The first session of the 11th Parliament closed its winter meeting on Friday 7th August 2015 on a rather infamous mode. Never before have we had the house varying its sitting hours twice in a single sitting. One wonders if this might be some paranoia warning us of what to expect in the twilight of President Ian Khama’s administration. Either way, the writing is on the wall. The Executive peremptorily undermines parliament.
Our immediate task is to address this enigma. The concern of most democracies in the contemporary world is to deepen and modernize parliamentary culture to better serve our peoples. Not the other way round. For instance, parliamentary debates worldwide are conducted through laid down rules, neatly codified into Standing Orders (SO). These rules are meant to guide parliamentary business; set out its purpose; and spell-out the responsibilities of members of parliament.
In our case, these rules are extremely manipulated to serve partisan interests. Debates are so strictly controlled and dreary. It has become a sectarian bigotry which the Khama regime mistakes for wisdom and virtue. Worse still, Ministers view questions from ordinary members with a great deal of contempt.
Rising to speak is heavily abused by the speakership under a pretext of observance of Catch the Speakers eye rule. When a member rise to complain about the process, s/he is directed to the Speaker’s Office about a matter that concerns the same office. Clear prejudice. An epitome of a government gone wild. Authoritarianism if you like.
The same speakership prepares the Order Paper or a list of issues to be discussed on a given day.
Back to the ghastly experiences of Friday 7th. I woke up to this day in full spirit, with one thing in mind. To ensure I speak without fail because this was the last day of session of parliament. The Order Paper was so conveniently crafted to fit the purpose.
The instructions were clear: circumvent debate and move for adoption of the Bill before 1230hrs. Coincidently, I fell victim of this evil BDP machinations. In the silence of my conscience, many questions emerged. But at the end, I put all the blame on the failure of the BCP and UDC to see the bigger picture. We can’t afford the denial anymore.
On a normal Friday, private members’ business takes precedence and often includes: (1) Ordinary Questions (2) Minister’s Question Time (3) motions and Bills. In the event, no such business exists, government business then straight away ensues.
On Friday 7th, it was not difficult to realize everything had been stage managed to serve some clandestine interests. It would appear the plan was to have the Deputy Speaker Hon Molatlhegi, who is famous for his tough stance on opposition members, start the proceedings of the day.
And allow the Speaker, Hon Gladys Kokorwe, a moderate who turned radical on the day, to come later when the mission to whip opposition members into line would have been accomplished. Coincidently, the covert plan worked as hatched.
Not even strong resistance from the opposition bench would convince the speakership otherwise. The questions because they often last for a short span of 45 minutes were allowed to pass without any hurdle. The stage was reduced to a crude comedy during Minister’s question time.
Instead of the usual two, the Order Paper had only one slot marked for the Minister in the Presidency Hon Molale, a candidate in an ongoing bye-election who had resigned from his parliamentary seat as a consequence, strangely enough, to contest for another parliamentary seat. I am sure this is a puzzle that can only be expounded by Molale himself. Because even members of his cabal are clueless about what is going on.
The speakership could not even explain how it gotten Molale into the programme when they knew he was buzy addressing kgotla meetings in Borolong. His assistant Hon Makgalemele only resurfaced later after making clear this item on the Order Paper had passed.
As if this was not enough, more drama ensued with respect to private members’ motions. Guess what! All the motions in the Order Paper was for Hon Moswaane who by this time was in Francistown. Protests from opposition bench did not sway the Speakership which was in no mood to betray the superiors.
It was the most perplexing enigma in my short stunt with parliament of Botswana. Who could have thought parliament can fight so hard just to have tax imposed on a chicken sale. By definition, as provided by Statistics Botswana, recognized widely and even by our very own Penal Code, the word livestock refers to, “All animals and birds kept or reared specifically for agricultural purposes including cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, rabbits, and donkeys etc”.
Imagine, this entire conundrum was entertained just to perpetuate further onslaught on the already bruised poor Botswana farmer. We tried to oppose the Bill but our counterparts in the ruling party through the Minister of Finance, owing greatly to the superior numbers, outdid us.
The Minister was in moods to take ‘NO’ as an answer. This is the same Minister who like Hon Tshekedi Khama has no interest on debates whatsoever that touch on any other parliamentary matter except when his ministry is directly involved. And we had to rush to satisfy him and by extension his executive.
The debate is by law established to start at 0900hrs and end at 1230hrs. Realizing time would not allow the Minister to respond and see the Bill pass, the mother of the House Hon Venson-Moitoi, in an unexpected harsh, stood-up to vary the Order Paper to allow parliament to continue its business until 1300hrs.
Interestingly, by 1300hrs, the Minister of Finance had not spoken but the house had to adjourn. It was not long before the Vice President stood up and hurried to make further variations in the sitting hours, to extend with another 30 minutes to 1330hrs. It was so noisy that I didn’t hear the Speaker making a ruling. I would later learn through taking a perusal at the Hansard that Masisi’s request was also granted. Whether the Standing Orders allow or not is another issue!
But we are lucky, most of our past Speakers are still alive; Mr Ray Matlapeng Molomo, Mr Patrick Balopi and Dr Margaret Nnanyana Nasha. I am sure they can confirm that a Speaker cannot make a ruling while there are members of parliament on their feet.
This would be against the decorum of the house. S/he would first have to order them to sit down or order them out of the house before any ruling is made. But acting under pressure, the now electrified Hon Kokorwe would not even respect the decorum she is entrusted to safeguard by virtue of being a Speaker just because she wanted to beat the 1300hrs time and grant the Vice President his wish.
I mean why not respect the rules we set for ourselves, adjourn the house at agreed time and seize the opportunity to consult with the public just like it was done with the Land Policy.
Isn’t it logical that farmers ought to be consulted about their property because we are often told the BMC belongs to them? Who is fooling who? Will I be wrong to conclude that many farmers don’t even know the BMC exists as a cooperative that allegedly belongs to them? Important yet, they have made so many recommendations to the government wholly owned parastatal but to no avail.
At the heart of their argument has always been the low prices, which are discouraging sales to BMC. Yet the government is keen on imposing a tax claim (4%) in every livestock sold by farmers to respective business outlets. The idea is to exempt BMC from taxation and withhold 4 percent tax from farmer’s receipts and give directly to government as Income Tax.
Somebody must remind the Executive that the reason why BMC is continuously registering huge losses is not because of the 15% tax on BMC annual turnover that this Bill has just cancelled but the BMC monopoly position and its associated inefficiencies.
The truth is, the fundamental change that awaits the Beef industry which the BMC management knows, is for off-take and supply to increase, which in turn, requires the appropriate price incentives for farmers. Not piecemeal approaches where tax is transferred from the BMC to ordinary farmers.
Lifting the existing ban on live cattle exports is another option. Because the Beef Sector remains the only industry in Botswana where investors despite producing more than what can be consumed or processed are prohibited by an irrational monopoly to export their excess product. This goes against macro-economic common sense.
Removing BMC’s protection would force BMC to pay competitive regional export parity prices to farmers. In the long term, the BMC must operate at international levels of efficiency. Allowing competition, besides benefiting farmers, would force the necessary restructuring of the BMC.
Noah Salakae is Member of Parliament for Ghanzi North
Parliament was this week once again seized with matters that concern them and borders on conflict of interest and abuse of privilege.
The two matters are; review of MPs benefits as well as President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s participation in the bidding for Banyana Farms. For the latter, it should not come as a surprise that President Masisi succeeded in bid.
The President’s business interests have also been in the forefront. While President Masisi is entitled as a citizen to participate in a various businesses in the country or abroad, it is morally deficient for him to participate in a bidding process that is handled by the government he leads. By the virtue of his presidency, Masisi is the head of government and head of State.
Not long ago, former President Festus Mogae suggested that elected officials should consider using blind trust to manage their business interests once they are elected to public office. Though blind trusts are expensive, they are the best way of ensuring confidence in those that serve in public office.
A blind trust is a trust established by the owner (or trustor) giving another party (the trustee) full control of the trust. Blind trusts are often established in situations where individuals want to avoid conflicts of interest between their employment and investments.
The trustee has full discretion over the assets and investments while being charged with managing the assets and any income generated in the trust.
The trustor can terminate the trust, but otherwise exercises no control over the actions taken within the trust and receives no reports from the trustees while the blind trust is in force.
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) Secretary General, Mpho Balopi, has defended President Masisi’s participation in business and in the Banyana Farms bidding. His contention is that, the practise even obtained during the administration of previous presidents.
The President is the most influential figure in the country. His role is representative and he enjoys a plethora of privileges. He is not an ordinary citizen. The President should therefore be mindful of this fact.
We should as a nation continue to thrive for improvement of our laws with the viewing of enhancing good governance. We should accept perpetuation of certain practices on the bases that they are a norm. MPs are custodians of good governance and they should measure up to the demands of their responsibility.
Parliament should not be spared for its role in countenancing these developments. Parliament is charged with the mandate of making laws and providing oversight, but for them to make laws that are meant solely for their benefits as MPs is unethical and from a governance point of view, wrong.
There have been debates in parliament, some dating from past years, about the benefits of MPs including pension benefits. It is of course self-serving for MPs to be deliberating on their compensation and other benefits.
In the past, we have also contended that MPs are not the right people to discuss their own compensation and there has to be Special Committee set for the purpose. This is a practice in advanced democracies.
By suggesting this, we are not suggesting that MP benefits are in anyway lucrative, but we are saying, an independent body may figure out the best way of handling such issues, and even offer MPs better benefits.
In the United Kingdom for example; since 2009 following a scandal relating to abuse of office, set-up Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (IPSA)
IPSA is responsible for: setting the level of and paying MPs’ annual salaries; paying the salaries of MPs’ staff; drawing up, reviewing, and administering an MP’s allowance scheme; providing MPs with publicly available and information relating to taxation issues; and determining the procedures for investigations and complaints relating to MPs.
Owing to what has happened in the Parliament of Botswana recently, we now need to have a way of limiting what MPs can do especially when it comes to laws that concern them. We cannot be too trusting as a nation.
MPs can abuse office for their own agendas. There is need to act swiftly to deal with the inherent conflict of interest that arise as a result of our legislative setup. A voice of reason should emerge from Parliament to address this unpleasant situation. This cannot be business as usual.
The 490-hectare campus researches the world’s deadliest pathogens, including Anthrax (in 1944, the Roosevelt administration ordered 1 million anthrax bombs from Fort Detrick), Ebola, smallpox, and … you guessed right: coronaviruses. The facility, which carries out paid research projects for government agencies (including the CIA), universities and drug companies most of whom owned by the highly sinister military-industrial complex, employs 900 people.
Between 1945 and 1969, the sprawling complex (which has since become the US’s ”bio-defence centre” to put it mildly) was the hub of the US biological weapons programme. It was at Fort Detrick that Project MK Ultra, a top-secret CIA quest to subject the human mind to routine robotic manipulation, a monstrosity the CIA openly owned up to in a congressional inquisition in 1975, was carried out. In the consequent experiments, the guinea pigs comprised not only of people of the forgotten corner of America – inmates, prostitutes and the homeless but also prisoners of war and even regular US servicemen.
These unwitting participants underwent up to a 20-year-long ordeal of barbarous experiments involving psychoactive drugs (such as LSD), forced electroshocks, physical and sexual abuses, as well as a myriad of other torments. The experiments not only violated international law, but also the CIA’s own charter which forbids domestic activities. Over 180 doctors and researchers took part in these horrendous experiments and this in a country which touts itself as the most civilised on the globe!
Was the coronavirus actually manufactured at Fort Detrick (like HIV as I shall demonstrate at the appropriate time) and simply tactfully patented to other equally cacodemonic places such as the Wuhan Institute of Virology in China?
THE FORT DETRICK SCIENTISTS’ PROPHECY WAS WELL-INFORMED
About two years before the term novel coronavirus became a familiar feature in day-to-day banter, two scientist cryptically served advance warning of its imminence. They were Allison Totura and Sina Bavari, both researchers at Fort Detrick.
The two scientists talked of “novel highly pathogenic coronaviruses that may emerge from animal reservoir hosts”, adding, “These coronaviruses may have the potential to cause devastating pandemics due to unique features in virus biology including rapid viral replication, broad host range, cross-species transmission, person-to-person transmission, and lack of herd immunity in human populations … Associated with novel respiratory syndromes, they move from person-to-person via close contact and can result in high morbidity and mortality caused by the progression to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).”
All the above constitute some of the documented attributes and characteristics of the virus presently on the loose – the propagator of Covid-19. A recent clinical review of Covid-19 in The Economist seemed to bear out this prognostication when it said, “It is ARDS that sees people rushed to intensive-care units and put on ventilators”. As if sounding forth a veritable prophecy, the two scientists besought governments to start working on counter-measures there and then that could be “effective against such a virus”.
Well, it was not by sheer happenstance that Tortura and Bavari turned out to have been so incredibly and ominously prescient. They had it on good authority, having witnessed at ringside what the virus was capable of in the context of their own laboratory. The gory scenario they painted for us came not from secondary sources but from the proverbial horse’s mouth folks.
CDC’S RECKLESS ADMISSION
In March this year, Robert Redfield, the US Director for the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), told the House of Representatives’ Oversight Committee that it had transpired that some members of the American populace who were certified as having died of influenza turned out to have harboured the novel coronavirus per posthumous analysis of their tissue.
Redfield was not pressed to elaborate but the message was loud and clear – Covid-19 had been doing the rounds in the US much earlier than it was generally supposed and that the extent to which it was mistaken for flu was by far much more commonplace than was openly admitted. An outspoken Chinese diplomat, Zhao Lijian, seized on this rather casual revelation and insisted that the US disclose further information, exercise transparency on coronavirus cases and provide an explanation to the public.
But that was not all the beef Zhao had with the US. He further charged that the coronavirus was possibly transplanted to China by the US: whether inadvertently or by deliberate design he did not say. Zhao pointed to the Military World Games of October 2019, in which US army representatives took part, as the context in which the coronavirus irrupted into China. Did the allegation ring hollow or there was a ring of truth to it?
THE BENASSIE FACTOR
The Military World Games, an Olympic-style spectrum of competitive action, are held every four years. The 2019 episode took place in Wuhan, China. The 7th such, the games ran from October 18 to October 27. The US contingent comprised of 17 teams of over 280 athletes, plus an innumerable other staff members. Altogether, over 9000 athletes from 110 countries were on hand to showcase their athletic mettle in more than 27 sports. All NATO countries were present, with Africa on its part represented by 30 countries who included Botswana, Egypt, Kenya, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Besides the singular number of participants, the event notched up a whole array of firsts. One report spelt them out thus: “The first time the games were staged outside of military bases, the first time the games were all held in the same city, the first time an Athletes’ Village was constructed, the first time TV and VR systems were powered by 5G telecom technology, and the first use of all-round volunteer services for each delegation.”
Now, here is the clincher: the location of the guest house for the US team was located in the immediate neighbourhood of the Wuhan Seafood Market, the place the Chinese authorities to this day contend was the diffusion point of the coronavirus. But there is more: according to some reports, the person who allegedly but unwittingly transmitted the virus to the people milling about the market – Patient Zero of Covid-19 – was one Maatie Benassie.
Benassie, 52, is a security officer of Sergeant First Class rank at the Fort Belvoir military base in Virginia and took part in the 50-mile cycling road race in the same competitions. In the final lap, she was accidentally knocked down by a fellow contestant and sustained a fractured rib and a concussion though she soldiered on and completed the race with the agonising adversity. Inevitably, she saw a bit of time in a local health facility. According to information dug up by George Webb, an investigative journalist based in Washington DC, Benassie would later test positive for Covid-19 at the Fort Belvoir Community Hospital.
Incidentally, Benassie apparently passed on the virus to other US soldiers at the games, who were hospitalised right there in China before they were airlifted back to the US. The US government straightaway prohibited the publicising of details on the matter under the time-honoured excuse of “national security interests”, which raised eyebrows as a matter-of-course. As if that was not fishy enough, the US out of the blue tightened Chinese visas to the US at the conclusion of the games.
The rest, as they say, is history: two months later, Covid-19 had taken hold on China territory. “From that date onwards,” said one report, “one to five new cases were reported each day. By December 15, the total number of infections stood at 27 — the first double-digit daily rise was reported on December 17 — and by December 20, the total number of confirmed cases had reached 60.”
TWO CURIOUS RESEARCH HALTINGS
Is it a coincidence that all the US soldiers who fell ill at the Wuhan games did their preparatory training at the Fort Belvoir military base, only a 15-minutes’ drive from Fort Detrick?
That Fort Detrick is a plain-sight perpetrator of pathogenic evils is evidenced by a number of highly suspicious happenings concerning it. Remember the 2001 anthrax mailing attacks on government and media houses which killed five people right on US territory? The two principal suspects who puzzlingly were never charged, worked as microbiologists at Fort Detrick. Of the two, Bruce Ivins, who was the more culpable, died in 2008 of “suicide”. For “suicide”, read “elimination”, probably because he was in the process of spilling the beans and therefore cast the US government in a stigmatically diabolical light. Indeed, the following year, all research projects at Fort Detrick were suspended on grounds that the institute was “storing pathogens not listed in its database”. The real truth was likely much more reprehensible.
In 2014, there was a mini local pandemic in the US which killed thousands of people and which the mainstream media were not gutsy enough to report. It arose following the weaponisation at Fort Detrick of the H7N9 virus, prompting the Obama administration to at once declare a moratorium on the research and withdraw funding.
The Trump administration, however, which has a pathological fixation on undoing practically all the good Obama did, reinstated the research under new rigorous guidelines in 2017. But since old habits die hard, the new guidelines were flouted at will, leading to another shutdown of the whole research gamut at the institute in August 2019. This, nonetheless, was not wholesale as other areas of research, such as experiments to make bird flu more transmissible and which had begun in 2012, proceeded apace. As one commentator pointedly wondered aloud, was it really necessary to study how to make H5N1, which causes a type of bird flu with an eye-popping mortality rate, more transmissible?
Consistent with its character, the CDC was not prepared to furnish particulars upon issuing the cease and desist order, citing “national security reasons”. Could the real reason have been the manufacture of the novel coronavirus courtesy of a tip-off by the more scrupulous scientists?
President Mokgweetsi Masisi may have breathed a huge sigh of relief when he emerged victorious in last year’s 2019 general elections, but the ultimate test of his presidency has only just begun.
From COVID-19 pandemic effects; disenchanted unemployed youth, deteriorating diplomatic relations with neighbouring South Africa as well as emerging instability within the ruling party — Masisi has a lot to resolve in the next few years.
Last week we started an unwanted cold war with Botswana’s main trade partner, South Africa, in what we consider an ill-conceived move. Never, in the history of this country has Botswana shown South Africa a cold shoulder – particularly since the fall of the apartheid regime.
It is without a doubt that our country’s survival depends on having good relations with South Africa. As the Chairperson of African National Congress (ANC), Gwede Mantashe once said, a good relationship between Botswana and South Africa is not optional but necessary.
No matter how aggrieved we feel, we should never engage in a diplomatic war — with due respect to other neighbours— with South Africa. We will never gain anything from starting a diplomatic war with South Africa.
In fact, doing so will imperil our economy, given that majority of businesses in the retail sector and services sector are South African companies.
Former cabinet minister and Phakalane Estates proprietor, David Magang once opined that Botswana’s poor manufacturing sector and importation of more than 80 percent of the foodstuffs from South Africa, effectively renders Botswana a neo-colony of the former.
Magang’s statement may look demeaning, but that is the truth, and all sorts of examples can be produced to support that. Perhaps it is time to realise that as a nation, we are not independent enough to behave the way we do. And for God’s sake, we are a landlocked country!
Recently, the effects of COVID-19 have exposed the fragility of our economy; the devastating pleas of the unemployed and the uncertainty of the future. Botswana’s two mainstay source of income; diamonds and tourism have been hit hard. Going forward, there is a need to chart a new pathway, and surely it is not an easy task.
The ground is becoming fertile for uprisings that are not desirable in any country. That the government has not responded positively to the rising unemployment challenge is the truth, and very soon as a nation we will wake up to this reality.
The magnitude of the problem is so serious that citizens are running out of patience. The government on the other hand has not done much to instil confidence by assuring the populace that there is a plan.
The general feeling is that, not much will change, hence some sections of the society, will try to use other means to ensure that their demands are taken into consideration. Botswana might have enjoyed peace and stability in the past, but there is guarantee that, under the current circumstances, the status quo will be maintained.
It is evident that, increasingly, indigenous citizens are becoming resentful of naturalised and other foreign nationals. Many believe naturalised citizens, especially those of Indian origin, are the major beneficiaries in the economy, while the rest of the society is side-lined.
The resentfulness is likely to intensify going forward. We needed not to be heading in this direction. We needed not to be racist in our approach but when the pleas of the large section of the society are ignored, this is bound to happen.
It is should be the intention of every government that seeks to strive on non-racialism to ensure that there is shared prosperity. Share prosperity is the only way to make people of different races in one society to embrace each other, however, we have failed in this respect.
Masisi’s task goes beyond just delivering jobs and building a nation that we all desire, but he also has an immediate task of achieving stability within his own party. The matter is so serious that, there are threats of defection by a number of MPs, and if he does not arrest this, his government may collapse before completing the five year mandate.
The problems extend to the party itself, where Masisi found himself at war with his Secretary General, Mpho Balopi. The war is not just the fight for Central Committee position, but forms part of the succession plan.