit growth declined from 26.6% in November 2013 to 9.8% in November 2014, while y/y business credit growth has increased from 2.8% to 12.3%.


“The increasing credit growth and arrears for businesses could be a reflection of the contraction of growth in the non-mining private sector, while contraction of credit growth to households could reflect the household income squeeze,” Sebabole noted.


The Rand Merchant Bank has forecast economic growth at 5.0% in 2015 with non-mining private sector continuing to underperform.


“This will be a challenge to banking operations as an economic-wide squeeze will reduce the financial intermediation activities, thus reducing the contribution of financial services to overall GDP.  Erosion of purchasing power of households will also see minimal participation of households in boosting banks’ balance sheets” he said.


However analysts are of the view that, the challenges are prompting for unconventional means of banking which will result in customer-centric products. Innovation is also likely to increase as banks seek to retain customers and offer tailored structured products. “Increased competition will also encourage banks to deliver not only high-level service, but solution-based approach to banking,” said Sebabole.


At present the banking sector's total assets represent 50.4% of GDP. This is down from its 2009 peak of 60.9%. The Business Monitor International (BMI) forecasts client loans to grow by 12.0% in 2015, after an estimated expansion of 10.0% in 2014. This is markedly slower than the 18.4% average growth rate from 2009 to 2013.

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Business

LLR transforms from Company to Group reporting

9th April 2024

Botswana Stock Exchange listed diversified real estate company, Letlole La Rona Limited (“LLR” or “the Company” or “the Group”), posted its first set of group financial statements which comprise the Company and Group consolidated accounts, which show strong financial performance for the six months ended 31 December 2023, with improvements across all key metrics.

The Company commenced the financial year with the appointment of a Deputy Chairperson, Mr Mooketsi Maphane, in order to bolster its governance and enhance leadership continuity through the development of a Board and Executive Management Succession Plan.

At operational level, LLR increased its shareholding in Railpark Mall from 32.79% to 57.79% and proudly took over the management of this prime asset.

The CEO of LLR, Ms Kamogelo Mowaneng commented “During the period under review, our portfolio continued to perform strongly, with improvements across all key metrics as a result of our ongoing focus on portfolio growth and optimisation.

“We are pleased to report a successful first half of the 2024 financial year, where we managed to not only grow the portfolio through strategic acquisitions and value accretive refurbishments but also recycled capital through the disposal of Moedi House as well as the ongoing sale of section titles at Red Square Apartments. The acquisition of an additional 25% stake in JTTM Properties significantly uplifted the value of our investment portfolio to P2.0 billion at a Group level. Our investment portfolio was further differentiated by the quality of our tenant base, as demonstrated by above market occupancy levels of 99.15% and strong collections of above 100% for the period”.

The growth in contractual revenue of 9% from the prior year’s P48.0 million to the current year P52.2 million, increased income from Railpark Mall, coupled with high collection rates, has enabled the company to declare a distribution of 9.11 thebe per linked unit, which is in line with the prior year.

 

In line with its strategic pillars of ‘Streamlined and Expanded Botswana Portfolio’ as well as ‘Quality African Assets’, the Group continuously monitors the performance of its investments to ensure that they meet the targeted returns.

“The Group continues to explore yield accretive opportunities for balance sheet growth and funding options that can be deployed to finance that growth” further commented the CEO of LLR Ms Kamogelo Mowaneng.

Ms Mowaneng further thanked the Group’s stakeholders for their continued support and stated that they look forward to unlocking further value in the Group.

 

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Business

Botswana’s Electricity Generation Dips 26.4%

9th April 2024

The Botswana Power Corporation (BPC) has reported a significant decrease in electricity generation for the fourth quarter of 2023, with output plummeting by 26.4%. This decline is primarily attributed to operational difficulties at the Morupule B power plant, as per the latest Botswana Index of Electricity Generation (IEG) released recently.

Local electricity production saw a drastic reduction, falling from 889,535 MWH in the third quarter of 2023 to 654,312 MWH in the period under review. This substantial decrease is largely due to the operational challenges at the Morupule B power plant. Consequently, the need for imported electricity surged by 35.6% (136,243 MWH) from 382,426 MWH in the third quarter to 518,669 MWH in the fourth quarter. This increase was necessitated by the need to compensate for the shortfall in locally generated electricity.

Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation Limited (ZESCO) was the principal supplier of imported electricity, accounting for 43.1% of total electricity imports during the fourth quarter of 2023. Eskom followed with 21.8%, while the remaining 12.1, 10.3, 8.6, and 4.2% were sourced from Electricidade de Mozambique (EDM), Southern African Power Pool (SAPP), Nampower, and Cross-border electricity markets, respectively. Cross-border electricity markets involve the supply of electricity to towns and villages along the border from neighboring countries such as Namibia and Zambia.

Distributed electricity exhibited a decrease of 7.8% (98,980 MWH), dropping from 1,271,961 MWH in the third quarter of 2023 to 1,172,981 MWH in the review quarter.

Electricity generated locally contributed 55.8% to the electricity distributed during the fourth quarter of 2023, a decrease from the 74.5% contribution in the same quarter of the previous year. This signifies a decrease of 18.7 percentage points. The quarter-on-quarter comparison shows that the contribution of locally generated electricity to the distributed electricity fell by 14.2 percentage points, from 69.9% in the third quarter of 2023 to 55.8% in the fourth quarter. The Morupule A and B power stations accounted for 90.4% of the electricity generated during the fourth quarter of 2023, while Matshelagabedi and Orapa emergency power plants contributed the remaining 5.9 and 3.7% respectively.

The year-on-year analysis reveals some improvement in local electricity generation. The year-on-year perspective shows that the amount of distributed electricity increased by 8.2% (88,781 MWH), from 1,084,200 MWH in the fourth quarter of 2022 to 1,172,981 MWH in the current quarter. The trend of the Index of Electricity Generation from the first quarter of 2013 to the fourth quarter of 2023 indicates an improvement in local electricity generation, despite fluctuations.

The year-on-year analysis also reveals a downward trend in the physical volume of imported electricity. The trend in the physical volume of imported electricity from the first quarter of 2013 to the fourth quarter of 2023 shows a downward trend, indicating the country’s continued effort to generate adequate electricity to meet domestic demand, has led to the decreased reliance on electricity imports.

In response to the need to increase local generation and reduce power imports, the government has initiated a new National Energy Policy. This policy is aimed at guiding the management and development of Botswana’s energy sector and encouraging investment in new and renewable energy. In the policy document, Minister of Mineral Resources, Green Technology and Energy Security Lefoko Moagi stated that the policy aims to transform Botswana from being a net energy importer to a self-sufficient nation with surplus energy for export into the region. Moagi expressed confidence that Botswana has the potential to achieve self-sufficiency in electric power supply, given the country’s readily available energy resources such as coal and renewable sources.

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Business

MMG acquires Khoemacau in a transaction valued at P23Bn

9th April 2024

MMG Limited, the Hong Kong-based mining company specializing in base metals, has successfully concluded the acquisition of Khoemacau Copper Mine, a state-of-the-art, world-class copper asset nestled in the northwest of Botswana.

On Monday, MMG announced that the acquisition of Khoemacau Mine in Botswana was finalized on 22nd March 2024. “This acquisition enriches the company’s portfolio with a top-tier, transformative growth project and signifies a monumental milestone in the Company’s journey,” MMG communicated in an official statement published on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.

Upon completion of the acquisition, MMG remitted to the Sellers an Aggregate Consideration of approximately US$1,734,657,000 (over P23 billion), a sum subject to potential adjustments post-Completion.

In addition to the Aggregate Consideration, MMG, in accordance with the Agreement, advanced an aggregate amount of approximately US$348,580,000 (over P4.5 billion) as the Aggregate Debt Settlement Amount, to settle certain debt balances of the Target Group (Cuprous Capital/Khoemacau).

On November 21, 2023, Khoemacau announced that the shareholders of its parent company [Cuprous Capital] had agreed to sell 100% of their interests to MMG Limited.

MMG is a global resources company that mines, explores, and develops copper and other base metals projects on four continents. The company is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia, and has a significant shareholder, China Minmetals Corporation, which is China’s largest metals and minerals group owned by the Government of the People’s Republic of China.

On December 22, 2023, Khoemacau Copper Mining (Pty) Ltd received the approval from the Minister of Minerals and Energy of Botswana regarding the transfer of a controlling interest in the Project Licenses and Prospecting Licenses associated with the Khoemacau Copper Mine, a result of the Acquisition.

 

The Botswana Competition & Consumer Authority (CCA) on January 29, 2024, notified the market that it had given its approval for the takeover of Khoemacau Copper Mining by MMG Limited.

On January 29, 2024, the CCA issued a merger decision to the market, stating that after conducting all necessary assessments, it was ready to proceed.

The Competition Authority affirmed that the structure of the relevant market would not significantly change upon implementation of the proposed merger as the proposed transaction is not likely to result in a substantial lessening of competition, nor endanger the continuity of service in the market of mining of copper and silver ores and the production, and sale or supply of copper concentrate in Botswana.

Furthermore, the CCA stated that the proposed merger would not have any negative impact on public interest matters in Botswana as per the provisions of section 52(2) of the Competition Act 2018.

Earlier this month, Minister of Minerals & Energy, Lefoko Maxwell Moagi, informed parliament that his Ministry was endorsing the Khoemacau acquisition by MMG Limited. He noted that not only was the company acquiring the existing operation but also committing to an expansion program that would cost over $700 million to double production, create more jobs for Batswana, and increase taxes and royalties paid to the Government.

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