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Matambo wins against Parliament

Dingake says Minister Matambo should have been notified of report allegations

The Minister of Finance and Development Planning, Kenneth Matambo has successfully lobbied the High Court to set aside the contents of a report chronicling misdemeanours at the Botswana Development Corporation (BDC)’s Fengyue Glass Project which is based in Palapye.

Parliament adopted the Fengyue Glass Project report in July 2013 and pronounced criminal liability on some subjects and called for investigation by among others the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC).


Matambo, through his lawyers approached the court complaining about breach of the principles of natural justice and the legality of decisions made by the National Assembly. He was suing the Speaker of the National Assembly, Chairperson of the Special Select Committee of Enquiry into the BDC’s Fengyue Glass Project, and the Attorney General.


When delivering Judgement, High Court Judge Key Dingake concurred with Matambo’s legal team that the report was unlawful because it breaches the principles of natural justice. Dingake added that the report contained inaccurate information which was misleading to the public and highly prejudicial to Matambo.


“This Court is acutely aware of public interest in ensuring that public entities are held accountable and that the executive, in all its formations, account to Parliament. But this does not mean that shortcuts should be taken because administering justice in every case that comes to court is even greater public interest. In the temple of justice, justice must prevail at all times. In dispensing justice public condemnation or praise is irrelevant. Justice has its own pace, and even if delayed it has an amazing way to reassert itself in due course,” said Justice Dingake when delivering judgment on Wednesday.


Dingake said it is worth emphasising that judges are or ought to be mortgaged to the rule of law and to be true arbiters of what is fair and what is not. “Parliament as an institution must lead by example. It must be fair at all times and respect rights of individuals. Parliament, the creation of the Constitution, ought to be subject to no authority other than the Constitution, itself. Parliamentarians are oath bound to respect the Constitution, not just in words but in deeds,” he said.


“Having regard to the authorities referred to herein, and the grave nature of the allegations made against the Applicant, who has a right to his good name and reputation, it seems inevitable that he ought to succeed in the relief he seeks,” pronounced the Judge.


Dingake ordered that the findings of the report which was adopted by National Assembly on the 25 July 2013 by the National Assembly be set aside. The Judge said declaring the adoption on 25 July 2013 by the National Assembly of the report which was issued, on or about 28 December 2012 on the Fengyue Glass Manufacturing (Botswana) Palapye Glass Project, in so far it concerned or related to the Applicant (Matambo) was unlawful, and accordingly invalid; for breach of the principles of natural justice, and in particular the audi alteram partem rule, in relation to the Applicant (Matambo).


The judge observed that Matambo occupied a position akin to that of an accused person. “The Applicant’s conduct lie at the centre of the Committee’s examination and is the major subject matter of the Committee’s report,” he said. In the Judge’s considered view, the Parliament Select Committee exceeded its oversight and legislative functions when they proceeded to make pronouncements relating to criminal liability and the need for investigation.


He further said it seemed plain that at the very least, the applicant should have been informed what adverse information was given against him and be afforded a fair opportunity of answering. Dingake expressed that the review of the BDC Fengyue Glass Project report does not harm or in any way undermine the constitutional mandate of Parliament to legislate, “neither does it undermine Parliament’s powers to regulate its internal affairs. It would be a dark day in the legal history of this country if Section 3, worded in the manner it is, is construed to block any person ‘s access to the courts…”


“The costs of this application shall be borne by the respondents (who opposed the application), jointly and severally and one paying, the others to be absolved.


 This is the second time that Minister Matambo has taken the court route to clear his name. In the first matter Matambo remained in his position of Minister of Finance and Development Planning while at the same time battling corruption allegations in court, he ultimately was cleared of any wrong doing.


The Botswana Development Corporation petitioned the High Court for the liquidation of Fengyue Glass Manufacturing Company (Proprietary) Limited. The Company is a joint venture between Botswana Development Corporation and Shanghai Fengyue Glass Co. Ltd. The Company was set up in 2007 for the construction of a 450 tonne float glass plant in Palapye.

BDC was of the view that the project failed to meet its targets, including those of time and budget which, in BDC’s opinion, affected the viability of the project. The Corporation had assessed all possible options and having taken all factors into consideration has decided that the appropriate course of action is, as a Shareholder in the joint venture, to petition the Court to liquidate the Company.


The chairperson of the Parliamentary Special Select Committee of inquiry into the Botswana Development Corporation (BDC), Mr Abram Kesupile had told Parliament that the Palapye glass manufacturing project was bound to fail as it was premised on poor diligence, doubtful partner selection and a litany of project implementation violations.


Presenting the findings of the report on the BDC Fengyue Glass Manufacturing (Botswana) Palapye Glass Project in Parliament, Mr Kesupile, who is also Kanye South MP, said the findings revealed that two Batswana women were robbed after presenting their glass manufacturing idea to BDC.


He said BDC then opted to go into a joint venture with Chinese Shanghai Fengyue Glass Company, ignoring their function of encouraging citizen partnership in national business ventures. Kesupile said the company was appointed although it did not have the required technical expertise. He said BDC board members were kept in the dark with regard to the partner selection process.


He also noted that the project was originally estimated to cost P309 million but ran additional costs which increased to over P500 million.

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Major public services shake-up looms

24th January 2022
Emmah

Public Servants should brace themselves for some changes as the government is in an overdrive mode to overhaul the public sector. The government has also set the tone for the looming changes as it has added the public sector to its looming list of major and sweeping reforms.

This is contained in a savingram from the Permanent Secretary to the President (PSP) Emmah Peloetletse’s office showing how the government intends to “take stock” of all reforms in the public sector through the establishment of an inventory.  Peloetletse’s savingram addressed to various ministries and the Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) reveals that the government is working around the clock to implement some changes in the Public Service.

The savingram reminded Permanent Secretaries of various ministries and DPSM that the public sector reforms unit (PSRU) at the Office of the President is mandated with Coordinating Reforms across the Public Service.  “This essentially entails providing the strategic guidance and facilitation in the implementation of reforms across the Public Service. In this endeavour the Unit has in the past with Technical Assistance from European Union developed a template for documenting Reforms in the Public Service and documented ten (10) major reforms across the Public Service,” reads the savingram in part. It added that “The Unit has lately rolled out the Change Management Framework in an effort to facilitate effective and efficient management of change in the Public Service.”

According to the savingram, it has been noted that for a variety of reasons the use of the template for documenting reforms has not been universally used across the Botswana Public Service.  It further states that to facilitate the documentation of the reforms it is essential that an inventory of the various reforms across the Public Service (Central Government, Local Government and State Owned Entities) is established.

“By this correspondent we are seeking your assistance in populating the attached template to provide basic information on the various reforms. The PSRU will, through the various Coordination of focal Persons facilitate the full documentation of the reforms once the inventory is established,” the savingram further stated. The copy of the template among others calls on the focal persons to fill out them form under several headings; they include title of reform, start date, reform objectives, reform components, reform components, progress status.

The savingram echoes President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s announcement last year during his state of the nation address that as a nation Botswana has set itself a lofty goal of becoming a high income country by 2036 and has come up with a list of reforms among them digitisation of government infrastructure. He said the path to achieving this goal dictates that, Botswana takes deliberate steps that will transform its institutions; the way Batswana think and the way they act.

“It is with this in mind, that I presented a Reset Agenda in May 2021, with the following priorities: Save Botswana‘s population from COVID-19, by implementing a series of life saving measures that include a successful and timely vaccination programme, Adherence to COVID-19 health protocols remains key and align Botswana Government’s machinery to the Presidential Agenda, to ensure that the national transformation agenda will be embodied in the public service of the day,” said Masisi. He added that, “this will come with significant Government reforms in all public institutions. We need greater agility and responsiveness like never before in the delivery of public services.”

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Covid-19 Task Force meddled in tenders-report

24th January 2022
Dr. Kereng Masupu

The Presidential COVID-19 Task Force reportedly meddled in the awarding of tenders for COVID-19, a new Public Accounts Committee (PAC) report has revealed.

The Committee expressed concern that it has noted that there are two centres for covid procurement being the Ministry of Health and the Covid Task team in the Office of the President. The report says the Committee questioned the Accounting Officer on why the COVID 19 task team is usurping the powers of the Ministry of Health by engaging in covid procurement when the Ministry of Health is the one which has the experience and mandate of dealing with the pandemic. The report says clarification was also sought on why direct appointment is the preferred method for covid procurement.

“In her response the Accounting Officer stated that the task team was mainly engaged in the procuring of quarantine facilities and was assisting the Ministry of Health due to the heavy workload brought about by the COVID 19 pandemic,” the report says. The report says the Accounting Officer further stated that direct procurement was used because COVID 19 was treated as an emergency and that procurement was mainly from companies that have been traditionally used by the Ministry of Health.

“This however, is not the case as there has been report of new companies being awarded COVID -19 contracts. The use of direct procurement method should only be used in exceptional cases as it’s a non-competitive method which increases the risk of inflated pricing and close relations with particular suppliers to the detriment of others,” the report says.

It says since most covid procurement fell under emergency, there is need for openness and transparency regarding the procurement.  The PAC recommended that in order to ensure transparency and accountability all COVID 19 related procurement should be periodically published in the PPADB website giving full details of the companies receiving procurement contracts and the beneficial owners of the companies.

It says with the passage of time the impact of covid is no longer unexpected so direct awards should gradually be abandoned as the medium and long-term needs of the pandemic can now be predicted. “Judgement should be used even during direct awards to ensure that prices are not higher than the market prices,” the report says.

In a related matter, the report says the Central Medical Stores (CMS) was unable to cater for the required quantities of medical supplies with order fulfilments of about 35% resulting in shortages and insufficient drugs to Athlone Hospital and the surrounding clinics.
“In his submission the Accounting Officer had indicated that CMS was unable to supply the exact quantities required by the hospital and surrounding clinics due to the fact that supplies from CMS have to be rationed in order to cover other facilities around the country,” says the report.

The committee expressed concern about the inadequate supply of drugs to government facilities which puts the lives of patients at risk due to non- availability of essential supplies. It recommended that the Ministry identifies and prioritise measures that need to be taken to ensure that there is adequate supply of essential medicines which are needed in the public health system.

Meanwhile the report says the Ministry of Health and Wellness coordinates the operations and functions of some institutions which receive government subventions and secondment of staff from the government. These institutions include 10 NGO’s, two mission Hospitals, three mission clinics and two schools of Nursing.

It says in its endeavour to enhance efficiency and effectiveness of government support to NGOs the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development developed some Policy Guidelines for Financial Support to Non- Governmental Organisations.  According to the PAC report, the guidelines were meant to ensure that there is consistency, accountability and transparency in administering public funding to NGOs. However, the Ministry of Health did not comply with the very important guidelines.

“The main areas of non-compliance were the following: (i) There was no Evaluation Committee to vet proposals from NGOs, in some instances NGOs had formed part of the evaluation forum when their requests were being considered,” the report says.  It says there was continued funding of NGOs even when they failed to submit narrative and financial progress reports; and (iv) Continued funding of NGOs that failed to submit audited financial statements and management letters as required. The Committee expressed concern at the lapses in the administration of grants by the Ministry despite the large sums of public money awarded to these NGOs.

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BDF killings of Namibians: Court unable to rule on missing gun

24th January 2022
BDF

The Kasane Regional Magistrate Court refused this week to rule on whether three Namibians and their Zambian cousin shot dead by members of the Botswana Defence Force (BDF) were in possession of a rifle or not prior to their deaths.

Ruling in favour of the BDF members, Regional Magistrate Taboka Mopipi who presided over the inquest said, “It is acknowledged that no rifle has been produced before court to confirm that indeed the deceased were armed and or that there was indeed a gun shot.”  She said the evidence before the court is that search for the rifle(s) that allegedly triggered the gunfire exchange was done by both Namibia and Botswana SCUBA divers and nothing was found. She said when the said search was done, an area of search was demarcated around the scene area which was partly searched due to water animals such as hippos that launched an attack at the area during the search.

“The search was therefore never concluded. This therefore leaves a gap. To that end, the area not extensively searched, the court cannot make a finding whether the rifle in issue was there or not. This is a very crucial piece of evidence,” added Mopipi. She said the joint search did not conclude the exercise and I cannot properly make a finding of fact adding that that the rifle was there as the BDF allege can therefore not be ruled out.

The deceased are Martin Munilweye Nchindo, Ernest Nchindo, Tommy Sinvula Nchindo and Sivula Munyeme. The four deceased persons died on the night of the 5th November 2020, in the waters of the Chobe River (Southern Channel) near Sedudu/Kasikili Island in Botswana. Mopipi said the incident took place at night, in a gloomy atmosphere and that as at the time, movement in that particular area was restricted and or not permitted.

She said it was the evidence of some of the witnesses that the injuries as observed on the four deceased reflected that they were brutally assaulted and or beaten either before or after being shot. “Their evidence gained support from Witness 34, Dr. Bithoma Thotho Amis who observed post mortem on behalf of the families of the deceased and Government of Namibia. This witness however conceded during cross-examination that the injuries as observed have been caused by other contacts and or impacts such as falling and hitting the hard surface of a wooden canoe,” said Mopipi.

She emphasized that inquest proceedings have very serious consequences and therefore, whatever evidence brought before court must be produced by persons of right qualifications particularly the post mortem report which the court has to rely upon.
“The qualification of the expert is crucial in determining the credibility of the report. Upon assessment of both experts, I am inclined to adopt the reports from Witness 18, who is a qualified pathologist. A closer look at the other report indicates that the author, Witness 34 is not a qualified pathologist and it is meddled by issues outside an expert opinion,” she said.

Mopipi said reports compiled by a consultant Forensic Pathologist Dr. Kaone Panzirah-Mabaka show the causes of death as follows; Sivula Munyeme, gunshot injury to the chest and extremities, Martin Nchindo, gunshot wound to the abdomen and pelvis, Ernest Nchindo, multiple gunshot injuries to the chest and extremities and Tommy Nchindo, gunshot wound to the chest and abdomen.

“Medical evidence therefore prove conclusively that the four deceased persons died due to gunshots injuries. It is undisputed that the injuries were inflicted by seven (7) members of the Botswana Defence Force; Lieutenant Moreri Kenneth Mphela, Sergeant Ndingisano Nfazo, Sergeant Puisano Pistor Kgokong, Private Mbikiso Tafila, Private Emmanuel Moganetsi Majuta, Private Barulaganyi Rannosang and Private Oromilwe Motlhabi,” said Mopipi.

Mopipi found that there was a gunshot from the direction of the men to the direction of the BDF section.  “The BDF members retaliated and returned fire. This was done in accordance with Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs) within the BDF. According to the SOPs, in case a soldier is being fired at, they fire back and do not have to wait for a command,” she said. She added that “The gunfire exchange was brief and after it ceased, they used a torch to light where the men were and established that all the four men were motionless, two in one canoe, one in the other and the other man lying on the edge of the river on the Island.”

She said, “The evidence of the witnesses is that, when they followed the intel, the intent was to conduct an investigation. There was clearly no intent on their part to shoot the deceased, they did that as an act of retaliation.”

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