Government officers who work for the Botswana Agricultural Marketing Board (BAMB) and the National Strategic Grain Reserves are facing charges of theft and fraud after an internal audit discovered that they have been looting national silos tonnes of grains over prolonged periods.
As the nation is still grappling with shortage of grains, the officers who were overseeing stocks in Francistown and Mahalapye branches are said to have been working in cahoots with some Millers and Truck drivers to fraudulently divert truck loads of sorghum to the millers.
The audit discovered that more than 3000 bags of sorghum (50kgs), especially the Panda sorghum, were stolen from Francistown and Mahalapye BAMB storages and taken to the Millers between February 2012 and April 2013.
“It seems there was collusion between the truck drivers, the Branch Manager Mahalapye, the stock controller Francistown and one Miller,” reads part of the audit report.
But the audit could not establish the exact loss made to the organisation by these fraudulent behaviour since it was discovered after year end stock take.
“Some activities point to some activities that showed that this had been going on prior to stock take. Some of the adjustment left open dated back to 2008 financial year. Audit could not cover all branches,” further reveals the report.
The BAMB Executive Officer (CEO), Edison Wotho told the Parliamentary Committee of Statutory Bodies and State Enterprises on Wednesday this week in Gaborone that the grains that were diverted are worth over half a Million pula.
In most cases trucks that were diverted were carrying 700 bags of sorghum (50kgs) either from Mahalapye to Francistown or vice-versa. For instance in April 2013, some 710 bags were recorded having taken from Francistown to Mahalapye, but in Mahalapye they never recorded having received the loads.
“Loads of Panda sorghum 50kg, that were dispatched from Francistown to Mahalapye were not reflected in the Mahalapye stock ledger..The explanation given by the leading hand and the Branch administrator was that he remembers one truck in reference. The leading hand further explained that he remembered one truck that they found in the morning of 20 April 2013, but was not offloaded. When investigating further it showed that the transporters for the trucks that were not offloaded at Mahalapye were paid. The delivery notes were signed by Branch Manager Mahalapye,” reads part of the report.
The delivery notes were signed as if stock was received at Mahalapye. The suspicion is that the Branch Manager met with the trucks except one truck. The suspicion is that the Branch manager met with the truck driver outside the branch office and signed for the loads.
The Branch Manager Mahalapye was recorded as having admitted that she was signing invoiced BAMB from Francistown to Mahalapye as if they have offloaded at Mahalapye. Meanwhile the miller received the loads without any invoice and is said to have never questioned about the invoice.
Investigations further revealed that there were other transfers made from Mahalapye to Francistown branch. The stock controller confirmed having received them, but they did not appear in the Francistown stock. The 800 bags are estimated to have cost slightly over P142 000.
In another case that too place in the same Month of April 2013, approximately 200 bags of sorghum (50kg) were given to a miller without any payment or documentation of any form.
The explanation according to the audit report is that, it was the Branch manager who instructed her Junior officers to issue the stock without any documentation.
“They were told that the transaction would be captured into the Miller account once the system was up and running and an invoice will be raised. The Brach Manager explained that there were no manual invoices for that customer and the chief stock controller denied knowledge of the said transaction. She explained that same day the sales invoices were sent to Mahalapye by bus,” further revealed the report.
Bags of beans amounting to P75 000 were also missing from the BAMB storage as well.
The auditors recommended that accused Branch Manager, Mahalapye and Stock controller in Francistown pay for the loot. Meanwhile the transporters who were doing fraud are not allowed to do business with BAMB anymore.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.