Botswana has become the latest country to realize the added advantage of having in place electronic recruitment processes as part of their Human Resources functionality. Companies are progressively moving away from labor intensive exercises requiring them to print CV’s into large cumbersome piles in order to scrutinize eligibility of applicants at a later stage (when they have mentally prepared themselves for the mammoth task).
Apart from the manner in which they receive and deal with CV’s, the way in which companies advertise positions in the modern era has also evolved to new time-saving, hassle-free electronic methods. These are very attractive options to organizations as they provide more cost effective solutions to HR Practitioners across the globe.
So what is an online job board? Online Job Boards have been around since the early 2000’s. Globally their popularity has grown steadily year-by-year to the point that they are now top shelf on the list when companies consider the ways in which they are to advertise their job vacancies.
Job boards are distinctly different to recruitment agencies as they do not provide an HR admin function or processes. Their strength lies instead in the manner in which they connect with the target groups through the internet. We’ve all heard about the way in which companies in advanced countries have realized the need to engage in commercial activities on social media sites like Facebook, twitter and YouTube. Sites that were previously considered to be frivolous and for juvenile usage.
This is simply not true and companies have woken up to the fact. They’ve realized that people are on these sight for a good part of their days whether it be at work or at home; to update family and friends on something amazing that happened in their lives; to tweet about an event they may be a part of or just to upload a fun video with friends to put a smile on whoever comes across their offering.
The platform the internet provides is limitless and it has given birth to social media sites that have changed our world for the better. Job boards fall in this very category. Whilst these existing platforms are increasingly used to a commercial end the rise of Online Job Boards has served to further streamline the use of the internet when people are advertising available jobs and searching the market for employment. These technological advertences are invaluable. And here’s why. Advertising your job online makes it a lot more accessible to people.
This is true even in Botswana. We are not as behind in the technology space as people think. We have telecommunication companies that have brought world leading 4th generation internet connectivity (4G) right to our doorstep. This means that if you have a smart phone, tablet, phablet, laptop or TV that can connect to the internet you will be able to connect to whatever you’re searching for in a matter of nano-seconds.
So whatever you place online will be available for all to see on the internet in an instance. Meaning if your company places a job advert on an online job board the second it is published it will become available worldwide in an instant. It typically takes an average of 45 days to fill a vacancy.
The first stage of this process includes advertising through print media, internal and external e-recruiting, word-of-mouth exercises etc. to inform people of the vacancy. The wider you cast your net and the faster this can happen the better your chances of cutting down the extended period it will take your HR department to make a placement.
Online Job Boards greatly speed up this process for your company because they are convenient for job seekers. As a job seeker there is a reluctance to go to each individual company’s website to check for vacancies on their respective career pages.
Not because they are lazy but simply because the exercise would be too time consuming. Sometimes information on career sites is not readily available due to the lack of a specifically dedicated person or team to spearhead this new e-recruitment functionality of their website. Online Job Boards can further aid your company and its e-recruitment aspirations as it links jobs currently present in your internal career pages to the more centralized job board where job seekers will conveniently find them.
It can even serve as your career page so that when applicants click on the tab present on your page they will be re-directed to your dedicated page on the centralized job board which will contain all of your vacancies updated in real-time. It’s an incredibly efficient way to keep prospective employees abreast of when you are hiring for new positions as well as when applications are closed. Online Job boards will help you receive a greater numbers of applicants.
Whilst also providing you with automated ways of sorting through them that won’t cause an aneurism. Virtual accounts are provided by job boards where all of the CV’s you have gathered in your database through prior job adverts can be stored for future use when you have another vacancy to fill. This can directly minimize your advertising expenditure as you will now be able to go through your virtual database to search relevant CV’s to the new position you are hiring for.
There will be no need to advertise externally. Being on the digital space means that Job Boards tend to work hand in hand with social networks as a tool to further increase traffic to their site and garner greater numbers of CV’s for your advertised jobs. More traffic to the job board means increase traffic for your company website as well m, through linking of pages.
This now becomes a branding value add to your company because where the Job Board penetrates the market your company will be present too. This has proven an effective way of getting visitors to your company’s site and maintain a high level of brand exposure in the market.
There is no reason why Online Job Boards will not work for your company. They are cost-effective, automated and integrated to the internet in a manner that both you and prospective employees will find immensely beneficial. Integrate an online job board into your company’s recruitment today and see instant results as you scoop up all the best available talent with ease. In the words of Charles Darwin, "It is not the strongest of our species who survives, or the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change”.
This century is always looking at improving new super high speed technology to make life easier. On the other hand, beckoning as an emerging fierce reversal force to equally match or dominate this life enhancing super new tech, comes swift human adversaries which seem to have come to make living on earth even more difficult.
The recent discovery of a pandemic, Covid-19, which moves at a pace of unimaginable and unpredictable proportions; locking people inside homes and barring human interactions with its dreaded death threat, is currently being felt.
Member of Parliament for Kanye North, Thapelo Letsholo has cautioned Government against excessive borrowing and poorly managed debt levels.
He was speaking in Parliament on Tuesday delivering Parliament’s Finance Committee report after assessing a motion that sought to raise Government Bond program ceiling to P30 billion, a big jump from the initial P15 Billion.
Government Investment Account (GIA) which forms part of the Pula fund has been significantly drawn down to finance Botswana’s budget deficits since 2008/09 Global financial crises.
The 2009 global economic recession triggered the collapse of financial markets in the United States, sending waves of shock across world economies, eroding business sentiment, and causing financiers of trade to excise heightened caution and hold onto their cash.
The ripple effects of this economic catastrophe were mostly felt by low to middle income resource based economies, amplifying their vulnerability to external shocks. The diamond industry which forms the gist of Botswana’s economic make up collapsed to zero trade levels across the entire value chain.
The Upstream, where Botswana gathers much of its diamond revenue was adversely impacted by muted demand in the Midstream. The situation was exacerbated by zero appetite of polished goods by jewelry manufacturers and retail outlets due to lowered tail end consumer demand.
This resulted in sharp decline of Government revenue, ballooned budget deficits and suspension of some developmental projects. To finance the deficit and some prioritized national development projects, government had to dip into cash balances, foreign reserves and borrow both externally and locally.
Much of drawing was from Government Investment Account as opposed to drawing from foreign reserve component of the Pula Fund; the latter was spared as a fiscal buffer for the worst rainy days.
Consequently this resulted in significant decline in funds held in the Government Investment Account (GIA). The account serves as Government’s main savings depository and fund for national policy objectives.
However as the world emerged from the 2009 recession government revenue graph picked up to pre recession levels before going down again around 2016/17 owing to challenges in the diamond industry.
Due to a number of budget surpluses from 2012/13 financial year the Government Investment Account started expanding back to P30 billion levels before a series of budget deficits in the National Development Plan 11 pushed it back to decline a decline wave.
When the National Development Plan 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at budget deficits.
This as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.
Cumulatively since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances. Drawing down from government cash balances meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account.
The Government Investment Account (GIA) was established in accordance with Section 35 of the Bank of Botswana Act Cap. 55:01. The Account represents Government’s share of the Botswana‘s foreign exchange reserves, its investment and management strategies are aligned to the Bank of Botswana’s foreign exchange reserves management and investment guidelines.
Government Investment Account, comprises of Pula denominated deposits at the Bank of Botswana and held in the Pula Fund, which is the long-term investment tranche of the foreign exchange reserves.
In June 2017 while answering a question from Bogolo Kenewendo, the then Minister of Finance & Economic Development Kenneth Mathambo told parliament that as of June 30, 2017, the total assets in the Pula Fund was P56.818 billion, of which the balance in the GIA was P30.832 billion.
Kenewendo was still a back bench specially elected Member of Parliament before ascending to cabinet post in 2018. Last week Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka, when presenting a motion to raise government local borrowing ceiling from P15 billion to P30 Billion told parliament that as of December 2019 Government Investment Account amounted to P18.3 billion.
Dr Matsheka further told parliament that prior to financial crisis of 2008/9 the account amounted to P30.5 billion (41 % of GDP) in December of 2008 while as at December 2019 it stood at P18.3 billion (only 9 % of GDP) mirroring a total decline by P11 billion in the entire 11 years.
Back in 2017 Parliament was also told that the Government Investment Account may be drawn-down or added to, in line with actuations in the Government’s expenditure and revenue outturns. “This is intended to provide the Government with appropriate funds to execute its functions and responsibilities effectively and efficiently” said Mathambo, then Minister of Finance.
Acknowledging the need to draw down from GIA no more, current Minister of Finance Dr Matsheka said “It is under this background that it would be advisable to avoid excessive draw down from this account to preserve it as a financial buffer”
He further cautioned “The danger with substantially reduced financial buffers is that when an economic shock occurs or a disaster descends upon us and adversely affects our economy it becomes very difficult for the country to manage such a shock”