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Mugabe, Basarwa clash over civilization diatribe

ON A WORKING VISIT: SADC Chairman Robert Mugabe was in Botswana for two days this week on a working visit to the SADC headquarters in Gaborone. Mugabe used the platform of a press conference to indicate that there is no bad blood between him and President Lt Gen Ian Khama of Botswana. Mugabe also spoke about the recent xenophobic attacks in South Africa, announcing that South Africa needs a second liberation.

The President of Zimbabwe, who is also the Chairperson of Southern African Development Community (SADC), Robert Mugabe has come out hard on Basarwa community accusing them of among other things, resisting integration with neighbouring communities, and rebuffing civilization.


Mugabe remarked at a Press Conference this week at Gaborone International Convention Centre (GICC) that no African government should be blamed for Basarwa‘s slow or no integration into mainstream society.
Mugabe’s deep seated reservations about Basarwa were exposed when he was challenged about the usually unfair elections in Zimbabwe.


“I do not know what the Botswana government saw and they are entitled to their opinion. Our minds are different. For instance the Basarwa people in some parts of Botswana don't participate in the general elections, but would you say that the results of the elections mean that they are not free and fair," he charged. Mugabe turned the swords to Basarwa saying Basarwa shun education, integration and developments ‘and no government should be blamed for their underdevelopment.’


Basarwa activist, Roy Sesana and Basarwa youth forum leader, Xukuri Xukuri expressed shock at Mugabe’s onslaught choosing to label Mugabe an old age man who should not be taken seriously.


Sesana said Mugabe was a senile man who has no conscience, heart and thus cannot and should not be taken seriously. He referred to Mugabe as “seganana sese padileng sese tlhogo le pelo tse di omeletseng” (a stubborn man with no conscience).


“Who is he to judge us? The only people he can judge are the Zimbabweans who have unwillingly invaded the African continent as economic refugees as a result of his failure to govern. We are not shunning developments, what we are saying is that let the developments or services come to us as is the case with other communities or citizens,” Sesana said.


His words were echoed by the Basarwa youth forum leader, Xukuri Xukuri who accused Mugabe of misleading people and leaders. He said they have established several organizations to respond to Basarwa challenges. “Such words coming from the leaders of SADC are unfortunate and worrying,” he said.


It was not the first time the controversial Zimbabwean president attacked Basarwa. Speaking at a memorial service for the late Vice-President John Nkomo, who succumbed to cancer in January 2013, Mugabe according to Zimbabwean press, said the Landa John Nkomo High School still had little appeal among the Basarwa who are in Zimbabwe referred to as the San.


“I used to ask John: ‘How are you treating them?’ He would say: ‘They look after my cattle, but we have tried to get them to the culture of going to school and getting more civilised, but some of them continue to resist’,” he said.


“When he formulated the idea of the secondary school, I still asked: ‘Will you have room for the Bushmen?’ He said: ‘Yes, yes, yes of course’.” Mugabe added that the community still liked the “bush and meat more than we do”.


“But last night (Saturday) when I met Jabu (Nkomo’s son), he was telling me that they are facing challenges in getting some children from the Bushmen to attend school. It is still a difficult exercise,” he said.


“He (Jabulani) said the number is four or five. So they still want to just look after cattle and be in the bush. They have a culture which is very resistant to change.” Mugabe said the government had a responsibility of treating the Bushmen equally with other tribes before he cited other countries with the same tribesmen.


“We know in Botswana, Namibia and South Africa they have a similar problem of the Bushmen, but they are trying,” Mugabe said.


“John used to talk much about them. When they are together, they like slaughtering cattle and like meat more than we do and we should make sure we acculturate them.”


The San people, also known as the Bushmen or Basarwa, inhabit remote areas of southern Africa, particularly Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The san in these countries have a Council called the working Group of Indigenous Minorities in Southern Africa (WIMSA) which strives to develop the political voice of the San Africa and member countries.


Together with First People of the Kalahari, WIMSA tries to promote support in Botswana and internationally for the plight of the San, marginalised by the system and the move towards a cash economy. WIMSA Botswana works on issues of land loss, education, representation and human rights and has formed a network of San organisations and groups in Botswana, striving to get even the smallest language groups amongst the San to join this network.


State president, Lt.Gen Ian Khama has blamed Basarwa’s struggles and tussles with the state on the international Human rights organisation, Survival international saying they continue to mislead Basarwa in the name of fighting for their rights.He said there is need for Basarwa to engage with the governement towards their development.

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Transgender persons in Botswana live a miserable life

23rd November 2020
Transgender persons

An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.

In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.

In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.

Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.

More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.

At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.

The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).

Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).

International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.

In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”

The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”

According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.

In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.

The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.

LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.

“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.

Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.

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Khato Civils fights back, dares detractors

23rd November 2020
Khato-civil

CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”

Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.

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UDC petitioners turn to Saleshando

23rd November 2020
Dumelang Saleshando

About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.

For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.

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