Our country needs moral regeneration as another important pillar to build our nation and propel it to greater developmental heights. I recently listened tentatively to a Botswana TV programme; ‘matlho a phage’ where they had a representative from the house of chiefs, a representative from the Botswana Council of Christian churches and a representative from the Muslim Association of Botswana.
They all had a spirited discussion on how we have lost our moral values and the need for the nation to consider restoration of some of our basic religious and traditional values in order to bring some order in areas of our society where our moral values have clearly decayed.
The discussions were informative and thought provoking. I was very impressed especially by our young chief who so passionately and in my view correctly identified some of the root causes. This inspired this submission.
Two weeks ago, I wrote about chieftainship and suggested that some restoration of our traditional leadership original role and authority need to be considered. I advocated for more responsibility to be given to these leaders for them to meaningfully help shape the future of our country.
I believe that the colonial and independence era ‘stole’ authority from our traditional leaders depriving us much needed local leadership. The politicians gave themselves too much power which they have used to sideline traditional leadership and to manipulate the unsuspecting nation using democracy and modernisation as their tools.
There is nothing wrong with democracy and modernisation but these should have been applied without breaking our social fabric; the very threads that kept our nation together for many decades. Modernisation and development is different from westernisation.
Westernisation which we also adopted implies applying western culture and values in our society. This was wrong for a nation that was not ready and competent to adopt such. In fact we totally misunderstood the western cultures and instead created a culture of greed, dishonesty and laziness that has now become the order of the day. This has potential to destroy us as a nation and make us totally dependent on others. Greediness, dishonesty and laziness which were foreign to us before independence are now evidently imbedded in almost all facets of our lives.
We are now a nation under siege. Greediness, dishonesty and laziness have now established themselves firmly in almost all public institutions where corruption especially through the tendering processes is endemic. It is known in business cycles that it is almost impossible to get a tender without having to ‘grease’ some hand in the process.
They say corruption is institutionalised in this country, that is, it is part of the system and it is almost impossible to detect hence the perpetuity of international reports that states that we are ‘the least corrupt country in Africa’ when on the ground the contrary is true.
‘Njise sengwe’ is now a common expression that means ‘give me little something’ in order for me to help you. Sometimes service is delayed deliberately to force some kind of ‘greasing’ to take place. It is sickening, but what are the root causes of this rot in our society?
There are two types of people who ask for ‘greasing’. One is the lowly paid individual who cannot afford lunch and cannot survive on his monthly paltry salary. He or she is in desperate need for extra cash. This person has a survival need and will do anything to survive and to find means to look after his or her family.
That is why we should call for full employment and a living wage for all workers. No one should be in a place where he or she is working and cannot look after himself and his family. This will result in dishonesty and corruption. The society through government has a moral duty to look after those without work as it happens in other countries, otherwise these people will find unlawful ways to survive.
The second one is one who wants to live beyond his or her means, who wants a bigger house and a bigger car, who wants to go on an expensive holidays and to take children to private schools when such a person clearly cannot afford it. This is motivated by nothing but greed which has far reaching consequences for our society. This is the one that we must address through the regeneration and redirection of our moral compass.
In schools, we have our kids doing all sorts unusual things; drug abuse, cell phone abuse, satanism, pornography, lack of respect for their teachers, adults and the elderly. Who is sponsoring these kids to do all these? These kids are sponsored by a society that has lost its soul; some adults in our society. Where do these kids get the money to buy the expensive drugs that get them ‘high’?
When they are ‘high’ will they respect their teachers, elders or even their own parents? Where do they get money for the expensive cell phones? Is it not through these expensive cell phones that they have access to the dark world, where they meet satalism, pornography, weird behaviours and all sorts of other evils? We all blame these kids, ‘bana ba gompieno ga bana tsebe’ but we forget that we are responsible for their behaviour as a society.
We give them money, we corrupt them and then we turn around and say ‘bana ba gompieno’! We have to ask ourselves where did we go wrong as a nation, then find and implement corrective actions. These kids are parents tomorrow. What kind of parents are we bringing up? We are without doubt building a broken society? The family is the nucleus where we start building a community, a country and eventually the world. The family is the foundation. What happens if the foundation is wrong; the building will not stand for long. We definitely need to do something different to correct the foundation.
The moral decadence in our society today which the Bible refers to as ‘sexual immorality and impurity’ is now largely accepted as normal. As a nation we are all largely guilty of this offence as we have condoned it and allowed it to spread.
Divorce is increasing at an alarming rate leaving behind angry and disadvantaged children, multi concurrent sexual partners is openly or covertly practiced leading to diseases, passion killings, and divorce, children born out of wedlock and co habiting increasing and accepted creating a society that is largely devoid of good traditional and Christian values. All these points to a broken society that needs to introspect and do a though self soul searching to correct its moral standpoint.
Within some religious institutions including Christian churches, the fear of God has gone. People go to church now for all sorts of reasons other than to find true salvation as exposed by the Lord Jesus Christ. The church is now for many people a source of community where people get material and moral support for bereavements and difficult situations. Some of us go to church to seek God’s blessings i.e a good job, promotion, marriage, favours and riches; nothing wrong with this.
The bible says, ‘ask you will be given, knock the door will be opened…’ Some of us though conveniently forget that there is a condition, ‘seek ye first his kingdom and his righteousness and all these will be yours’. The Bible, the Quran, other religious teachings including original African religious teachings are in agreement on what is required for us to live godly lives The Old Testament and the Quran moral teachings are similar to our own original traditional beliefs.
The concept of ‘botho’ is imbedded in our culture and traditional values. This is no different from other religious values. God wants His people to unite and live in peace and harmony amongst each other. He wants the strong to look after the weak. He wants fair play in all our dealings. Stealing, killing, cheating, disorderly behaviour are ungodly. God central message is love of one another without conditions. ’ Love thy neigbour as thy self’, so says the Bible.
The question is where did we go wrong and how can we correct ourselves. This is a very difficult question but we will not be responsible citizens if we do not attempt to find the answer. In my view the answer in part lies in us acknowledging that we have abandoned our moral values. We failed at independence to take time to define ourselves first and deliberately decide what we should take into the new republic.
We now need to introspect; take what is good from our traditional beliefs, from all religious institutions operating in our country and infuse this with democracy, liberty and the rule of law and come up with what is uniquely Botswana. I believe that in this country we have men and women who can pioneer this movement for change.
British novelist, W. Somerset Maugham once opined: “If a nation values anything more than freedom, it will lose its freedom; and the irony of it is that if it is comfort or money that it values more, it will lose that too.”
The truism in these words cannot be underestimated, especially when contextualizing against the political developments in Botswana. We have become a nation that does not value democracy, yet nothing represent freedom more than democracy. In fact, we desire, and value winning power or clinging to power more than anything else, even if it harms the democratic credentials of our political institutions. This is happening across political parties — ruling and opposition.
As far as democracy is concerned, we are regressing. We are becoming worse-off than we were in the past. If not arrested, Botswana will lose its status as among few democratic nations in the Africa. Ironically, Botswana was the first country in Africa to embrace democracy, and has held elections every five years without fail since independence.
We were once viewed as the shining example of Africa. Those accolades are not worth it any more. Young democracies such as South Africa, with strong institutions, deserves to be exalted. Botswana has lost faith in democracy, and we will pay a price for it. It is a slippery slope to dictatorship, which will bring among other excess, assault on civil liberties and human rights violations.
Former President, Festus Mogae once stated that Botswana’s democracy will only become authentic, when a different party, other than the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) wins elections, and when the President of such party is not from Serowe.
Although many may not publicly care to admit, Mogae’s assertion is true. BDP has over the years projected itself as a dyed-in-the-wool proponent of democracy, but the moment its stay in power became threatened and uncertain, it started behaving in a manner that is at variance with democratic values. This has been happening over the years now, and the situation is getting worse by the day.
Recently, the BDP party leadership has been preaching compromise and consensus candidates for 2024 general elections. Essentially, the leadership has lost faith in the Bulela Ditswe dispensation, which has been used to selected party candidates for council and parliament since 2003. The leadership is discouraging democracy because they believe primary elections threaten party unity. It is a strange assertion indeed.
Bulela Ditswe was an enrichment of internal party democracy in the sense that it replaced the previous method of selection of candidates known as Committee of 18, in which a branch committee made of 18 people endorsed the representatives. While it is true that political contest can divide, the ruling party should be investing in political education and strengthening in its primary elections processes. Democracy does not come cheap or easy, but it is valuable.
Any unity that we desire so much at the expense of democracy is not true unity. Like W. Somerset Maugham said, democracy would be lost in the process, and ultimately, even the unity that was desired would eventually be lost too. Any solution that sacrifice democracy would not bring any results in the long run, except misery.
We have seen that also in opposition ranks. The Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) recently indicated that its incumbent Members of Parliament (MPs) should not be challenged for their seats. While BDP is sacrificing democracy to stay in power, UDC is sacrificing democracy to win power. It is a scary reality given the fact that both parties – ruling and opposition — have embraced this position and believe democracy is the hindrance to their political ambitions.
These current reality points to one thing; our political parties have lost faith in democracy. They desire power more than, the purpose of power itself. It is also a crisis of leadership across the political divide, where we have seen dissenting views being met with persecution. We have seen perverting of political process endorsed by those in echelons of power to manipulate political outcomes in their favour.
Democracy should not be optional, it should be mandatory. Any leader proposing curtailing of democracy should be viewed with suspicion, and his adventures should be rejected before it is too late. Members of political parties, as subscribers of democracy, should collectively rise to the occasion to save their democracy from self-interest that is becoming prevalent among Botswana political parties.
The so-called compromise candidates, only benefits the leadership because it creates comforts for them. But for members, and for the nation, it is causing damage by reversing the gains that have been made over the years. We should reject leaders who only preach democracy in word, but are hesitant to practice it.
Piracy of all kinds continues to have a massive impact on the global creative industry and the economies of the countries where it thrives.
One of the biggest misconceptions around piracy is that an individual consumer’s piracy activities, especially in a market the size of Botswana’s, is only a drop in the pool of potential losses to the different sectors of the economy piracy affects.
When someone sitting in Gaborone, Botswana logs onto an illegal site to download King Richard online, they don’t imagine that their one download will do anything to the production house’s pocket or make a dent in the actors’ net worth. At best, the sensitivity towards this illegal pirating activity likely only exists when contemplating going about pirating a local musician’s music or a short film produced locally.
The ripple effects of piracy at whatever scale reach far beyond what the average consumer could ever imagine. Figures released by software security and media technology company, Irdeto, show that users in five major African territories made approximately 17,4 million total visits to the top 10 identified piracy sites on the internet.
The economic impact of this on the creative industry alone soars to between 40 and 97.1 billion dollars, according a 2022 Dataprot study. In addition, they estimate that “illegally streamed copyrighted content consumes 24% of global bandwidth”.
As Botswana’s creative industry remains relatively slight on the scale of comparison to industries such as Nollywood and Nilewood where the creative industry contributes a huge proportion to West and East Africa’s respective GDPs, that does not imply that piracy activities in Botswana do not have a similar impact on our economy and the ability of our creative industry to grow.
When individuals make decisions to illegally consume content via internet streaming sites they believe they are saving money for themselves in the name of enjoying content they desire to consume. Although this is a personal choice that remains the prerogative of the consumer, looking beyond the fact that streaming on illegal content sites is piracy, the ripple effect of this decision also has an endless trail of impact where funds which could be used to grow the local creative industry through increased consumption, and revenue which would otherwise be fed back into Botswana’s economy are being diverted.
“Why can’t our local creative industry grow?” “Why don’t we see more home-grown films and shows in Botswana?” are questions constantly posed by those who consume television content in Botswana. The answer to this lies largely in the fact that Botswana’s local content needs an audience in order for it to grow. It needs support from government and entities which are in a position to fund and help the industry scale greater heights.
Any organisational body willing to support and grow the local creative industry needs to exist and operate in an economy which can support its mandates. Content piracy is a cycle that can only be alleviated when consumers make wiser decisions around what they consume and how.
This goes beyond eradicating piracy activities in so far as television content is concerned. This extends to the importation and trade in counterfeit goods, resale of goods and services not intended for resale across the border, outside its jurisdiction, and more. All of these activities stunt the growth of an economy and make it nearly impossible for industries and sectors to propel themselves to places where they can positively impact society and reinvest into the country’s economy.
So what can be done to turn the tide here in Botswana in order to see our local production houses gain the momentum required to produce more, license more and expand their horizons? While those who enforce the law continue to work towards minimizing piracy activities, it’s imperative that as consumers we work to make their efforts easier by being mindful of how our individual actions play a role in preventing the success of our local creative networks and our economy’s growth.
Whether you are pirating a Hollywood Blockbuster, illegally streaming a popular Motswana artist’s music, or smuggling in an illegal decoder to view content restricted to South Africa only, your actions have an impact on how we as a nation will make our mark on the global landscape with local creative productions. Thembi Legwaila is Corporate Affairs Manager, MultiChoice Botswana
This is a dangerous moment for Europe and for freedom-loving people around the world. By launching his brutal assault on the people of Ukraine, Vladimir Putin has also committed an assault on the principles that uphold global peace and democracy. But the people of Ukraine are resilient.
They’ve had a democracy for decades, and their bravery is inspiring the world. The United States, together with our Allies and partners across the globe, will continue to support the Ukrainian people as they defend their country. By choosing to pay for a war instead of investing in the needs of Russians, Putin’s invasion of Ukraine will be a strategic failure for the Kremlin and ravage the future of the Russian people.
When the history of this era is written, it will show that Putin’s choice to launch an unprovoked, unjust, and premeditated attack left the West more unified and Russia exponentially weaker.
United in Our Response
This will not end well for Vladimir Putin. Together, the United States and our Allies and partners are taking action to hold Russia accountable. As a result of unprecedented global sanctions coordination, the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Japan, and Canada have removed selected Russian banks from the SWIFT messaging system and imposed restrictive measures on the Russian Central Bank.
President Biden announced sweeping financial sanctions and stringent export controls that will damage Russia’s economy, financial system, and access to cutting-edge technology. After Putin began his invasion, the ruble hit its weakest point in history, and the Russian stock market plunged.
Along with the United Kingdom and European Union, the United States imposed sanctions on the architects of this war, including Putin himself.
By moving in close coordination with a powerful coalition of Allies and partners representing more than half of the global economy, we have magnified the impact of our actions to impose maximum costs on Putin and his regime. In response to Putin’s war of choice, we will limit Russia’s ability to do business in U.S. dollars.
We will stunt Russia’s ability to finance and grow its military. We will impair Russia’s ability to compete in the global economy. And we are prepared to do more.
In addition to economic penalties, this week President Biden authorized an additional $1 billion over the $350 million of security assistance he recently approved, and a $650 million in 2021, to immediately help Ukraine defend itself, bringing America’s total security assistance to Ukraine over the past year to $2 billion.
We also stand ready to defend our NATO Allies. President Biden has coordinated with Allied governments to position thousands of additional forces in Germany and Poland as part of our commitment to NATO’s collective defense.
He authorized the deployment of ground and air forces already stationed in Europe to NATO’s eastern and southeastern flanks: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and Romania. Our Allies have also added their own forces and capabilities to ensure our collective defense. There should be no doubt about the readiness of the greatest military Alliance in the history of the world: NATO is more united than ever.
The United States has also coordinated with major oil-producing and consuming countries to underscore our common interest in securing global energy supplies. We are working with energy companies to surge their capacity to supply energy to the market, particularly as prices increase.
Putin’s Unprovoked and Premeditated War
This was an attack that Vladimir Putin has planned for a long time. He methodically moved more than 150,000 troops and military equipment to Ukraine’s border. He moved blood supplies into position and built field hospitals, demonstrating his intentions all along.
He rejected every good-faith effort by the United States and our Allies and partners to address his fabricated security concerns and to avoid needless conflict and human suffering by engaging in diplomacy and dialogue.
Putin executed his playbook exactly as we had warned he would do. We saw Russia’s proxies increase their shelling in the Donbas. We saw the Russian government launch cyber-operations against Ukraine. We saw staged political theater in Moscow and heard outlandish and baseless claims made about Ukraine in an attempt to justify Russia’s aggression.
Russia continues to justify its military aggression by falsely claiming the need to stop “genocide” in Ukraine – despite there being no evidence that genocide was occurring there. We saw Russia use these tactics before when they invaded Ukraine in 2014 and Georgia in 2008.
And then, at almost the very same moment the United Nations Security Council was meeting to stand up for Ukraine’s sovereignty and forestall disaster, Putin launched his invasion in violation of international law. Missiles began to rain down, striking historic cities across Ukraine. Then came air raids, columns of tanks, and battalions of troops, all riding a renewed wave of disinformation and outright lies.
We have been transparent with the world. We declassified our intelligence about Russia’s plans so there could be no confusion and no cover up. Putin is the aggressor. Putin chose this war. And now his people will bear the consequences of his decision to invest in war rather than in them.
Transatlantic Unity and Resolve Stronger Than Ever
Putin’s goal of dividing the West has failed. In the face of one of the most significant challenges to European security and democratic ideals since World War II, the United States and our Allies and partners have joined together in solidarity. We have united, coordinating intensively to engage as one with Russia and Ukraine, provided assistance to Ukraine, developed a broad response, and reaffirmed our commitment to NATO.
Putin has failed to divide us. Putin has failed to undermine our shared belief in the fundamental right of sovereign nations to choose their destiny and their allies. And Putin will fail to erase the proud nation of Ukraine.
The next few days, weeks, and months will be incredibly difficult for the people of Ukraine. Putin has unleashed great suffering on them. But the Ukrainian people have known 30 years of independence, and they have repeatedly shown they will not tolerate anyone who tries to take their country backwards.
The world is watching this conflict closely, and if Russian forces commit atrocities, we will explore all international mechanisms that could be used to bring those responsible – whether members of the military or their civilian leadership – to account.
Putin’s aggression against Ukraine will cost Russia profoundly, both economically and strategically. The Russian people deserve better from their government than the immense cost to their future that this invasion has precipitated.
Liberty, democracy, and human dignity are forces far more powerful than fear and oppression. In the contest between democracy and autocracy, between sovereignty and subjugation, make no mistake: Freedom will prevail.