Over the past years Youth Leagues (YLs) and Youth Wings (YWs) have received a fair share of media coverage/exposure and public attention for wrong, peripheral and sometimes scandalous reasons such as; inheritance of mother party factional wars, misappropriation of funds, defections, character assassination, coup d’états, public indecency, apathy/neglect, election rigging, so on and so forth.
However, for the first time after a very long time, a local YL, BNFYL (Botswana National Front Youth League) to be precise, received a fair share of media coverage for mostly (but not entirely) the right reasons. As the title of this installment suggests it seems they have sensed the coffee, the title is derived from the expression, “wake up and smell the coffee’, meaning ‘to become aware and take action before it’s too late’, or ‘to stop being naïve’. It is therefore a commendable and highly encouraged development; many progressive and visionary compatriots consider it a sign of reformist and proactive thinking plus, ‘a breath of fresh air’.
After going AWOL for some time, on the 16/2/2015 BNFYL led by, Hon. Cllr. cde Tona Makatane (President) and Hon. Cllr. cde Kitso Arafat Khan (Secretary General), convened a press conference in Gaborone to convey their position on several topical issues of youth, party and national concern. It is customary for YLs and YWs to convene press conferences and circulate press releases, therefore convening a press conference is nothing revolutionary or exceptional and it is not the foundation of this installment. What was delivered at/during the cited press conference is the fundamental element of discussion and focus herein.
Honestly I did not attend the press conference physically, but I interrogated the press statement/release intensively, I also kept a close eye on subsequent media reports. Based on these sources it is evident the press conferences focused on five (5) key critical issues; 1 ) 2014 General Elections, 2) The National Budget Speech, 3) Abuse of state media, 4) Rampant Corruption and Mal-Administration and, 5) Revival of Structures & Constitution Review. On the National Budget Speech and Rampant Corruption and Mal-Administration, apart from recounting the well-known issues I don’t think BNFYL raised anything infrequent or substantial. Like the government they criticize, they failed to propose any sustainable practical solutions, with time bound targets. Therefore I will move on. On abuse of state media, BNFYL decried, ‘BTV was reduced to a propaganda mouthpiece of the BDP, often airing the majority of BDP activities as opposed to those of the opposition’.
BNFYL made a commendable, informed and progressive attempt by proposing and recommending relevant alternative models such as the SABC (South African Broadcasting Corporation) model. However, they failed to commit to any time bound action items in this regard. I will not deliberate much on it as well. The most progressive, proactive and commendable issue BNFYL raised was ‘Item, 5’, Revival of Structures and Constitutional Review. Having established the need to revive its structures across the country, BNFYL has staunchly resolved to engage in a two phase revival to ensure they reach the length and breadth of the country selling the UDC message. More importantly, this agenda will be strategically implemented with time bound targets and clear measurable deliverables.
They intend to tour and hold regional conferences as well as electing regional committees in the Kweneng, Ghanzi, Kgalagadi, Southern region and South Central region from 28th June 2015. They intend to start the second phase on the 29th August 2015 covering areas of MASEBO, North Central and northern regions and, cover North West and Boteti regions from the 26th September 2015. In the end BNFYL intends to hold a special congress on the 6th November 2015 in Kang mainly for BNFYL constitution review and adoption thereof. I find this commitment and its intended outcomes commendable; it is proactive, visionary and somewhat revolutionary. The world-over, progressive youth movements and structures have prioritized these fundamental aspects (revival of structures and constitutional reforms), they embark on them regularly. Structural revival is mainly centered on capacity and structural improvement while constitution reforms are mostly centered on autonomy and independence.
It has been proven theoretically, practically and otherwise that modern day YLs and YWs are somewhat irrelevant and negligible in terms of determining/influencing the socioeconomic and sociopolitical and economic shape and direction of their countries. It is an open secret that modern-day YLs & YWs face acute challenges that restrict or divert them from their primary roles, these challenges include; server apathy/neglect, dysfunctional structures, ambiguous legal standing, constitution disregard, relegation to cheerleading roles and singing in choirs, financial vulnerability of youth leaders, severe infiltration by mother-party factions plus, weak financial and structural capacity. Political commentator Ralph Mathekga summaries these as the ‘Youth League Dilemma’ political parties have to address before expecting anything from YLs.
In a book titled, ‘Julius Malema, An inconvenient youth’, Irish political and current affairs journalist, Fiona Forde, illustrates these YL challenges using recent political developments in Africa, corresponding sentiments are underscored in political scientist and activist, Floyd Shivambu’s latest offering, ‘The coming revolution’. Nairobi political scientist Cosmas J. O. Kanyadudi presents tried and tested sustainable solution to these challenges in a journal publication titled ‘From the Wings to the Mainstream’. Moreover an increasing number of reformist and radical commentators have started calling for establishment of standalone Youth political parties. The most explicit case-study is the founding background of EFF (Economic Freedom Fighters) in South Africa and Namibia as well as establishment of (IPYF) Inter-Party Youth Form model in countries such as Kenya, Uganda and Nigeria.
I don’t want to preempt the deliberation and outcomes of the intended special congress, but I hope issues of legal standing and autonomy will be the central. Being a customarily progressive and revolutionary Youth movement, BNFYL is the only local YL that has practically exposed and challenged the shortfalls of the YL constitution. Many of us still remember the debacle that erupted in the build up to the 2013 BNFYL Thamaga elective congress. The BNFYL resolved to invite expelled ANCYL (ANC Youth League) President Julius Malema (who was without political shelter at that time) to be Guest Speaker at the Thamaga congress, a move that the party leadership was skeptical about as it had many serious implications. This move exposed many ambiguities regarding the constitution and autonomy of the YL.
It triggered many closed and open ddiscussions, including an open analysis by BNF activist, cde Kago Mookotedi, titled, ‘Defending the anatomy of the BNFYL-the Malema issue’. A subjective but vague compromise was ultimately reached by the YL and party leadership to allow Malema to grace the event on what they termed a 'non-official capacity'. Since the formation of EFF there has been several press statements from the BNF leadership strategically distancing themselves from EFF, this I suppose is triggered by the affection and inspiration most its youth, including BNFYL leadership, continue to publicly parade. The other matter that needs to be constitutionally defined is harmonization of UDC Youth Department operations and BNFYL operations to avoid possible cases of conflict of interest, identity and duplication of efforts going forward.
I anticipate the BNFYL special congress with hope and caution; 'hope' that it will take place, ‘caution’ that under the current constitution the YL affairs and activities are at the mercy and discretion of the mother-party leadership, it is only if and when the mother-party considers it a matter of priority (financially and other-wise) that it will materialize. If it materializes and tough resolutions taken, it will be a landmark development for all YLs and YWs, the birth and journey to redefinition and restructuring of YLs and YWs through constitutional reforms will have started in earnest. I firmly believe there is no Youth institution best suited to start and lead the constitutional reform revolution than the BNFYL. This is why I sincerely wish them well in this reformist journey and agenda.
* Taziba is Youth Advocate, Columnist & Researcher with keen interest in Youth Policy, Civic Engagement, Social Inclusion and Capacity Development (7189 email@example.com)
This is a question that should seriously exercise the mind of every Botswana citizen and every science researcher, every health worker and every political leader political.
The Covid-19 currently defines our lives and poses a direct threat to every aspect and every part of national safety, security and general well-being. This disease has become a normative part of human life throughout the world.
The first part of the struggle against the murderous depredation of this disease was to protect personal life through restrictive health injunctions and protocols; the worst possibly being human isolation and masks that hid our sorrows and lamentations through thin veils. We suffered that humiliation with grace and I believe as a nation we did a great job.
Now the vaccines are here, ushering us into the second phase of this war against the plague; and we are asking ourselves, is this science-driven fight against Covid-19 spell the end of pandemic anxiety? Is the health nightmare coming to an end? What happy lives lie ahead? Is this the time for celebration or caution? As the Non State Actors, we have being struggling with these questions for months.
We have published our thoughts and feelings, and our research reviews and thorough reading of both the local and international impacts of this rampaging viral invasion in local newspapers and social media platforms.
More significantly, we have successfully organised workshops about the impact of the pandemic on society and the economy and the last workshop invited a panel of health experts, professionals, and public administers to advance this social dialogue as part of our commitment to the tripartite engagement we enjoy working with Government of Botswana, Civil Society and Development partners. These workshops are virtual and open to all Batswana, foreign diplomatic missions based in Gaborone, UN agencies located in Gaborone and international academic researchers and professional health experts and specialists.
The mark of Covid-19 on our nation is a painful one, a tragedy shared by the entire human race, but still a contextually painful experience. Our response is fraught with grave difficulties; limited resources, limited time, and the urgency to not only save lives but also avert economic ruin and a bleak future for all who survive. Several vaccines are already in the market.
Parts of the world are already doing the best they can to trunk the pestilential march of this disease by rolling out mass-vaccinations campaigns that promise to evict this health menace and nightmare from their public lives. Botswana, like much of Africa, is still up in the disreputable, and, unenviable, preventative social melee of masked interactions, metered distances, contactless commerce.
We remain very much at the mercy of a marauding virus that daily runs amuck with earth shattering implications for the economy and human lives. And the battle against both infections and transmissions is proving to be difficult, in terms of finance, institutional capacities and resource mobilization. How are we prepared as government, and as citizens, to embrace the impending mass-vaccinations? What are the chances of us succeeding at this last-ditch effort to defeat the virus? What are the most pressing obstacles?
Does the work of vaccines spell an end to the pandemic anxieties?
Our panellists addressed the current state of mass-vaccination preparedness at the Botswana national level. What resources are available? What are the financial, institutional and administrative operational challenges (costs and supply chains, delivery, distribution, administering the vaccine on time, surveillance and security of vaccines?) What is being done to overcome them, or what can be done to overcome them? What do public assessments of preparedness tell us at the local community levels? How strong is the political will and direction? How long can we expect the whole exercise to last? At what point should we start seeing tangible results of the mass-vaccination campaign?
They also addressed the challenges of the anticipated emerging Vaccinated Society. How to fight the myths of vaccines and the superstitions about histories of human immunizations? What exactly is being done to grow robust local confidence in the science of vaccinations and the vaccines themselves? More significantly, how to square these campaigns vis-vis personal rights, moral/religious obligations?
What messages are being sent out in these regards and how are Batswana responding? What about issues of justice and equality? Will we get the necessary vaccines to everyone who wants them? What is being done to ensure no deserving person is left behind?
They also addressed issues of health data. To accomplish this mass-vaccination campaign and do everything right we need accurate and complete data. Poor data already makes it very hard to just cope with the disease. What is being done to improve data for the mass-vaccination campaign? How is this data being collected, aggregated and prepared for real life situation/applications throughout Botswana in the coming campaign?
We know in America, for example, general reporting and treatment of health data at the beginning of vaccinations was so poor, so chaotic and so scattered mainstream newspapers like The Atlantic, Washington Post and the New York Times had to step in, working very closely with civil society organizations, to rescue the situation. What data-related issues are still problematic in Botswana?
To be specific, what kind of Covid-19 data is being taken now to ready the whole country for an effective and efficient mass-vaccination program?
Batswana must be made aware that the end part of vaccination will just mark the beginning of a long journey to health recovery and national redemption; that in many ways Covid-19 vaccination is just another step toward the many efforts in abeyance to fight this health pandemic, the road ahead is still long and painful.
For this purpose, and to highlight the significance of this observation we tasked our panellists with the arduous imperative of analysing the impact of mass-vaccination on society and the economy alongside the pressing issues of post-Covid-19 national health surveillance and rehabilitation programs.
Research suggests the aftermath of Covid-19 vaccination is going to be just as difficult and uncertain world as the present reality in many ways, and that caution should prevail over celebration, at least for a long time. The disease itself is projected to linger around for some time after all these mass-vaccination campaigns unless an effort is made to vaccinate everyone to the last reported case, every nation succeeds beyond herd immunity, and cure is found for Covid-19 disease. Many people are going to continue in need of medications, psychological and psychiatric services and therapy.
Is Botswana ready for this long holdout? If not, what path should we take going into the future? The Second concern is , are we going to have a single, trusted national agency charged with the mandate to set standards for our national health data system, now that we know how real bad pandemics can be, and the value of data in quickly responding to them and mitigating impact? Finally, what is being done to curate a short history of this pandemic? A national museum of health and medicine or a Public Health Institute in Botswana is overdue.
If we are to create strong sets of data policies and data quality standards for fighting future health pandemics it is critical that they find ideological and moral foundations in the artistic imagery and photography of the present human experience…context is essential to fighting such diseases, and to be prepared we must learn from every tragic health incident.
Our panellists answered most of these questions with distinguished intellectual clarity. We wish Batswana to join us in our second Mass-vaccination workshop.
Today is International Women’s Day – it’s a moment to think about how much better our news diet could be if inequities were eliminated. In 1995, when the curtains fell in one of the largest meetings that have ever brought women together to discuss women in development, it was noted that women and media remain key to development.
Twenty-six years later, the relevant “Article J” of the Beijing Platform for Action, remains unfulfilled. Its two strategic objectives with regard to Women and Media have not been met. They are Increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication
Promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media.
Today, as we mark International Women’s Day, it’s an indictment on both media owners and civil society that women remain on the periphery of news-making. They cannot claim equal space in either the structures of newsrooms or in the content produced, be that as sources of news or as the subjects of reports. Indeed, the latest figures from WAN-IFRA’s Women in News Programme show just one in five voices in news belong to women*, be they as sources, as the author or as the main character of the news report.
Some progress was evident several years back, with stand-out women being named as chief executive officers, editors in chief, managing editors and executive editors. But these gains appear short lived in most media organisations. Excitement has turned to frustration as one-step forward has been replaced with three steps backwards. In Africa, the problem is acute. The decision-making tables of media organisations remain deprived of women and where there are women, they are surrounded by men.
Few women have followed in the footsteps of Esther Kamweru, the first woman managing editor in Kenya, and indeed sub-Saharan Africa. Today’s standout women editors include Pamela Makotsi-Sittoni (Nation Media Group, Kenya), Barbara Kaija (New Vision, Uganda), Mary Mbewe (Daily Nation, Zambia), Margaret Vuchiri (The Monitor, Uganda), Joyce Shebe (Clouds, Tanzania), Tryphinah Dongwana (Weekend Post, Botswana), Joyce Mhaville (Independent Television -ITV, Tanzania) and Tuma Abdallah (Standard Newspapers,Tanzania). But they remain an exception.
The lack of balance between women and men at the table of decision making has a rollback effect on the content that is produced. A table dominated by men typically makes decisions that benefit men.
So today, International Women’s Day is a grim reminder that things are not rosy in the news business. Achieving gender balance in news and in the structure of media organisations remains a challenge. Unmet, it sees more than half of the population in our countries suffer the consequences of bias, discrimination and sexism.
The business of ignoring the other half of the population can no longer be treated as normal. It’s time that media leaders grasp the challenge, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it also makes a whole lot of business sense: start covering women, give them space and a voice in news-making and propel them to all levels of decision making within your organisation.
We can no longer afford to imagine that it’s only men who make and sell the news and bring in the shillings to fund the media business. Women too are worthy newsmakers. In all of our societies, there are women holding decision making positions and who are now experts in once male-only domains such as engineers, doctors, scientists and researchers.
They can be deliberately picked out to share their perspectives and expertise and bring balance to the profile of experts quoted on our news pages. Media is the prism through which society sees itself and women are an untapped audience. So, as we celebrate International Women’s Day, let us embrace diversity, which yields better news content and business products, and in so doing eliminate sexism. We know that actions and attitudes that discriminate against people based on their gender is bad for business.
As media, the challenge is ours. We need to consciously embrace and reach the commitments made 26 years ago when the Beijing Platform for Action was signed globally. As the news consuming public, you have a role to play too. Hold your news organization to account and make sure they deliver balanced news that reflects the voices of all of society.
Jane Godia is a gender development and media expert who serves as the Africa Director of Women in News programme. WOMEN IN NEWS is WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org
The eve of International Women’s Day presents an opportunity for us to think about gender equality and the long and often frustrating march toward societies that are truly equal.
As media, we are uniquely placed to drive forward this reflection and discussion. But while focusing on the challenges of gender in society, we owe it to our staff and the communities we serve to also take a hard look at the obstacles within our own organisations.
I’m talking specifically about the scourge of sexual harassment. It’s likely to have happened in your newsroom. It has likely happened to a member of your team. It happens to all genders but is disproportionately directed at women. It happens in every industry, regardless of country, culture or context. This is because sexual harassment is driven by power, not sex. Wherever you have imbalances in power, you have individuals who are at risk of sexual harassment, and those who abuse this power.
I’ve been sexually harassed. The many journalists and editors, friends and family members who I have spoken to over the years on this subject have also been harassed. Yet it is still hard for leaders to recognize that this could be happening within their newsrooms and boardrooms. Why does it continue to be such a taboo?
Counting the cost of sexual harassment
Sexual harassment is, simply put, bad for business. It can harm your corporate reputation. It is a drain on the productivity of staff and managers. Maintaining and building trust in your brand is an absolute imperative for media organisations globally. If and when a case gets out of control or is badly handled – this can directly impact your bottom line.
It is for this reason that WAN-IFRA Women in News has put eliminating sexual harassment as a top priority in our work around gender equality in the media sector. This might seem at odds with the current climate where social interactions are fewer and remote work scenarios are in place in many newsrooms and businesses. But one only needs to tune into the news to know that the abuse of power, manifested as verbal, physical or online harassment, is alive and well.
Preliminary results from an ongoing Women in News research study into the issue of sexual harassment polling hundreds of journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia indicate that more than 1 in 3 women media professionals have been physically harassed, and just under 50% have been verbally harassed. Just over 15% of men in African newsrooms reported being physically harassed, and slightly less than 1 in 4 reports being verbally harassed. The numbers for male media professionals in Southeast Asia are slightly higher than a quarter on both forms of harassment.
The first step in confronting sexual harassment is to talk about it. We need to strip away the stigma and discomfort around having open conversations about what sexual harassment is and isn’t. Media managers, it is entirely in your power to create dynamics in your own teams that are free from sexual harassment.
Publishers and CEOs, you set the organisational culture in your media company.
By being vocal in recognising that it happens everywhere, and communicating to your employees that you will not tolerate sexual harassment of any kind, you send a powerful message to your teams, and publicly. With these actions, you will help us overcome the legacy of silence around this topic, and in doing so take an important first step to create media environments that truly embrace equality.
Melanie Walker is Executive Director of Media Development of the World Association of News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). She is a creator of Women in News, WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org