Govt plans to eradicate Malaria transmissions in 2018
For the first time in history, the Botswana government has succeeded in getting a global fund towards the fight of Malaria disease, the Ministry of Health (MoH) has revealed.
Starting from next Month, the country would be receiving instalments of part of the 5 Million United States Dollars grant towards the combat of the spread of the disease during the next rainy season that begins in two weeks time.
According to the Chief Public health Officer in the Ministry, T Mosweunyane, incidents of Malaria becomes more prone during the rainy season which begins in October to May every year. However she says cases of Malaria become more significant around January with a peak usually appearing from mid February to March.
“Transmissions start in rain seasons. As we approach the Month of October it is very important that people take care when they visit Malaria prone areas,” Mosweunyane advised.
The Malaria virus carrying mosquitoes are concentrated in the Chobe and Ngamiland districts due to the abundant water sources in the areas. Mosweunyane however explains that there are significant variations in levels of transmission within each transmission belts because during years of high transmission, the belt moves southwards.
“In the past Botswana experienced intermittent epidemics as a result of variation in rainfall levels over the years. Major epidemics occurred in 1988, 1993, 1996 and 1997 resulting in significant loss of lives and since then we have had localised epidemics in some districts with less devastating effects,” she further explained.
However she says the country has so far been able to significantly reduce the disease incidents to date. But despite the said achievement the country would not have reached Goal 6 of the Millennium Development Goal by the end of this year because it has not been able to halt malaria transmission in its red belt zones. In a 2007 resolution, the World Health Assembly called for a 75% reduction in the global malaria burden by 2015.
The recommended strategies to tackle malaria included, prevention with long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying, diagnostic testing and treatment with quality-assured anti-malarial medicines, preventive therapies for infants, children and pregnant women, tracking every malaria case in a surveillance system and scaling up the fight against emerging drug and insecticide resistance.
However the MoH insists that with the help of the global fund, it would have reached the set target by 2018.
Some of its intended strategies include strengthening existing cross-border collaboration and establishment of additional initiatives between front-line and second-line countries.
The Ministry says eradicating the spread of the disease would continue to be a challenge as long as the public is not practising safety measures when they travel to Malaria prone areas including countries with high transmission such as Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mosweunyane gave an example of a recent incident that occurred after a certain church travelled to Malawi without proper immunisation which led to reported cases on the diseases in the further south parts of the country such as Kanye.
“Zimbabwe carries most of our imported cases. Some cases are carried from Zambia and Malawi,” Mosweunyane further explained.
As the country embarks on the fight against the disease it continues to lose lives of its citizens to the disease. In 2014, twenty-two (22) deaths were reported of who some were children under the age of 5.
Meanwhile it is estimated that 3.2 billion people around the world are at risk of contracting malaria. In 2013, an estimated 198 million cases occurred, and the disease killed approximately 584 000 people, most of them children under five in Africa. On average, malaria kills a child every minute.
Minister of Health Dr Edwin Dikoloti says Africa member states call on World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure equitable resource allocation for 2024-2025. Dr Dikoloti was speaking this week at the WHO Executive Board Meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.
He said countries agreed that there is need to address the budget and funding imbalances by increasing the programme budget share of countries and regions to 75% for the next year.
“The proposed budget for 2024-2025 marks an important milestone as it is the first in Programme Budget in which country offices will be allocated more than half of the total budget for the biennium. We highly welcome this approach which will enable the organization to deliver on its mandate while fulfilling the expectations for transparency, efficiency and accountability.”
The Botswana Health Minister commended member states on the extension of the General Programme of Work (GPD 13) and the Secretariat work to monitor the progress towards the triple billion targets, and the health-related SDGs.
“We welcome the Director’s general proposed five priorities which have crystalized into the “five Ps” that are aligned with the GPW 13 extension. Impact can only be achieved through close coordination with, and support to national health authorities. As such, the strengthening of country offices is instrumental, with particular focus on strengthening national health systems and on promoting more equitable access to health services.”
According to Dr Dikoloti, the majority of countries with UHC index that is below the global median are in the WHO Africa region. “For that, we call on the WHO to enhance capacity at the regional and national levels in order to accelerate progress. Currently, the regional office needs both technical and financial support in order to effectively address and support country needs.”
The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Lemogang Kwape says Botswana has not taken any position regarding the killing of a renowned human rights lawyer, Thulani Maseko, who was gunned down at his house in Mbabane, Eswatini.
In a brief interview with WeekendPost, Dr Kwape said Botswana has not yet taken any position regarding his death. He said the purported incident should be thoroughly probed before Botswana can form an opinion based on the findings of the inquiries.
“Botswana generally condemns any killing of human life by all means,” says Dr. Kwape. He wouldn’t want to be dragged on whether Botswana will support the suspension of Eswatini from SADC.
“We will be guided by SADC organ Troika if they can be an emergency meeting. I am not sure when the meeting will be called by Namibian president,“ he said.
However, the Namibian president Hage Geingob notes with deep concern reports coming out of Eswatini about the killing of Mr. Maseko. In a statement, he called upon the “Government of the Kingdom of Eswatini to ensure that the killing of Maseko is swiftly, transparently and comprehensively investigated, and that any or all persons suspected of committing this heinous crime are brought to justice.”
Maseko was chairperson of the Multi-Stakeholder Forum which was established as a coalition of non-State actors to advocate for a process of national political dialogue aimed at resolving the security and political challenges confronting the Kingdom.
“SADC expresses its deepest and heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr. Maseko, his friends, colleagues, and to the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini for the loss of Mr. Maseko. In this context, SADC further calls upon the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini to remain calm, exercise due care and consideration whilst the appropriate structures conduct the investigations and bring the matter to completion,” the statement says.
Geingob reiterated the need for peaceful resolution of the political and security challenges affecting the country.
Meanwhile political activists are calling on SADC to suspend Eswatini from the block including the African Union as well.
State prosecutor, Seeletso Ookeditse revealed before the Broadhurst Magistrate Jobbie Moilatshimo that the third accused involved in the murder of Barulaganye Aston, has interfered with the State witnesses again.
The second and third accused (Lefty Kosie and Outlwile Aston) were previously accused of interference when they were caught in possession of cellphones in prison. They were further accused of planning to kill the deceased’s brother, who is currently the guardian to the children of the deceased.
Ookeditse indicated that Outlwile had earlier went to challenge the magistrate’s decision of denying him bail at the High Court before Judge Michael Motlhabi.
“The third accused approached the High Court and made a bail application, which was dismissed on the same day,” Ookeditse said.
However, even after the High Court verdict on their bail application, the duo (Kosie and Aston) has once again applied for bail this week.
Ookeditse plead with the court to stop the accused from abusing the court process.
“Yesterday, Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP) received papers of his bail application filed before the Broadhurst Magistrates Court. However, the papers do not speak to changed circumstances, therefore this back and forth about bail must be put to a stop,” said the State prosecutor.
While giving evidence before court, the Investigations Officer, Detective Inspector Quite Zhalamonto, said his investigations have proved that there is interference continuing regarding the accused trio.
He told the court that on the 12th of January 2023, he received a report from Thato Aston, who is the son of the accused and the deceased. The son had alleged to the Investigation Officer that he received a call from one Phillip Molwantwa.
According to Zhalamonto, Thato revealed that Molwatwa indicated that he was from prison on a visit to the Outlwile Aston and went on to ask where he was staying and where his siblings (Aston’s children) are staying.
“Thato revealed that Phillip went on to ask if he or his siblings saw their father murdering their mother, and he was referring to the crime scene. Thato told me that he, however, refused to answer the questions as he was afraid especially because he was asked about where him and his siblings stay,” said Zhalamonto.
Zhalamonto alluded to the court that he then went to Orange to confirm the communication between Thato and Molwantwa where he found the case.
“I have arrested Philip yesterday and when I interviewed him, he did not deny that he knows Aston and that he has indeed called Thato and asked questions as to where him and his siblings resides even though he failed to give reasons for asking such questions,” Zhalamonto told the court.
He further revealed that Molwantwa indicated that he had received a call from an unknown man who refused to reveal himself.
“Phillip told me that the unknown man said he was sent by the accused (Aston), and that Aston had instructed him to tell me to check if there was still some money in his bank accounts, and he also wanted to know where the kids were residing, the unknown man even asked him to meet at Main Mall” the Investigation Officer told the court.
He further informed the court that he is working tirelessly to identify the “unknown caller” and the route of the cell number.
Furthermore, the fourth accused, Kebaleboge Ntsebe, has revealed to the court through a letter that she was abused and tortured by the Botswana Police Services. She wrote in her letter that she suffered miscarriage as a result of being beaten by the police.
Ntsebe is on bail, while a bail ruling for Aston and Kosie will be delivered on the 6th of next month