Kgosi Kebinatshwene Mosielele of the Bahurutshe of Manyana’s call for polygamy to be legalized has raised eyebrows. According to him, with regard to the customary law, polygamy is legal in Botswana and dates back long back.
Mosielele described polygamy as a traditional system that solely exists to give a family some kind of backbone and protection. He added the system allowed for a man to marry up to four wives provided valid reasons are stated for the marriage to take place.
First the wife must willingly consent to the marriage, and thereafter the elders could carry an assessment to determine whether the man’s economic status allows him to provide for the family, he stated.
“This is one way of formalizing Bonyatsi,” Mosielele exclaimed. He pointed that extra marital relationships as addressed in the civil law have become worrisome. He explained that in often times women are caught on the wrong side of the law for being romantically involved with married men.
Mosielele further stated that he finds it disturbing that the women are the ones who face the vulnerability of being labeled home wreckers and being fined whereas no one tries to figure out what could have been the cause of the man seeking a concubine.
The adamant Mosielele said he believes more than 50% of men have concubines and because all of this is done in secrecy it is the cause of why modern marriages are faced with a lot of problems often leading to divorce.
Human Rights lawyer and Activist Tshiamo Rantao however opined that civil law disputes polygamy and guards it as a criminal offence. Rantao furthers highlighted that with regard to the customary law, marrying more than one wife is allowed provided there is consent from the first wife. “Such a system like polygamy in Botswana is unpopular and it is a very sensitive issue to the female counter parts,” Rantao said.
Nonetheless, Mosielele also admits that in the modern age it is a sensitive issue, more especially to women. But went on to caution women to face and accept the reality that there is no such thing as love. He remarked that women confuse love with security.
In his explanation, Mosielele indicated that it is normal for a woman to be fond of a man who provides for her, but it is also very important for women to be open minded and considerate on matters of polygamy as it is a system that dates back to our forefathers times, sighting that there are also Setswana proverbs with the likes of “Lelwapa le tiisiwa ke nyatsi” loosely translated as meaning a family is strengthened by a concubine.
“It is only a handful of men that have resources to securely provide for their women, and all the women fight for that 5%, that is why everything should be formalized to contain the spread of diseases like HIV/AIDS and discourage divorce,” the controversial chief quipped.
Mogolo Ramalebana, a young woman pursuing her Bachelor’s Degree in Chinese Studies at the University of Botswana said she was intrigued by the mention of polygamy. She said the topic in itself was unexpected and sensitive. She however said it was a personal choice if anyone wanted to be in a polygamous marriage or not.
“If the first wife does not dispute the arrangement then, it simply says a man has a go-ahead of taking another wife,” Ramalebana points that legal or not infidelity in between partners is not an easy thing to curb therefore she believes that polygamy will help partners to avoid having affairs in secrecy and do it in the open. “I feel we should not lie to ourselves by trying to put some measures into place like campaigns which speaks against polygamy and just go with it,” she opined.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.