A confidential audit conducted by Ministry of Defense, Justice and Security under Administration of Justice (AoJ) has proved that the AoJ staff is to be faulted for the poor administration of the housing allowance saga.
According to the audit report, the department failed to manage the startling gaffe by ensuring the proper process of accommodation and its allowance by the esteemed judges is adhered to.
This notwithstanding, all the Judges’ appointment letters including the suspended Justices, Key Dingake, Modiri Letsididi, Mercy Garekwe and Ranier Busang states the clear procedure expected of the judges with regard to accommodation and allowances.
“You shall be eligible for government housing with hard furnishing, which is rent-free. In the event that there is no government house in which you could be accommodated, government will pay you a housing allowance currently at P4 510.00 per month,” appointment letters to each of the suspended Judges state.
Dingake was appointed Judge on the 1st September 2005, Garekwe on the 1st April 2011 while Weekend Post would not establish when Letsididi and Busang became substantive Judges.
However President Lt. Gen. Ian Khama on 26 August 2015 suspended the quartet for concurrently occupying government houses and undeservedly receiving accommodation allowances for a considerable period of time.
The audit which is titled: ‘interim internal audit report – Honourable judges housing allowance’ puts AoJ staff against the wall for not making sure that the procedure of ceasing allowances when Judges were now occupying institutional houses is/was followed.
The audit report points out that “the failure by Administration of Justice to terminate housing allowances of the suspended four judges was attributed to non-reconciliation of payroll, in contravention of financial procedure.”
The procedure necessitates that monthly reconciliation of salaries detects any discrepancies in salary and allowances payments. It further posits that AoJ failed to issue casualty returns to terminate payments of housing allowance upon occupation of institutional houses by Judges and no monthly reconciliation was done to detect payments of allowance to non-eligible officers.
According to the report, going forward: AoJ management should ensure that monthly reconciliation of salary payments is carried out to detect and prevent payments to non-eligible officers.“This state of affairs has exposed government funds to possibility of irrecoverable loss, considering the amount of overpayment already incurred.”Government has already paid close to 1 million pula wrongfully to the suspended judges.
Justice Key Dingake has stated in his founding affidavit, advised by former Registrar of the High Court Justice Godfrey Ntlhomiwa and Justice Gaolapelwe Ketlogetswe, that in the past other Judges have found themselves in a similar position and they were merely required in accordance with the relevant provisions of the law to make arrangements to pay back the money, as the matter is administrative and a mere blunder on the part of the staff at AoJ.
“The matter is purely administrative. The administrators (accounting officers) however, who should have acted to stop the payment of the allowance have not been charged with misconduct,” Justice Dingake highlighted. In the suspended Judges’s view, it was a primary responsibility of the AoJ or its accounting officer to stop housing allowance once a judge is allocated an official residence.
He continued: “other Judges who also received the allowance (even if they paid back) have not been sanctioned in anyway. The damage to the judiciary arising from a matter which ought to have been resolved administratively was not factored in.”In fact, he said after the issue of overpayment of allowances had been reported to the police, all of them still received the housing allowance as part of the August salaries.
More judges mistakenly paid housing allowance?
According to the quartet, they are not the only judges to whom housing or the allowances have been paid by the AoJ inadvertently when they were not entitled to the same. “In this context, your selective approach is highly questionable, amounts to harassment and witch-hunting,” the suspended judges maintain. Meanwhile, the CJ is said to have alluded that he will use the issue of Judges housing allowance to “destroy careers” and that some judges will never become Chief Justices of Botswana.
However, in the affidavit, Dibotelo said investigations are still ongoing and if others are found to have also unduly benefitted, the law will take its course. “There is simply no one above the law. The damage to the judiciary would have been occasioned by an attempt to conceal this wrongdoing.”
The confidential audit also suggests that the beneficiaries of erroneous payments had a duty to inform the employer of the overpayment, especially that it occurred over a considerable period of time. They should not have allowed accumulation of overpayments to the extent it is to-date, the auditors point out.
How gov’t lost P1 million in housing allowances
Justice Key Dingake
Information gathered by the auditors indicates that Dingake occupied the government house on the 29th December 2012 at Phakalane and he received payment of housing allowance from January 2013 to August 2015. In total, Dingake received P200, 467.95 for the accommodation.
Justice Modiri Letsidi
Letsidi stayed in an institutional house in Francistown since 2007. He received undeserved housing allowances from then until 2014. The Judge was overpaid by a whooping P494, 323.40.
Justice Ranier Busang
The auditors point out that Busang was allocated a government house on 9th April 2014 at Lobatse and was paid housing allowance from February 2014 to August 2015. Busang received P105, 468.75 for housing allowances while staying in a government house.
Justice Mercy Garekwe
In addition, the report also states that Garekwe also received an amount of P123,281.10 for housing allowances from February 2014 to August 2015 while occupying an institutional house.
Suspended Judges confirm receiving the housing allowance (undeservedly)
In the court papers, the four suspended Judges have stated that indeed they received the accommodation allowance and are willing to pay it back. They indicated: “we do hereby confirm to you that unbeknown to us, and without our consent, such allowance was paid to us.” “We are as a matter of fact willing to pay back the aforesaid amounts.”
Judges to pay the money back to government coffers?
The auditors have recommended that there should be a recovery of all housing allowance overpayment paid to the Judges who were not eligible, with immediate effect. This will also include termination of that allowance henceforth to undeserved judges.
Section 48 and 49 of the Public Finance and Administrations Act provide mechanisms by which public funds can be paid back.
Dibotelo defends AoJ, attacks the four suspended and other judges
In relation to audit report having proved that the four judges wrongfully received housing allowances, Chief Justice Maruping Dibotelo said in his answering affidavit before court that due to the gravity of the matter he decided to refer it to the Judicial Service Commission (JSC) which in turn resolved that the case be referred for investigation by the Police.
“This matter was viewed as having gone beyond a mere administrative lapse or mere overpayment into the realm of prima facie criminal behavior and or misbehavior,” Dibotelo pointed out. In addition Dibotelo highlighted that, as on the face of it, the receipt of the housing allowance and its apparent conversion by the applicants (four suspended judges) may constitute an act of “theft.”
The Chief Justice said the referral of the four applicants to the police after the audit report was not an act of discrimination nor was it actuated by malice. He said it flowed from the gravity of the revelations of the audit report, the huge sums unlawfully paid the recurrence over a very long period of time ranging from sixteen months to eighty five months.
He pointed out that the actions of the suspended judges appeared to constitute a potential criminal conduct so the AoJ could not be a complainant, investigator and adjudicator in the matter so they reported the matter to the independent and credible body in the form of the police. “So it was considered that investigations into the conduct of applicants be done by an impartial and competent authority to avoid allegations of bias and also ensure that the integrity of the investigations was not compromised,” he added.
With regard to confirmatory affidavits by Justice Nthomiwa and Justice Ketlogetswe, Dibotelo asserted that apart from bringing into question their own competence to hold higher office they miss the point altogether. “The point is that the applicants received allowances not due to them and utilized the same, thus converting the money they received to their own use. That act prima facie constitutes an act of theft,” the Chief Justice indicated.
He added that the fact that they may have been lapses on their part (AoJ) in the past does not excuse the applicants nor does it change the colour of the offense. Dibotelo said it is also immaterial whether they want to refund the money to the government.
Chief Justice also hits back at Justices Ntlhomiwa and Ketlogetswe
“I am advised that the attempt by the two judges (Nthomiwa and Ketlogetswe) who are former registrars of the High Court, to trivialize the possible unlawful conversion of close to one million pula by describing it as a mere administrative matter is also most unfortunate and brings into question their motive and credibility as witnesses.”
According to Dibotelo, the attempt by the duo to trivialize the unlawful conversion of the amount and describe it as a mere administrative matter is “shocking to say the least.”
Dibotelo also mentioned that both Justice Nthomiwa and Ketlogetswe have signed a petition calling for his impeachment as Chief Justice and have made defamatory statements concerning his person. “It has since come to my attention that some of the signatures in that petition may not be of those they purport to be. I am yet to however establish the truthfulness of this allegation, and if true act on it.”
The audit sought to establish whether government assets are safeguarded from losses of all kinds and make appropriate recommendations to address the identified anomalies.
The report on the audit exercise was conducted at the High Court from the 5th to the 25th August 2015, as requested by Chief Justice Maruping Dibotelo on the 4th August 2015.
Despite the President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi and his Namibian counterpart, Hage Geingob giving an impression that the borderline security disputes are a thing of the past and that diplomatic ties remain tight, fresh developments from Namibia suggest otherwise, following Geingod’s close confidante’s attack on Botswana and its army.
Giving a Zambezi region state of the affairs last week, a Geingob-appointed governor of Zambezi region, Colonel Lawrence Ampofu, a retired Colonel in the Namibian Defence Force, former plan combatant during the liberation struggle of Namibia, in a written speech, charged at the BDF and condemned their killings of the Namibians as unacceptable.
“The security situation within our borders remains calm. The incidence of the Botswana Defence Force shootings and wanton killings on the Nchindo Brothers on 05 November 2020 and other 37 Namibian lives lost since independence remain a serious challenge with our neighbor, Botswana.
Our residents living along the Chobe, Linyanti and Kwandu rivers are living under constant threats, harassment, fear, intimidation and killings and such activities are condemned and not acceptable,” he said under the safety and security title.
The attack suggests that Namibia has not bought Botswana’s story. Ampofu was part of the entourage that accompanied Geingob to the three Nchindo brothers and their cousin who were gunned down by the BDF, and is reported to be privy to the details of the unpublished Botswana-Namibia joint investigations report about the killings as a governor or political head of the region which has eight electoral constituencies.
The report contains the sensitive details of how the three Namibians referred as poachers by the BDF – and Fisherman by the Namibian government were gunned down on 5 November last year along the Chobe River. They were Tommy (48), Martin (40) and Wamunyima Nchindo (36), and their cousin Sinvula Muyeme (44).
His views are not really in contrast to his President’s views who also described the BDF as trigger happy in a scripted report to his cabinet.
The Zambezi region is located in the extreme north east part of Namibia and covers a total of 14,667.6 square kilometres. “We share borders with Angola, Zambia to the north, Zimbabwe to the east and Botswana to the South,” he said.
Sampofu was first appointed governor of the former Caprive Region in 2010 by the former Namibian president, Hifikepunye Pohamba and was reappointed as Zambezi governor by President Dr.Hage Geingob in 2015, a term running to 2025.
37 Namibia residents killed by Botswana army so far
Sampofu is a man who continues to insist that Botswana has killed 37 residents of his region. A video posted by the Namibian Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) shows him alleging that at least 37 Namibians were killed by the BDF, after he met with the community at Impalila.
“It is true, the BDF started long ago. As we speak 37 lives have been lost here in Impalila along the Chobe river going to Linyanti and Kwado rivers up to Lizauli. All those families lost their loved ones,” Ampofu said in the video posted by NBC.
It is not known how the BDF, which has maintained their position that the Namibians were engaging in illegal activities of poaching, treats the constant attacks by the Namibian authorities, but they have repeatedly vowed to continue protecting the country’s sovereignty and natural resources.
Botswana’s premier brewer and leading distributor of beer, Kgalagadi Breweries Limited (KBL), this month dragged the government of Botswana to court after President Mokgweetsi Masisi imposed an alcohol ban with immediate effect. KBL labelled the decision as unjustifiable, irrational and that it overrides the rights that are enshrined in the constitution.
This week, Masisi through attorneys representing the government disparaged the case in his written affidavit of KBL’s application, referring to it as frivolous and that it ought to be dismissed with costs on a punitive scale.
In his court papers, Masisi reminded KBL that Botswana is a Republic whose laws find validity from the constitution, and in terms of Section 17 of the constitution the President is empowered to declare a State of Emergency and that it is a common cause that Botswana is under such state.
“It is common course that there is in existence emergency powers (Covid-19) Regulations 2020 as amended from time to time which is solely designed to regulate the Covid-19 pandemic,” he said.
Masisi pointed out that he denies that the application before Court is proper such as to challenge the lawfulness and validity of a regulation made and a notice published in the exercise of a legislative function in accordance with the Emergency Powers Act which empowers the President to make regulations as appear to him to be necessary and expedient for securing public safety.
Furthermore, the President revealed that the decision to ban alcohol sales was not arrived at willy-nilly, but rather that there had been careful considerations that the risks posed by Covid-19 had increased and therefore it was expedient and necessary to suspend all liquor licenses.
Moreover, Masisi denied that the decision to reinstate the ban should be made by the Director of Health Services as indicated by KBL in their nature of the application, “the Director is to cause the notice to be published in the Gazette after consultation with the President.”
Masisi indicated that the role of the Director of Health Services is to publish a regulation made by the President.
He further, reminded KBL that the power to make regulations in a State of Public Emergency in accordance with the EPA lies with the President, “such power includes the amendment of any enactment, suspending the operation of any enactment or modification of an enactment.”
According to Masisi, his decision to ban alcohol sales was based on evidence provided by the Director of Health Services who indicated to him that there was a sudden spike in the transmission of the Covid-19 virus following the reinstatement of liquor licenses.
Another piece of advice tendered by the Director of Health to Masisi was that bars and other liquor outlets were some of the major hotspots in the sense of such being high-risk areas at which the virus spread rapidly.
“Alcohol was one of the major causes of non-compliance with the health protocols that were put in place to control the spread of the Covid-19 virus. Further, there was an indication that more arrests were made on people failing to adhere to Covid-19 protocols more particularly at places where there were gatherings,” he contended.
He pointed out that therefore, it was expedient and or necessary to preserve lives and to reduce the risks of transmissions of the virus to reinstate the suspension of liquor licenses.
Moreover, the President says that it must be noted that he avers that the Director of Health Services is a credible source on matters of public health of which he also accordingly gave due weight to the Director’s advice on deciding to reinstate the ban through the impugned notice.
“I am aware and was always aware at the time of promulgating the regulation complained of that it shall negatively affect some sectors of the economy. However, after due consideration and receipt of advice, I decided to give priority to the safety and health of the nation,” Masisi said.
He presaged KBL that it would not be prudent and in the best interest of the nation to ignore a health emergency such as Covid-19 and gave preference to trading and making of profits by the applicant. “The results would only be catastrophic to the extent that when we emerge from the scourge we would be left with a depleted and ailing nation from Covid-19 and its side effects.”
Furthermore, his written affidavit further pointed out that the decision to reinstate the ban on alcohol was taken notwithstanding understanding and appreciation of the economic hardships that would befall the country.
However, he said he deliberately made the decision based on the evidence provided to him by the Director of Health, whose evidence he believes to be credible to give public/safety and health priority over economic considerations in some sectors.
In making the decision, Masisi states that he was and considered different options including allowing for sale of alcohol consumption off premises, however the evidence he had been provided with suggested that such other alternatives would not achieve the overall objective of securing public safety and health by reducing the risk of the spread of the virus.
“By the time I imposed the ban, alcohol was already being sold for consumption off-premises. This did not work. The information provided to me by the Director and the Presidential Task-Force team demonstrated that consumers purchased alcohol and then loitered and consumed it within the peripheries of bars and other liquor outlets,” he said.
Attached to the affidavit as emphasis, were photographs and videos of Gaborone West, Phase 4 in mid-June 2021, which he explains circulated on social media and was brought to his attention.
“I need not say much about the photos as they depict a crowd exceeding 50 gathered at the parking area of a bar. There is little or no regard to Covid-19 protocols. It was clear to me and my advisors, including the Director of Health Services and members of the Presidential Task-Force team that the total ban of alcohol was necessary to manage the risk of increase in infections, to understand what seems to have led to an increase in the risk of infection when alcohol is present I was advised by the Presidential Task-Force team that scientifically there has been evidence that alcohol narrows physical distance,” he argued.
Masisi says that allegations made by KBL are serious allegations of infringement of fundamental rights yet they fail to state how imposition and reinstatement of the suspension of liquor licenses out of necessity and expediency of the health of the nation infringes on the rights as alleged.
In an embarrassing turn of events that depicts disintegration in government communication on the fight against COVID-19, President Mokgweetsi Masisi and Assistant Minister of Health & Wellness, Sethomo Lelatisitswe gave two conflicting statements on the same matter, same day, just minutes apart.
The Commander-in-Chef told health practitioners and residents in Ramotswa that the COVAX facility has scammed African countries after billions were paid in a crowd funding effort to procure COVID-19 vaccines in bulk.
“We have pumped money as developing countries of the African continent into the COVAX Facility but the returns were not satisfactory, they cheated us,” the President said in Ramotswa.
According to President Masisi, the COVAX facility Vaccine only came in bits and pieces, frustrating the continent ‘s head immunity targets amid rapidly spreading Delta Variant which is currently reversing all progress made by Africa in containing the contagious virus.
“What we are getting is very small portions of the vaccine, they keep telling us that there is shortage of supply, this is not fair, but we have paid in advance, however what can we do, we have no choice but to spend more money and look for other avenues of securing other available vaccines,” he said.
Meanwhile in Gaborone, Assistant Minister of Health and Wellness told Parliament that vaccine from COVAX facility is anchoring Botswana’s vaccination program.
“I am not aware of such information that COVAX facility is not delivering as expected, we are actually bolstered by COVAX facility in this country,” he said responding to a question from Mahalapye West Member of Parliament David Tshere who is also Chairman of Parliament Committee On Health and HIV/AIDS.
“We have received doses as ordered from the COVAX facility, and we are still receiving more, I have not seen that information which is purported to have been revealed by the President, unless its new information, we as the Ministry we are not aware of any frustrations by the COVAX facility,” he said.
COVAX is co-led by the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Gavi and the World Health Organization (WHO), alongside key delivery partner UNICEF.
Its aim is to accelerate the development and manufacture of COVID-19 vaccines, and to guarantee fair and equitable access for every country in the world.
The facility is a global coalition that works to ensure fair and equitable access of COVID-19 vaccines around the world. So far, 190 countries have joined the COVAX initiative, including all 22 countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region.
The COVAX Facility aims to have 2 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines available for distribution across the globe by the end of 2021, targeting those most at risk (e.g. frontline health workers) and most vulnerable severe diseases and death (e.g. elderly and people with co-morbidities).
On other vaccination issues President Masisi revealed, still in Greater Gaborone vaccination centre visits, that Botswana has placed orders with Pfizer, a United States vaccine producer noting that they have promised to deliver next year.
Meanwhile, government kick-started phase two of the Covid-19 vaccination program this week, opening up for ages between 30 and 54.
President Masisi revealed that this was done because some elderly were reluctant to be inculcated.
“We can’t take forever trying to convince people to take vaccine, we moved to the next age segments because we cannot afford to have vaccines-which are already in shortage supply to just lie there,” he said.
On Friday, Ministry of Health revealed that it was receiving large numbers of people below the age of 55 lining up to be vaccinated.
In a statement the Ministry of Health said it, “acknowledges the huge turnout that marked the commencement of the Phase two COVID-19 vaccination program”.
Given this high turnout, especially in the Greater Gaborone region, the ministry announced an extension of operation hours in order to serve the huge crowds that had come for vaccination.
Of the nearly 85 000 doses that were being doled across the country as first doses, the majority of the Greater Gaborone vaccination sites were already getting depleted by 1800hrs on 22 July 2021.
As a result of this development, the ministry took a decision to discontinue the extended hours of operation announced yesterday for vaccination sites in Gaborone.
This means that vaccination sites in Gaborone and elsewhere in the country which still have some vaccines, will offer them in the normal working hours and days of the week.
The Ministry says it appreciates the great desire to be vaccinated shown by thousands of citizens and residents of this country and wishes to assure them that it will continue to expedite their vaccination every time vaccines become available. As has been communicated in various fora, more vaccines are expected in August 2021.
As at July 2021, Botswana has so far received 62, 400 doses of AstraZeneca/COVISHIELD bought through the Covax facility, 30,000 doses of AstraZeneca vaccine donated by the Republic of India, 19, 890 doses of the Pfizer vaccine bought through the COVAX facility, 200, 000 doses of the Sinovac vaccine, donated by the Peoples Republic of China and another 200, 000 doses of the Sinovac vaccine bought through bilateral negotiations with Sinovac company in China.
“We encourage Batswana to remain hopeful that although it’s taking longer than anticipated, enough COVID-19 vaccines will eventually arrive in our country. We urge them to always strictly abide by all COVID-19 protocols so that they protect themselves and others from this deadly virus,” the ministry said.