Mr President, I am not what you say I am – Motumise
The Law Society of Botswana (LSB) and Omphemetse Motumise, an attorney who President Lt Gen Ian Khama Seretse Khama recently refused to appoint as the judge of the High court maintains that Khama has violated the country’s constitution and has a strong case against him before court.
As the hearing date for the case draws nearer by the day, all parties involved in the matter including President Khama, Judicial Service Commission (JSC), LSB and Motumise continue to share heated points of contention which they intend to debate on before court.
This past Friday morning, Motumise and the LSB filed replying affidavits to President Khama and the JSC answering affidavits on the matter.
Motumise maintains that he ought to have been appointed the Judge of the High court because he is not what Khama perceive him to be.
‘Since I do not personally interact with the President, and he avers that he has reasons for rejecting advice to appoint me, he could only have derived any information about me from informants. The first respondent (President) does not explain why he cannot disclose his informants to me and allow me to face them in my defence. The reluctance to disclose reasons to me, if any exist, I submit is borne out of fear of placing on record the identity and modus operandi of the informants who would be operating outside the law by placing citizens under surveillance to collect allegedly private information,” Motumise had explained.
Hi says the criteria adopted by Khama and the circumstances under which it is applied are matters known only by him. This state of affairs according to Motumise is inconsistent with principles of legality as practised in a democratic society. He added that although the constitution obliges the President to appoint in accordance with the advice of the JSC, he has decided that he will prefer the advice of others to refuse to appoint. This approach he says makes the divide between the Executive and the Judiciary invisible and thereby politicises the appointment of judges.
“This is manifest from his reliance on political considerations and the advice of Cabinet. Our constitution never envisaged that judicial appointments could ever be debated by or subjected to Cabinet approval,” Motumise stated and added that, he does not understand what purpose the criterion of the socio-political situation serves “nor is this explained, unless the first respondent is looking to appoint individuals whose social and political views, associations and orientation meet with his approval.”
That notwithstanding, Motumise wrote to the court that there is nothing in his socio-political orientation and background which renders him a threat to national security or unsuitable for appointment.
“I have been apolitical, non-partisan and independent as evidenced, among other things, by ten years I served as Deputy Chairperson of the Independent Electoral Commission, an appointment held under the Constitution of Botswana. I submit that those are some of the essential attributes of a person who seeks to hold judicial office. I also submit that a person who is partisan and politically orientated and active is unsuitable for appointment by the reason of the fact that he or she is liable to political manipulation and bias,” he further stated.
A few weeks ago, Khama has stated in his answering affidavit filed before court that when he makes appointment he takes into account a broad range of material considerations including matters of national security, the socio-political situation in Botswana, public perceptions of the relevant candidate and the judiciary and questions of policy, and by implication suggested that Motumise could have failed to satisfy some.
The LSB Executive Secretary argues that the considerations cited by President Khama are irrelevant to the appointment of the Judges. Nonetheless, Motumise who would want his name cleared before the court denies that he could have failed the test as even remotely, he can never be a national security threat or “whatsoever.”
“I submit that no discretion can be exercised duly, lawfully and properly when a person’s reputation is tarnished without being afforded a hearing. The first respondent implies that disclosing such information might be embarrassing to me. But he could disclose it to me and afford me an opportunity to defend myself and to contest the veracity of any adverse information he holds against me. He does not explain why as a citizen of this country I am not entitled to that fundamental constitutional right. What is embarrassing and humiliating is the very suggestion that the President might be holding embarrassing information about a citizen,” Motumise further stated.
A court of law, Motumise intends to submit, cannot be called upon to accept that an official duty was performed duly, lawfully and properly in the absence of reasons. His contention is that to deny him reasons is to deny him due process and the protection of law.
He however agreed with Khama that there should be checks and balances between the Judiciary and the Executive.
“But I submit that it cannot be correct that only he can check and balance the judiciary while it cannot in turn review the exercise of his powers.”
Khama had contended that the court does not have the power to review his decision of refusing to appoint Motumise as the Judge of the High court.
The LSB however maintains that the case does not centre on the reviewability of President Khama’s decision not to appoint Motumise as a judge of the High court but rather the interpretation of section 96 (2) of the constitution which the President derived his powers from.
In addition to the order reviewing and setting aside of the President’s decision not to appoint Motumise, the applicants seek further declaratory relief in relation to Khama’s powers in terms of section 96(2) of the constitution and the conduct of the JSC in matters relating to the appointment of judges.
A squabble has broken out between Pule Mosala Funeral Parlour and the Botswana Police Service (BPS) over the remains of a South African national who has been in the Mosala mortuary for more than nineteen months. The deceased was one of 10 suspects who were controversially shot dead during a lengthy shootout with law enforcement authorities in Gaborone’s Phase 2 early last year.
The deceased individual’s family based in Soweto, has encountered difficulties in repatriating the body which has been in the care of Mosala Mortuary Services. Following the incident, it has emerged that all 10 bodies were transported to PFG mortuary in Lobatse for a brief period while the police attempted to locate their next of kin. It is reported that the families of the deceased were eventually identified and informed to come and identify their loved ones, including other South African nationals who were part of the criminal group. These families also witnessed the autopsy procedures conducted at Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone.
Except for the family from Soweto, nine of the bodies were claimed and taken by their separate relatives. The Soweto family claims they lack the resources to bring the body back to South Africa and has made it known that they are looking for money. To end the supposed verbal agreement over the body’s storage for repatriation, Mosala Funeral Service has filed a case against the police at the Lobatse High Court.
According to Keakantse Mmotlhana, the company’s Sales and Marketing Manager, 10 people who were killed in Phase 2 by gunfire were all temporarily transferred to one of PFG’s branches in Lobatse by the police while efforts were made to find their next of kin. She expressed outrage at the statement made by the Minister of Defense and Security, recently.
After Assistant Police Commissioner Dipheko Motube called her office to apologize for giving the Minister wrong information during a news conference, she confirmed that they had accepted the apologies. He made it clear that one of the victims was still at Pule Mortuary in Lobatse.
Bushie Mosala, the director and owner of Mosala Funeral Services, confirmed that the body of a South African national has been in his mortuary for the past nineteen months. He expressed his desire for the police to remove the corpse from the mortuary, characterising the situation as a “nightmare.” He has instructed his legal team to file a lawsuit against the police in the Lobatse High Court concerning the body.
Mosala urged the acting Police Commissioner to come forward and apologize to the nation for the situation, asserting that the public has the right to know the truth regarding the body of the South African national, w
C -002Bhich was preserved by the police as evidence.
The South African High Commission in Gaborone had not responded to queries from Weekend Post at the time going of going to press.
Botswana Sectors of Teachers Union (BOSETU) has expressed alarm over a troubling trend by the government. Tobokani Rari, Secretary General of the BOSETU, stated that it appears that these days, whenever there is a dispute between workers and the government, the administration is fast to run to the courts to attempt and muffle unions.
“This is quite disturbing development, we have seen it with the Botswana Doctors Union, there was a disagreement over the shift allowance, government rushed to court, they indeed got order that was saying the doctors should go and do the work. We have seen it with the nurses, they rushed to court they got the order, we are now seeing it with the teachers, they rushed to the court and they got what they wanted,” said Rari, who also served as the Secretary General of BOFEPUSU.
Rari raised concerns that the government’s enforcement of teacher’s work, through a court order will result in reduced classroom productivity and morale. Rari added that this situation would negatively impact labour relations and teachers emotional wellbeing due to dissatisfaction in their work places leading to persistently poor academic outcomes.
“You can get an order that forces people to work, but what happens at work, it heightens emotions, it destroys relationships and the morale goes down and productivity does. Courts and judgments don’t solve productivity issues. Productivity only comes when people are satisfied at the workplace, so if you force them to work through a court order then you may not get the maximum out of the working population,” said Rari
MESD vs BOSETU COURT CASE
“As you are aware, the Ministry of Education approached courts and they were demanding three things from the court in this case between BOSETU and the ministry. First, they were demanding that the joint letter that was written by BOSETU and Botswana Teachers Union (BTU) asking members to stop doing course work because there was no agreement be declared unlawfully and BOSETU should write to its members and withdraw that letter within 24hrs. The second thing that they were looking for, was to interdict BOSETU from further issuing any instructions to that effect going forward. Lastly was that court should hold BOSETU to pay the cost of the lawsuit on a punitive scale,” Rari said.
Rari stated that the court decided to rule in favour of the Ministry of Education on all three relieves sought, that the savingram should be declared unlawful, that BOSETU should withdraw the contents savingram within 24hrs.
Court also said BOSETU should not issue any of such instructions going forward up until the case of contempt that BOSETU has taken to court, the contempt of the 2009 judgment has been decided. Court also awarded cost to the ministry on a punitive scale.
“BOSETU is a law abiding citizen and therefore we are bound by any laws and judgments that are there in Botswana and arise on the courts of Botswana hence we have complied with the order. On the 31st after the court case, we wrote to all our members and told them that the contents of that savingram as far as coursework is concerned has been withdrawn,” said Rari.
Rari said what happened in this case is that the judge decided to listen to the urgency without the responding affidavits of the opposing party, BOSETU, and went on to rule the merit of the case, which surprised the union.
“However we have been in discussion with our lawyers because if we leave things like this, we feel like we cannot leave that unchallenged. We have taken a decision to appeal the judgment,” Rari confirmed.
2023 COURSEWORK AND INVIGILATION AGREEMENT
“We would like to make our members aware that the following day after the judgment, we were able to meet the Ministry of Education and we have arrived at a conclusion that we signed an agreement that coursework rates will be increased by 5%. If court had ruled that coursework is the duty of the teachers’ means it wouldn’t have been any agreement after the court case, it tells you that the issue is still open and it is on the table. We have arrived at an agreement that there is going to be an increment on all components of coursework and invigilation,” Rari pointed out.
Rari further explained that Article 2 says union party is to submit detailed proposals on the intensity of the coursework for further engagement. Intensity of coursework means where the coursework payment starts in terms of varying from different subjects. He said the outcome based subject that are taught Maun Senior Secondary School and Moeng college which are agriculture and hotel and tourism is that ministry have agreed and acknowledge that there are some peculiarity in their coursework and therefore should be paid in line with the peculiarities that are contained in their coursework.
Rari pointed out the resolutions taken at the conference where the issue of application of corporal punishment was addressed. “BOSETU will issue out a memo to their members to advise them that they should not apply corporal punishment, they should leave it to be applied in line with the Education Act.”
The Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) which had struck a deal with the Ministry of Education to supply some schools in the northern part of the country is counting losses as mass migration of buffalos jeopardize the Commission’s plans.
Information reaching this publication shows that the beef exporter was recently given the greenlight to supply government schools with beef. According to documents seen by this publication, as a result BMC had scheduled to buy and collect cattle in the Nata-Gweta and Boteti constituencies from 11 to 17 September.
This was after BMC and the Ministry of Education struck a deal for the former to supply government schools with beef. Letters exchanged between Ministry officials state that it has been recommended to the ministry to support BMC by allowing it to supply schools with beef products.
The Ministry indicated that it was aware that some schools have contracts that are currently running with suppliers such as local butcheries.
The Ministry revealed that at the same time BMC has 256 tins of frozen quality meat at its Maun Plant.
The Ministry requested the Director-Regional Operations to appoint an officer to manage the procurement of meat for schools that do not currently have running contracts. The Ministry further stated that Modalities of collection will be arranged between the region and the schools identified.
According to the Ministry, a list of schools including the condition of their cold rooms and their number of deliveries and kilograms per week they buy should be compiled. The Ministry also requested its officials to share the list with headquarters and the acting director-Basic Education, and engage BMC accordingly to procure.
But this plan ran into trouble after it emerged that between 300 to 500 buffalos migrated from the buffalo fence area to Nata, Dukwi and Mosetse areas.
The Department of Veterinary Services sprang into acting by revising movement protocol for cloven-hoofed animals with immediate effect following buffalo sightings in zone 3b which covers Nata/Sowa, zone 3c which is around the Dukwi areas as well as zone 6a, which covers the Mosetse area, which fall under zones, 3b, 3c, 5,6a and 8.
The Department of Veterinary Services indicated that as a result, movement of live cloven-hoofed animals and their products out of zones 3b, 3c, 5, 6a and 8 were prohibited and that movement of live cloven-hoofed animals within and into these zones is only allowed for direct slaughter at licensed slaughter facilities under veterinary movement permit issued through BAITS.
The department also indicated that the movement of fresh products derived from cloven-hoofed animals such as raw milk, skins and fresh meat into these zones is also only allowed under a similar arrangement.
Movement of live cloven-hoofed animals into these zones for rearing and other purposes will not be allowed, and farmers and the general public is requested to continue being vigilant and report any buffalo sightings to the nearest veterinary office, the police or the Department of Wildlife and National Parks, the department said.
Meanwhile the Ministry of Agriculture has stated that following the press release on prohibition of movement of live cloven-hooved animals and their products in and out of Zones 3b, 3c, 5, 6a & 8, the acting Minister of Agriculture Karabo Gare, his counterpart Acting Minister of Environment, Wildlife & Tourism Mabuse Pule, acting Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture Mr. Joshua Moloi, Director of Veterinary Services Dr Kefentse Motshegwa and other government officials visited the areas of Sepako and Dukwi respectively on a mission to consult with communities regarding the invasion of the places by buffalos.
Minister Gare alluded that they have been sent by the President of Botswana, who is equally worried by the current situation. He noted that the affected areas have a total of around 300000 cattle and if the situation goes unchecked, there might be detrimental effects on the economy of this country.
He encouraged the communities to help government going forward by reporting any spotted buffalos in their areas, emphasizing that buffalos are dangerous and can kill people and that care should be exercised at all times.
The Director of Veterinary Services mentioned that they closed the above mentioned zones to allow for testing of buffalos & cattle for foot & mouth disease. The wildlife department’s Director Mr. Moremi Batshabang assured farmers and the community that they will eliminate small clusters of buffalos found within communities and translocate larger clusters to ensure their safety.