On Tuesday this week Botswana Innovation Hub held their Innovation Vendor day which shall become a key event in their annual calendar and is aligned to the National Science Technology and Innovation (STI) month.
This month was set aside by the Ministry of Infrastructure Science and Technology to share information and showcase Science Technology and Innovation in Botswana with an array of Science and Technology related events across the country. The STI month was launched by the Minister of Infrastructure Science and Technology, Hon Nonofo Molefhi on the 4th August 2015 in Gaborone.
The Innovation Vendor day and exhibition is an initiative of the Botswana Innovation Hub to publicise its mandate and showcase current innovation programmes offering and relevance to Batswana. It is symbolised by technology demonstrations, innovation pitch sessions, innovation exhibitions and networking activities.
The Objective of the Innovation Vendor day is to sensitize stakeholders of current developments within the Botswana Innovation Hub and Science, Technology and Innovation in general.
The Botswana Innovation Hub is a product of the Botswana Excellence Strategy of 2008 where Government sought to establish a Science and Technology Park to contribute to economic diversification efforts through Science, Technology and Innovation prospects which have been forecasted future drivers of the economy beyond mineral wealth.
The under construction Science Park is an organisation managed by specialised professionals, whose main aim is to increase the wealth of its community by promoting the culture of innovation and the competitiveness of its associated businesses and knowledge-based institutions.
The Park will stimulate and manage the flow of knowledge and technology amongst universities, R&D institutions, companies and markets; facilitate the creation and growth of innovation-based companies through incubation and spin-off processes as well as provide other value-added services together with high quality space and facilities.
Botswana Innovation Hub, through its wholly owned subsidiary Botswana Innovation Hub Properties, engages in property development and facilities management activities within the Science and Technology Park. Their commercial and real estate proposition include creating a physical workspace – office and lab space for rental, serviced land for lease or co-development, and superior ICT infrastructure and services.
The construction of the (23 000 sqm) Icon Building, a key attraction to the Park, is well underway. Attendants had an opportunity to appreciate the creative process that led to the building and the progress to date, later touring the Park. It is envisaged that the Icon Building will house key technology multinationals, such as, Microsoft, Oracle, Dimension Data, as tenants, but also as strategic and collaborative partners in the innovation agenda. The development of the icon building provides physical platform for business and networking opportunities.
The building will comprise superior ICT services, office spaces, high-end laboratories, meeting rooms, a 250 seater auditorium, communal garden sand a range of shared amenities. It represents modern thinking in the design of green buildings and it is intended to set a trend.
While officiating at the event BIH Chairman of Board of Directors Neo Moroka said Strategic partnerships and collaborations are a corner stone of our business model. To this end, Botswana Innovation Hub has since established more than 20 partnerships which have delivered amongst others, private sector driven innovation support programmes and high impact technology oriented projects.
The Microsoft Corporation under the auspices Microsoft Innovation Centre (MIC) has recently renewed its commitment to work with Botswana Innovation Hub in delivering innovation led initiatives and capacity building programmes.
“In addition, I am pleased with the recent Special Economic Zone Bill which the Parliament recently passed as this will designate the Science and Technology Park as an SEZ which will not only extend more incentives to BIH registered members but also improve doing business environment. Our membership and partnerships records currently stand at 90 registrations in the four sectors of mining technology, biotechnology, energy and environment and lastly Information and Communications Technologies”, said Moroka.
Lastly he acknowledged that innovation needs investments especially financial, he urged Government and key industry practitioners to appreciate that Innovation is the game changer in our national competitiveness. He asked them to continue to support grassroots innovations which will go a long way in creating a global footprint about our culture.
Microsoft and Innovation Hub together with key partners are working together to pilot a new type of technology to deliver broadband access called “TV Whitespace” in Lobatse, Francistown, and Maun. In telecommunications, White Spaces refer to frequencies allocated to a broadcasting service but not used locally. Botswana Innovation Hub has requested for a special pilot license to run this project with its partners.
“This is a cutting edge technology that has the potential of providing cheaper broadband internet connectivity to areas that were not connected before. The technology is ideal as it can work in areas where there is no electricity, and it can lower the cost of an access base station by a factor of 10,” stated Manager of the Microsoft Innovation Centre, Patel Barwabatsile.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.