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Let me start by thanking KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES for inviting me to share with you my humble leadership thoughts and experiences, this morning.  I have been asked to talk about KEY CHALLENGES FOR LEADERS OF TODAY AND TOMORROW.

In particular I was asked to look at:

Leadership competencies for leaders of today and tomorrow.

Defining leadership stance and translating into leadership brand.

Determining what leadership developments are needed and profile for the future.

Martin Luther King Jr. said on Leadership “A GOOD LEADER IS NOT A SEARCHER OF CONSENSUS BUT A MOLDER OF CONSESUS.”  The essence of this quotation is better demonstrated by the role played by the legendary NELSON MANDELA in the Rugby symbol story.  Black South Africans or should I say almost all the African National Congress (ANC) members wanted the South African Rugby Team symbol “The Springbok” to be changed as they regarded it a symbol of the apartheid regime, and MADIBA was totally against this change.  Those of you who are movie enthusiasts may recall that this was better displayed in a movie in which Morgan Freeman played Mandela.  The words, I remember which had the most impact on me or which stuck in mind from that movie is when Madiba said to a room full angry supporters “LET ME LEAD YOU.”

The most important aspect of this story in my view is not so much the argument of Mandela with his African National Congress colleagues about the Rugby symbol but it is about MADIBA using the RUGBY SYMBOL to drive his national agenda or vision forward, “RECONCILIATION”.  We know that reconciliation became a central point of Mr. Nelson Mandela’s leadership as the President of the Republic of South Africa.  In this particular case, that is the RUGBY SYMBOL debate, the South African public eventually understood where Nelson Madiba wanted to take them to as a nation.  One of the most topical issues in leadership circles demonstrated by in this story is “LEADERSHIP VISION” or desired direction.

The question for all of us as leaders here today is are we able as Mr. Nelson Mandela ably demonstrated in this story to carry or more importantly align those we lead to the direction we want them to go, in other words are we ready to lead when called for.

In trying to answer this question I thought I should refer to another quotation on the distinction between Leadership and leaders this time from David Ulrich and Norm Smallwood (2007) who stated that “Long term success, the kind that last generation after generation depends on making a critical distinction between leaders and leadership. A focus on Leaders emphasizes the personal qualities of the individual whereas a focus on leadership emphasizes the methods that secure the ongoing good of the firm.”


Dave Ulrich and Smallwood said that they asked several companies to send to them their organization’s competency models that listed the unique characteristics that they sought in their leaders.  They removed the names of companies from each model.  During the workshop attended by representatives of the companies that sent the competency models, they asked these representatives to pick their company’s competency model list, but none of the representatives picked their organization’s list. 

Their conclusion was that companies rely on competency models that identify a set of generic traits (vision, direction, energy etc.), and then they (companies) try to find and build next generation of leaders that fit the model.  Ultich et al. (2007) called these competencies vanilla models that generate vanilla leadership.

In this day and age or should I say today every organization is trying to get the best out of its people especially leaders and as a result we all turn to ready-made competency models from leadership gurus and psychologists and try to fit their leaders into these competency models.

Competency models are generally focused more on behavior than results.  Even more important is the fact that most organizations that have competency models have taken the approach of defining each competency in terms of explaining how leaders are expected to behaviorally demonstrate it, but stop short of explaining why demonstrating such a competency has business relevance.

Effective competency models need to be tied to the organization’s future strategy.  They need to answer the question “given our future strategy, what knowledge, skills, and abilities should leaders possess”.  Some of the generic leadership competencies that apply to both leaders of today and tomorrow are:

Visionary – Good Leaders create the vision, a picture of where they want to take their organization.

Inspirational – Great Leaders inspire everyone to get behind the vision.

Strategic – Strategic Leaders are clear and directly face the strengths, and weaknesses of their organization, as well as their external opportunities and threats.

Tactical – Good Leaders are bottom-line oriented and communicate the results.  They thrive on numbers, figures and data.

Focused – Good Leaders achieve what they set out to do before launching new initiatives.

Persuasive – Good Leaders bring others to their point of view using logic, reason, emotion and the force of their personalities.  They motivate by persuasion rather than intimidation.

Likeable – Good Leaders are people-centric.  They display a high degree of emotional intelligence.

Decisive – Good Leaders can make decision quickly often with incomplete data.

Ethical – Good Leaders are direct and straight forward.  They set clear performance expectations and hold people accountable.  Principle-based Leadership.

Open-Feedback – Good Leaders are open and dedicated to lifelong learning.  They seek direct feedback.


Organizations can strengthen their leadership brand by translating what they stand for in the market place into a set of managerial behaviors.  Building a leadership Brand start with a clear brand statement similar to a mission statement that connects what the organization wants to be known for by its best customers with specific leadership skills and behaviors.  Just to demonstrate the building of a brand statement of a certain pharmaceutical company, it specified five qualities which are:

Leadership of the market- where they expected leaders to foster innovation by helping the organization collaborate with leading experts around the world and import the best ideas and research into the company.

Global reach-wanted leaders who would combine sensitivity to local culture with global vision to help meet customer demands anywhere in the world.

Building Partnership-they needed leaders who knew how to recruit and develop talent so that customers would view employees of the organization as experts who could help them solve problems
Integrity- they wanted leaders who could make sure that employees delivered products and services in time, every time and fulfill promises and meet targets.

Product affordability- wanted their leaders to be proficient at sourcing, and securing the highest possible productivity from the company assets.


A successful leadership development model should incorporate all elements of the leadership code (Ulrich and Smallwood, 2007).  Leadership code consists of:

Leaders must muster strategy- that is they need to have a point of reference about the future, and be able to position their organization for continued success with customers.

Leaders must be able to execute-meaning that they must be able to build organization’s systems that work, to deliver results, and make change happen.

Leaders must be able to manage today’s talent- that is they must know how to motivate, engage and communicate with employees.

Leaders must able to develop tomorrow’s talent- that is they must groom employees for future leadership.

Leaders must show personal proficiency- that is they must demonstrate ability to learn, act with integrity, exercise social and emotional intelligence, make bold decisions and engender trust.

Companies need develop their executives who demonstrate all perquisites of leadership.  Companies must regularly assess the abilities of their high potential managers and challenge their readiness for their next level.


Let me conclude by stating that as companies or organizations we need to develop our leadership competencies and qualities we require our leaders to exhibit on the work place based on our strategic plan or our desired direction.  We need to avoid vanilla type competencies since they do not give us a unique advantage over our competitors since they also have access to the same competencies.  It is also important to note that as we assess our leaders against the developed competencies that competencies are behavior based and may not necessarily be linked on performance or results.

This was a presentation made by Dr. Akolang Tombale, Chief Executive Officer of the Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) on the 05th March 2015 at the – Leadership Development Conference – held at Cresta Lodge, Gaborone.

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The Taiwan Question: China ramps up military exercises to rebuff US provocations

18th August 2022

US House Speaker Nancy Pelosis visit to Taiwan has violated the One-China policy, and caused the escalation of tensions across the Taiwan Strait. Experts and political observers across the spectra agree that Pelosis actions and subsequent pronouncements by US President Joe Biden gave impetus to an already simmering tension in the Taiwan Strait, provoking China to strengthen its legitimate hold on the Taiwan Strait waters, which the US and Taiwan deem as international waters.

Pelosis visit to Chinas Taiwan region has been heavily criticised across the globe, with China arguing that this is a serious violation of the one-China principle and the provisions of the three China-US Joint Communiqus. In response to this reckless move which seriously undermined China’s sovereignty, and interfered in China’s internal affairs, the expectation is for China to give a firm response. Pelosi visit violated the commitments made by the U.S. side, and seriously jeopardized peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait.

To give context to Chinas position over Taiwan region, the history behind gives us perspective. It is also important to note that the history between China and Taiwan is well documented and the US has always recognized it.

The Peoples Republic of China recognises Taiwan as its territory. It has always been the case even before the Nationalist Republic of China government fled to the previously Japanese-ruled Island after losing the civil war on the mainland in 1949. According to literature that threat was contained for decades first with a military alliance between the US and the ROC on Taiwan, and after Washington switched diplomatic recognition to the PRC in 1979 by the US One China policy, which acknowledges Beijings position that Taiwan is part of One China. Effectively, Taiwans administration was transferred to the Republic of China from Japan after the Second World War in 1945, along with the split between the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) as a consequence of the Chinese Civil War. Disregarding this history, as the US is attempting to do, will surely initiate some defence reaction on the side of China to affirm its sovereignty.

However, this history was undermined since Taiwan claimed to democratise in the 1990s and China has grown ever more belligerent. Furthermore, it is well documented that the Biden administration, following the Trump presidency, has made subtle changes in the way it deals with Taipei, such as loosening restrictions on US officials meeting Taiwanese officials this should make China uneasy. And while the White House continues to say it does not support Taiwanese independence, Bidens words and actions are parallel to this pledge because he has warned China that the US would intervene militarily if China attacked Taiwan another statement that has provoked China.

Pelosi, in her private space, would know that her actions amount to provocation of China. This act of aggression by the USA seriously undermines the virtues of sovereignty and territorial integrity which has a huge potential to destabilize not only the Taiwan Strait but the whole of the Asia- Pacific region. The Americans know very well that their provocative behavior is deliberately invoking the spirit of separatism masqueraded as Taiwan independence. The US is misled to think that by supporting separatism of Taiwan from China that would give them an edge over China in a geopolitics. This is what one Chinese diplomat said this week: The critical point is if every country put their One-China policy into practice with sincerity, with no compromise, is going to guarantee the peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait. Therefore, it was in the wake of US House speaker Nancy Pelosis visit to Taiwan, that China, in a natural response revealed plans for unprecedented military exercises near the island, prompting fears of a crisis in the Taiwan Strait and the entire Asia-Pacific region. The world community must promote and foster peace, this may be achieved when international laws are respected. It may also happen when nations respect the sovereignty of another. China may be in a better space because it is well capacitated to stake its territorial integrity, what about a small nation, if this happens to it?

As to why military exercises by Beijing; it is an expected response because China was provoked by the actions of Pelosi. To fortify this position, Chinese President, Xi signed a legal basis for Chinas Peoples Liberation Army to safeguard Chinas national sovereignty, security and development interests. The legal basis will also allow military missions around disaster relief, humanitarian aid and peacekeeping. In addition the legal changes would allow troops to prevent spillover effects of regional instabilities from affecting China, secure vital transport routes for strategic materials like oil, or safeguard Chinas overseas investments, projects and personnel. It then follows that President Xis administration cannot afford to look weak under a US provocation. President Xi must protector Chinas sovereignty and territorial integrity, of which Taiwan is a central part. Beijing is very clear on One-China Policy, and expects all world players to recognize and respect it.

The Peoples Liberation Army has made it clear that it has firepower that covers all of Taiwan, and it can strike wherever it wants. This sentiments have been attributed to Zhang Junshe, a researcher at the PLA Navy Research Institute. Zheng further said, We got really close to Taiwan. We encircled Taiwan. And we demonstrated that we can effectively stop intervention by foreign forces. This is a strong reaction from China to warn the US against provocation and violation of the One-China Policy.

Beijings military exercises will certainly shake Taiwans confidence in the sources of its economic and political survival. The potential for an effective blockade threatens the air and shipping routes that support Taiwans central role in global technology supply chains. Should a humanitarian situation arise in Taiwan, the blame would squarely be on the US.

As Chinas military exercises along the Taiwan Strait progress and grow, it remains that the decision by Nancy Pelosi to visit Chinas Taiwan region gravely undermined peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait, and sent a wrong signal to Taiwan independence separatist forces. This then speaks to international conventions, as the UN Secretary-General Antnio Guterres explicitly stressed that the UN remains committed to the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758. The centerpiece is the one-China principle, namely, there is but one China in the world, the government of the Peoples Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China, and Taiwan is a part of China. It must be noted that the US and the US-led NATO countries have selectively applied international law, this has been going on unabated. There is a plethora of actions that have collapsed several states after they were attacked under the pretext of the so-called possession of weapons of mass destruction illuminating them as threats – and sometimes even without any valid reason. to blatantly launch military strikes and even unleash wars on sovereign countrie

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Internal party-democracy under pressure

21st June 2022

British novelist, W. Somerset Maugham once opined: If a nation values anything more than freedom, it will lose its freedom; and the irony of it is that if it is comfort or money that it values more, it will lose that too.

The truism in these words cannot be underestimated, especially when contextualizing against the political developments in Botswana. We have become a nation that does not value democracy, yet nothing represent freedom more than democracy. In fact, we desire, and value winning power or clinging to power more than anything else, even if it harms the democratic credentials of our political institutions. This is happening across political parties ruling and opposition.

As far as democracy is concerned, we are regressing. We are becoming worse-off than we were in the past. If not arrested, Botswana will lose its status as among few democratic nations in the Africa. Ironically, Botswana was the first country in Africa to embrace democracy, and has held elections every five years without fail since independence.

We were once viewed as the shining example of Africa. Those accolades are not worth it any more. Young democracies such as South Africa, with strong institutions, deserves to be exalted. Botswana has lost faith in democracy, and we will pay a price for it. It is a slippery slope to dictatorship, which will bring among other excess, assault on civil liberties and human rights violations.

Former President, Festus Mogae once stated that Botswanas democracy will only become authentic, when a different party, other than the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) wins elections, and when the President of such party is not from Serowe.

Although many may not publicly care to admit, Mogaes assertion is true. BDP has over the years projected itself as a dyed-in-the-wool proponent of democracy, but the moment its stay in power became threatened and uncertain, it started behaving in a manner that is at variance with democratic values.This has been happening over the years now, and the situation is getting worse by the day.

Recently, the BDP party leadership has been preaching compromise and consensus candidates for 2024 general elections. Essentially, the leadership has lost faith in theBulela Ditswedispensation, which has been used to selected party candidates for council and parliament since 2003. The leadership is discouraging democracy because they believe primary elections threaten party unity. It is a strange assertion indeed.

Bulela Ditswewas an enrichment of internal party democracy in the sense that it replaced the previous method of selection of candidates known as Committee of 18, in which a branch committee made of 18 people endorsed the representatives. While it is true that political contest can divide, the ruling party should be investing in political education and strengthening in its primary elections processes. Democracy does not come cheap or easy, but it is valuable.

Any unity that we desire so much at the expense of democracy is not true unity. Like W. Somerset Maugham said, democracy would be lost in the process, and ultimately, even the unity that was desired would eventually be lost too. Any solution that sacrifice democracy would not bring any results in the long run, except misery.

We have seen that also in opposition ranks. The Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) recently indicated that its incumbent Members of Parliament (MPs) should not be challenged for their seats. While BDP is sacrificing democracy to stay in power, UDC is sacrificing democracy to win power. It is a scary reality given the fact that both parties ruling and opposition have embraced this position and believe democracy is the hindrance to their political ambitions.

These current reality points to one thing; our political parties have lost faith in democracy. They desire power more than, the purpose of power itself. It is also a crisis of leadership across the political divide, where we have seen dissenting views being met with persecution. We have seen perverting of political process endorsed by those in echelons of power to manipulate political outcomes in their favour.

Democracy should not be optional, it should be mandatory. Any leader proposing curtailing of democracy should be viewed with suspicion, and his adventures should be rejected before it is too late. Members of political parties, as subscribers of democracy, should collectively rise to the occasion to save their democracy from self-interest that is becoming prevalent among Botswana political parties.

The so-called compromise candidates, only benefits the leadership because it creates comforts for them. But for members, and for the nation, it is causing damage by reversing the gains that have been made over the years. We should reject leaders who only preach democracy in word, but are hesitant to practice it.

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The Big Deal About Piracy

21st June 2022

Piracy of all kinds continues to have a massive impact on the global creative industry and the economies of the countries where it thrives.

One of the biggest misconceptions around piracy is that an individual consumers piracy activities, especially in a market the size of Botswanas, is only a drop in the pool of potential losses to the different sectors of the economy piracy affects.

When someone sitting in Gaborone, Botswana logs onto an illegal site to download King Richard online, they dont imagine that their one download will do anything to the production houses pocket or make a dent in the actors net worth. At best, the sensitivity towards this illegal pirating activity likely only exists when contemplating going about pirating a local musicians music or a short film produced locally.

The ripple effects of piracy at whatever scale reach far beyond what the average consumer could ever imagine. Figures released by software security and media technology company, Irdeto, show that users in five major African territories made approximately 17,4 million total visits to the top 10 identified piracy sites on the internet.

The economic impact of this on the creative industry alone soars to between 40 and 97.1 billion dollars, according a 2022 Dataprot study. In addition, they estimate that illegally streamed copyrighted content consumes 24% of global bandwidth.

As Botswanas creative industry remains relatively slight on the scale of comparison to industries such as Nollywood and Nilewood where the creative industry contributes a huge proportion to West and East Africas respective GDPs, that does not imply that piracy activities in Botswana do not have a similar impact on our economy and the ability of our creative industry to grow.

When individuals make decisions to illegally consume content via internet streaming sites they believe they are saving money for themselves in the name of enjoying content they desire to consume. Although this is a personal choice that remains the prerogative of the consumer, looking beyond the fact that streaming on illegal content sites is piracy, the ripple effect of this decision also has an endless trail of impact where funds which could be used to grow the local creative industry through increased consumption, and revenue which would otherwise be fed back into Botswanas economy are being diverted.

Why cant our local creative industry grow? Why dont we see more home-grown films and shows in Botswana? are questions constantly posed by those who consume television content in Botswana. The answer to this lies largely in the fact that Botswanas local content needs an audience in order for it to grow. It needs support from government and entities which are in a position to fund and help the industry scale greater heights.

Any organisational body willing to support and grow the local creative industry needs to exist and operate in an economy which can support its mandates. Content piracy is a cycle that can only be alleviated when consumers make wiser decisions around what they consume and how.

This goes beyond eradicating piracy activities in so far as television content is concerned. This extends to the importation and trade in counterfeit goods, resale of goods and services not intended for resale across the border, outside its jurisdiction, and more. All of these activities stunt the growth of an economy and make it nearly impossible for industries and sectors to propel themselves to places where they can positively impact society and reinvest into the countrys economy.

So what can be done to turn the tide here in Botswana in order to see our local production houses gain the momentum required to produce more, license more and expand their horizons? While those who enforce the law continue to work towards minimizing piracy activities, its imperative that as consumers we work to make their efforts easier by being mindful of how our individual actions play a role in preventing the success of our local creative networks and our economys growth.

Whether you are pirating a Hollywood Blockbuster, illegally streaming a popular Motswana artists music, or smuggling in an illegal decoder to view content restricted to South Africa only, your actions have an impact on how we as a nation will make our mark on the global landscape with local creative productions. Thembi Legwaila is Corporate Affairs Manager, MultiChoice Botswana

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