Siele previously appointed Kgosi Telekelo for failed mediation efforts
Efforts by former Minister of Local Government and Rural Government (MLGRD) Peter Siele to mediate in the persisting Mmadinare chieftainship dispute hit a blow this week as some members of morafe insist they will deploy any tactic at their disposal to block the coronation of “any illegitimate Kgosi without due process.”
Weekend Post has established that the chieftaincy row at the tiny village has spiraled out of control following what some morafe say are efforts by the MLGRD and tribal leadership authority to impose a preferred individual. Mphoeng Mphoeng has been considered the next chief to be installed on October 1.
The Bogosi conflict in the village exacerbated subsequent to the death of the father of Mphoeng Mphoeng. Mphoeng has now been considered succeeding his father.
However it is understood that the position of Chief of Mmadinare has never been hereditary but instead appointed through an open election contested by all interested parties.
Information reaching this publication also suggests that this is so, because from time immemorial there has not been a tribal authority in the form of a higher chief presiding over all the other main kgotlas forming the village of Mmadinare.
As a result, a group which emerged among the morafe, ‘Itho la Motse’ are so determined that they have already engaged legal brains and still weighing options to institute legal proceedings to block any scheduled “irregular and unlawful” installation. “Any attempts to unlawfully designate Mphoeng Mphoeng or any other person, the Chief of Mmadinare without following the proper procedures will be opposed.”
According to “Itho La Motse’ they want government (MLGRD) to organize an election for purposes of electing the Mmadinare chief as per previous custom known to them. So committed are the tribesmen that they may go the court route.
The group contests that the attempted coronation of Mphoeng is irregular as he has not been elected by the morafe as per previous procedure. They state that “we have a legitimate expectation that in deciding who becomes the next chief of Mmadinare, the tradition of holding an election to allow all who are interested to contest shall be followed.”
In his previous mediation efforts, former Minister Siele made efforts to resolve the dispute from the Ministry as evidenced by the appointment of Kgosi Kebapetse Telekelo back then to mediate on the issue. However his mediation appears to have hit a snag following recent revelations.
This publication is further informed that Telekelo then held a meeting at the Mmadinare Kgotla on the 23th July 2013 where all interested parties deliberated their respective positions on the matter, and promised to give them feedback.
“It will further be recalled that at the close of the said meeting, the mediator did make an undertaking to present the case of all interested parties to the relevant authority, i.e the minister, and that there will be feedback and a report to the morafe,” the concerned group stated, adding that nothing has since materialized.
It is said that no report on the matter has been given to the interested parties much to the dissatisfaction of the morafe. “To date, no progress and solution has been communicated to us as regards to the dispute.” Recently ‘Itho la Motse’ also wrote to Permanent Secretary in the MLGRD categorization several assurances with respect to the crisis relating to the chieftainship issue but there was never any response.
Furthermore, as crucial interested parties to the dispute of the chieftaincy saga, the group points out that they have not been informed of any plans to install Mphoeng officially.
WeekendPost can confirm that the tribesmen have engaged Gaborone based refined attorney Joram Matomela of JJ Matomela Attorneys who on Thursday filed statutory notice to Attorney General, Athaliah Molokomme who is cited as the first respondent. The second respondent is Minister of LGRD Slumber Tsogwane while Mphoeng Mphoeng is the third.
Matomela argues in the notice to Molokomme that they will approach the court and seek an order to declare that Mphoeng has no claim to the chieftaincy of Mmadinare and that MLGRD acted irregular and unlawfully by conferring recognition on the latter. They also concluded that the “court direct MLGRD to organize an election for purposes of electing the Mmadinare chief as per previous custom.”
The P250 million National Petroleum Fund (NPF) saga that has been before court since 2017 seems to be losing its momentum with a high possibility of it being thrown out as defence lawyers unmask incompetency on the part of the Directorate of Public Prosecution (DPP).
The Gaborone High Court this week ruled that the decision by the State to prosecute Justice Zein Kebonang and his twin brother, Sadique Kebonang has been reviewed and set aside. The two brothers have now been cleared of the charges that where laid against them three years ago.
The United States (US) will on the 3rd of November 2020 chose between incumbent Donald Trump of the Republicans and former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democrats amid the coronavirus pandemics, which has affected how voting is conducted in the world’s biggest economy.
Trump (74) seeks re-election after trouncing Hillary Clinton in 2016, while Biden (77) is going for his first shot as Democratic nominee after previous unsuccessful spells.
US Presidents mostly succeed in their re-election bid, but there have been nine individuals who failed to garner a second term mandate, the latest being George W H. Bush, a Republican who served as the 41st US President between 1989 and 1993.
Dr Mark Rozell, a Dean of the School of Policy and Government at George Mason University in Arlington, Virginia describes the complex US electoral system that will deliver the winner at the 3rd November elections.
“The founders of our Republic de-centralised authority significantly in creating our constitutional system, which means that they gave an enormous amount of independent power and authority to State and local governments,” Dr Rozell told international media on Elections 2020 Virtual Reporting Tour.
Unlike parliamentary democracies, like Botswana the United States does not have all of the national government elected in one year. They do not have what is commonly called mandate elections where the entire federal government is elected all in one election cycle giving a “mandate” to a particular political party to lead, and instead US have what are called staggered elections, elections over time.
The two house Congress, members of the House of Representatives have two-year long terms of office. Every two years the entire House of Representatives is up for re-election, but senators serve for six years and one third of the Senate is elected every two years.
For this election cycle, US citizens will be electing the President and Vice
President, the entire House of Representatives and one third of the open or contested seats in the Senate, whereas two thirds are still fulfilling the remainder of their terms beyond this year.
An important facet of US electoral system to understand given the federalism nature of the republic, the US elect presidents State by State, therefore they do not have a national popular vote for the presidency.
“We have a national popular vote total that says that Hillary Clinton got three million more votes than Donald Trump or in Year 2000 that Al Gore got a half million more votes than George W. Bush, but we have what is called a State by State winner takes all system where each State is assigned a number of electors to our Electoral College and the candidate who wins the popular vote within each State takes 100 percent of the electors to the Electoral College,” explained Dr Rozell.
“And that is why mathematically, it is possible for someone to win the popular vote but lose the presidency.”
Dr Rozell indicated that in 2016, Hillary Clinton won very large popular majorities in some big population States like California, but the system allows a candidate to only have to win a State by one vote to win a 100 percent of its electors, the margin does not matter.
“Donald Trump won many more States by smaller margins, hence he got an Electoral College majority.”
Another interesting features by the way of US constitutional system, according to Dr Rozell, but extremely rare, is what is called the faithless elector.
“That’s the elector to the Electoral College who says, ‘I’m not going to vote the popular vote in my State, I think my State made a bad decision and I’m going to break with the popular vote,’’ Dr Rozell said.
“That’s constitutionally a very complicated matter in our federalism system because although the federal constitution says electors may exercise discretion, most States have passed State laws making it illegal for any elector to the Electoral College to break faith with the popular vote of that State, it is a criminal act that can be penalized if one is to do that. And we just had an important Supreme Court case that upheld the right of the states to impose and to enforce this restriction”
There are 538 electors at the Electoral College, 270 is the magic number, the candidate who gets 270 or more becomes President of the United States.
If however there are more candidates, and this happens extremely rarely, and a third candidate got some electors to the Electoral College denying the two major party candidates, either one getting a majority, nobody gets 270 or more, then the election goes to the House of Representatives and the House of Representatives votes among the top three vote getters as to who should be the next President.
“You’d have to go back to the early 19th century to have such a scenario, and that’s not going to happen this year unless there is a statistical oddity, which would be a perfect statistical tie of 269 to 269 which could happen but you can just imagine how incredibly unlikely that is,” stated Dr Rozell.
BLUE STATES vs RED STATES
Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.
Many states have populations that are so heavily concentrated in the Democratic party or the Republican party that there is really no competition in those states.
California is a heavily Democratic State, so is New York and Maryland. It is given that Joe Biden will win those states. Meanwhile Texas, Florida and Alabama are republicans. So, the candidates will spent no time campaigning in those states because it is already a given.
However there are swing states, where there is a competition between about five and 10 states total in each election cycle that make a difference, and that is where the candidates end up spending almost all of their time.
“So it ends up making a national contest for the presidency actually look like several state-wide contests with candidates spending a lot of time talking about State and local issues in those parts of the country,” said Dr Rozell.
High Commissioner of the Federal Government of Nigeria to Botswana, His Excellency Umar Zainab Salisu, has challenged President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi to move swiftly and lobby Africa’s richest man, Nigerian Billionaire, Aliko Dangote to invest in Botswana.
Speaking during a meeting with President Masisi at Office of President on Thursday Zainab Salisu said Dangote has expressed massive interest in setting up billion dollar industries in Botswana. “We have a lot of investors who wish to come and invest in Botswana , when we look at Botswana we don’t see Botswana itself , but we are lured by its geographic location , being in the centre of Southern Africa presents a good opportunity for strategic penetration into other markets of the region,” said Salisu.