In an effort to address the land question in the country, the Ministry of Lands and Housing has proposed that single Land Authorities be established; and both state and tribal land be vested on them, giving them full authority to manage all land across all tenures.
It is proposed that this be effected through merging, harmonising and rationalising the 12 pieces of legislation being the; State Land Act Cap 32:01, Tribal Land Act CAP 32:02, Acquisition of Property Act Cap 32:10, Land Control Act Cap 32:11, Immovable Property Act (Removal of restrictions) Cap 32:08, Fencing act Cap 33:01, Tribal Territories Act Cap 33:02.
The Ministry’s officials told Weekendpost that the “Land Boards and the private sector have been consulted on the proposed establishment of Land Authorities at local level and the consolidation of aspects of land related Acts into one Land Act; and all have endorsed the proposal.”
Currently, State land vests on the President by the State Land Act, CAP 32:01, and is administered on his behalf by the Department of Lands. On the other hand, tribal land vests on the Land Boards by the Tribal Land Act, CAP 32:02. The two institutions administer and manage land differently despite the fact that some aspects of land management and administration are similar.
Aspects of land management and administration that are noticeably similar across the three land tenure systems include State and Tribal land which are both handled by committees /Boards; State Land Advisory Allocation Committees (SLAAC) in state land and Land Boards in tribal land.
Physical planning requirements in the Town and Country Planning Act apply across all three tenures while similar conditions of grant e.g various uses of land, length of grant and development covenants and Policy requirements for allocation are mostly similar e.g non-ownership of a residential plot elsewhere prior to allocation, business plots in both tenures are disposed of through tender.
Notwithstanding the apparent similarities, the two tenures,the Ministry has said continue to be administered by two different authorities. “This segregation has inadvertently resulted in inefficient use of limited resources in the country. A typical example is in Ghanzi and Chobe Districts where Land Boards, though well-established around those areas, do not have authority to administer state land,” said the Ministry in a response to this Publication.
The segregation,has consequently led to the two tenures being managed differently through various legislation and policies notwithstanding the noted similarities. There are currently 12 pieces of land related legislations.
“The fragmented laws have resulted in inconsistent and sometimes competing policy objectives in administration of the two tenures. Today the inconsistencies are no longer justifiable,” the Ministry said.
These inconsistencies are at Land Registration where customary land certificates are not registerable at the Deeds Registry, whilst other tenures are at Land Transfer to non-citizens where Tribal Land Act provides that allocation to non-citizens requires the Minster to consent, whereas State Land Act does not clearly provide for the same.
They can also be found at at Land Allocation where the Tribal Land Act provides clear guidance on land allocation procedures whereas the State Land Act does not as well as at Compulsory Acquisition and Compensation where acquisition of property under the Acquisition of Property Act, applies to all other forms of land titles except customary held tribal land grants.
“It is worth noting that administration of freehold land is not vested on any government institution. However, it is nominally controlled by the Minister through the Land Control Act, on matters pertaining to consent on land transfer to non-citizens. This could therefore be the opportunity to streamline administrative procedures on freehold land (and other forms of tenure) under the control of Land Authorities,” the ministry says.
The Ministry is of the view that the establishment of the land authorities will as much as possible be in accordance with the current structures where they follow the tribal territorial boundaries. “In urban centres, urban land authorities would be created to do work currently done by SLAACs and Department of Lands and will follow current urban township boundaries. These Land Authorities will operate in accordance with the policy, strategy and regulatory framework as set by the Ministry,” they said.
According to the Ministry, they will also decentralise to them core operational functions currently centralised at the Ministry Departments to optimise the functionality of these authorities. “Their functions will therefore include; land allocation and transfer thereof, acquisition of freehold land on behalf of Government of Botswana, title deed and customary certificate registration, maintenance of title deeds records, monitoring of land use and surveying of land,” they say.
As the proposal will essentially transform the current Land Boards into land authorities, the Land Boards and current field offices will necessarily have to be capacitated to assume the new roles. In line with this, the Ministry is already engaged in a restructuring exercise and will in the process professionalise institutions responsible for land administration.
The task of enacting new land laws is by no means an easy one, not least because land has always been an emotive subject, eliciting views from people across the economic divide.
In a classic and shocking case of disgrace and dishonour to this country, the law enforcement agencies are currently struggling to cover up a damaging and humiliating scandal of having conspired to forge the signature of a Palapye Chief Magistrate, Rebecca Motsamai in an unlawful acquisition of the much-publicised 2019 warrant of arrest against Isaac Kgosi, the former director of the Directorate of Intelligence Services (DIS).
The cloak-and-dagger arrest was led by the DIS director, Brigadier Peter Magosi supported by the Botswana Police, Botswana Defence Force (BDF), with the Botswana Unified Revenue Services (BURS) which accused Kgosi of tax evasion, in the backseat.
Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) constituent members are struggling to reach an agreement over the allocation of wards for the imminent ward by-elections across the country.
Despite a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC), Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF) and Alliance for Progressives (AP) are said to be active, but the nitty-gritties are far from being settled.
The eight bye-elections will be a precursor of a somewhat delayed finalisation of the brittle MoU. The three parties want to draw a plan on how and who will contest in each of the available wards.
This publication has gathered that the negotiations will not be a run off the mill because there is already an impasse between the Botswana Congress Party (BCP) which is a UDC constituent and AP (currently negotiating to join umbrella).
The by-elections joint committee met last week at Cresta President Hotel in a bid to finalise allocation but nothing tangible came out of the gathering, sources say.
The cause of the stalemate according to those close to events, is the Metsimotlhabe Ward which the two parties have set their eyes on.
In 2019, he ward was won by Botswana Democratic Party’s (BDP) Andrew Sebobi who unfortunately died in a tragic accident in February last year.
Sebobi had convincingly won by 1 109 votes in the last elections; and was trailed by Sephuthi Thelo of the UDC trailed him with 631 votes; while Alliance for Progressives’ Innocent Moamogwe got 371 votes.
Thelo is a BCP candidate and as per UDC norm, incumbency prevails meaning that the BCP will contest since they were runners up. On the other hand, AP has also raised its hand for the same.
“AP asked for it on the basis that they have a good candidate but BCP did not agree to that request also arguing they have a better contestant,” one UDC member confided to this publication.
Notwithstanding Metsimotlhabe Ward squabble, it is said the by-election talks are almost a done deal, with Botswana National Front (BNF) tipped to take Boseja South ward in Mochudi East constituency. Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF) will be awarded Tamasane Ward in Lerala/Maunatlala constituency, sources say.
“But the agreement has to be closed by National Executive Committee (NEC),” emphasized the informant.
The NEC is said to have been cautioned not to back the wrong horse but rather rate with reason and facts.
UDC President, Duma Boko has told this publication that, “allocation is complete with two wards already awarded but with only one yet to be finalized,” he could not dwell into much details as to which party got what and the reasons for the delay in finalisation.
Chairperson of the by-elections committee, Dr. Phenyo Butale responded to this publication regarding the matter: “As AP we contested and as you may be aware we signed the MoU with UDC and BPF to collaborate on bye-elections. The opposition candidate for all bye-elections will be agreed by these parties and that process is still ongoing,” he said when asked if AP is interested on the ward and how far with the talks on bye-elections.
Butale, a former Gaborone Central Member of Parliament, who is also AP Secretary General continued to say, “As the chairperson of the bye-elections committee we are still seized with that matter. We should also do some consultations with the local structures. Once the process is complete we will issue a notice for now we cannot talk about the other two while the other is still pending the other one”.
Butale further clarified: “There is no such thing as AP and BCP not in agreement. It is an issue of signatories discussing and determining the opposition candidates across the three wards.”
Apart from the three wards, there are five more council wards that UDC is yet to allocate to cooperating partners.
FROM PALAPYE MEET: BPP CAUTION NEC MEMBERS
With the UDC cheerful from last weekend’s meeting in Palapye, the meeting however was very tense on the side of both BCP and BNF, with only BPP flexing its muscle and even lashing out.
BCP going into the meeting, had promised to ask difficult questions to the UDC NEC.
BCP VP and also acting Secretary General, Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, presented their qualms which were addressed by UDC Chairperson Motlatsi Molapisi, informants say.
It is said Molapisi is fed up and concerned by some UDC members especially those in the NEC who ‘wash party’s dirty linen in public’.
Insiders say the veteran politician cautioned the NEC members that they “will not expel any party but individuals who tarnish the image of the UDC.”
It is not the first time BPP play a paternalistic role as it once expressed its discontent with BCP in 2020, saying it should never wash UDC linen in public.
At first it is said, BPP, the oldest political formation in Botswana, claims disappointment on BCP stance that UDC should be democratised especially by sharing their stand with the media. Again, BPP was not happy with BCP leader Dumelang Saleshando’s decision to air his personal views on social media regarding the merger of UDC party.
Botswana Police Service (BPS) Commissioner, Keabetswe Makgophe, has of late been dousing raging fires from various quarters of society following the infiltration of the police fingerprint system by the Directorate on Intelligence and Security (DIS), WeekendPost has learnt.
Fresh information gleaned from a number of impeccable sources, points to a pitiable working relationship between the two state organs. Cause of concern is the DIS continuous big brother role to an extent that it is now interfering with other institutions’ established mandates.
BPS which works closely with the DIS has been left exasperated by the works of the institution formed in 2008. It is said, the DIS through its Information Technology (IT) experts in collusion with some at BPS forensics department managed to infiltrate the Fingerprint system.
The infiltration, according to those in the know, was for the DIS to “teach a lesson” to some who are on their radar. It is said the DIS is playing and fighting dirty to win the fights they have lost before.
By managing to hack the police finger print system, a number of renowned businessmen and other politically exposed persons found their fingers in the system. What surprised the victims is the fact that they have never been charged of any wrongdoing by the police and they were left reeling in shock to learn that their fingers are on the data-base of criminals.
In fact, some of those who their fingerprints were falsely included in the records of those on the wrong side of law learnt later when other errands demanded their fingerprints.
“We learnt later when we had to submit and buy some documents and we were very shocked,” one politician who is also a businessman confided to this publication this week.
“We then learn that there are some fabricated criminality recorded for us, as to when did we commit those remained secret to the police, but then we had to engage our lawyers on the matter and that is when we were cleared,” said the politician-cum- tenderpreneur.
The lawyers have confirmed engaging the police and that the matters were settled in a gentlemen’s agreement and concluded.
All these happened behind the scenes with the police top brass oblivious only to be confronted by the irked lot, police sources also add. The victimized group who most of them have been fighting lengthy battles with the DIS read malice and did not blink when it was revealed that these were done by the DIS.
“And it was clear that they (DIS) are the ones in this dirty war which we don’t understand. Remember when we sue, it will be the Police at the courts not the DIS and that is why we agreed to a ceasefire more so they also requested that be kept under carpet,” said the victim.
Nonetheless, the Police through its spokesperson Assistant Commissioner, Dipheko Motube, briefly said: “we do not have any system that has been hacked.” On the other hand DIS mouthpiece Edward Robert was not in office this week to comment on the matter.
Reports however say DIS boss, Peter Magosi, who most of the victims accuse of the job, is said to have met his police counterpart Makgophe to put the matter to bed.
COVID-19 RAVAGES POLICE
As frontline workers, Police have not escaped the wrath of Covid-19. Already the numbers of those infected has reached the highest of high and they suggest that they be priorities on vaccine rollout.
“Our job is complicated, firstly we arrest including those who are non-compliant to Covid protocols and we go to accidents and many more. These put us at risk and it seems our superiors are not bothered,” said one police officer this week.
The cops further complain about that working spaces are small, as such expose them to contact the virus.
“Some tests positive and go for quarantine while the rest of the unit will be left without even test carried out. If at all the bosses are serious all the police officers should every now and then be subjected to testing or else we will be no more because of the virus,” added another officer based in Gaborone.
The government has since placed teachers on the priority list for the vaccines, it remains to be seen whether the police, who also man road blocks, will be considered.
“But our bosses should convince the country leadership about this, if not then we are doomed,” concluded a more senior officer.