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Suspended Judges sue Khama, Chief Justice

Judges sue Khama for their suspension pending investigations

The four suspended Judges Key Dingake, Modiri Letsididi, Mercy Garekwe and Ranier Busang this week filed an urgent application before the High Court to challenge their recent suspension from the bench by President Lt. Gen. Ian Khama.

In suspending them, Khama has beseeched section 97 of the constitution and effectively suspended the Judges for alleged “misbehavior.”  The suspension came after claims were laid against the said judges for receiving misallocated housing allowances while staying in government houses.

Chief Justice Maruping Dibotelo is said to have reported the quartet to the police for investigation and to face criminal charges where need be. In addition the Judges were reprimanded for having undermined the authority of the Chief Justice and to have acted in manner that was damaging to the judiciary.

They are accused of addressing a letter to Dibotelo (and copied to all other judges) criticizing his conduct against them; and signed a petition addressed to the Judicial Service Commission seeking the Chief Justice’s impeachment, the issue which is also said to have irked the Chief Justice.

Following the suspension of the Judges, Khama also appointed a tribunal to investigate the quartet and if found guilty of any wrong doing on the matter they may be removed from office.

In court papers passed to Weekend Post and filed before Justice Tau, the Judges want to declare invalid the decision of President Khama to suspend them pending the outcome of the tribunal’s investigation.  

In fact they also want the court to set aside that decision to appoint that tribunal to investigate them (with the potential for removal from judicial office).

The four argue in the papers that: “the decision to establish a tribunal and/or to suspend the applicants (Judges) violates the rule of law and/or the applicants (Judges)’s rights to equal protection of the law, and is unconstitutional.”

They further state that the decision to establish a tribunal and to suspend them violates the very constitutional tenet of judicial independence, as well as their rights to freedom of expression.

The issue of separation of powers comes into play

According to Justice Dingake, in his founding affidavit, the matter raises concerns over the separation of powers and the need to safeguard the judiciary against improper interference by the Executive.
In the affidavit, the suspended Judge pointed out that the decision to suspend them on the grounds advanced violated the tenet of judicial independence and the proper separation of powers.

Independence of the judiciary and freedom of expression

“I am advised and verily believe that the manner in which the president dealt with this matter undermines the independence of the judiciary to the extent that it suggest that there is no security of tenure,” he said.

The housing allowance saga

Dingake, a progressive judge who is seen as the main target in the matter explained in court papers that it appears that housing allowances were mistakenly paid to the four judges, and they established that it’s not only them but two other judges, “in what was an administrative oversight by Administration of Justice or its accounting officer.”


He said they were not afforded an opportunity to be heard before the president took his decision to appoint a Tribunal and to suspend them. As a consequence, these decisions were taken in breach of the requirements of natural justice and procedural fairness, the Justice stated in the affidavit.


 “As soon as we had knowledge of the oversight, we offered to repay the housing allowances. Any suggestion that the Judges have perpetrated a criminal act in relation to the housing allowances is baseless.”

Does the president have powers to suspend Judges?

President Khama is said to have invoked section 97 of the constitution to suspend the judges, and to appoint a tribunal to investigate them.


Section 97 (2) states: “a judge of the High Court may be removed from office only for inability to perform the functions of his office (whether arising from infirmity of body or mind or from any other cause) or for misbehavior, and shall not be so removed except in accordance with the provisions of this section.”


Subsection (3) of the same section continues to state that “if the president considers that the question of removing a judge of the High Court under this section ought to be investigated then (a) he shall appoint a tribunal which shall consist of a Chairman and not less than two other members, who hold or have held high judicial office; (b) the tribunal shall inquire into the matter and report on the facts thereof to the President and advise the president whether the judge ought to be removed from office under this section for inability as aforementioned or for misbehavior, the president shall remove such judge from office.”


“If the question of removing a judge of the High court from the office has been referred to a tribunal under subsection (3) of this section, the President may suspend the judge from performing the functions of his office, and any such suspension may at any time be revoked by the President and shall in any case cease to have effect if the tribunal advises the President that the judge ought not to be removed from office,” section 97 (5) reads.


According to Dingake’s affidavit, he has been advised and verily believes that the President’s power to suspend a judge is subject to the constitution and the law. He said it must not be exercised in manner that undermines judicial independence (a constitutionally enshrined principle).


“As a consequence, the decision to suspend a judge must be carefully considered in light of the particular facts of the case. As such, the grounds for a suspension must be sufficiently serious to warrant an immediate removal from office.

Otherwise no judge can feel free to exercise their judicial independence for fear that they may be the subject of an investigation and/or suspension.”


He continued to state that the constitution protects the judge’s security of tenure and ensures that it should not be easy to remove a judge from office.


Dingake said there is the Judicial Code of Conduct in place which sets the standard to which judges must adhere. “It sets out a number of rules to safeguard the independence of the judiciary and to ensure that judges act with impartiality, integrity, equality and diligence.”

Why the matter needs urgent attention

The four suspended judges, through their lawyers at Chibanda Makgalemele and Company Attorneys, have said the matter is of paramount urgency because each day the Judges are on suspension their reputations and standing as judges continue to suffer.


“Their suspension creates the impression that the charges against them have substance and ultimately, the suspension creates the perception that they are guilty and corrupt,” they asserted.


They also state that the suspension (and the publicity that surrounds it) creates the perception that the judiciary lacks independence from the executive. “This erodes public confidence in the judiciary. It is imperative that this perception be speedily dispelled.”


In addition, the Judges posit that the suspension prejudices members of the public and litigants whose matters are before them (judges). A number of these matters have already been heard and are awaiting judgement.


“Other matters have been set down for the coming weeks. These matters will be delayed or postponed. The magnitude of this disruption and delay must not be underestimated.”


To put the matter into perspective, each of the suspended judges have a minimum of 300 active files and this translates to 1200 files that need to be managed and/or relocated amongst the remaining Gaborone and Lobatse judges thus rendering their already heavy workload impossible, they highlighted.  


They further pointed out that: “this matter raises very important and weighty constitutional matters of great importance in a democracy such as ours. Matters of this nature can also not wait a hearing in due course and need to be addressed and adjudicated upon with expediency having due regard to their impact on the country as a whole.”


The case is expected to be a make or break for the judiciary of the country and will be heard before Justice Tau next week Thursday.

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Masisi to dump Tsogwane?

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Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) and some senior government officials are abuzz with reports that President Mokgweetsi Masisi has requested his Vice President, Slumber Tsogwane not to contest the next general elections in 2024.

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African DFIs gear to combat climate change

25th November 2022

The impacts of climate change are increasing in frequency and intensity every year and this is forecast to continue for the foreseeable future. African CEOs in the Global South are finally coming to the party on how to tackle the crisis.

Following the completion of COP27 in Egypt recently, CEOs of Africa DFIs converged in Botswana for the CEO Forum of the Association of African Development Finance Institutions. One of the key themes was on green financing and building partnerships for resource mobilization in financing SDGs in Africa

A report; “Weathering the storm; African Development Banks response to Covid-19” presented shocking findings during the seminar. Among them; African DFI’s have proven to be financially resilient, and they are fast shifting to a green transition and it’s financing.

COO, CEDA, James Moribame highlighted that; “Everyone needs food, shelter and all basic needs in general, but climate change is putting the achievement of this at bay. “It is expensive for businesses to do business, for instance; it is much challenging for the agricultural sector due to climate change, and the risks have gone up. If a famer plants crops, they should be ready for any potential natural disaster which will cost them their hard work.”

According to Moribame, Start-up businesses will forever require help if there is no change.

“There is no doubt that the Russia- Ukraine war disrupted supply chains. SMMEs have felt the most impact as some start-up businesses acquire their materials internationally, therefore as inflation peaks, this means the exchange rate rises which makes commodities expensive and challenging for SMMEs to progress. Basically, the cost of doing business has gone up. Governments are no longer able to support DFI’s.”

Moribame shared remedies to the situation, noting that; “What we need is leadership that will be able to address this. CEOs should ensure companies operate within a framework of responsible lending. They also ought to scout for opportunities that would be attractive to investors, this include investors who are willing to put money into green financing. Botswana is a prime spot for green financing due to the great opportunity that lies in solar projects. ”

Technology has been hailed as the economy of the future and thus needs to be embraced to drive operational efficiency both internally and externally.

Executive Director, bank of Industry Nigeria, Simon Aranou mentioned that for investors to pump money to climate financing in Africa, African states need to be in alignment with global standards.

“Do what meets world standards if you want money from international investors. Have a strong risk management system. Also be a good borrower, if you have a loan, honour the obligation of paying it back because this will ensure countries have a clean financial record which will then pave way for easier lending of money in the future. African states cannot just be demanding for mitigation from rich countries. Financing needs infrastructure to complement it, you cannot be seating on billions of dollars without the necessary support systems to make it work for you. Domestic resource mobilisation is key. Use public money to mobilise private money.” He said.

For his part, the Minster of Minister of Entrepreneurship, Karabo Gare enunciated that, over the past three years, governments across the world have had to readjust their priorities as the world dealt with the effects and impact of the COVID 19 pandemic both to human life and economic prosperity.

“The role of DFIs, during this tough period, which is to support governments through countercyclical measures, including funding of COVID-19 related development projects, has become more important than ever before. However, with the increasingly limited resources from governments, DFIs are now expected to mobilise resources to meet the fiscal gaps and continue to meet their developmental mandates across the various affected sectors of their economies.” Said Gare.

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TotalEnergies Botswana launches Road safety campaign in Letlhakeng

22nd November 2022

Letlhakeng:TotalEnergies Botswana today launched a Road Safety Campaign as part of their annual Stakeholder Relationship Management (SRM), in partnership with Unitrans, MVA Fund, TotalEnergies Letlhakeng Filling Station and the Letlhakeng Sub District Road Safety Committee during an event held in Letlhakeng under the theme, #IamTrafficToo.

The Supplier Relationship Management initiative is an undertaking by TotalEnergies through which TotalEnergie annually explores and implements social responsibility activities in communities within which we operate, by engaging key stakeholders who are aligned with the organization’s objectives. Speaking during the launch event, TotalEnergies’ Operations and HSSEQ,   Patrick Thedi said,  “We at TotalEnergies pride ourselves in being an industrial operator with a strategy centered on respect, listening, dialogue and stakeholder involvement, and a partner in the sustainable social and economic development of its host communities and countries. We are also very fortunate to have stakeholders who are in alignment with our organizational objectives. We assess relationships with our key stakeholders to understand their concerns and expectations as well as identify priority areas for improvement to strengthen the integration of Total Energies in the community. As our organization transitions from Total to Total Energies, we are committed to exploring sustainable initiatives that will be equally indicative of our growth and this Campaign is a step in the right direction. ”

As part of this campaign roll out, stakeholders  will be refurbishing and upgrading and installing road signs around schools in the area, and generally where required. One of the objectives of the Campaign is to bring awareness and training on how to manage and share the road/parking with bulk vehicles, as the number of bulk vehicles using the Letlhakeng road to bypass Trans Kalahari increases. When welcoming guests to Letlhakeng, Kgosi Balepi said he welcomed the initiative as it will reduce the number of road incidents in the area.

Also present was District Traffic Officer ASP, Reuben Moleele,  who gave a statistical overview of accidents in the region, as well as the rest of the country. Moleele applauded TotalEnergies and partners on the Campaign, especially ahead of the festive season, a time he pointed out is always one with high road statistics. The campaign name #IamTrafficToo, is a reminder to all road users, including pedestrians that they too need to be vigilant and play their part in ensuring a reduction in road incidents.

The official proceedings of the day included a handover of reflectors and stop/Go signs to the Letlhakeng Cluster from TotalEnerigies, injury prevention from tips from MVA’s Onkabetse Petlwana, as  well as  bulk vehicle safety tips delivered from Adolf Namate of Unitrans.

TotalEnergies, which is committed to having zero carbon emissions by 2050,  has committed to rolling out the Road safety Campaign to the rest of the country in the future.

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