Mo Ibrahim shows year on year on governance decline since 2008
The 2015 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) report indicates that Botswana’s quality of governance is deteriorating under the leadership of President Lt Gen Ian Khama.
The report which was released at the beginning of this week indicates that although the country remains at the top ten of the overall ranking of the African continent, its scores have been going down since Khama took office in April 2008.
“Since 2008, when the current leader came to power, the country has changed from being one on a positive governance trajectory (route) to one on the negative trajectory with particular widespread deterioration in the last year,” the report revealed.
According to the report, Botswana has in recent years started to show some weakening of performance in a range of governance measures although it is still performing comparatively well.
“Although Botswana continues to achieve widespread high scores across much of the IIAG, resulting impressive rank placement in many levels of the data set, its overall score in recent years has declined with deterioration in broad range of governance measures,” the report revealed.
Botswana has continually achieved top ten status in overall governance since 2000. In 2014, the country scored 74.2 out of 100, ranking number three in the 54 countries of Africa. It displayed its best ever overall governance in 2012 and has shown year on year on deterioration ever since, with the most pronounced fall back seen in the most recent years.
The Ibrahim index that measures the quality of governance in every African country on an annual basis, indicates that since 2011, Botswana has shown an overall governance deterioration of about 1.8 points. This it states, places the country within the ten largest fallers of the continent over this time period.
“Apart from Cabo Verde, Botswana is the highest ranking country to show such a decline. This weakening performance is driven by widespread deterioration in three of the four categories, safety and rule of law, participation and human rights and sustainable economic opportunities,” the report further reads.
The country scored 82.7 in safety and rule of law and ranked second in the continent and therefore, registered the country’s second largest decline of all the governance components.
“The broad nature of the deterioration across the sub categories is conspicuous as all components of the sub categories display the same trend. The country thus records the lowest score since 2000 in 2014, one of only nine countries in the continent to do so,” further reveals the report.
On matters of National security, the country is however ranked one of the Botswana’s best performers of safety and rule of law. The country scored 99.9 and showing a very slight deterioration of a small decimal place on 0.04.
“This is the most positive story for Botswana within this category with no change in four of the five indicators in which the country scores 100.0. The only driver of this slight deterioration is the indicator Political refugees with a slight decline of 0.2 points,” further reads the report.
The ten highest scoring countries in this category in 2014 included Botswana, 95.5, followed by South Africa (95.4), Mauritius (94. 6), Cabo Verde (87.9), Ghana (84.5), Namibia (82.8), Senegal (74.6), Seychelles (74.0), Zambia (71.7) and Malawi at 68.5.
Meanwhile, Botswana scored 68.7 in participation in human rights, making it the country’s second lowest performing category and achieving a continental rank of number 8 in the continent. The category shows Botswana’s largest category deterioration since 2011 of 4.4 points and thus making it one of the then biggest deterioration on the continent.
“All three component sub categories shoes deteriorating performance even though they still show relatively high scores in 2014. Botswana ranks 19th in gender and it is this sub category that shows the largest decline in this category due to a noticeable deterioration within the measures of women in senior public positions. Women in the judiciary, women in politics as well as to a lesser extent in legislation on violence against women,” the reports added.
The human development category is the only one to show both improvement and overall performance in all the underlying sub categories. The country’s best categories are seen in health and Education measures. However a cause for concern was highlighted on the Education system quality which shows a deterioration of slightly above 10 points.
The country has also ranked in the top ten countries of Africa in terms of every underlying sub category of the sustainable Economic opportunity albeit with a less positive story.
Minister of Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration, Kabo Morwaeng together with Permanent Secretary to the President (PSP) Elias Magosi, this week refused to name and shame the worst performing Ministries and to disclose the best performing Ministries since beginning of 12th parliament including the main reasons for underperformance.
Of late there have been a litany of complaints from both ends of the aisle with cabinet members accused of providing parliament with unsatisfactory responses to the questions posed. In fact for some Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) backbenchers a meeting with the ministers and party leadership is overdue to address their complaints. Jwaneng-Mabutsane MP, Mephato Reatile is also not happy with ministers’ performance.
Bokamoso Private Hospital is battling a P10 million legal suit for a botched fibroids operation which resulted in a woman losing an entire womb and her prospects of bearing children left at zero.
The same suit has also befallen the Attorney General of Botswana who is representing the Ministry of Health and Wellness for their contributory negligence of having the unlawful removal of a patient, Goitsemang Magetse’s womb.
According to the court papers, Magetse says that sometimes in November 2019, she was diagnosed with fibroids at Marina Hospital where upon she was referred to Bokamoso Private Hospital to schedule an appointment for an operation to remove the fibroids, which she did.
Magetse continues that at the instance of one Dr Li Wang, the surgeon who performed the operation, and unknown to her, an operation to remove her whole womb was conducted instead. According to Magetse, it was only through a Marina Hospital regular check-up that she got to learn that her whole womb has been removed.
“At the while she was under the belief that only her fibroids have been removed. By doing so, the hospital has subjected itself to some serious delictual liability in that it performed a serious and life changing operation on patient who was under the belief that she was doing a completely different operation altogether. It thus came as a shock when our client learnt that her womb had been removed, without her consent,” said Magetse’s legal representatives, Kanjabanga and Associates in their summons.
The letter further says, “this is an infringement of our client‘s rights and this infringement has dire consequences on her to the extent that she can never bear children again”. ‘It is our instruction therefore, to claim as we hereby do, damages in the sum of BWP 10,000,000 (ten million Pula) for unlawful removal of client’s womb,” reads Kanjabanga Attorneys’ papers. The defendants are yet to respond to the plaintiff’s papers.
What are fibroids?
Fibroids are tumors made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue. They develop in the uterus. It is estimated that 70 to 80 percent of women will develop fibroids in their lifetime — however, not everyone will develop symptoms or require treatment.
The most important characteristic of fibroids is that they’re almost always benign, or noncancerous. That said, some fibroids begin as cancer — but benign fibroids can’t become cancer. Cancerous fibroids are very rare. Because of this fact, it’s reasonable for women without symptoms to opt for observation rather than treatment.
Studies show that fibroids grow at different rates, even when a woman has more than one. They can range from the size of a pea to (occasionally) the size of a watermelon. Even if fibroids grow that large, we offer timely and effective treatment to provide relief.
The Alliance for Progressives (AP) President Ndaba Gaolathe has said that despite major accolades that Botswana continues to receive internationally with regard to the state of economy, the prospects for the future are imperilled.
Delivering his party Annual Policy Statement on Thursday, Gaolathe indicated that Botswana is in a state of do or die, and that the country’s economy is on a sick bed. With a major concern for poverty, Gaolathe pointed out that almost half of Botswana’s people are ravaged by or are about to sink into poverty. “Our young people have lost the fire to dream about what they could become,” he said.