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Babirwa Bogosi year of reckoning

Minister Tsogwane vows to bite the bullet this year

The Minister of Local Government and Rural Development, Slumber Tsogwane has vowed to close all cases involving Bogosi this year, especially the case of Bobirwa. By all accounts the year of reckoning has arrived for Babirwa as current chief Mmirwa Malema is set to retire his post.


Mmirwa Malema revealed a few years back that he is retiring this year and he intends to handover the baton to one of his children. His decision has set in motion a series of events, as scores of his tribesmen started questioning the legitimacy of his chieftainship. They believe that he is an illegitimate chief and handing the baton to one of his children, will further intoxicate Bobirwa chieftainship.


There are mumblings within the community that while he ascended to the Bobonong Kgotla through elections by a partisan electoral college, he wants to be succeeded at the throne by one his children. A delegation was sent to Serowe to protest against Kgosi Malema’s proposal and further recommended that the Bobonong Kgotla throne be returned to its legitimate and rightful heir, Subordinate Tribal Authority Kgosi Adam Masilo, appointed to the position on 27 March 2006 following the death of his father. The Bobirwa Tribal Administration is subordinate to that of Bangwato in Serowe, hence the protest delegation was sent to Serowe.


The subject of Malema’s replacement now threatens to divide the tribe.


Some years back, the government decided to commission a taskforce to look into the controversy surrounding the Bobirwa Chieftainship. The Taskforce was to come up with recommendations that will be enforced at the time when Malema’s tenure as chief elapses.


According to government, the recommendations of the Taskforce will help correct the mistakes that may have been committed in the past. The Taskforce, it is understood recommended Adam Masilo as the rightful chief of Bobirwa as it found that Mmirwa Malema, came into the scene through an election that was held in 1972.


This has put Malema’s attempts to pass the baton to one of his children when he retires in jeopardy and his supporters are not amused.


The Task Force, led by former Speaker of the National Assembly, Ray Molomo, was among other things, instructed by Ministry of Local Government to determine the lineage of Babirwa and also to determine if that Bogosi was hereditary or not in that tribe. One of the terms of reference had asked the Task Force to determine who the rightful “Moemela Kgosi yo Mogolwane is” in Bobirwa.


Minister Tsogwane told Weekendpost in an interview that he will be attending to the Babirwa chieftainship issues in a not so distant future.


“My intention is to address these issues once and for all so that people may continue with their lives. As you may be aware there are other pending Bogosi issues and I will be closing them soon as well,” he said.


The Minister further said he will have details only when the matters are dealt with on the table. “I will be guided by the recommendations,” the Minister remarked. Government has since said the report of the Task Force will not be made public.


According to the Molomo report, all evidence given by a wide pool of people from across the many villages and settlements in the Bobirwa area, which include Bobonong, Tsetsebjwe, Molaladau, Gobojango and Semolale demonstrated that the Bobirwa chieftainship has always been hereditary.


The Task Force was able to determine that among the three claimants [Malema, Masilo and Serumola] the descendant of Sekoba (Masilo) was the most senior. Sekoba is a Bobirwa Kgosi from the past who ruled before the current confusion ensued. And, as it turns out, Masilo is the direct descendant of Sekoba, found the Report.


Among other things the Task Force was instructed by government to determine how Kgosi Mmirwa Malema, who currently sits as the Senior Tribal Representative, had ascended to the throne to start with. The Task Force established that Malema was voted to become chief in an election that was conducted in 1972.


“The last Mongwato, Oampona Ngwato, resigned in 1972 and there was an election between Mmirwa Malema, Batshedi Kgathi and Gaonyatse Randome. Malema won the election,” reads the report. The report clearly states that Malema ascended to the throne, not as a birth right but through an election.


Among other things, the Task Force found that all the three claimants to the throne are indeed related, but that Masilo was incontestably the most senior. Given their clear discomfort in making public the findings of the Molomo Task Force, it is not clear what steps Government will take when Malema’s contract expires later this year.

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Understanding the US Electoral College and key election issues 

28th October 2020
Mark J Rozell

The United States (US) will on the 3rd of November 2020 chose between incumbent Donald Trump of the Republicans and former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democrats amid the coronavirus pandemics, which has affected how voting is conducted in the world’s biggest economy.

Trump (74) seeks re-election after trouncing Hillary Clinton in 2016, while Biden (77) is going for his first shot as Democratic nominee after previous unsuccessful spells.

US Presidents mostly succeed in their re-election bid, but there have been nine individuals who failed to garner a second term mandate, the latest being George W H. Bush, a Republican who served as the 41st US President between 1989 and 1993.

Dr Mark Rozell, a Dean of  the School of Policy and Government at George Mason University  in  Arlington, Virginia describes the complex US electoral system that will deliver the winner at the 3rd November elections.

“The founders of our Republic de-centralised  authority  significantly  in  creating  our  constitutional  system,  which  means that  they  gave  an  enormous  amount  of  independent  power  and  authority  to  State  and  local governments,” Dr Rozell told international media on Elections 2020 Virtual Reporting Tour.

Unlike  parliamentary  democracies, like Botswana the  United  States  does  not  have  all  of  the  national government elected in one year. They do not have what is commonly called mandate elections where  the  entire  federal  government  is  elected  all  in  one  election  cycle  giving  a  “mandate”  to  a particular political party to lead, and instead US have what are called staggered elections, elections over time.

The two house Congress, members of the House of Representatives have two-year long terms of office. Every two years the entire House of Representatives is up for re-election, but senators  serve  for  six  years  and  one  third  of  the  Senate is elected every  two  years.

For this election cycle, US citizens will be electing the President and Vice

President, the entire House of Representatives and one third of the open or contested seats in the Senate, whereas two thirds are still fulfilling the remainder of their terms beyond this year.

An  important  facet  of  US electoral  system  to  understand  given  the  federalism  nature  of  the republic, the US elect presidents State by State, therefore they do not have a national popular vote for the presidency.

“We have a national popular vote total that says that Hillary Clinton got three million more votes than Donald Trump or in Year 2000 that Al Gore got a half million more votes than George W. Bush, but we have what is called a State by State winner takes all system where each State  is  assigned  a  number  of  electors  to  our  Electoral  College  and  the  candidate  who  wins  the popular vote within each State takes 100 percent of the electors to the Electoral College,” explained Dr Rozell.

“And that is why mathematically, it is possible for someone to win the popular vote but lose the presidency.”

Dr Rozell indicated that in 2016, Hillary Clinton won very large popular majorities in some big population States like California, but the system allows a candidate to only have to  win  a  State  by  one  vote  to  win  a  100 percent of  its  electors,  the  margin  does  not  matter.

“Donald  Trump  won  many  more  States  by  smaller  margins,  hence  he  got  an  Electoral  College majority.”

Another interesting features by the way of US constitutional system, according to Dr Rozell, but extremely rare, is what is called the faithless elector.

“That’s the elector to the Electoral College who says, ‘I’m not going to vote the popular vote in my State, I think my State made a bad decision and I’m going  to  break  with  the  popular  vote,’’ Dr Rozell said.

“That’s constitutionally a very complicated matter in our federalism system because although the federal constitution says electors may exercise discretion, most States have passed State laws making it illegal for any elector to the Electoral College to break faith with the popular vote of that State, it is a criminal act that can be penalized if one is to do that. And we just had an important Supreme Court case that upheld the right of the states to impose and to enforce this restriction”

There are 538 electors at the Electoral College, 270 is the magic number, the candidate who gets 270 or more becomes President of the United States.

If however there are more candidates, and  this  happens  extremely  rarely,  and  a  third  candidate  got  some electors  to  the  Electoral  College  denying  the  two  major  party  candidates,  either  one  getting  a majority, nobody gets 270 or more, then the election goes to the House of Representatives and the House of Representatives votes among the top three vote getters as to who should be the next President.

“You’d have to go back to the early 19th century to have such a scenario, and that’s not going to happen this year unless there is a statistical oddity, which would be a perfect statistical tie of 269 to 269 which could happen but you can just imagine how incredibly unlikely that is,” stated Dr Rozell.

BLUE STATES vs RED STATES

Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.

Many  states  have  populations  that  are  so  heavily  concentrated  in  the  Democratic party or the Republican party that there is really no competition in those states.

California is a heavily Democratic State, so is New York and Maryland. It is given that Joe Biden will win those states. Meanwhile Texas, Florida and Alabama are republicans. So, the candidates will spent no time campaigning in those states because it is already a given.

However there are swing  states, where  there is a competition between about five and 10 states total in each election cycle that make a difference, and that is where the candidates end up spending almost all of their time.

“So  it  ends  up  making  a  national  contest  for  the  presidency  actually  look  like  several  state-wide contests with candidates spending a lot of time talking about State and local issues in those parts of the country,” said Dr Rozell.

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Masisi to make things right with Dangote

26th October 2020

High Commissioner of the Federal Government of Nigeria to Botswana, His Excellency Umar Zainab Salisu, has challenged President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi to move swiftly and lobby Africa’s richest man, Nigerian Billionaire, Aliko Dangote to invest in Botswana.

Speaking during a meeting with President Masisi at Office of President on Thursday Zainab Salisu said Dangote has expressed massive interest in setting up billion dollar industries in Botswana.  “We have a lot of investors who wish to come and invest in Botswana , when we look at Botswana we don’t see Botswana itself , but we are lured by its geographic location , being in the centre of Southern Africa presents a good opportunity for strategic penetration into other markets of the region,” said Salisu.

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Dow wants GBV culprits isolated

26th October 2020
Unity Dow

As murder cases and violent incidents involving couples and or lovers continue to be recorded daily, Specially Elected Member of Parliament, Dr Unity Dow has called for more funding of non-governmental organizations and accelerated action from government to come up with laws that could inhibit would-be perpetrators of crimes related to Gender Based Violence (GBV).

Just after Dr Dow had deposited her views on this subject with this reporter, a young man in Molepolole opened fire on a married woman he was having an affair with; and ended her life instantly. While it is this heinous cases that get projected to the public space, the former minister argues that the secrecy culture is keeping other real GBV cases under wraps in many spaces in the country.

The former Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation said there is GBV all the time in all kinds of places. “We have become accustomed to stories of rapes, marital rapes, defilement of children, beatings and psychological violence and even killings,” she said.

Gender-based violence is a phenomenon deeply rooted in gender inequality, Dow is worried that there is absolutely no social punishment for perpetrators; they will continue to have the same friends, jobs, wives, homes, as before. Yet another factor, she said, is that there is little or no “justice” for victims of GBV.

The renowned activist said justice for GBV victims is not just the jailing of the perpetrator. “Justice for victims means an agile, victim-friendly, accessible (time, money and procedures) and restorative justice system.”

Asked what could be leading to a spike in Gender Based Violence cases or incidents, she observed that there is no one factor to which this spike can be attributed. “The most obvious factor is stress as a result of economic distress and or poverty. Poverty makes one vulnerable and open to compromises that they would otherwise not make. For perpetrators with anger management issues, economic stress leads to lashing out to those closest to them. Another factor is the disintegration of families and family values,” she opined.

According to Dow, no government anywhere in the world is doing enough, period. “We know the places and spaces where women and girls are unsafe. We know the challenges they face in their attempts to exit those spaces and places.” The former Judge of the High Court said GBV undermines the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its victims, yet it remains shrouded in the culture of silence.

Asked what could be done to arrest GBV cases, Dow said it is critical to involve and fund civil society organizations. She observed that much of the progress done in the area of women’s human rights was during the time when Botswana had strong and funded civil society organizations.

“The funding dried up when Botswana was declared a middle-income country but unfortunately external funding was not replaced by local funding,” she acknowledged.

Further Dow said relevant government institutions must be funded and strengthened.

“Thirdly, create a society in which it is not okay to humiliate, rape, beat or kill women. You create this by responding to GBV the same way we have responded to livestock theft. We need to create agile mechanisms that hear cases quickly and allow for the removal of suspected perpetrators from their homes, work places, boards, committees, etc.”

The former Minister said the much anticipated Inter-Ministerial Task Force on Gender Based Violence will have its work cut out for it. According to Dow, GBV is not just a justice issue, it’s not just a gender issue, but rather an issue that cuts across health, education, labour, economic, housing and politics. “As long as any one believes it is someone else’s problem, we will all have the problem,” she said.

In her view, Dow said every work, educational and other place must have a GBV Policy and/or Code of Conduct. “It is important that we acknowledge that the majority of men are law-abiding. The problem is their silence, in the face of injustice,” she observed.

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