Botswana’s education system lacks a practical approach and is producing thousands of graduates whose skills are not required by employers hence the youth unemployment rate remains high, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the University of Botswana (UB), have discovered.
In a draft report on the country’s human development status, the researchers from the two institutions realised that Botswana was obviously battling with ways of creating new employment and the problem was too difficult for the government to work out.
“Despite the country being classified as the upper middle income, this challenge seems to be one that is illusive in terms of solutions and clearly requires appropriate policies and programmes that can be developed by government and other stakeholders with assistance of development partners,” the experts suggested.
The country’s populations stands just above 2 million people and has around 180 000 unemployed nationals who are mostly youth. Added to these are those who are discouraged from looking for jobs due to unavailability of new jobs and also those who are underemployed. The experts have described the situation as a reflection of a big challenge for the country.
“This may also be a reflection that the education is not producing graduates with the required skills especially vocational type of education. Employment creation to absorb these youth and also make the youth employable from an appropriate training are key challenges to the current Botswana economy,” the experts further pointed out.
While Botswana has been successful in maintaining a robust macroeconomic environment albeit with lower growth than in the previous period, the draft economic and development experts at UB and UNDP says the country’s weakest major link has been the lack of connection between the economic growth and employment creation.
Their findings is that this has to do with the fact that the sector that contributes significantly to growth is highly capital intensive and contributes less than five percent to total employment.
“The largest sector in terms of employment is agriculture which employs about 30 percent of total labour. And yet the agriculture sector in Botswana is dominated by subsistence farming and pays lowest in terms of average wages. The sector also has problems of low productivity,” the report further revealed.
The second largest employment is in the wholesale and retail trade industry with 14 percent contribution to total employment. Mining and quarrying employs 3 percent of the labour force even though it has over the years been contributing most of the GDP share.
“With the inadequate link between growth and employment growth the result has been a high unemployment rate that has been around 20 percent. The unemployment is higher than most comparable countries that are classified as upper middle income countries. Botswana’s unemployment level is however at quite a level that is worrisome for policy makers and requires urgent attention,” the report added.
The report further demonstrated that unemployment generally declines with increases in age and that the youth are likely to be unemployed in an economy not generating many jobs given that they do not have the required on the job experience and most of them have no training beyond formal school.
Meanwhile the report further suggested that poverty and inequality remains high for Botswana’s upper middle income and that these are made worse by the evident labour market policies shown by an unemployment rate of about 20 percent which has been around that figure for prolonged periods of time.
“These are issues that if not tackled on time may become inhibiting factors for the country to transition from middle to upper income status. The country may even regress if it gets trapped for too long with these problems and especially with adequate economic diversification,” the report further suggested.
After falling to close the gap on Arsenal by losing to a record breaking goal by Kane at the Tottenham stadium.Manchester City now find themselves being charged by the Premier League with more than 100 breaches of its financial rules following a four-year investigation.
According to BBC , it has referred the club to an independent commission over alleged rule breaches between 2009 and 2018 , and also that Man-city has not been co-operating since the investigation which started in 2018 .
BBC further states that The commission can impose punishment including a fine , points deduction and expelling the club from the Premier league.
The alleged breaches include ,¬† breaching rules for requiring full details of manager remuneration,from 2009-2010, to 2012-2013 seasons when Roberto Mancini was in charge . Also player remuneration between 2010-2011 and 2015-2016.
The Premier league stated that City breached rules related to UEFA regulations , including Financial Fair Play , from 2013-2014 to 2017-2018 ,as well as Premier League rules on profitability and sustainability from 2014-2016 to 2017-2018
South Korean Ambassador in South Africa has donated e-learning equipment through Botswana Red Cross Society (BRCS) to Tlamelong Rehabilitation Centre in Tlokweng recently, in a bid to fine tune the student‚Äôs textile skills. ¬†
When talking at the handing over ceremony, Chull-Joo Park, said they agreed with BRCS to give out e-learning equipment to better the training skills of students living with disabilities.
‚ÄúWith the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) equipment and job training skills, we will be able to help the students living with disabilities to do e-learning and to better their education and job training,‚ÄĚ said Chull-Joo Park.
It was revealed that the South Korean Embassy approached BRCS with the intent to donate equipment and educational material that includes an embroidery machine, photo copier machine, tablets and interactive boards to be utilized by the trainees.
The industrial printer is a machine that works with embroidery machine to print designs for clothing and it will enable the learners to have more material available to them to facilitate learning.
Through this embroidery machine, students will be exposed to better technologies which ultimately improve the quality of materials they produce. It will also allow students to learn business skills and run profitable ventures.
Smart board gadgets will provide the students with an elevated learning process to be fostered by e-learning. The gadgets provide a more visual element to the learning process, which in turn improves learner mental retention.
Tlamelong Rehabilitation serves the marginalized and underserved less privileged persons living with disability in Botswana. The center offers boarding services, vocational training, social services, physiotherapy and rehabilitation services for young people living disabilities aged 18-35 from across the country over a period of two (2) years per cohort which has a maximum intake capacity of 35. BRCS through International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have managed to create great working synergy with the South Korean Embassy in Pretoria based in South Africa to support or augment the National Society‚Äôs Rehabilitation Centre‚Äôs learning challenges.
For his part, BRSC Secretary General Kutlwano Mokokomani said they are delighted to convey their gratitude as BRSC to the South Korean Embassy for donation and they look forward to an enduring partnership for such worthy causes.
‚ÄúSouth Korean Embassy‚Äôs great gesture will enable trainees to thrive, to fulfil their dreams to become a reality as this equipments will go a long way in creating great impact in the lives of trainees and their families. We wish to convey our sincere gratitude to the South Korean Embassy for their noble gesture of donating the E-learning equipments.‚ÄĚ
BRCS offers rehabilitation services spread across three (3) areas in Botswana being Sefhare Stimulation center in Sefhare, Tshimologo stimulation center in Francistown and Tlamelong rehabilitation center in Tlokweng.