Like most people I am aware our societies have predefined our definition of success and prosperity. Like most of you, I am aware our communities have relegated and/or restricted attributes of success and prosperity to superficial and financial/materialistic parameters.
Like most you, I know today’s sole measure of our people’s success or lack thereof is solely defined by; the amount of money in your account, the type and location of your wedding, the type of school you and your children attend, the location and size of your house, number plots (title-deeds) under your name, number and type of cars you own/drive, the type of food, restaurants and brands you are associated with. I have had this conversation with many of our people before; officially and unofficially this appears to be a nationally accepted success barometer.
In this author’s view this reality is directly linked and/or responsible for our country’s disheartening economic development hardships such as; high income inequality, mounting un- and underemployment, relentless poverty, weak industrialization and slow economic diversification. Renowned nationalists, reformists and/or nobel laureates such as; Mandela, Nkurumah, Ghandi, Sankara and Fanon, earned respect and liberated many nations and people, particularly Youth and Women, by unequivocally discouraging this mind set among their communities and nations.
These legends encouraged communities to see their value and purpose in life beyond material wealth and material incentives. They encourage their communities to measure their purpose and success by the state of their communities and neighbors. Not only did they preach this, they lived it and led by example.
They planted the spirit of ubuntu-‘I Am Because We Are’. Consequently their societies and communities were founded on principles; of social inclusion, democratic economy and fair wealth distribution. Even contemporary technocrats, academics and multinational development partners encourage nations to reconsider bygone social, environmental and economic model(s). Their vast research findings and reports directly and indirectly speak highly of the models once used by distinguished leaders cited earlier.
I encourage anyone with time and interest to interrogate Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with aim of distilling its fundamental inspiration and intents. You are bound to notice a very strong emphasis on inclusive wealthy communities. One of my basic recommendations in this regard will be a paper titled; ‘From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals’ by special adviser to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, Jeffery Sachs.
At this point I assume the fact that Botswana has one the highest inequalities (gap between the rich and the poor) is not a secret. I also assume the fact that Botswana’s unemployment figures have relentlessly remained around 20% since 2007 is also not a secret.
I also assume the fact that Botswana’s remarkable Economic Growth has not translated into equivalent Economic Development is also not a secret. Concurrently, it has been empirically, theoretically and otherwise proven that Botswana, like most African countries, is blessed with a youthful population.
About sixty-five (65) percent of her population is people under 35 years of age. Therefore Botswana’s economic development hardships are felt mostly and mainly by its young people. Furthermore Botswana’s possible economic transformation and prosperity rests mainly on its Youthful populace.
To be precise; it rests on their energy, creativity and innovative spirit; educational skills and achievements; willingness to volunteer; and, willingness to take risks. It is on this bases that those with regard for the future and prosperity of this country have and continue to place major focus on Youth Socioeconomic Empowerment and Development.
It is also in this regard that this author found it appropriate to offer this installment titled; ‘New Generation Co-operatives; a call to Youth’. I suspect by now most occasional and habitual followers of this author’s offerings here and elsewhere know I am among the few Co-operatives Development and Prosperity advocates. We advocate for development and prosperity of Co-operatives based on their exclusive inherent founding principle of economic growth and equality simultaneously.
The call and plead in this installment and its subsequent offerings is targeted at, but not limited to, the Youth of our country (Botswana). Firstly, I must admit the Co-operative model and philosophy has not strategically transformed with the times in many countries, Botswana inclusive. However I must also admit there are few critical transformations and developments surrounding the Co-operative model and philosophy, more especially during this critical phase of alignment to new development blueprints such as SDGs.
These transformations are mainly targeted towards converting Co-operatives into sustainable competitive and viable business ventures. These transformations include expanding common bonds beyond the traditional areas and venture into non-traditional Co-operatives such as; consultancy, insurance, banking, transportation and housing just to mention but a few.
The transformations also include; deliberate aggressive Co-operative branding and mindset change, mapping of Co-operative growth pillars, enhancement of Co-operative environment of doing business, increased youth involvement in Co-operatives, reviewing of Co-operative financing and insurance, and enhancement of co-operative corporate governance to mention but a few. This transformation is universally acclaimed and ratified in every continent and country.
We (Botswana) have not been left behind in this key transformation process; the ‘Co-operative Transformation Strategy for Botswana’ justifies our commitment and plan of action in this regard. Slowly but surely these transformations have proved to be the long awaited midwife of New Generations Co-operatives (NGCs). NGCs are simply an adaptation of traditional cooperative structures to modern, capital intensive industries.
They are sometimes described as a hybrid between traditional co-operatives and limited liability companies. They were first developed in California and spread and flourished in the US Mid-West in the 1990s (Alberta, 2011). NGCs are reported to be very common in Canada where they operate primarily in agriculture and food services, where their primary purpose is to add value to primary products. For example, producing ethanol from corn, pasta from durum wheat, or gourmet cheese from goats milk (Alberta, 2011).
Recent data from the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA) indicates that Youth in most countries are collaborating to establish NGCs. The data further shows that due to their comparative educational backgrounds their NGCs seem more relevant, sustainable and competitive compared to purely convectional traditional Co-operatives models. The report further cautions and encourages countries with low NGCs incidences, such as Botswana, to encourage and support the establishment of Youth NGCs.
The direct and indirect benefits of Youth owned NGCs in any country’s economy are unambiguous and cross-cutting. NGCs have a clear direct link to job creation, employment creation, poverty alleviation, economic growth, economic development and economic diversification among others. Myriad research findings have shown that majority of Youth have been reluctant to join and/or start convectional Co-operatives because they consider them somewhat irrelevant and outdated.
I must admit I found this submission valid and substantial, I was convinced if the conventional Co-operative model and philosophy are not revamped, we may as well forget about Youth joining the Co-operative movement and establishing NGCs.
Fortunately the transformation has been put into place and the dream of Youth joining the co-operative movement is fast becoming a reality, more importantly the vision of NGCs is also fast becoming a reality. Many young people across the globe are reported to be escaping the current economic development hardship through establishment of NGCs.
However my main concern and nightmare is the reality that Youth in our country (Botswana) are still left behind in this regard. Despite the harsh economic hardships our young people are faced with, there are still very few NGCs taking-off. Despite the amazing and diverse educational qualifications (skills) our un- and underemployed youthful graduates are blessed with, there are still very few NGCs kick-starting. Despite the shocking level of exportation of raw materials and importation of finished products/services, there are still very few NGCs taking-off.
Despite our government’s earnest commitment and investment in Economic Diversification, there are still very few NGCs taking-off. Botswana is preparing to unleash its new national Vision 2036 blueprint, she is also in the process of developing here National Development Plan (NDP) 11, and she is also bracing herself to advance the universal Sustainable Development agenda. Most of these have not been made public, but it is neither far-fetched nor misguided to assume and predict that all of these will be focused on redressing economic equalities, reducing poverty, creating decent and permanent jobs, stimulating industrialization/value addition and diversifying our mineral based economy.
As Botswana moves towards this noble journey, it is important for us to explore and promote viable economic development models that can deliver our nation to the promised-land. Without any doubt Youth NGCs are some of the key economic development avenues that can and will help our nation actualize its economic development aspirations; hence I call on Youth in particular and the Youth development fraternity at large to consider and advance NGCs as one of our very few viable economic development avenues. Lastly, I pledge my unlimited support to all Youth and Youth based structures in actualizing this fundamental nation building agenda.
* Taziba is Youth Advocate, Columnist & Researcher with keen interest in Youth Policy, Civic Engagement, Social Inclusion and Capacity Development (7189 email@example.com)
British novelist, W. Somerset Maugham once opined: “If a nation values anything more than freedom, it will lose its freedom; and the irony of it is that if it is comfort or money that it values more, it will lose that too.”
The truism in these words cannot be underestimated, especially when contextualizing against the political developments in Botswana. We have become a nation that does not value democracy, yet nothing represent freedom more than democracy. In fact, we desire, and value winning power or clinging to power more than anything else, even if it harms the democratic credentials of our political institutions. This is happening across political parties — ruling and opposition.
As far as democracy is concerned, we are regressing. We are becoming worse-off than we were in the past. If not arrested, Botswana will lose its status as among few democratic nations in the Africa. Ironically, Botswana was the first country in Africa to embrace democracy, and has held elections every five years without fail since independence.
We were once viewed as the shining example of Africa. Those accolades are not worth it any more. Young democracies such as South Africa, with strong institutions, deserves to be exalted. Botswana has lost faith in democracy, and we will pay a price for it. It is a slippery slope to dictatorship, which will bring among other excess, assault on civil liberties and human rights violations.
Former President, Festus Mogae once stated that Botswana’s democracy will only become authentic, when a different party, other than the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) wins elections, and when the President of such party is not from Serowe.
Although many may not publicly care to admit, Mogae’s assertion is true. BDP has over the years projected itself as a dyed-in-the-wool proponent of democracy, but the moment its stay in power became threatened and uncertain, it started behaving in a manner that is at variance with democratic values. This has been happening over the years now, and the situation is getting worse by the day.
Recently, the BDP party leadership has been preaching compromise and consensus candidates for 2024 general elections. Essentially, the leadership has lost faith in the Bulela Ditswe dispensation, which has been used to selected party candidates for council and parliament since 2003. The leadership is discouraging democracy because they believe primary elections threaten party unity. It is a strange assertion indeed.
Bulela Ditswe was an enrichment of internal party democracy in the sense that it replaced the previous method of selection of candidates known as Committee of 18, in which a branch committee made of 18 people endorsed the representatives. While it is true that political contest can divide, the ruling party should be investing in political education and strengthening in its primary elections processes. Democracy does not come cheap or easy, but it is valuable.
Any unity that we desire so much at the expense of democracy is not true unity. Like W. Somerset Maugham said, democracy would be lost in the process, and ultimately, even the unity that was desired would eventually be lost too. Any solution that sacrifice democracy would not bring any results in the long run, except misery.
We have seen that also in opposition ranks. The Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) recently indicated that its incumbent Members of Parliament (MPs) should not be challenged for their seats. While BDP is sacrificing democracy to stay in power, UDC is sacrificing democracy to win power. It is a scary reality given the fact that both parties – ruling and opposition — have embraced this position and believe democracy is the hindrance to their political ambitions.
These current reality points to one thing; our political parties have lost faith in democracy. They desire power more than, the purpose of power itself. It is also a crisis of leadership across the political divide, where we have seen dissenting views being met with persecution. We have seen perverting of political process endorsed by those in echelons of power to manipulate political outcomes in their favour.
Democracy should not be optional, it should be mandatory. Any leader proposing curtailing of democracy should be viewed with suspicion, and his adventures should be rejected before it is too late. Members of political parties, as subscribers of democracy, should collectively rise to the occasion to save their democracy from self-interest that is becoming prevalent among Botswana political parties.
The so-called compromise candidates, only benefits the leadership because it creates comforts for them. But for members, and for the nation, it is causing damage by reversing the gains that have been made over the years. We should reject leaders who only preach democracy in word, but are hesitant to practice it.
Piracy of all kinds continues to have a massive impact on the global creative industry and the economies of the countries where it thrives.
One of the biggest misconceptions around piracy is that an individual consumer’s piracy activities, especially in a market the size of Botswana’s, is only a drop in the pool of potential losses to the different sectors of the economy piracy affects.
When someone sitting in Gaborone, Botswana logs onto an illegal site to download King Richard online, they don’t imagine that their one download will do anything to the production house’s pocket or make a dent in the actors’ net worth. At best, the sensitivity towards this illegal pirating activity likely only exists when contemplating going about pirating a local musician’s music or a short film produced locally.
The ripple effects of piracy at whatever scale reach far beyond what the average consumer could ever imagine. Figures released by software security and media technology company, Irdeto, show that users in five major African territories made approximately 17,4 million total visits to the top 10 identified piracy sites on the internet.
The economic impact of this on the creative industry alone soars to between 40 and 97.1 billion dollars, according a 2022 Dataprot study. In addition, they estimate that “illegally streamed copyrighted content consumes 24% of global bandwidth”.
As Botswana’s creative industry remains relatively slight on the scale of comparison to industries such as Nollywood and Nilewood where the creative industry contributes a huge proportion to West and East Africa’s respective GDPs, that does not imply that piracy activities in Botswana do not have a similar impact on our economy and the ability of our creative industry to grow.
When individuals make decisions to illegally consume content via internet streaming sites they believe they are saving money for themselves in the name of enjoying content they desire to consume. Although this is a personal choice that remains the prerogative of the consumer, looking beyond the fact that streaming on illegal content sites is piracy, the ripple effect of this decision also has an endless trail of impact where funds which could be used to grow the local creative industry through increased consumption, and revenue which would otherwise be fed back into Botswana’s economy are being diverted.
“Why can’t our local creative industry grow?” “Why don’t we see more home-grown films and shows in Botswana?” are questions constantly posed by those who consume television content in Botswana. The answer to this lies largely in the fact that Botswana’s local content needs an audience in order for it to grow. It needs support from government and entities which are in a position to fund and help the industry scale greater heights.
Any organisational body willing to support and grow the local creative industry needs to exist and operate in an economy which can support its mandates. Content piracy is a cycle that can only be alleviated when consumers make wiser decisions around what they consume and how.
This goes beyond eradicating piracy activities in so far as television content is concerned. This extends to the importation and trade in counterfeit goods, resale of goods and services not intended for resale across the border, outside its jurisdiction, and more. All of these activities stunt the growth of an economy and make it nearly impossible for industries and sectors to propel themselves to places where they can positively impact society and reinvest into the country’s economy.
So what can be done to turn the tide here in Botswana in order to see our local production houses gain the momentum required to produce more, license more and expand their horizons? While those who enforce the law continue to work towards minimizing piracy activities, it’s imperative that as consumers we work to make their efforts easier by being mindful of how our individual actions play a role in preventing the success of our local creative networks and our economy’s growth.
Whether you are pirating a Hollywood Blockbuster, illegally streaming a popular Motswana artist’s music, or smuggling in an illegal decoder to view content restricted to South Africa only, your actions have an impact on how we as a nation will make our mark on the global landscape with local creative productions. Thembi Legwaila is Corporate Affairs Manager, MultiChoice Botswana
This is a dangerous moment for Europe and for freedom-loving people around the world. By launching his brutal assault on the people of Ukraine, Vladimir Putin has also committed an assault on the principles that uphold global peace and democracy. But the people of Ukraine are resilient.
They’ve had a democracy for decades, and their bravery is inspiring the world. The United States, together with our Allies and partners across the globe, will continue to support the Ukrainian people as they defend their country. By choosing to pay for a war instead of investing in the needs of Russians, Putin’s invasion of Ukraine will be a strategic failure for the Kremlin and ravage the future of the Russian people.
When the history of this era is written, it will show that Putin’s choice to launch an unprovoked, unjust, and premeditated attack left the West more unified and Russia exponentially weaker.
United in Our Response
This will not end well for Vladimir Putin. Together, the United States and our Allies and partners are taking action to hold Russia accountable. As a result of unprecedented global sanctions coordination, the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Japan, and Canada have removed selected Russian banks from the SWIFT messaging system and imposed restrictive measures on the Russian Central Bank.
President Biden announced sweeping financial sanctions and stringent export controls that will damage Russia’s economy, financial system, and access to cutting-edge technology. After Putin began his invasion, the ruble hit its weakest point in history, and the Russian stock market plunged.
Along with the United Kingdom and European Union, the United States imposed sanctions on the architects of this war, including Putin himself.
By moving in close coordination with a powerful coalition of Allies and partners representing more than half of the global economy, we have magnified the impact of our actions to impose maximum costs on Putin and his regime. In response to Putin’s war of choice, we will limit Russia’s ability to do business in U.S. dollars.
We will stunt Russia’s ability to finance and grow its military. We will impair Russia’s ability to compete in the global economy. And we are prepared to do more.
In addition to economic penalties, this week President Biden authorized an additional $1 billion over the $350 million of security assistance he recently approved, and a $650 million in 2021, to immediately help Ukraine defend itself, bringing America’s total security assistance to Ukraine over the past year to $2 billion.
We also stand ready to defend our NATO Allies. President Biden has coordinated with Allied governments to position thousands of additional forces in Germany and Poland as part of our commitment to NATO’s collective defense.
He authorized the deployment of ground and air forces already stationed in Europe to NATO’s eastern and southeastern flanks: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and Romania. Our Allies have also added their own forces and capabilities to ensure our collective defense. There should be no doubt about the readiness of the greatest military Alliance in the history of the world: NATO is more united than ever.
The United States has also coordinated with major oil-producing and consuming countries to underscore our common interest in securing global energy supplies. We are working with energy companies to surge their capacity to supply energy to the market, particularly as prices increase.
Putin’s Unprovoked and Premeditated War
This was an attack that Vladimir Putin has planned for a long time. He methodically moved more than 150,000 troops and military equipment to Ukraine’s border. He moved blood supplies into position and built field hospitals, demonstrating his intentions all along.
He rejected every good-faith effort by the United States and our Allies and partners to address his fabricated security concerns and to avoid needless conflict and human suffering by engaging in diplomacy and dialogue.
Putin executed his playbook exactly as we had warned he would do. We saw Russia’s proxies increase their shelling in the Donbas. We saw the Russian government launch cyber-operations against Ukraine. We saw staged political theater in Moscow and heard outlandish and baseless claims made about Ukraine in an attempt to justify Russia’s aggression.
Russia continues to justify its military aggression by falsely claiming the need to stop “genocide” in Ukraine – despite there being no evidence that genocide was occurring there. We saw Russia use these tactics before when they invaded Ukraine in 2014 and Georgia in 2008.
And then, at almost the very same moment the United Nations Security Council was meeting to stand up for Ukraine’s sovereignty and forestall disaster, Putin launched his invasion in violation of international law. Missiles began to rain down, striking historic cities across Ukraine. Then came air raids, columns of tanks, and battalions of troops, all riding a renewed wave of disinformation and outright lies.
We have been transparent with the world. We declassified our intelligence about Russia’s plans so there could be no confusion and no cover up. Putin is the aggressor. Putin chose this war. And now his people will bear the consequences of his decision to invest in war rather than in them.
Transatlantic Unity and Resolve Stronger Than Ever
Putin’s goal of dividing the West has failed. In the face of one of the most significant challenges to European security and democratic ideals since World War II, the United States and our Allies and partners have joined together in solidarity. We have united, coordinating intensively to engage as one with Russia and Ukraine, provided assistance to Ukraine, developed a broad response, and reaffirmed our commitment to NATO.
Putin has failed to divide us. Putin has failed to undermine our shared belief in the fundamental right of sovereign nations to choose their destiny and their allies. And Putin will fail to erase the proud nation of Ukraine.
The next few days, weeks, and months will be incredibly difficult for the people of Ukraine. Putin has unleashed great suffering on them. But the Ukrainian people have known 30 years of independence, and they have repeatedly shown they will not tolerate anyone who tries to take their country backwards.
The world is watching this conflict closely, and if Russian forces commit atrocities, we will explore all international mechanisms that could be used to bring those responsible – whether members of the military or their civilian leadership – to account.
Putin’s aggression against Ukraine will cost Russia profoundly, both economically and strategically. The Russian people deserve better from their government than the immense cost to their future that this invasion has precipitated.
Liberty, democracy, and human dignity are forces far more powerful than fear and oppression. In the contest between democracy and autocracy, between sovereignty and subjugation, make no mistake: Freedom will prevail.