British’s High Commissioner to Botswana, Nick Pyle
The British High Commission in Gaborone is aiding policy shift regarding lesbians, gays and bisexuals in Botswana.
The commission recently pumped money in support of a policy dialogue by the Botswana Network of Ethics, Law and HIV/AIDS (BONELA) and the Lesbians Gays and Bisexuals of Botswana whose aim was to enhance more debate on influencing perceptions and challenged Botswana’s legislative framework on dealing with lesbians, gays, intersex, bisexual, and the transgendered people.
WeekendPost has established that the parties had been unsettled by the recent Afro-barometer study which indicated that most Batswana disapprove homosexuality. Notwithstanding this, the dialogues come in the wake of a firm stance by Botswana government that prohibits and criminalizes consensual same-sex relationships.
The United States of America (USA) and Britain are well known unreserved advocacy and protection of human rights including homosexuality and prostitution. The advancement of the debate in Botswana by the British High Commission is seen by some observers as falling short of purely advancing the same sex relations.
In an interview with the WeekendPost this week, British’s High Commissioner to Botswana, Nick Pyle stated that the debate has nothing to do with promoting one particular lifestyle over another. “Nor is it about forcing anyone to change their beliefs.
It is about choice and tolerance of difference,” he added. From a human rights point of view, it is simply about protecting the right of all members of society to live their lives free from discrimination and the fear of violence, Pyle emphasized.
He cautioned against believing that talking about homosexuality is a Western agenda. “It is being talked about by all sorts of people in all sorts of places here in Botswana. People from a wide range of different backgrounds were at BONELA’s recent event,” he highlighted. As the trends in the recent Afro-barometer survey suggest, Pyle said, attitudes are changing and the debate is likely to increase in intensity.
“This debate must be grounded on human rights principles. This is not about tradition, culture or religion. I have the utmost respect for all of those. Often they help to build strong societies. But when people put them up as excuses to avoid the debate, that tells us that they don’t fully understand, or don’t want to understand the issue,” he added.
Pyle stressed that there are too many harrowing tales of people who have suffered physical violence or simply been excluded as a result of their sexual orientation, and indeed other personal characteristics or beliefs that society chooses to brand as “different.” “The United Kingdom’s support for human rights is about challenging that. Simply put, it is the belief that no-one should be left behind,” he said.
The UK Commissioner however would not say whether their agenda with BONELA would not likely cause uneasiness especially to the Botswana government which has a strong stance against homosexuality as espoused by its policy documents and some legislative frameworks including the country’s penal code.
Pyle only emphasized that the United Kingdom has made a strong global commitment to supporting human rights for all. “We believe that we will all be safer and better off if we put human rights at the heart of our values,” he said.
“But equally, here – as everywhere else – there is room to advance human rights further. And I believe the way in which the LGBTI community is viewed is one area where Batswana need to have a debate. Indeed, that is something that the Botswana government undertook to consider during a discussion at the Human Rights Council in 2013,” the UK High Commissioner said.
According to the BONELA policy paper, the policy dialogues was meant to promote social justice as a strategy and to advance and promote civil rights entitlements as enshrined in the Botswana constitution to influence policy and increased social protection for the LGBTI community in Botswana.
“The dialogue further seeks to propel a national discourse by facilitating broad societal tolerance that conforms to the natural laws of ‘botho’ and human rights principles which recognizes and provides a conducive environment for all citizens of this country to fully participate in the social, economic and political spheres of life, irrespective of sexual orientation, ethnic origin, gender, gender identity, possessions, race, religion or any other categorization,” it further stated.
British government and BONELA partnership
According to the BONELA Director, Cindy Kelemi, the duo (BONELA and British government) share one thing in common- promoting human rights. She said sexual orientation and gender identity are human rights issues, “It’s about the right to be treated with dignity and not discriminated against, irrespective of your identity, she said.
“The British Commission therefore supported BONELA financially to conduct a policy dialogue to create awareness among policy makers on these issues as a step towards policy and legal reform,” posited Kelemi. She further added that dialogues are principles inherent in our culture, which is why they continue to pursue Botswana government using the same cultural principles with the hope that government will change its stance.
She said they are encouraged by the fact that they have support from a network of other institutions (like UK High Commission) that truly believe in the promotion, protection, and fulfillment of human rights. She highlighted that they will continue engaging government on decriminalization of same sex and sex work. The policy dialogue, she said was one of the many steps in engaging government on policy reform.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.