Connect with us
Advertisement

Inside Govt’s land crises Plan

Land Boards to be replaced with land authorities

In an effort to address the land question in the country, the Ministry of Lands and Housing has proposed that single Land  Authorities  be  established; and both state and tribal land be vested on them, giving them full authority to manage all land across all tenures.


It is proposed that this be effected through merging, harmonising and rationalising the 12 pieces of legislation being the; State Land Act Cap 32:01, Tribal Land Act CAP 32:02, Acquisition of Property Act Cap 32:10, Land Control Act Cap 32:11, Immovable Property Act (Removal of restrictions) Cap 32:08, Fencing act Cap 33:01, Tribal Territories Act Cap 33:02.


The Ministry’s officials told Weekendpost that the “Land Boards and the private sector have been consulted on the proposed establishment of Land Authorities at local level and the  consolidation of aspects of land related Acts into one Land Act; and all have endorsed the proposal.”


Currently, State land vests on the President by the State Land Act, CAP 32:01, and is administered on his behalf by the Department of Lands. On the other hand, tribal land vests on the Land Boards by the Tribal Land Act, CAP 32:02. The two institutions administer and manage land differently despite the fact that some aspects of land management and administration are similar.


Aspects of land management and administration that are noticeably similar across the three land tenure systems include State and Tribal land which are both handled by committees /Boards; State Land Advisory Allocation Committees (SLAAC) in state land and Land Boards in tribal land.

Physical planning requirements in the Town and Country Planning Act apply across all three tenures while similar conditions of grant e.g various uses of land, length of grant and development covenants and Policy requirements for allocation are mostly similar e.g non-ownership of a residential plot elsewhere prior to allocation, business plots in both tenures are disposed of through tender.


Notwithstanding the apparent similarities, the two tenures,the Ministry has said continue to be administered by two different authorities. “This segregation has inadvertently resulted in inefficient use of limited resources in the country. A typical example is in Ghanzi and Chobe Districts where Land Boards, though well-established around those areas, do not have authority to administer state land,” said the Ministry in a response to this Publication.


The segregation,has consequently led to the two tenures being managed differently through various legislation and policies notwithstanding the noted similarities. There are currently 12 pieces of land related legislations.


“The fragmented laws have resulted in inconsistent and sometimes competing policy objectives in administration of the two tenures. Today the inconsistencies are no longer justifiable,” the Ministry said.


These inconsistencies are at Land Registration where customary land certificates are not registerable at the Deeds Registry, whilst other tenures are at Land Transfer to non-citizens where Tribal Land Act provides that allocation to non-citizens requires the Minster to consent, whereas State Land Act does not clearly provide for the same.

They can also be found at at Land Allocation where the Tribal Land Act provides clear guidance on land allocation procedures whereas the State Land Act does not as well as at Compulsory Acquisition and Compensation where acquisition of property under the Acquisition of Property Act, applies to all other forms of land titles except customary held tribal land grants.


“It is worth noting that administration of freehold land is not vested on any government institution. However, it is nominally controlled by the Minister through the Land Control Act, on matters pertaining to consent on land transfer to non-citizens.  This could therefore be the opportunity to streamline administrative procedures on freehold land (and other forms of tenure) under the control of Land Authorities,” the ministry says.


The Ministry is of the view that the establishment of the land authorities will as much as possible be in accordance with the current structures where they follow the tribal territorial boundaries. “In urban centres, urban land authorities would be created to do work currently done by SLAACs and Department of Lands and will follow current urban township boundaries. These Land Authorities will operate in accordance with the policy, strategy and regulatory framework as set by the Ministry,” they said.


According to the Ministry, they will also decentralise to them core operational functions currently centralised at the Ministry Departments to optimise the functionality of these authorities. “Their functions will therefore include; land allocation and transfer thereof, acquisition of freehold land on behalf of Government of Botswana, title deed and customary certificate registration, maintenance of title deeds records, monitoring of land use and surveying of land,” they say.


As the proposal will essentially transform the current Land Boards into land authorities, the Land Boards and current field offices will necessarily have to be capacitated to assume the new roles.  In line with this, the Ministry is already engaged in a restructuring exercise and will in the process professionalise institutions responsible for land administration.


The task of enacting new land laws is by no means an easy one, not least because land has always been an emotive subject, eliciting views from people across the economic divide.

Continue Reading

News

BAD WEEK FOR MANCHESTER CITY

6th February 2023

After falling to close the gap on Arsenal by losing to a record breaking goal by Kane at the Tottenham stadium.Manchester City now find themselves being charged by the Premier League with more than 100 breaches of its financial rules following a four-year investigation.

According to BBC , it has referred the club to an independent commission over alleged rule breaches between 2009 and 2018 , and also that Man-city has not been co-operating since the investigation which started in 2018 .

BBC further states that The commission can impose punishment including a fine , points deduction and expelling the club from the Premier league.

The alleged breaches include ,  breaching rules for requiring full details of manager remuneration,from 2009-2010, to 2012-2013 seasons when Roberto Mancini was in charge . Also player remuneration between 2010-2011 and 2015-2016.

The Premier league stated that City breached rules related to UEFA regulations , including Financial Fair Play , from 2013-2014 to 2017-2018 ,as well as Premier League rules on profitability and sustainability from 2014-2016 to 2017-2018

Continue Reading

News

South Korean Embassy aids students living with disabilities

6th February 2023

South Korean Ambassador in South Africa has donated e-learning equipment through Botswana Red Cross Society (BRCS) to Tlamelong Rehabilitation Centre in Tlokweng recently, in a bid to fine tune the student’s textile skills.  

When talking at the handing over ceremony, Chull-Joo Park, said they agreed with BRCS to give out e-learning equipment to better the training skills of students living with disabilities.

“With the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) equipment and job training skills, we will be able to help the students living with disabilities to do e-learning and to better their education and job training,” said Chull-Joo Park.

It was revealed that the South Korean Embassy approached BRCS with the intent to donate equipment and educational material that includes an embroidery machine, photo copier machine, tablets and interactive boards to be utilized by the trainees.

The industrial printer is a machine that works with embroidery machine to print designs for clothing and it will enable the learners to have more material available to them to facilitate learning.

Through this embroidery machine, students will be exposed to better technologies which ultimately improve the quality of materials they produce. It will also allow students to learn business skills and run profitable ventures.

Smart board gadgets will provide the students with an elevated learning process to be fostered by e-learning. The gadgets provide a more visual element to the learning process, which in turn improves learner mental retention.

Tlamelong Rehabilitation serves the marginalized and underserved less privileged persons living with disability in Botswana. The center offers boarding services, vocational training, social services, physiotherapy and rehabilitation services for young people living disabilities aged 18-35 from across the country over a period of two (2) years per cohort which has a maximum intake capacity of 35. BRCS through International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have managed to create great working synergy with the South Korean Embassy in Pretoria based in South Africa to support or augment the National Society’s Rehabilitation Centre’s learning challenges.

For his part, BRSC Secretary General Kutlwano Mokokomani said they are delighted to convey their gratitude as BRSC to the South Korean Embassy for donation and they look forward to an enduring partnership for such worthy causes.

“South Korean Embassy’s great gesture will enable trainees to thrive, to fulfil their dreams to become a reality as this equipments will go a long way in creating great impact in the lives of trainees and their families. We wish to convey our sincere gratitude to the South Korean Embassy for their noble gesture of donating the E-learning equipments.”

BRCS offers rehabilitation services spread across three (3) areas in Botswana being Sefhare Stimulation center in Sefhare, Tshimologo stimulation center in Francistown and Tlamelong rehabilitation center in Tlokweng.

Continue Reading

News

DIS alleges plot to kill Masisi hatched in South Africa

6th February 2023

A dispute is brewing between Botswana and South Africa intelligence agencies over alleged mercenary training camps discovered in South Africa by the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS). 

This content is locked

Login To Unlock The Content!

Continue Reading