Research Consultant, Larry Patterson has advised Botswana to challenge itself and embrace extensive game ranching, expand and guide it for the country to reap its environmental and economic benefits.
Patterson criticized Botswana for remaining blinkered and stuck to a vision of high revenues from a decreasing wildlife resource base in a deteriorating but ever expanding scenario of photographic tourism.
Addressing Botswana Symposium on Wetlands and Environment 2015, Patterson advised that diversification of the economy using ecological platforms is readily attainable through game ranching.
Patterson explained that among opportunities which Botswana needs to grasp is to expand the game ranching estate by providing citizens with an affordable way into the industry. He stressed that more tribal land could be made available for game ranching and seed populations of suitable species could be provided from the parks and game ranches.
“The major part of the so called WMAs in some districts is defunct and could be more productive and conservationist as game ranches.”
He added that swathes of land surrounding some of the country’s parks and reserves which are misguidedly being allocated for photographic tourism would be much more suited to game ranching especially through community owned conservancies.
Patterson also shared that another way to greatly enhance the potential of game ranching is through breeding rare and valuable species. He added that these include sable, roan and tsessebe which occur in exploitable numbers in certain areas of Pandamatenga and Ngamiland.
“The veterinary constraints have been demonstrated to be easily overcome and we now only need the political will. Most of all we must capitalize on the potentially immense value of a single species being the buffalo.”
Patterson underscored that the recent ‘feeding frenzy’ over coloured wildebeest seems to be spilling over into other species adding that red coloured individuals which originated in the Limpopo valley are now called ‘golden gnus’ and are bred and sold fairly in South Africa.
“Prices for adult animals have stabilized at around R500 000 and the so called ‘splits’ which allegedly have one red parent fetch prices exceeding R100 000. ‘King wildebeest’ which are rarer resemble an ugly palamino, but sell for millions. Black impala are sold for over R200 000 while black saddled impala are rated for R750 000 and there are high premiums for coloured and white (not albino) animals such as springbok, gemsbok and kudu.”
Patterson advised that Botswana may have reservations because of suggestions from scientists and conservationists but it must acknowledge the commercial opportunities which these animals present.
The research consultant warned that Botswana should consider recent scenarios in the industry in South Africa and guard against blindly following developments that have damaging environmental consequences.
“The trend to subdivide ranches into sub units as small as 100ha camps in order to breed colour variants such as black impala is not game ranching. It is intensive stud breeding and stock rearing with ecological costs and dubious conservation value.”
Patterson expressed that the recent market driven phenomenal demand for colour variants and resulting spectacular escalation in value is the main cause driving these unwelcome developments. He informed that colour variants of species are not in themselves a biological threat but they are merely a result of recessive genes and were uncommon because they are more susceptible to predation under extensive natural conditions.
Despite claims of returning considerable land holdings to wildlife being valid and can be substantially expanded, Patterson has refuted that there are no conservation benefits from massive proliferation of game proof fencing which fragments viable ecological units. He explained that in Botswana the average game ranch is currently a healthy 9000ha that is more than ten times in South Africa. He advised that registration should be restricted to ranches exceeding 2000ha and intensive breeding should com under separate legislation.
Game ranching in Botswana began in the late 1980s. At first it was limited to a few large cattle farmers in Ghanzi and Tuli Block who had the initiative, land and funds to develop it. These early pioneers were influenced by the development of the industry in Namibia and South Africa. By 1999 there were still only 17 game ranches in Botswana but since 2000 game ranching has taken off in Botswana.
The advent of the Botswana Wildlife Producers Association (BWPA) in 2002 and a crucial government decision to allow full rights ownership over animals stimulated the fledging industry. It is reported that there are now over 100 game ranches in the country.
Homegrown LED light manufacturing company, The Bulb World, has kick started operations in South Africa, setting in motion the company’s ambitious continental expansion plans.
The Bulb World, which was partly funded by Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA) at the tune of P4 million, to manufacture LED lighting bulbs for both commercial and residential use in 2017, announced last year that it will enter the South African market in the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) of North West province under the auspices of North West Development Corporation (NWDC).
The company has already secured a deal with South Africa authorities which entails production factory shells and tax incentives arrangements.
The company founder and Chief Executive Officer, Ketshephaone Jacob has also previously stated that the company is looking for just under P50 million to finance its expansion strategy and is reaching out to institutional investors such as Botswana Public Officers Pensioners Fund (BPOPF) and government investment arm, Botswana Development Corporation (BDC).
However, Jacob told WeekendPost that instead of sitting and waiting for expansion funding the company has started hitting the ground running.
“We have decided to get in the streets of SA, start selling lights from door to door, ” said Jacob who is in currently in Rusternburg to oversee the introduction of The Bulb World products in the market.
Jacob explained more brand activations will be undertaken in South Africa. “The plan is to do it the whole of North West and Limpopo province, through hawkers, we give the hawkers the lights to sell at a factory price and they put a mark up and make a living,” he said.
The Bulb World operates from Selibe Phikwe, it currently employees 65 young people, 80 % of which are Phikwe youth. The company plans to add 100 jobs this year alone as it forges ahead with its regional and continental expansion plans.
In July this year Bulb World products will hit South African Shelves: Pick n Pay, Checkers and Africa’s largest retailer Shoprite.
The Bulb World has been registered as a company in South Africa; the company will start producing lights from Mogwasa after striking a special economic zones deal with North West Development Corporation in North West Province South Africa.
“Over the next 10 years we are looking to create over 5,000 jobs in Africa. Through our expansion into all of Africa we will be able to create employment for various individuals in different sectors namely; manufacturing, distribution electronics and retail,” Jacob told this publication earlier this year.
Jacob said if all goes well, the plan is to have taken over Africa or rather penetrated, and have prevalent presence in the African market.
“We are gunning to have at least 30 percent market share by then. According to a 2016 Market Survey, the total valuation of sales for LED Lighting was 57BN, a portion of which we plan to have taken over by then,” he said.
While the company has set its eyes on Africa, Jacob said, the company has not fully exploited its local growth, indicating that there could be strategic factories built to supply neighbouring countries of Angola and Zimbabwe.
“There is potential for further local expansion as well to other areas of Botswana if things run smoothly as anticipated. Hopefully in the long-term if our fellow Africans and all these markets receive us well we are planning to build another factory,” he said.
“We are looking to build another factory in the Chobe/Ngamiland Area that will give priority to markets in Zimbabwe and Angola,” he said
The Maun based Okavango Research Institute (ORI) has downplayed the impacts of oil and gas exploration in part of Okavango delta arguing that given the distance proposed the likelihoods of negative impacts drilling these exploration wells on the surface water systems is likely to be negligible.
The Institution released a position paper titled ‘Proposed Petroleum (Oil and Gas) Exploration Operations in the Petroleum Exploration License (PEL) No. 73,’ with findings stating that, in the event of discovery of economically viable hydrocarbon deposits, much more careful consideration of the impacts and economic benefits of development of the resource will be needed.
For example, the fracking process for gas and oil extraction is known to require large volumes of underground water.
It further argues that increased extraction of the underground water is likely to affect the water table level and further affect the overall water availability in the river-basin.
“The effect on water availability and use may become worse if surface water is reticulated or sourced by any means from the Kavango River. Should the exploration and fracking for oil and gas expand to Block 1720, 1721 and 1821, the impact on water availability and quality will be significant, especially if the wastewater is not well managed,” said the paper.
The research unit recommends close communication between the relevant Basin State Ministries (Mineral Resources, Environment) and the Permanent Commission on the Okavango River Basin, OKACOM, and other stakeholders must be facilitated.
This will facilitate sharing of the correct information on the desired intentions of the basin states and compromises sought for the sustainability of the ecosystems in the downstream of the Cubango-Okavango river Basin, states the position paper.
ORI as a key stakeholder with scientific information says it is positioned to provide scientific advice and guidance to decision-makers on the potential impacts of both exploration and development and operation activities.
It also recommends that while the impacts might be minimal at the exploration stage, environmental impacts during the development and extraction process are significant.
Findings also state that the SADC Protocol places a mandatory duty to make a notification of planned measures undertaken in any riparian state in cases where such measures hold the potential to cause ‘significant adverse effects.’
It further states that where the planned development is trivial and not expected to cause any significant harm, the development state is not under duty to notify other riparian states.
Given that the drilling in the Kavango Region in Nambia is merely for exploratory purpose and the possibility of harm is minor, it is therefore not surprising that the Namibian government did not inform Botswana.
However, should it be found that the oil can be profitably or economically exploited, the Namibian government would be under a duty to notify both Angola and Botswana.
The institution further states that to ensure sustainable development in the Okavango Delta the following in the context of exploration for and potential development of hydrocarbon deposits within the Cubango-Okavango River Basin, it must be considered that the Okavango Delta is a World Heritage Site listed in 2014 by UNESCO and one of the binding requirements of the listing is the non-permissible commercial mining of any mineral, gas or oil within the World Heritage Site.
It states that the Okavango Delta is also a RAMSAR site in which mining is not allowed.
Should the exploration for minerals, oil and gas be allowed, there is a high chance that a mineral, oil or gas may be found given that the Delta is sitting on karoo sediments and shale rocks which in other parts of the world have been found to be sources of oil and gas deposits. Should oil or gas be discovered, there will be a strong socio-economic pressure to mine oil or gas and create jobs for the masses.
Manufactured in Turkey, Pakmaya Instant Dry Yeast can be used in the production of various fermented products, as it is suited for both traditional and industrial baking processes. All kinds of breads, buns and fermented pastry products are typical examples of applications.
Pakmaya Africa Sales Manager Cem Perdar says Pakmaya has 4 plants in across the world, further indicating that all of the plants have the highest standards of quality certificates and approvals. Regarding raw material, molasses is the main ingredient for yeast. Concerning production activities, yeast manufacturing requires high know-how and capability. Pakmaya has all those capabilities and aspects more than 45 years.
According to Perdar, Pakmaya has been existent in African markets since 30 years. From South to North, Central to East and West, a consumer can find Pakmaya in nearly every part of Africa continent.
“With its high quality, rich product selection and good service, our brand has become the favorite yeast of many Africans. On the other hand, our distributors in African countries are working very hardly and loyally in order to promote our products in their markets. After some time, we are becoming like families with our exclusive distributors in Africa and this enables both parts to work harder and keeps our product sustainable in market,” he said in an interview this week.
The yeast manufacturing giant made its way to Botswana market. The company has been smoothly working with Kamoso Distribution, a local distribution company. Perdar told BusinessPostthat two entities have been working hard to earn is market locally.
“At the moment we have a good market share with them in Botswana market. I’m sure during 2021 long, we will be increasing our sales and market position. Soon we are going to start a marketing campaign in Botswana, so that means Batswana will see and recognize Pakmaya more and more. Pakmaya wants to be the best friend of bakers in bakeries and ladies at homes in Botswana.”
As per global COVID-19 regulations to curb the spread of the COVID-19, Botswana just like other country closed borders. Providentially, the restrictions did not affect the company destructively.
Perdar says “Kamoso Africa is a very important and strong partner in Botswana territory. With Kamoso’s hard work and strict measurements, we have done a very good job. So as Pakmaya, we have not suffered any distribution problem. Our partner is doing the needful at the reaching our products to end users.”
He further said “We are doing well in Botswana market and hoping to make much more. Our aim is to enter every single corner in Botswana territory. With our new marketing campaigns, we are planning to be the most preferred yeast in Botswana market.”