The information, Communication and technology (ICT) sector could create thousands of jobs. Technology experts revealed to the participants at the first annual Job Summit that a change in mindset in embracing ICT will lead to prosperity.
As a keynote speaker, Rapelang Rabana, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Rekindle Learning, enthralled the audience as she took them on her journey through the male dominated ICT industry. Her conquests in ICT include being a co-founder of Yeigo Communications, an innovative company that developed some of the earliest mobile VoIP application.
But her biggest achievement to date is being the founder of Rekindle Learning, which provides learning and performance support tools. It was such a great feat that it earned her a spot on the cover of Forbes magazine. However Rabana did not only talk about herself at the job summit, she extolled the virtues of ICT and the unlimited opportunities it offered.
“Technology and the internet is a powerful tool for prosperity,” she announced to the already encapsulated participants. Rabana urged the youth not to be heavily dependent on the government, adding that they should not see the government as a “money making scheme.”
Instead they should seek to engage in businesses that offer sustainable growth, businesses that can change lives. She also had sound advice for the government. “Set up the government and get out of the way,” she said this was because the government has a way of limiting people through its bureaucracy and lack of understanding of certain things, particularly the unlimited opportunities ICT offers.
The high flying technological entrepreneur said Botswana should become more open to trading with other countries. In matters of ICT, she called on the government to provide quality broadband and low cost bandwidth. Rabana reminded the audience that the internet knows no borders, “On the internet Botswana is not a landlocked country” therefore it should not limit itself in pursuing ICT excellence.
To show the power of the internet, Rabana confirmed that when they started their first mobile applications, they did not know everything; they had to literally google their way to success. As a parting shot, she persuasively said, “If underdevelopment can be designed, so could prosperity.”
Richard Neill, Director Special and Strategic Projects, Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST), said that “Botswana is in its second phase of transformations, from agriculture to diversified knowledgeable economy.”
He added that in the knowledge economy, Botswana comes fifth in Africa but the country is still struggling in the world rankings. Neill said that knowledge economy is about sustainable development, furthermore it creates quality jobs.
However, knowledge economy requires substantial funding in the fields of “research and innovation” in the ICT sector. Moreover, he said that the benefits and returns of ICT outweigh the costs.
“Every pula invested in IT will pay off in growth and GDP. For example Mauritius created about 10000 jobs in the ICT sector.” Neill said investments in infrastructure are not enough, what is required and needed is proper ICT infrastructure.
Going forward, Neil hopes that the government and private sector would realise that ICT is the core to efficiency. He also said given the highest number of mobile penetration in Botswana, the government and private sector should take advantage of this and improve E-commerce.
Although there are challenges such as skills, competence and managing projects, Neil is hopeful that it’s something that can be solved through a deeply embedded collaboration between the government and private sector.
If there ever was a time for global approach and solutions, the time is now. At least that’s what Monametsi Kalayamotho, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Moro Group, told the participants at the Job summit. Monametsi, one of Botswana’s successful ICT entrepreneurs, talked about his passion for ICT and seeing youth lead in creating jobs. “I used to be passionate about ICT, and now I’m obsessing about ICT and jobs creation,” he confessed.
It’s not hard to see the fire that burns when Kalayamotho talks about ICT, he is a man on a mission to do right. He has been told to tone it down, but he won’t because he “Sincerely believes we could be creating applications in Botswana.”
It is this sincere belief that has put him on collision course with people who just don’t get it, but it appears Kalayamotho is scoring some victories in convincing them that ICT is the future. Kalayamotho said that we need leaders who believe in themselves and if they don’t, then they should give the opportunity to someone who believes in their ability. Regarding the economic stimulus package, Kalayamotho does not hide his disappointment.
“ICT should have been given priority together with those identified sectors that need to be stimulated. In fact ICT should be the driver, it should be the pillar,” he said, adding that its nothing new since even during budget allocations ICT is not given priority. This is something he really wants to change.
“We need a change in mindset. Do not see ICT as a by product,” he said. Kalayamotho believes the most important thing is the jobs that can be created through ICT. To do these, it will require cutting down on the import bill because some of the things imported could be assembled in Botswana thus creating jobs.
“It doesn’t mean if it’s made in Botswana, it’s going to be different,” he chuckled before explaining that in ICT they adhere to the highest international standards, meaning any product assembled here will meet international certifications.
Kalayamotho gave credit to the government for improving the broadband and fibre infrastructure development as well as rolling it to many areas. Nonetheless he had some wisdom to share concerning the infrastructure. “When you talk infrastructure, you talk applications and content. That’s when people use your infrastructure. What’s the point of having infrastructure when you don’t have content?” he asked. Kalayamotho says this is where the bulk of the ICT jobs will come from.
There are too many applications and content to create, it could be games, educational applications, health applications even language content. He beamed when he talked about the talented youth in the country, although he conceded they will need further training and education so that they could be the best.
“We should appreciate how ICT works. Applications and content is a huge opportunity. I’m talking 3000 jobs in 24 months,” he said, adding that this is because content changes every day. In essence jobs in ICT could be said to be regenerative particularly in content creation, it’s a continuous process of development and enhancement.
Kalayamotho is not naive to the challenges that lie ahead, and he fully understands them. He called on the private sector to be supportive to entrepreneurs. He pleaded with the Human Resource Development Council to come on board by paying for ICT training. Kalayamotho says there a need to continuously build capacity locally. He applauded BOCRA for doing a fine job in ensuring that people get access to connectivity.
In his closing argument, he pleaded with the government and private sector to not be dismissive when ICT businesses require a higher capital injection, because “Sometimes it’s not about number of the jobs that will be created but the scale of impact it would have on people’s lives.” This was met with a thunderous applause from the audience.
Botswana’s financial sector has been deemed safe and resilient by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), despite the presence of high levels of unsecured household loans. The IMF’s 2023 report on the country’s financial sector highlights the robustness of Botswana’s banking system and its ability to withstand various shocks.
According to the report, credit risk is the largest risk in Botswana’s banking system, with a significant portion of total assets comprising loans concentrated in the household sector. Specifically, 70 percent of bank loans to households in Botswana are personal loans, primarily in the form of unsecured consumer credit. However, the IMF notes that a large share of lenders collect repayments through direct salary deduction, resulting in a generally low level of non-performing household loans.
The IMF’s assessment confirms that most banking entities in Botswana have strong capital buffers, which would enable them to survive even in the event of an increase in non-performing loans in the household sector. While a 20 percent transition of performing loans into non-performing loans would result in some banks experiencing a significant capital shortfall, the majority of banks possess robust total capital buffers and would remain unaffected by severe shocks to household loans.
Furthermore, the IMF team conducted Bank Solvency Stress Tests, which demonstrated that Botswana’s banking system remains profitable and resilient to severe macro-financial shocks. The stress tests revealed that the aggregate capital depletion in an adverse scenario is relatively small, amounting to less than 0.02 percent of GDP. Although credit risk increases significantly under the adverse scenario, the impact on the capital ratio from rising non-performing loans is outweighed by the increase in net interest income.
The IMF’s assessment also indicates that Botswana’s financial sector weathered the Covid-19 pandemic well. The authorities have made notable progress in strengthening financial supervisory and regulatory frameworks since 2007. The financial sector is deemed stable, sound, and resilient, with risks primarily related to banks’ high concentration of short-term deposits from retirement funds and insurance companies, volatility in diamond prices, geopolitical developments, and tightening global financial conditions. However, the financial system remains resilient to a wide range of shocks associated with these risks, although some vulnerabilities exist.
The Financial Stability Council (FSC), a statutory body led by the Governor of the Bank of Botswana, also recently affirmed the resilience and safety of the domestic financial system. The FSC’s assessment found that the financial sector in Botswana is robust, safe, and unconstrained in providing a range of financial services to support the economy. This resilience is attributed to strong capital and liquidity buffers, profitability, continuous innovation and adaptability, and a robust regulatory environment. The FSC believes that the macroeconomic environment, characterized by positive economic growth, well-managed government fiscal position, and modest inflation, further supports financial stability. Stress tests conducted on banks validate their strong solvency and resilience.
IMF concludes that Botswana’s financial sector remains safe and resilient, despite the presence of high levels of unsecured household loans. The IMF’s assessment highlights the strong capital buffers of banking entities, their ability to withstand shocks, and the overall stability of the financial system. The country’s financial sector has also demonstrated its resilience during the Covid-19 pandemic. The Financial Stability Council further affirms the safety and effectiveness of the financial system in providing financial services to support the economy.
Botala Energy, an Australian energy company, recently made its debut on the Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE), joining a growing number of energy development companies trading on the exchange. The company, established in 2018, is focused on exploring and developing natural gas and renewable energy opportunities in Botswana, particularly in the Serowe Gas Project and Solar Opportunities.
The listing of Botala Energy on the BSE was welcomed by Mr Tsamatse Mamola, the Head of Listings & Tradings at the exchange. He recognized the company as a pioneering force in the field of gas exploration and development. Mamola also highlighted the company’s commitment to clean energy production, which aligns with the global movement towards sustainable practices. By harnessing the potential of coal bed methane in the Serowe Project and integrating it with solar power generation, Botala Energy is not only innovating in the energy sector but also contributing to a greener and more sustainable future.
Mamola emphasized the significance of Botala Energy’s decision to list all of its issued shares on the BSE. This move demonstrates the company’s confidence in the exchange as a strategic partner in its corporate journey. The listing provides Botala Energy with access to diverse sources of capital, which will be instrumental in advancing its exploration and development projects, fostering technological innovation, and achieving its clean energy production goals. The BSE, as a facilitator of capital raising, plays a crucial role in supporting ambitious initiatives and fostering growth.
The listing of Botala Energy also brings benefits to the broader Botswana economy. It increases investor interest, contributing to the liquidity and vibrancy of the market. Botswana, traditionally reliant on diamonds, recognizes the importance of diversifying its economic base. The inclusion of a dynamic and forward-looking company like Botala Energy on the exchange reflects the evolving economic landscape of the nation.
In the pursuit of economic diversification, the Botswana Stock Exchange serves as a bridge connecting visionary companies with investors who share their commitment to progress. By providing a marketplace for a diverse range of industries, from traditional sectors to emerging technologies, the exchange becomes a catalyst for economic resilience and sustainability.
Peter Grant, the Non-Executive Director of Botala Energy, shared some insights into the company’s operations. Since commencing exploration in Botswana, Botala has made significant progress, drilling exploration wells and pilot production wells. The company expects to become a modest producer of commercial gas within 12 months and increase production rapidly. Botala Energy has independently certified gas reserves and prospective resources within its project area, which have the potential to supply significant amounts of gas for power generation.
Grant also mentioned Botala Energy’s focus on delivering Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) to off-grid communities, providing them with reliable and affordable electricity and gas. The company is exploring the commercial option of establishing an Energy Hub and Industrial Park near Palapye, where it aims to produce energy for Botswana and export it to neighboring South Africa. Additionally, Botala Energy plans to establish a solar/gas hybrid plant in Serowe to feed into the local grid, in collaboration with the Ngwato Development Trust.
Market analysts say the listing of Botala Energy on the Botswana Stock Exchange marks an important milestone for the company and the energy sector in Botswana. It provides the company with access to capital, fosters economic growth and diversification, and contributes to the global movement towards sustainable energy practices. Botala Energy’s innovative approach to gas exploration and development, combined with its commitment to clean energy production, positions it as a key player in shaping a greener and more sustainable future for Botswana.
Beverages dominate Botswana’s food imports for August 2023, according to the latest figures released by Statistics Botswana. The country imported beverages, spirits, and vinegar worth approximately P332 million during this month. This is a significant increase from the previous month, where the food import bill slightly rose from P1,063,990,477.2 in July 2023 to P1,233,702,300.4 in August 2023.
The total imports for Botswana in August 2023 were valued at P6,995,115,623.2, compared to P6,897,364,155.2 recorded in July 2023. Food imports accounted for 15.9 percent of this amount, contributing P1,233,702,300.4. Among the food items imported, beverages, spirits, and vinegar accounted for the majority at 26.9 percent. Cereals and sugars followed with 13.4 percent and 8.8 percent, respectively.
Within the category of beverages, spirits, and vinegar, the most imported commodities were mineral waters and aerated waters containing sugar or other sweetening matter or flavored, contributing 47.0 percent. Beer made from malt accounted for 16.7 percent, while fermented beverages and non-alcoholic beverages accounted for 15.9 percent. The import bill for beverages, spirits, and vinegar shows that the country imported mineral waters and aerated waters containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavored worth approximately P156 million. Beer made from malt accounted for around P55 million, while fermented beverages and non-alcoholic beverages were valued at around P79.1 million. Wine and liqueurs and cordials were also imported, with values of P12.6 million and P6.4 million, respectively.
In terms of cereals, dried maize excluding seed and other wheat and muslin accounted for 42.3 percent and 27.4 percent, respectively. Rice imports contributed 21.2 percent. The country spent approximately P165 million on cereal imports, with dried maize accounting for around P70 million, wheat around P45 million, and rice around P44.7 million.
Other food imports included preparations of cereals, flour, starch, or milk; pastry cooks’ products, which amounted to around P89 million. Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants accounted for around P88 million, while sugars and sugar confectionery were valued at around P108 million. Miscellaneous edible preparations, animal or vegetable fats and oils, dairy produce, prepared animal fodder, coffee, tea, and spices, fruits and nuts, meat, vegetables and certain roots and tubers, and products of the milling industry such as malt, starches, and wheat gluten were also imported, with values ranging from P13 million to P74.6 million.
In conclusion, beverages, particularly mineral waters and aerated waters containing sugar or other sweetening matter or flavored, dominate Botswana’s food imports for August 2023. The country also imports a significant amount of cereals, sugars, and other food products. These figures highlight the country’s reliance on imported food items and the need for strategies to promote domestic production and reduce dependence on imports.