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Allergic Conjunctivitis

Dr Boima

HEALTH ISSUES

Allergic conjunctivitis forms part of a spectrum of allergic disorders. In this condition, there is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the outermost transparent covering of the white of the eye) due to overreaction by the body’s immune system.

The major subtypes are seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (symptoms are limited to a certain time during the year) and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (symptoms are generally present throughout the year).

Occurrence
Personal history – Allergic conjunctivitis is common in people who have other forms of allergic disease like hay fever (97%), asthma (56%) and eczema (33%)
Genetics – It often runs in families
Age – allergic conjunctivitis like with other allergies, is more common in children and young adults
Environment – If one has allergies and lives in locations with high pollen counts, s/he is more susceptible to allergic conjunctivitis

Causes
The allergens that commonly cause allergic reaction in the eyes are:
Pollen (trees, grass, flowers, weeds)
Animal/Pets fur
Smoke or air pollution
Eye drops
Cosmetics
Dust mites

Symptoms
Most people with allergic conjunctivitis have problems with both eyes. Symptoms usually appear soon after the eyes have been in contact with the allergen or in other cases (eye drops) they may take about two to four days to appear. The following symptoms and signs are commonly reported in allergic conjunctivitis;
Itchy eyes
Red eyes
Teary/watery eyes
Painful/burning eyes
Gritty eyes (Feeling of foreign body in the eyes e.g. sand)
Swollen eyelids

Diagnosis

Allergic conjunctivitis is usually diagnosed after a thorough assessment of the symptoms described by the patient, and the suggestive signs that the doctor can see on the patient. Blood tests and other special tests are rarely needed. The most important thing is to rule out other eye conditions that may present with similar symptoms.

Treatment

Avoidance – When an allergen is identified, the person should avoid the allergen as much as possible

Home remedies – avoid rubbing or touching the eyes, as eye-rubbing may cause more inflammation. Compressing the eyes with cool towel. Washing the eyes twice a day with clean water.

Anti-histamines – may be given in the form of eye drops and tablets. Many of the symptoms in allergic conjunctivitis are due to histamine. Histamine is released by immune cells in response to an allergic trigger, and is the one responsible for the inflammatory changes and the symptoms that occur in allergic conjunctivitis.

Vasoconstrictors – e.g. oxymetazoline are available either alone or in combination with antihistamines to provide short-term relief of the inflammation/dilated blood vessels.

NSAIDS – topical NSAIDS may be prescribed to bring down the inflammation.

Steroids – they are only prescribed if symptoms are especially severe. They come in the form of eye drops and tablets.


Complications

Complications of allergic conjunctivitis in regards to a person’s health are extremely rare, but;

Sufferers may get frustrated of the prolonged/recurrence of symptoms

There may be disruption of the smooth running of day-to-day life activities that need concentration

Secondary eye infections may occur (discharging and sticky eyes)

Vision impairment – there is a small risk that the cornea might get inflamed as well (keratitis) especially in severe prolonged conjunctivitis, therefore affecting the vision. Patients with allergic conjunctivitis may as a precaution do annual eye/visual tests.

Prevention

People who know what causes their allergic conjunctivitis can help prevent the attack by avoiding the triggers. In addition, allergic triggers can be avoided by;

Using sunglasses to act as a barrier for airborne allergens

Using hypoallergenic bedding

Changing sheets/linen regularly

 For enquiries or comments please email agboima@yahoo.com

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WeekendLife

TV Show explores Tswana culture

6th February 2024

Logaga Lwa Ditiragalo, a cultural exchange TV show, is set to ignite a genuine appreciation of diversity in Botswana and revitalize the country’s great tourism sector. In recent years, culture in Botswana has taken a backseat, leading to tribalism and narcissism that has caused division and resentment among different ethnic groups. However, a small group of individuals is determined to bring back the golden days of culture and restore unity among the people.

The TV show, Logaga Lwa Ditiragalo, aims to shine a spotlight on the diverse ethnic groups in Botswana, such as Balete, Bangwaketse, Baherero, Bakalaka, Bangwato, Bayei, Basarwa, Bakwena, Batswapong, and Bakgatla. By showcasing the distinctive characteristics, age-old traditions, and deeply rooted values of these cultural groups, the program seeks to foster a broader understanding and appreciation for Botswana’s rich cultural tapestry.

Recognizing the pivotal role of culture in shaping human identity, Logaga Lwa Ditiragalo aims to serve as a bridge across the cultural landscape. In an era of increasing global connectivity, the show believes that exposing individuals to different ethnic cultures can cultivate understanding, nurture respect, and ignite a genuine appreciation for diversity.

Beyond its entertainment value, the TV show holds substantial benefits for Botswana. It has the capacity to preserve the country’s unique heritage, traditions, and customs, contributing significantly to the nation’s sense of identity and pride. Moreover, the program’s portrayal of Botswana’s cultural richness is expected to attract tourists, invigorating the tourism sector and creating employment opportunities, thus bolstering the country’s economic landscape.

Logaga Lwa Ditiragalo also aims to be a catalyst for social cohesion, fostering unity among people from diverse backgrounds and promoting a deeper understanding of cultural diversity. By showcasing the beauty and richness of Botswana’s cultural heritage, the program seeks to bring people together and bridge the gaps that have been created by tribalism and narcissism.

The TV show is meticulously designed to captivate audiences interested in delving into the intricacies of ethnic cultures. With a commitment to both entertainment and education, Logaga Lwa Ditiragalo will unfold over forty days, starting in October 2024, captivating viewers on TV networks and various social media platforms.

At the heart of the TV show are twenty individuals chosen to represent the cultural diversity in Botswana. The inclusion of two individuals with disabilities underscores the program’s commitment to inclusivity and aligns seamlessly with the country’s vision of promoting equal opportunities for all.

The selection process for participants involves public participation, with interested individuals casting their votes through service providers. This transparent and inclusive cultural affair ensures that the TV show truly represents the diverse cultural landscape of Botswana.

Logaga Lwa Ditiragalo sets out to revive culture in Botswana, ignite a genuine appreciation of diversity, and revitalize the tourism sector. By showcasing the unique heritage, traditions, and customs of different ethnic groups, the TV show aims to foster unity, understanding, and respect among the people of Botswana. With its potential to attract tourists and create employment opportunities, Logaga Lwa Ditiragalo holds great promise for the country’s cultural and economic landscape.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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WeekendLife

Be with Thabo on the 14th February

6th February 2024

Valentine’s Day is just around the corner, and love is in the air. It’s the perfect time to celebrate with heartwarming music, and “Ha Kena Le Thabo” by the Dalom Kids is the ultimate anthem for this special day. This catchy tune not only captures the essence of the season but also carries a powerful message that resonates with listeners.

The Dalom Kids have taken the spotlight with their latest remix hit song, and it’s no surprise why. Their music has stood the test of time, and their songs are loved today as much as they were loved two decades ago. They have found a way to revamp their music, aligning it with the current times, and their collaboration with Nkosazana daughter By Master KG SA Music last year is a testament to their dedication to empowering individuals during difficult times.

“Ha Kena Le Thabo” is a song that encourages listeners to express their heartfelt appreciation towards their loved ones. It serves as a reminder to acknowledge and celebrate the love and support we receive from those who are dear to us. In a world that often moves too quickly, it’s easy to forget the significance of love and companionship. However, the Dalom Kids’ music reminds us of the indispensability of gratitude and how it strengthens the bonds we share with our loved ones.

The Dalom Kids have made a name for themselves in the South African music scene, captivating audiences for several decades. Their unique blend of contemporary sounds and traditional influences has left an indelible mark on the industry. Their songs have always carried important messages, addressing topics such as love, unity, and resilience.

Formed in 1987 by the late Daniel Tshanda, the group consists of Jacqueline Rotwana, Petronella Rampou, and Magdeline Zungu. Together, they have created music that resonates with people from all walks of life. Their songs are not only catchy but also carry a deeper meaning, touching the hearts of listeners.

“Ha Kena Le Thabo” effortlessly fits into the pattern of the Dalom Kids’ music, reinforcing the importance of acknowledging and celebrating the love we have in our lives. It serves as a reminder to slow down and appreciate the love and support we receive from our loved ones. In a world that can often be chaotic and overwhelming, this song brings a sense of calm and gratitude.

As Valentine’s Day approaches, let the music of the Dalom Kids inspire you to express your love and appreciation for those who bring joy to your life. Let “Ha Kena Le Thabo” be the soundtrack to your celebrations, as you embrace the spirit of gratitude and affection that this season represents. Take a moment to reflect on the love you have in your life and let this song be a reminder of the importance of expressing that love to those who matter most.

In conclusion, “Ha Kena Le Thabo” by the Dalom Kids is the perfect anthem for Valentine’s Day. Its catchy tune and powerful message make it an ideal song to celebrate love and gratitude. Let this song inspire you to express your love and appreciation for those who bring joy to your life. As you celebrate this special day, let the music of the Dalom Kids be the soundtrack to your celebrations, reminding you of the importance of love and companionship.

 

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WeekendLife

Miss Botswana in full swing

18th January 2024

The Miss Botswana pageant is in full swing, with the top 10 finalists working tirelessly to impress the judges and secure the coveted title. This week, the finalists have been busy with their Beauty-With-A-Purpose projects, a crucial component of the Miss World pageant. The spotlight is on these young women as they showcase their commitment to making a difference in the lives of others.

The Beauty-With-A-Purpose documentation week is a crucial moment for the finalists. They will be filmed as they present their projects to the judges and the audience, highlighting the impact they have had on their communities. This aspect of the competition is particularly important, as Miss World advocates for the wellbeing of children. Therefore, the projects should be aligned with this mission and demonstrate a genuine commitment to improving the lives of children.

Unfortunately, Botswana has never won the Beauty-With-A-Purpose competition at Miss World. This suggests that previous projects from Miss Botswana queens may not have been convincing enough or may not have met the criteria set by Miss World. It is crucial for the finalists to ensure that their projects are compelling and directly address the needs of children in their communities.

The top 10 finalists for Miss Botswana are Relebanye Bakane, Anicia Gaothusi, Halle Hirschfeld, Lorato Kgangyapelo, Sebaga Manyepetsa, Otshepo Nthonyana, Charmaine Reasentse, Lefika Tladi, Emma Tshisimogo, and Christina Vanstaden. These young women have shown great dedication and passion throughout the competition, and it is clear that they are determined to make a difference.

The Miss Botswana Organization has been proactive in ensuring that the pageant is inclusive and representative of the entire country. Auditions were held across the country, allowing Batswana from all regions to participate in the journey. Additionally, a mini fashion show and beauty showcase were organized to highlight the talents and beauty of the contestants.

The Miss Botswana pageant has been a major event in the country, with 34 episodes documenting the journey to finding the next queen. The Top 30 finalists were celebrated with a grand launch, and the plans for their journey were unveiled. The organization has spared no effort in ensuring that the pageant is a memorable and impactful experience for all involved.

The highly anticipated Miss Botswana Top 10 launch will take place next week. The reigning Miss Botswana, Lesego Chombo, will represent the country at the 71st edition of Miss World, which will be held in New Delhi, India on March 2, 2024. Chombo was crowned by Polish model and Miss World 2021, Karolina Bielawska, who made a special appearance at the finale in October 2022. Chombo will now have the honor of crowning her successor at the upcoming pageant.

As the finale approaches, the heat is on in Miss Botswana’s kitchen. The top 10 finalists are working tirelessly to showcase their Beauty-With-A-Purpose projects and make a lasting impact. It is an exciting time for these young women, and the entire country is eagerly awaiting the crowning of the next Miss Botswana.

 

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