The Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) congress in Mmadinare is expected to usher in a new leadership. Party President Lt gen Ian Kham called for a united BDP and encouraged selflessness if the party is to continue building on its solid foundation. As a prelude to the congress the BDP held its National Council to look into other issues such as the Peter Siele Commission which probed the Primary Elections. Captured pictured is of the outgoing central committee.
The ongoing Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) Mmadinare Congress is being dominated by party and constitutional reforms, as the party seeks to reclaim its glory following the challenges realized in the 2014 general elections.
The Mmadinare Congress has turned out to be a watershed moment for the party to discuss reforms that will ensure that the party remains in power avoids another humiliation at the next polls.
Former BDP Executive Secretary Botsalo Ntuane and Member of Parliament for Tati West Biggie Butale have been instrumental in selling the reform agenda for discussion at the ongoing party congress.
Democrats also agree on the need to relook into the party primary elections popularly known as “Bulela Ditswe” which created a rift between contestants in 2013 leading to significant number of candidates contesting elections as independent candidates.
The BDP primary elections conundrum led to the party appointing a task team led by former cabinet minister Peter Siele, after the general elections to look into the troublesome inner party elections. The findings have already been shared with the BDP central committee and the recommendations are being discussed at the ongoing congress.
BDP primary elections were introduced ahead of the 2004 general elections in the aftermath of the increase in the number of constituencies. This saw the party doing away with the committee of 18, which was initial the organ responsible for choosing a candidate who would contest a particular constituency.
A number of significant leading BDP members including Assistant Minister of Agriculture Fidelis Molao believe reforms will be necessary to resurrect the party and ensure that it win the next elections.
Molao cited the post 1994 general elections in which BDP managed to re-invent itself through reforms after it was given a hiding by opposition Botswana National Front (BNF) at the polls. The general expectation was that BDP will lose the 1999 elections, but incisive reforms such as electoral reforms and introduction of presidential term limits offered the party a lifeline.
Ntuane wants BDP to introduce a hybrid electoral system which will see the BDP adopting a mixture of First-Past-the-Post and proportional representation in its electoral system.
Speaking to this publication ahead of the congress Ntuane said some of the ideas are a work in progress and could not say with certainty that congress would adopt them. “For that to happen one must have the support of their branch, region and of course lobby others across the country,” said Ntuane.
In terms of lobbying Ntuane has received support and as the chairman of the Gaborone Region, the most influential in the affairs of BDP, Ntuane could hope for the better. But he was still doubtful if all his proposed reforms will be adopted by the congress. “It is the congress that must adopt whatever ideas or proposals tabled,” said the former Gaborone Bonnington South MP. “So I cannot with any certainty say the reform agenda will be discussed.”
In the past recent years, a debate of reforms has been ‘banned’ inside the BDP and was part of the 2009 Kanye Congress in which the party returned divided. However the Mmadinare Congress does not have the hall mark of the Kanye Congress since the party is not divided by factionalism like it was the case in 2009.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.