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Of anti-business rhetoric…

Poor state of projects: Who is to blame?

Over the past few weeks there have been reports in the media of the negative comments made by Ministers targeting Foreign owned companies and other worrisome ‘anti-business’ comments.

Leading the pack is the litany of complaints against some Chinese companies, particularly in the construction sector for their poor performance in executing some Government projects. Quite rightly we have reasons to complain after all they left behind unfinished projects, shoddy construction works and other failed projects that cost the nation greatly. But I am surprised that we are focusing so much anger and venom only against the construction companies. Let me explain my thinking.

For every construction, engineering, civil, building or any such project there are steps that need to be followed. Firstly, we all have to make up designs and draw up plans; this requires the expertise of the likes of architects, engineers, quantity surveyors and all sorts of other professional people depending on the complexity of the project. Thereafter the normal procedure is for the plans to be approved, tenders floated and the usual process of awarding etc.

But here is where the crux of my argument comes in: before construction starts we employ those consultants to oversee the project implementation. It is a requirement that these people inspect every stage of the construction, from the siting, digging the foundation, slab level, and all the in-between stages and finally to completion and hand over stage.

Depending on the terms of the contract there are stages at which the contractor submits a claim for payment for the works done so far. It is the responsibility of these professional consultants that WE employ to oversee the project, to inspect and pay regular site visits to ensure that the works carried and the materials used have been according to specifications.

ONLY IF OUR CONSULTANTS overseeing the project are happy that the work complies with the standards, specifications, quality and workmanship will they sign a certificate for the contractor to use to submit a claim for payment.    

The contractor cannot and will not be paid if there is no accompanying certificate of completion after various construction phases. Now what surprises me in some cases is that ONLY AFTER completion and handover, AFTER we have FULLY paid the contractor do the problems surface. We complain of the poor quality of the workmanship, the quality of material used and other such examples of the unfinished projects that we have witnessed of late.  

It is not only the construction companies who should be taking the blame, as the saying goes ‘it takes two to tango’. Why are we not blaming those individuals and companies who oversaw the Government projects or even naming and shaming them. Why don’t we investigate deeper? Who signed on the bottom line?   

Has anyone been held responsible for their negligence in carrying out their duties in the oversight of these projects? Why blame only the construction companies without even looking at the failings of our ‘employed’ professionals who did not or failed to monitor those projects?

Now we are talking of closing Chinese shops, after granting them trading licences. What law are we going to use to do that? Very easy, we use tactics like refusing to renew their permits, cancel and withdraw them, or even as is now happening, approve the husband’s permit and reject the wife’s, or vice versa.

Delay the renewals, I know some who are waiting for over seven months, they have to make the monthly trek to Immigration for a 30 day extension! The effects of rejection and cancellation of permits is so widespread countrywide that many investors are now thinking of relocating to options elsewhere.

In Francistown a building complex worth millions was completed over three years ago and is still standing unoccupied and vacant…the Chinese were never allowed to open the ‘China Town’ mall for trade.

Closing these foreign owned businesses will destroy Francistown’s economy. Our local economy relies heavily on cross-border Zimbabwean trade. Hundreds of Zimbabwean shoppers come here to do their shopping and spend a considerable amount of money in our town.

Should you close these shops, the whole of Haskin’s Street will be shut down and so will a part of Blue Jacket Street. What about the landlords who will have vacant premises with no rental income? What about the massive unemployment as a result of the shut downs? The mines around Francistown are going through a trying period with talk of some of them shutting down…more unemployment.

Do we realise that China is now a major player in the world economy? They are part of the grouping called BRICS, (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). They are about to launch a Development Bank like the IMF and World Bank. Should we need development funds in the future will we be comfortable to go begging because of our ‘soured’ relations with China, a major contributor to this bank? With these anti-foreigner sentiments being expressed against foreign owned businesses we are unwittingly sowing the seeds and beginning to fan the flames of xenophobia and racism. Today it is them, which nationality is next in line?

We now hear of a Minister’s intention to compel major South African clothing stores not be allowed to open in malls unless they have citizen partners. Be serious guys. Every mall relies on anchor tenants, so if we refuse to licence these major stores, premises will remain vacant. This could prove to be a major disincentive for future property / mall development. Already there is talk of a glut in the market as a result there is an oversupply of retail space…so we want to add to the problem? These companies are worth multi-millions of Pula, which Motswana has the money to buy a share in them? Unless…

If we so desperately want to hold shares in them, why don’t we encourage Batswana to buy their shares on the JSE stock exchange? Many of these companies have been listed publicly, so who is stopping us from buying those shares on the stock exchange?

The United States is a world power, and it has developed to this level because it opened its doors to the people of the world as the land of opportunity. Here we tend to chase away any investor despite the use of the so-called ‘points based system’ which is supposed to ‘vet’ investors.

Give this a thought: the developers of Microsoft and many other computer applications and systems started their experiments and development stages in their backyard garages, store rooms and even in their homes, with little more than a few dollars in their pocket. Today they are known worldwide and their businesses are worth multi- billions of dollars.

I am sure had they been starting out in Botswana, we would have had their permits turned down and asked them to leave because they did not meet the investment / qualification criteria of the ‘points based system’. Businesses are not only founded through ‘money’, it is about ideas, experience, hard work and an open mind.

Think about it.

What we don’t realise is that in the business world when you create uncertainty in the business climate you create a domino effect. This effect ripples throughout the business community as they begin to question their future investments going forward. There is a marked deterioration in business confidence right now and this can translate into negative economic growth.

I am raising these questions because we seem to be blinded by our anger and embarrassment and pinning the blame onto anything that moves, rather than identifying the real problem areas. We should get away from knee jerk reactions, we need to step back, think logically and broadly, lest we shoot ourselves on the other foot in an effort to ‘get even’ with others.

Today we are fortunate to have diamonds to drive our economy, but remember that tomorrow, when they are gone, we will have no economy to drive us.

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Botswana to Become a Vaccinated Nation: Pandemic Anxiety Over?

30th March 2021


This is a question that should seriously exercise the mind of every Botswana citizen and every science researcher, every health worker and every political leader political.

The Covid-19 currently defines our lives and poses a direct threat to every aspect and every part of national safety, security and general well-being. This disease has become a normative part of human life throughout the world.

The first part of the struggle against the murderous depredation of this disease was to protect personal life through restrictive health injunctions and protocols; the worst possibly being human isolation and masks that hid our sorrows and lamentations through thin veils. We suffered that humiliation with grace and I believe as a nation we did a great job.

Now the vaccines are here, ushering us into the second phase of this war against the plague; and we are asking ourselves, is this science-driven fight against Covid-19 spell the end of pandemic anxiety? Is the health nightmare coming to an end? What happy lives lie ahead? Is this the time for celebration or caution? As the Non State Actors, we have being struggling with these questions for months.

We have published our thoughts and feelings, and our research reviews and thorough reading of both the local and international impacts of this rampaging viral invasion in local newspapers and social media platforms.

More significantly, we have successfully organised workshops about the impact of the pandemic on society and the economy and the last workshop invited a panel of health experts, professionals, and public administers to advance this social dialogue as part of our commitment to the tripartite engagement we enjoy working with Government of Botswana, Civil Society and Development partners. These workshops are virtual and open to all Batswana, foreign diplomatic missions based in Gaborone, UN agencies located in Gaborone and international academic researchers and professional health experts and specialists.

The mark of Covid-19 on our nation is a painful one, a tragedy shared by the entire human race, but still a contextually painful experience. Our response is fraught with grave difficulties; limited resources, limited time, and the urgency to not only save lives but also avert economic ruin and a bleak future for all who survive. Several vaccines are already in the  market.

Parts of the world are already doing the best they can to trunk the pestilential march of this disease by rolling out mass-vaccinations campaigns that promise to evict this health menace and nightmare from their public lives. Botswana, like much of Africa, is still up in the disreputable, and, unenviable, preventative social melee of masked interactions, metered distances, contactless commerce.

We remain very much at the mercy of a marauding virus that daily runs amuck with earth shattering implications for the economy and human lives. And the battle against both infections and transmissions is proving to be difficult, in terms of finance, institutional capacities and resource mobilization. How are we prepared as government, and as citizens, to embrace the impending mass-vaccinations? What are the chances of us  succeeding at this last-ditch effort to defeat the virus? What are the most pressing obstacles?

Does the work of vaccines spell an end to the pandemic anxieties?

Our panellists addressed the current state of mass-vaccination preparedness at the Botswana national level. What resources are available? What are the financial, institutional and administrative operational challenges (costs and supply chains, delivery, distribution, administering the vaccine on time, surveillance and security of vaccines?) What is being done to overcome them, or what can be done to overcome them? What do public assessments of preparedness tell us at the local community levels? How strong is the political will and direction? How long can we expect the whole exercise to last? At what point should we start seeing tangible results of the mass-vaccination campaign?

They also addressed the challenges of the anticipated emerging Vaccinated Society. How to fight the myths of vaccines and the superstitions about histories of human immunizations? What exactly is being done to grow robust local confidence in the science of vaccinations and the vaccines themselves? More significantly, how to square these campaigns vis-vis personal rights, moral/religious obligations?

What messages are being sent out in these regards and how are Batswana responding? What about issues of justice and equality? Will we get the necessary vaccines to everyone who wants them? What is being done to ensure no deserving person is left behind?

They also addressed issues of health data. To accomplish this mass-vaccination campaign and do everything right we need accurate and complete data. Poor data already makes it very hard to just cope with the disease. What is being done to improve data for the mass-vaccination campaign? How is this data being collected, aggregated and prepared for real life situation/applications throughout Botswana in the coming campaign?

We know in America, for example, general reporting and treatment of health data at the beginning of vaccinations was so poor, so chaotic and so scattered mainstream newspapers like The Atlantic, Washington Post and the New York Times had to step in, working very closely with civil society organizations, to rescue the situation. What data-related issues are still problematic in Botswana?

To be specific, what kind of Covid-19 data is being taken now to ready the whole country for an effective and efficient mass-vaccination program?

Batswana must be made aware that the  end part of vaccination will just mark the beginning of a long journey to health recovery and national redemption; that in many ways Covid-19 vaccination is just another step toward the many efforts in abeyance to fight this health pandemic, the road ahead is still long and painful.

For this purpose, and to highlight the significance of this observation we tasked our panellists with  the arduous imperative of  analysing the impact of mass-vaccination on society and the economy alongside the pressing issues of post-Covid-19 national health surveillance and rehabilitation programs.

Research suggests the aftermath of Covid-19 vaccination is going to be just as difficult and uncertain world as the present reality in many ways, and that caution should prevail over celebration, at least for a long time. The disease itself is projected to linger around for some time after all these mass-vaccination campaigns unless an effort is made to vaccinate everyone to the last reported case, every nation succeeds beyond herd immunity, and cure is found for Covid-19 disease. Many people are going to continue in need of medications, psychological and psychiatric services and therapy.

Is Botswana ready for this long holdout? If not, what path should we take going into the future? The Second concern is , are we going to have a single, trusted national agency charged with the  mandate to set standards for our national health data system, now that we know how real bad pandemics can be, and the value of data in quickly responding to them and mitigating impact? Finally, what is being done to curate a short history of this pandemic? A national museum of health and medicine or a Public Health Institute  in Botswana is overdue.

If we are to create strong sets of data policies and data quality standards for fighting future health pandemics it is critical that they find ideological and moral foundations in the artistic imagery and photography of the present human experience…context is essential to fighting such diseases, and to be prepared we must learn from every tragic health incident.

Our panellists answered most of these questions with distinguished intellectual clarity. We wish Batswana to join us in our second Mass-vaccination workshop.

*Oscar Motsumi:

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The women you see in the news matter. Here’s why

9th March 2021
Jane Godia

Jane Godia

Today is International Women’s Day – it’s a moment to think about how much better our news diet could be if inequities were eliminated. In 1995, when the curtains fell in one of the largest meetings that have ever brought women together to discuss women in development, it was noted that women and media remain key to development.

Twenty-six years later, the relevant “Article J” of the Beijing Platform for Action, remains unfulfilled. Its two strategic objectives with regard to Women and Media have not been met. They are
Increase the participation and access of women to expression and decision-making in and through the media and new technologies of communication

Promote a balanced and non-stereotyped portrayal of women in the media.

Today, as we mark International Women’s Day, it’s an indictment on both media owners and civil society that women remain on the periphery of news-making. They cannot claim equal space in either the structures of newsrooms or in the content produced, be that as sources of news or as the subjects of reports. Indeed, the latest figures from WAN-IFRA’s Women in News Programme show just one in five voices in news belong to women*, be they as sources, as the author or as the main character of the news report.

Some progress was evident several years back, with stand-out women being named as chief executive officers, editors in chief, managing editors and executive editors. But these gains appear short lived in most media organisations. Excitement has turned to frustration as one-step forward has been replaced with three steps backwards. In Africa, the problem is acute. The decision-making tables of media organisations remain deprived of women and where there are women, they are surrounded by men.

Few women have followed in the footsteps of Esther Kamweru, the first woman managing editor in Kenya, and indeed sub-Saharan Africa. Today’s standout women editors include Pamela Makotsi-Sittoni (Nation Media Group, Kenya), Barbara Kaija (New Vision, Uganda), Mary Mbewe (Daily Nation, Zambia), Margaret Vuchiri (The Monitor, Uganda), Joyce Shebe (Clouds, Tanzania), Tryphinah Dongwana (Weekend Post, Botswana), Joyce Mhaville (Independent Television -ITV, Tanzania) and Tuma Abdallah (Standard Newspapers,Tanzania). But they remain an exception.

The lack of balance between women and men at the table of decision making has a rollback effect on the content that is produced. A table dominated by men typically makes decisions that benefit men.

So today, International Women’s Day is a grim reminder that things are not rosy in the news business. Achieving gender balance in news and in the structure of media organisations remains a challenge. Unmet, it sees more than half of the population in our countries suffer the consequences of bias, discrimination and sexism.

The business of ignoring the other half of the population can no longer be treated as normal. It’s time that media leaders grasp the challenge, not only because it is the right thing to do, but because it also makes a whole lot of business sense: start covering women, give them space and a voice in news-making and propel them to all levels of decision making within your organisation.

We can no longer afford to imagine that it’s only men who make and sell the news and bring in the shillings to fund the media business. Women too are worthy newsmakers. In all of our societies, there are women holding decision making positions and who are now experts in once male-only domains such as engineers, doctors, scientists and researchers.

They can be deliberately picked out to share their perspectives and expertise and bring balance to the profile of experts quoted on our news pages. Media is the prism through which society sees itself and women are an untapped audience. So, as we celebrate International Women’s Day, let us embrace diversity, which yields better news content and business products, and in so doing eliminate sexism. We know that actions and attitudes that discriminate against people based on their gender is bad for business.

As media, the challenge is ours. We need to consciously embrace and reach the commitments made 26 years ago when the Beijing Platform for Action was signed globally. As the news consuming public, you have a role to play too. Hold your news organization to account and make sure they deliver balanced news that reflects the voices of all of society.

Jane Godia is a gender development and media expert who serves as the Africa Director of Women in News programme.  
WOMEN IN NEWS is WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media.

Jane Godia, Director, Africa, Women in News

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Why is the media so afraid to talk about sexual harassment?

9th March 2021


The eve of International Women’s Day presents an opportunity for us to think about gender equality and the long and often frustrating march toward societies that are truly equal.

As media, we are uniquely placed to drive forward this reflection and discussion. But while focusing on the challenges of gender in society, we owe it to our staff and the communities we serve to also take a hard look at the obstacles within our own organisations.

I’m talking specifically about the scourge of sexual harassment. It’s likely to have happened in your newsroom. It has likely happened to a member of your team. It happens to all genders but is disproportionately directed at women. It happens in every industry, regardless of country, culture or context. This is because sexual harassment is driven by power, not sex. Wherever you have imbalances in power, you have individuals who are at risk of sexual harassment, and those who abuse this power.

I’ve been sexually harassed. The many journalists and editors, friends and family members who I have spoken to over the years on this subject have also been harassed. Yet it is still hard for leaders to recognize that this could be happening within their newsrooms and boardrooms. Why does it continue to be such a taboo?

Counting the cost of sexual harassment

Sexual harassment is, simply put, bad for business. It can harm your corporate reputation. It is a drain on the productivity of staff and managers. Maintaining and building trust in your brand is an absolute imperative for media organisations globally. If and when a case gets out of control or is badly handled – this can directly impact your bottom line.

It is for this reason that WAN-IFRA Women in News has put eliminating sexual harassment as a top priority in our work around gender equality in the media sector. This might seem at odds with the current climate where social interactions are fewer and remote work scenarios are in place in many newsrooms and businesses. But one only needs to tune into the news to know that the abuse of power, manifested as verbal, physical or online harassment, is alive and well.

Preliminary results from an ongoing Women in News research study into the issue of sexual harassment polling hundreds of journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia indicate that more than 1 in 3 women media professionals have been physically harassed, and just under 50% have been verbally harassed. Just over 15% of men in African newsrooms reported being physically harassed, and slightly less than 1 in 4 reports being verbally harassed. The numbers for male media professionals in Southeast Asia are slightly higher than a quarter on both forms of harassment.

The first step in confronting sexual harassment is to talk about it. We need to strip away the stigma and discomfort around having open conversations about what sexual harassment is and isn’t. Media managers, it is entirely in your power to create dynamics in your own teams that are free from sexual harassment.

Publishers and CEOs, you set the organisational culture in your media company.

By being vocal in recognising that it happens everywhere, and communicating to your employees that you will not tolerate sexual harassment of any kind, you send a powerful message to your teams, and publicly. With these actions, you will help us overcome the legacy of silence around this topic, and in doing so take an important first step to create media environments that truly embrace equality.

Melanie Walker is Executive Director of Media Development of the World Association of News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). She is a creator of Women in News, WAN-IFRA’s ground-breaking programme to increase women’s leadership and voices in the news. It does so by equipping women journalists and editors with the skills, strategies, and support networks to take on greater leadership positions within their media.

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