Africa is the most undeveloped continent in the world. The question which everyone is asking is whether Africa will ever develop. This is a genuine question which we cannot afford to ignore any longer. We are living in a world of competition, a world where the resources are becoming smaller but with populations growing at an alarming rate. For example, in 1966, Botswana had a population of half a million people, fast forward to now, we are now 2 million people.
Other countries have far larger populations than us, but with a population of just two million people we cannot feed ourselves, clothe ourselves, fail to provide the whole nation with enough water, let alone enough power. If this situation continues, it will lead to disaster if not catastrophe.
It is only through development that we can create economy in the 21st century of the globalized world .Africa needs to do something or the black race will perish! The development of Africa is literally the survival of the African people. Many scholars have documented very well how Europe underdeveloped Africa, we cannot dwell forever in the past, but history helps us know who we are and where we come from and by so doing we shall know how to go into the future.
Patrice Lumumba once said “One day when African history will be written by Africans themselves, we shall know that we are people with a history, a glorious history with Kings and Queens of great Empires!” Very few Batswana know the role played by King John Nswazi with regards to development, and few still if any, know the role played by Kgosi Sekgoma Letsholathebe in the building of the Ngamiland Kingdom.
Under our visionary traditional leaders Ngamiland was developing, we were self sufficient in almost everything but since colonialism and neo-colonialism, everything has come to stand still. Colonialism, slavery and neo-colonialism have taught us to hate ourselves, it has taught us to believe that we cannot do anything on our own. Without the decolonization of the mind we cannot develop as Africans.
The starting point for Africans to develop is to accept what we are- we are a people with a past and we must be a people with a future! And our future as Africans is in our hands, until and unless we accept this reality we cannot move further. We must never ever think that someone will come from somewhere and save us. We are our own saviors. A lot of people come to our Africa in the name of investments, development, foreign AID assistance etc,but we must know that they are not really here for us but for their selfish interests.
What has changed is the mode of operation but the end result is the same- to exploit African resources for their industries and African cheap labour. In the past, slaves were taken overseas but now slaves are kept in the African countries! Today they don’t even need to take slaves to go and work in sugar plantations in the Americas, American companies, European companies and Asian companies come to Africa and enslave our children by paying them slave wages in the spars, choppies, wilderness safari, sefalana and other nameless Chinese and Indian shops which are flooding our towns, and villages. What can we do when these multinational companies have our Presidents, vice Presidents, Ministers, MPs permanent Secretaries as their boards chairmen?
Our supposed leaders, who are supposed to be fighting for our rights are the same people who have been hired to be slave drivers for our children- this is an African tragedy! In order to get out of this tragedy we need development in Africa, and not only development but sustainable development.
We need sustainable development that leads to improving the quality of lives of people to ensure their physical, cultural, social, political, spiritual and economic well-being through participatory and integrated process of empowerment, self reliance, regeneration and the removal of obstacles to this process. Sustainable development is a process of change that leads to a better life for the society. The development process is a continuous one, it starts where people are, with their perceptions or their situation and their needs as an asset.
Sustainable development awakens people to the social, ecological and economic realities of their lives and to a realization of their capacity to change these realities is a process of change whereby the needs and the rights of individual communities in any given society are realized without jeopardizing the needs and rights of other communities and future generations. After all the wars and crises Africa needs development aimed at mending people who are broken , restoring those who are marginalized, and transforming exploitive and oppressive systems into a more just society.
In this vision of a just society, exploitations of human beings should be overcome. The foundation for peace, social stability and economic prosperity is based on equitable development, development both within nations and among people. The kind of sustainable development that is needed must focus on a vision of a more just society that eliminates privileges for the few when they are at the cost of many.
This sustainable development is possible, provided African leaders adhere to the principles of development. In 1995 while I was a student of the University of Namibia (UNAM) we had a Japanese economic professor from China. And he gave a public feature at the university on development. This Japanese economic professor was hired by the Chinese government as an economic advisor after World War II.
The west said Japan would never develop because the Japanese people were lazy, but Japan did develop, in 1962 Japan said the South East Asian countries would not develop because the East Asian countries people were lazy, but the south Asian people did develop. Now people are saying Africa can’t develop because Africans are lazy. But he said Africa could develop. According to the Japanese professor of economic development, only three things are needed for development. These are i. Time: ii. Corruption: iii. Our own resources local materials.
For development to take place, time needs to be adhered to, this would mean, if you are employed to work for eight hours a day you must make sure you are doing what you have agreed to with your employer. On the other hand your employer must pay you the amount equivalent to eight hours work. In essence the employee should not work 3hrs or 4hrs and be paid for 8hrs neither should they be paid for 3hrs when they worked for 8hrs. Time is therefore essential for development to take place.
I. Zero corruption: Corruption must never be accepted if development can take place. Where there is corruption, national resources are not used for national development but for personal enrichment. In order to avoid corruption, national leaders must never accept gifts from anyone. Any gift worth more than P100 must be reported to the rightful unit.
II. Use of own resources or local materials: Africa cannot develop by depending on external or foreign aid or loans. We must use our own resources for development. Today many African countries are in serious debt and some of them are failing to pay these debts. Honestly speaking, with this crop of leadership we are currently have in Africa none of the three principles of development can be adhered to. African leaders spend so much of working hours doing their personal things-all of them are corrupt to the core. All of them worship foreign aid! Can you imagine Africa importing chairs and tables from China when we have plenty of forest? The pro neo colonialist regime has reversed our gains as Batswana.
Honestly speaking the regime in Gaborone is under-developing Botswana. Africa needs a new crop of leadership-leaders who believe in themselves and have confidence in the African masses. Not leaders who have confidence in the Americans, the Chinese, the Indians etc. Africa needs leaders who can stand up and say “Yes! We can develop as Africans.”
This is a question that should seriously exercise the mind of every Botswana citizen and every science researcher, every health worker and every political leader political.
The Covid-19 currently defines our lives and poses a direct threat to every aspect and every part of national safety, security and general well-being. This disease has become a normative part of human life throughout the world.
The first part of the struggle against the murderous depredation of this disease was to protect personal life through restrictive health injunctions and protocols; the worst possibly being human isolation and masks that hid our sorrows and lamentations through thin veils. We suffered that humiliation with grace and I believe as a nation we did a great job.
Now the vaccines are here, ushering us into the second phase of this war against the plague; and we are asking ourselves, is this science-driven fight against Covid-19 spell the end of pandemic anxiety? Is the health nightmare coming to an end? What happy lives lie ahead? Is this the time for celebration or caution? As the Non State Actors, we have being struggling with these questions for months.
We have published our thoughts and feelings, and our research reviews and thorough reading of both the local and international impacts of this rampaging viral invasion in local newspapers and social media platforms.
More significantly, we have successfully organised workshops about the impact of the pandemic on society and the economy and the last workshop invited a panel of health experts, professionals, and public administers to advance this social dialogue as part of our commitment to the tripartite engagement we enjoy working with Government of Botswana, Civil Society and Development partners. These workshops are virtual and open to all Batswana, foreign diplomatic missions based in Gaborone, UN agencies located in Gaborone and international academic researchers and professional health experts and specialists.
The mark of Covid-19 on our nation is a painful one, a tragedy shared by the entire human race, but still a contextually painful experience. Our response is fraught with grave difficulties; limited resources, limited time, and the urgency to not only save lives but also avert economic ruin and a bleak future for all who survive. Several vaccines are already in the market.
Parts of the world are already doing the best they can to trunk the pestilential march of this disease by rolling out mass-vaccinations campaigns that promise to evict this health menace and nightmare from their public lives. Botswana, like much of Africa, is still up in the disreputable, and, unenviable, preventative social melee of masked interactions, metered distances, contactless commerce.
We remain very much at the mercy of a marauding virus that daily runs amuck with earth shattering implications for the economy and human lives. And the battle against both infections and transmissions is proving to be difficult, in terms of finance, institutional capacities and resource mobilization. How are we prepared as government, and as citizens, to embrace the impending mass-vaccinations? What are the chances of us succeeding at this last-ditch effort to defeat the virus? What are the most pressing obstacles?
Does the work of vaccines spell an end to the pandemic anxieties?
Our panellists addressed the current state of mass-vaccination preparedness at the Botswana national level. What resources are available? What are the financial, institutional and administrative operational challenges (costs and supply chains, delivery, distribution, administering the vaccine on time, surveillance and security of vaccines?) What is being done to overcome them, or what can be done to overcome them? What do public assessments of preparedness tell us at the local community levels? How strong is the political will and direction? How long can we expect the whole exercise to last? At what point should we start seeing tangible results of the mass-vaccination campaign?
They also addressed the challenges of the anticipated emerging Vaccinated Society. How to fight the myths of vaccines and the superstitions about histories of human immunizations? What exactly is being done to grow robust local confidence in the science of vaccinations and the vaccines themselves? More significantly, how to square these campaigns vis-vis personal rights, moral/religious obligations?
What messages are being sent out in these regards and how are Batswana responding? What about issues of justice and equality? Will we get the necessary vaccines to everyone who wants them? What is being done to ensure no deserving person is left behind?
They also addressed issues of health data. To accomplish this mass-vaccination campaign and do everything right we need accurate and complete data. Poor data already makes it very hard to just cope with the disease. What is being done to improve data for the mass-vaccination campaign? How is this data being collected, aggregated and prepared for real life situation/applications throughout Botswana in the coming campaign?
We know in America, for example, general reporting and treatment of health data at the beginning of vaccinations was so poor, so chaotic and so scattered mainstream newspapers like The Atlantic, Washington Post and the New York Times had to step in, working very closely with civil society organizations, to rescue the situation. What data-related issues are still problematic in Botswana?
To be specific, what kind of Covid-19 data is being taken now to ready the whole country for an effective and efficient mass-vaccination program?
Batswana must be made aware that the end part of vaccination will just mark the beginning of a long journey to health recovery and national redemption; that in many ways Covid-19 vaccination is just another step toward the many efforts in abeyance to fight this health pandemic, the road ahead is still long and painful.
For this purpose, and to highlight the significance of this observation we tasked our panellists with the arduous imperative of analysing the impact of mass-vaccination on society and the economy alongside the pressing issues of post-Covid-19 national health surveillance and rehabilitation programs.
Research suggests the aftermath of Covid-19 vaccination is going to be just as difficult and uncertain world as the present reality in many ways, and that caution should prevail over celebration, at least for a long time. The disease itself is projected to linger around for some time after all these mass-vaccination campaigns unless an effort is made to vaccinate everyone to the last reported case, every nation succeeds beyond herd immunity, and cure is found for Covid-19 disease. Many people are going to continue in need of medications, psychological and psychiatric services and therapy.
Is Botswana ready for this long holdout? If not, what path should we take going into the future? The Second concern is , are we going to have a single, trusted national agency charged with the mandate to set standards for our national health data system, now that we know how real bad pandemics can be, and the value of data in quickly responding to them and mitigating impact? Finally, what is being done to curate a short history of this pandemic? A national museum of health and medicine or a Public Health Institute in Botswana is overdue.
If we are to create strong sets of data policies and data quality standards for fighting future health pandemics it is critical that they find ideological and moral foundations in the artistic imagery and photography of the present human experience…context is essential to fighting such diseases, and to be prepared we must learn from every tragic health incident.
Our panellists answered most of these questions with distinguished intellectual clarity. We wish Batswana to join us in our second Mass-vaccination workshop.
Today is International Women’s Day – it’s a moment to think about how much better our news diet could be if inequities were eliminated. In 1995, when the curtains fell in one of the largest meetings that have ever brought women together to discuss women in development, it was noted that women and media remain key to development.
Twenty-six years later, the relevant “Article J” of the Beijing Platform for Action, remains unfulfilled. Its two strategic objectives with regard to Women and Media have not been met. They are Increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication
Promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media.
Today, as we mark International Women’s Day, it’s an indictment on both media owners and civil society that women remain on the periphery of news-making. They cannot claim equal space in either the structures of newsrooms or in the content produced, be that as sources of news or as the subjects of reports. Indeed, the latest figures from WAN-IFRA’s Women in News Programme show just one in five voices in news belong to women*, be they as sources, as the author or as the main character of the news report.
Some progress was evident several years back, with stand-out women being named as chief executive officers, editors in chief, managing editors and executive editors. But these gains appear short lived in most media organisations. Excitement has turned to frustration as one-step forward has been replaced with three steps backwards. In Africa, the problem is acute. The decision-making tables of media organisations remain deprived of women and where there are women, they are surrounded by men.
Few women have followed in the footsteps of Esther Kamweru, the first woman managing editor in Kenya, and indeed sub-Saharan Africa. Today’s standout women editors include Pamela Makotsi-Sittoni (Nation Media Group, Kenya), Barbara Kaija (New Vision, Uganda), Mary Mbewe (Daily Nation, Zambia), Margaret Vuchiri (The Monitor, Uganda), Joyce Shebe (Clouds, Tanzania), Tryphinah Dongwana (Weekend Post, Botswana), Joyce Mhaville (Independent Television -ITV, Tanzania) and Tuma Abdallah (Standard Newspapers,Tanzania). But they remain an exception.
The lack of balance between women and men at the table of decision making has a rollback effect on the content that is produced. A table dominated by men typically makes decisions that benefit men.
So today, International Women’s Day is a grim reminder that things are not rosy in the news business. Achieving gender balance in news and in the structure of media organisations remains a challenge. Unmet, it sees more than half of the population in our countries suffer the consequences of bias, discrimination and sexism.
The business of ignoring the other half of the population can no longer be treated as normal. It’s time that media leaders grasp the challenge, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it also makes a whole lot of business sense: start covering women, give them space and a voice in news-making and propel them to all levels of decision making within your organisation.
We can no longer afford to imagine that it’s only men who make and sell the news and bring in the shillings to fund the media business. Women too are worthy newsmakers. In all of our societies, there are women holding decision making positions and who are now experts in once male-only domains such as engineers, doctors, scientists and researchers.
They can be deliberately picked out to share their perspectives and expertise and bring balance to the profile of experts quoted on our news pages. Media is the prism through which society sees itself and women are an untapped audience. So, as we celebrate International Women’s Day, let us embrace diversity, which yields better news content and business products, and in so doing eliminate sexism. We know that actions and attitudes that discriminate against people based on their gender is bad for business.
As media, the challenge is ours. We need to consciously embrace and reach the commitments made 26 years ago when the Beijing Platform for Action was signed globally. As the news consuming public, you have a role to play too. Hold your news organization to account and make sure they deliver balanced news that reflects the voices of all of society.
Jane Godia is a gender development and media expert who serves as the Africa Director of Women in News programme. WOMEN IN NEWS is WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org
The eve of International Women’s Day presents an opportunity for us to think about gender equality and the long and often frustrating march toward societies that are truly equal.
As media, we are uniquely placed to drive forward this reflection and discussion. But while focusing on the challenges of gender in society, we owe it to our staff and the communities we serve to also take a hard look at the obstacles within our own organisations.
I’m talking specifically about the scourge of sexual harassment. It’s likely to have happened in your newsroom. It has likely happened to a member of your team. It happens to all genders but is disproportionately directed at women. It happens in every industry, regardless of country, culture or context. This is because sexual harassment is driven by power, not sex. Wherever you have imbalances in power, you have individuals who are at risk of sexual harassment, and those who abuse this power.
I’ve been sexually harassed. The many journalists and editors, friends and family members who I have spoken to over the years on this subject have also been harassed. Yet it is still hard for leaders to recognize that this could be happening within their newsrooms and boardrooms. Why does it continue to be such a taboo?
Counting the cost of sexual harassment
Sexual harassment is, simply put, bad for business. It can harm your corporate reputation. It is a drain on the productivity of staff and managers. Maintaining and building trust in your brand is an absolute imperative for media organisations globally. If and when a case gets out of control or is badly handled – this can directly impact your bottom line.
It is for this reason that WAN-IFRA Women in News has put eliminating sexual harassment as a top priority in our work around gender equality in the media sector. This might seem at odds with the current climate where social interactions are fewer and remote work scenarios are in place in many newsrooms and businesses. But one only needs to tune into the news to know that the abuse of power, manifested as verbal, physical or online harassment, is alive and well.
Preliminary results from an ongoing Women in News research study into the issue of sexual harassment polling hundreds of journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia indicate that more than 1 in 3 women media professionals have been physically harassed, and just under 50% have been verbally harassed. Just over 15% of men in African newsrooms reported being physically harassed, and slightly less than 1 in 4 reports being verbally harassed. The numbers for male media professionals in Southeast Asia are slightly higher than a quarter on both forms of harassment.
The first step in confronting sexual harassment is to talk about it. We need to strip away the stigma and discomfort around having open conversations about what sexual harassment is and isn’t. Media managers, it is entirely in your power to create dynamics in your own teams that are free from sexual harassment.
Publishers and CEOs, you set the organisational culture in your media company.
By being vocal in recognising that it happens everywhere, and communicating to your employees that you will not tolerate sexual harassment of any kind, you send a powerful message to your teams, and publicly. With these actions, you will help us overcome the legacy of silence around this topic, and in doing so take an important first step to create media environments that truly embrace equality.
Melanie Walker is Executive Director of Media Development of the World Association of News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). She is a creator of Women in News, WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media. www.womeninnews.org