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Botswana and the ‘shortage’ curse

I believe that our national development planning as it stands now is totally inadequate and incompetent.  What we have as a National Development PIan is a ten year partisan plan that is coordinated by the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning for the ruling party. 

It is however, interesting that the last plan (the tenth plan) took into account Vision 2016 goals, which in my view is a step in the right direction although admittedly Vision 2016 is not a national plan but at least it is a national vision developed by the nation for the nation.  However, this vision cannot be achieved without a supporting long term development plan. This submission attempts to encourage the nation to move towards that direction.


My submission is that the National Development Plan should be a 20 to 50 year long-term plan developed by the nation for the nation through a process similar to the Gaolathe commission that developed Vision 2016. This plan should be non partisan, inclusive and comprehensive.  


The ten or perhaps five year plan should be drawn from the overall plan by the ruling party and provide the details, the priorities, the resources and the implementation plans to be managed by the government of the day. The government performance can then be judged on how well their plan is aligned to and achieves the national goals as provided in the overall Long-term National Plan.


The Ministry of Finance and Development Planning is currently charged with the responsibility ‘to coordinate national development planning, to mobilise and prudently manage available financial and economic resources. Furthermore the Ministry is responsible for the formulation of economic and financial policies for sustainable economic development’.  


For me, the Nation Development Plan and Sustainable Development functions should be removed from the Ministry of Finance for effectiveness and focused delivery as suggested by UDC in their manifesto.  The separate Ministry will be responsible for coordination and will require a technocrat who will be able to draw the best experts from across the political divide to come up with a well researched non partisan long term National Development Plan and Sustainable Development agenda. The same ministry should monitor and report to the nation as well as periodically update the plan using the same non political entity that developed the plan.


This Long-Term National and Sustainable Development Plan should perhaps adopt Vision 2016 as its inspiration and then incorporate the following core areas amongst others in the plan;


Population growth projections for the period
Land  available for farming, residential,  industrial, tourism, protection etc
Education and skills development plan
Known mineral resources, potential and development plan
Rainfall patterns, underground water resources and impacts of climate change
Business potential and planning in manufacturing, food processing, leather products, mining, mineral beneficiation, pharmaceuticals, support services,  etc
Targeted  and sustainable  ‘win-win’ foreign investment planning
Projected national food requirements and planning
Projected national health services requirements planning
Possible sources of  supporting income and projections


The first thing that informs this plan must be a comprehensive population growth projection for the planned period for each town and village. There should also be a planned economic activity to support the growth and sustainability of each community in order to limit migration to urban centres.


The land as a non renewable resource is a very important factor that any planning must take into account for sustainable development. All the listed areas above and any others to be identified will need to be comprehensibly and systematically studied and detailed.


I posit that almost all the major problems and serious challenges we currently face as a country are due to lack of long term national planning.  I have said before in another submission that, ‘failing to plan is planning to fail’. Albert Einstein also said, ‘doing the same thing over and over and expecting a different result is madness’.  We have failed to plan and therefore the many shortages we face today are our own creation;


Shortage of Land
Shortage of Power
Shortage of Water
Shortage of requisite Skills for industry
Shortage of Classrooms
Shortage of teachers
Shortage of Nurses
Shortage of Doctors  etc

I have no doubt that all these endemic shortages which are now a source of national embarrassment are largely a result of lack of long term planning.  

We cannot have shortage of land in Botswana, when our population of just over two million can fit in half of Johannesburg City which has a population of 4.3 million.  Our land area is the same as that of France that has a population of over 65 million. So we cannot without shame talk of land shortage in Botswana.

We cannot have endemic shortage of water in Botswana as we do when we have an annual average of up to 450 mm across the country.  A country like Chile has only an average of 5 mm across their country, with only few areas having about 200 mm of rainfall. Despite this Chile has a thriving agricultural and mining industry both of which are water intensive.  Israel and Dubai are other examples of countries with thriving agriculture in dry deserts.

In addition to the rainfall that we have, we have the perennial Chobe River and extensive underground water resources we should be tapping into. Why are we not having a thriving agricultural industry especially around the Chobe and eastern regions of our country?  See our annual rainfall distribution in the attached map below.

How can we have power shortage in Botswana when we have over 200 billion tons of unexploited coal resources? How can we have power shortage when our solar irradiation intensity is one of the highest in the world? Botswana annual solar irradiation is over 260 W/m2, while Germany who produces about 30 gigawatts from solar energy has only an average of 125 W/m2.  

How can we have power shortage when we have one of the greatest potential for biomass energy in the world because of our large uninhabited land mass? How can we have power shortage when we have accumulating wastage that can be converted into power, at the same time cleaning our environment and opening up the land for other uses?

How can we have shortage of requisite skills when we have graduates roaming the streets? How can we have shortage of skills when we have 30 % of our population unemployed? I know the official figure is 17 % but many analysts believe this figure is closer to 30 %.

How can we have shortage of classrooms and teachers when we have shortage of skills for the economy?  

How can you build hospitals and clinics when you do not have doctors and nurses?  Do you know that we have trained more than 100 doctors at the taxpayer’s expense and allowed them to go and work in Ireland and other countries?  How can you do that when you have shortage?  Should we not have kept these doctors at home until at least they have paid up their dues?  

Tebogo Toteng wrote in his column on the weekend post of 7-13 February that ‘the future belongs to those who plan’ this is true for individuals, it is true for businesses and it is even truer for countries.

In conclusion our long term planning is non existent.  We must introspect without shame and correct ourselves.  The leadership of this country has failed the nation, but it is not too late to change and develop a coordinated non partisan long term national plan that reflects the long term vision of our country. We have the national ideals of vision 2016 that can be used as rallying point.

Bernard Busani
E-mail: bernard.busani@gmail.com:   cell: 71751440

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Botswana to Become a Vaccinated Nation: Pandemic Anxiety Over?

30th March 2021

OSCAR MOTSUMI

This is a question that should seriously exercise the mind of every Botswana citizen and every science researcher, every health worker and every political leader political.

The Covid-19 currently defines our lives and poses a direct threat to every aspect and every part of national safety, security and general well-being. This disease has become a normative part of human life throughout the world.

The first part of the struggle against the murderous depredation of this disease was to protect personal life through restrictive health injunctions and protocols; the worst possibly being human isolation and masks that hid our sorrows and lamentations through thin veils. We suffered that humiliation with grace and I believe as a nation we did a great job.

Now the vaccines are here, ushering us into the second phase of this war against the plague; and we are asking ourselves, is this science-driven fight against Covid-19 spell the end of pandemic anxiety? Is the health nightmare coming to an end? What happy lives lie ahead? Is this the time for celebration or caution? As the Non State Actors, we have being struggling with these questions for months.

We have published our thoughts and feelings, and our research reviews and thorough reading of both the local and international impacts of this rampaging viral invasion in local newspapers and social media platforms.

More significantly, we have successfully organised workshops about the impact of the pandemic on society and the economy and the last workshop invited a panel of health experts, professionals, and public administers to advance this social dialogue as part of our commitment to the tripartite engagement we enjoy working with Government of Botswana, Civil Society and Development partners. These workshops are virtual and open to all Batswana, foreign diplomatic missions based in Gaborone, UN agencies located in Gaborone and international academic researchers and professional health experts and specialists.

The mark of Covid-19 on our nation is a painful one, a tragedy shared by the entire human race, but still a contextually painful experience. Our response is fraught with grave difficulties; limited resources, limited time, and the urgency to not only save lives but also avert economic ruin and a bleak future for all who survive. Several vaccines are already in the  market.

Parts of the world are already doing the best they can to trunk the pestilential march of this disease by rolling out mass-vaccinations campaigns that promise to evict this health menace and nightmare from their public lives. Botswana, like much of Africa, is still up in the disreputable, and, unenviable, preventative social melee of masked interactions, metered distances, contactless commerce.

We remain very much at the mercy of a marauding virus that daily runs amuck with earth shattering implications for the economy and human lives. And the battle against both infections and transmissions is proving to be difficult, in terms of finance, institutional capacities and resource mobilization. How are we prepared as government, and as citizens, to embrace the impending mass-vaccinations? What are the chances of us  succeeding at this last-ditch effort to defeat the virus? What are the most pressing obstacles?

Does the work of vaccines spell an end to the pandemic anxieties?

Our panellists addressed the current state of mass-vaccination preparedness at the Botswana national level. What resources are available? What are the financial, institutional and administrative operational challenges (costs and supply chains, delivery, distribution, administering the vaccine on time, surveillance and security of vaccines?) What is being done to overcome them, or what can be done to overcome them? What do public assessments of preparedness tell us at the local community levels? How strong is the political will and direction? How long can we expect the whole exercise to last? At what point should we start seeing tangible results of the mass-vaccination campaign?

They also addressed the challenges of the anticipated emerging Vaccinated Society. How to fight the myths of vaccines and the superstitions about histories of human immunizations? What exactly is being done to grow robust local confidence in the science of vaccinations and the vaccines themselves? More significantly, how to square these campaigns vis-vis personal rights, moral/religious obligations?

What messages are being sent out in these regards and how are Batswana responding? What about issues of justice and equality? Will we get the necessary vaccines to everyone who wants them? What is being done to ensure no deserving person is left behind?

They also addressed issues of health data. To accomplish this mass-vaccination campaign and do everything right we need accurate and complete data. Poor data already makes it very hard to just cope with the disease. What is being done to improve data for the mass-vaccination campaign? How is this data being collected, aggregated and prepared for real life situation/applications throughout Botswana in the coming campaign?

We know in America, for example, general reporting and treatment of health data at the beginning of vaccinations was so poor, so chaotic and so scattered mainstream newspapers like The Atlantic, Washington Post and the New York Times had to step in, working very closely with civil society organizations, to rescue the situation. What data-related issues are still problematic in Botswana?

To be specific, what kind of Covid-19 data is being taken now to ready the whole country for an effective and efficient mass-vaccination program?

Batswana must be made aware that the  end part of vaccination will just mark the beginning of a long journey to health recovery and national redemption; that in many ways Covid-19 vaccination is just another step toward the many efforts in abeyance to fight this health pandemic, the road ahead is still long and painful.

For this purpose, and to highlight the significance of this observation we tasked our panellists with  the arduous imperative of  analysing the impact of mass-vaccination on society and the economy alongside the pressing issues of post-Covid-19 national health surveillance and rehabilitation programs.

Research suggests the aftermath of Covid-19 vaccination is going to be just as difficult and uncertain world as the present reality in many ways, and that caution should prevail over celebration, at least for a long time. The disease itself is projected to linger around for some time after all these mass-vaccination campaigns unless an effort is made to vaccinate everyone to the last reported case, every nation succeeds beyond herd immunity, and cure is found for Covid-19 disease. Many people are going to continue in need of medications, psychological and psychiatric services and therapy.

Is Botswana ready for this long holdout? If not, what path should we take going into the future? The Second concern is , are we going to have a single, trusted national agency charged with the  mandate to set standards for our national health data system, now that we know how real bad pandemics can be, and the value of data in quickly responding to them and mitigating impact? Finally, what is being done to curate a short history of this pandemic? A national museum of health and medicine or a Public Health Institute  in Botswana is overdue.

If we are to create strong sets of data policies and data quality standards for fighting future health pandemics it is critical that they find ideological and moral foundations in the artistic imagery and photography of the present human experience…context is essential to fighting such diseases, and to be prepared we must learn from every tragic health incident.

Our panellists answered most of these questions with distinguished intellectual clarity. We wish Batswana to join us in our second Mass-vaccination workshop.

*Oscar Motsumi: Email:oscar.motsumi@gmail.com

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The women you see in the news matter. Here’s why

9th March 2021
Jane Godia

Jane Godia

Today is International Women’s Day – it’s a moment to think about how much better our news diet could be if inequities were eliminated. In 1995, when the curtains fell in one of the largest meetings that have ever brought women together to discuss women in development, it was noted that women and media remain key to development.

Twenty-six years later, the relevant “Article J” of the Beijing Platform for Action, remains unfulfilled. Its two strategic objectives with regard to Women and Media have not been met. They are
Increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication

Promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media.

Today, as we mark International Women’s Day, it’s an indictment on both media owners and civil society that women remain on the periphery of news-making. They cannot claim equal space in either the structures of newsrooms or in the content produced, be that as sources of news or as the subjects of reports. Indeed, the latest figures from WAN-IFRA’s Women in News Programme show just one in five voices in news belong to women*, be they as sources, as the author or as the main character of the news report.

Some progress was evident several years back, with stand-out women being named as chief executive officers, editors in chief, managing editors and executive editors. But these gains appear short lived in most media organisations. Excitement has turned to frustration as one-step forward has been replaced with three steps backwards. In Africa, the problem is acute. The decision-making tables of media organisations remain deprived of women and where there are women, they are surrounded by men.

Few women have followed in the footsteps of Esther Kamweru, the first woman managing editor in Kenya, and indeed sub-Saharan Africa. Today’s standout women editors include Pamela Makotsi-Sittoni (Nation Media Group, Kenya), Barbara Kaija (New Vision, Uganda), Mary Mbewe (Daily Nation, Zambia), Margaret Vuchiri (The Monitor, Uganda), Joyce Shebe (Clouds, Tanzania), Tryphinah Dongwana (Weekend Post, Botswana), Joyce Mhaville (Independent Television -ITV, Tanzania) and Tuma Abdallah (Standard Newspapers,Tanzania). But they remain an exception.

The lack of balance between women and men at the table of decision making has a rollback effect on the content that is produced. A table dominated by men typically makes decisions that benefit men.

So today, International Women’s Day is a grim reminder that things are not rosy in the news business. Achieving gender balance in news and in the structure of media organisations remains a challenge. Unmet, it sees more than half of the population in our countries suffer the consequences of bias, discrimination and sexism.

The business of ignoring the other half of the population can no longer be treated as normal. It’s time that media leaders grasp the challenge, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it also makes a whole lot of business sense: start covering women, give them space and a voice in news-making and propel them to all levels of decision making within your organisation.

We can no longer afford to imagine that it’s only men who make and sell the news and bring in the shillings to fund the media business. Women too are worthy newsmakers. In all of our societies, there are women holding decision making positions and who are now experts in once male-only domains such as engineers, doctors, scientists and researchers.

They can be deliberately picked out to share their perspectives and expertise and bring balance to the profile of experts quoted on our news pages. Media is the prism through which society sees itself and women are an untapped audience. So, as we celebrate International Women’s Day, let us embrace diversity, which yields better news content and business products, and in so doing eliminate sexism. We know that actions and attitudes that discriminate against people based on their gender is bad for business.

As media, the challenge is ours. We need to consciously embrace and reach the commitments made 26 years ago when the Beijing Platform for Action was signed globally. As the news consuming public, you have a role to play too. Hold your news organization to account and make sure they deliver balanced news that reflects the voices of all of society.

Jane Godia is a gender development and media expert who serves as the Africa Director of Women in News programme.  
WOMEN IN NEWS is WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org

Jane Godia, Director, Africa, Women in News

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Why is the media so afraid to talk about sexual harassment?

9th March 2021

MELANIE WALKER

The eve of International Women’s Day presents an opportunity for us to think about gender equality and the long and often frustrating march toward societies that are truly equal.

As media, we are uniquely placed to drive forward this reflection and discussion. But while focusing on the challenges of gender in society, we owe it to our staff and the communities we serve to also take a hard look at the obstacles within our own organisations.

I’m talking specifically about the scourge of sexual harassment. It’s likely to have happened in your newsroom. It has likely happened to a member of your team. It happens to all genders but is disproportionately directed at women. It happens in every industry, regardless of country, culture or context. This is because sexual harassment is driven by power, not sex. Wherever you have imbalances in power, you have individuals who are at risk of sexual harassment, and those who abuse this power.

I’ve been sexually harassed. The many journalists and editors, friends and family members who I have spoken to over the years on this subject have also been harassed. Yet it is still hard for leaders to recognize that this could be happening within their newsrooms and boardrooms. Why does it continue to be such a taboo?

Counting the cost of sexual harassment

Sexual harassment is, simply put, bad for business. It can harm your corporate reputation. It is a drain on the productivity of staff and managers. Maintaining and building trust in your brand is an absolute imperative for media organisations globally. If and when a case gets out of control or is badly handled – this can directly impact your bottom line.

It is for this reason that WAN-IFRA Women in News has put eliminating sexual harassment as a top priority in our work around gender equality in the media sector. This might seem at odds with the current climate where social interactions are fewer and remote work scenarios are in place in many newsrooms and businesses. But one only needs to tune into the news to know that the abuse of power, manifested as verbal, physical or online harassment, is alive and well.

Preliminary results from an ongoing Women in News research study into the issue of sexual harassment polling hundreds of journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia indicate that more than 1 in 3 women media professionals have been physically harassed, and just under 50% have been verbally harassed. Just over 15% of men in African newsrooms reported being physically harassed, and slightly less than 1 in 4 reports being verbally harassed. The numbers for male media professionals in Southeast Asia are slightly higher than a quarter on both forms of harassment.

The first step in confronting sexual harassment is to talk about it. We need to strip away the stigma and discomfort around having open conversations about what sexual harassment is and isn’t. Media managers, it is entirely in your power to create dynamics in your own teams that are free from sexual harassment.

Publishers and CEOs, you set the organisational culture in your media company.

By being vocal in recognising that it happens everywhere, and communicating to your employees that you will not tolerate sexual harassment of any kind, you send a powerful message to your teams, and publicly. With these actions, you will help us overcome the legacy of silence around this topic, and in doing so take an important first step to create media environments that truly embrace equality.

Melanie Walker is Executive Director of Media Development of the World Association of News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). She is a creator of Women in News, WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org

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