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SADC Military Aviation Exercise Comes to Botswana


Botswana’ s northern blues are expected to be busy as about 40 different military aircrafts from Southern African Development Community (SADC) Members States will fly the skies for the SADC Multinational Aviation Exercise from June 20-25 this year. Eight hundred and eighty seven military personnel have been pledged to the country for the coming SADC Exercise.

The first SADC military aviation exercise, dubbed “Exercise Blue Okavango” is billed for the Okavango wetlands, and is sequel to Exercise Blue Zambezi of Angola held in 2013 and Exercise Blue Cluster of South Africa held in 2011.

The aviation exercises are an ideal product of the SADC Aviation Standing Committee which sought to bring solutions and preparedness to natural disasters member states are prone to. SADC member states are regularly challenged with issues like droughts, floods among others which the committee believes member states should be trained on how to be ready when time for such disaster comes. The exercise happens rotationally in all the 15 SADC countries after every two (2) years.

Though Botswana has not yet faced such serious cases of natural disasters, the country especially in its northern side within Ngamiland district occasionally face challenges of floods during rainy seasons. Studies also have indicated that Ngamiland is among the district affected by poverty, the district is reported to be the second poorest after Kgalagadi district.  

Military personnel of all the 15 SADC member states being Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland,  Botswana, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe this week converged in Botswana, Maun for the final planning conference for the exercise. The countries are finalising their plans for the exercise which among them includes ironing out and finalizing their manning equipments lists, exercise concept, the legal parameters through the status of force agreements.

The conference was the third and last held in Botswana after the initial planning conference was held in March 2015 followed by the main planning conference which was also held last month.

According to the Exercise Director, also Deputy Air Commander of Botswana Defence Force, Brigadier Innocent Phatshwane the exercise is envisaged to enhance the SADC Air Forces capacity to plan and conduct combined joint operations, humanitarian support and disaster relief initiatives.

“This exercise will also provide a golden opportunity for our air forces to develop mutual understanding and exchange of skills and knowledge between our personnel,’ Phatshwane added.
Phatshwane furthered that this is in tandem with the broader aims and objectives of SADC regarding attainment of regional peace, security and stability through cooperation by various member states.  

It is understood that SADC multinational forces will also undertake medical outreach projects in Maun, Shakawe, Seronga and other surrounding villages; this according to   the exercise Director is to show commitment in providing assistance to the local people.  

During the five day operation of Exercise Blue Okavango according to BDF’s Col Segolane Sebenyane, Chairman of the Co-planning Team goods (foods and other necessary needs) will be airlifted and transported by aircrafts from Gaborone to Maun, where they will proceed to be transported to Shakawe, Gumare, Seronga and other surrounding villages.

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Transgender persons in Botswana live a miserable life

23rd November 2020
Transgender persons

An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.

In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.

In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.

Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.

More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.

At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.

The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).

Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).

International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.

In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”

The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”

According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.

In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.

The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.

LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.

“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.

Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.

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Khato Civils fights back, dares detractors

23rd November 2020
Khato-civil

CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”

Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.

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UDC petitioners turn to Saleshando

23rd November 2020
Dumelang Saleshando

About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.

For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.

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