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Troubled Lesotho buckles under regional pressure

Minister Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi

Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi has revealed that the Prime Minister of Lesotho Pakalitha Mosisili has averted possible sanctions by the regional bloc Southern African Development Community (SADC) on the tiny mountain kingdom by finally accepting the SADC commissioned report.

Venson-Moitoi said that the possibility of imposing sanctions on Lesotho had crossed the table of discussion as Lesotho had been reluctant to receive the report citing a court case currently underway at home.

She said that Lesotho would still not budge even though SADC advanced reasoning that the regional bloc was immune and protected against the courts of law of member states and that the treaties signed by member states would protect decisions of SADC as well as the decisions of the Commission against any ruling from the Lesotho courts.

The meeting according to Venson-Moitoi still ended without an agreement between Lesotho and the SADC troika.

Venson-Moitoi however said that, the “conclusion was neither the best conclusion nor a conclusion that members states favoured because everybody wishes to see SADC succeeding.”

She continued that member states had for quite a time pleaded with Lesotho to see rational reason before arriving at a dreaded end where they discussed the imposition of biting sanctions, restrictions, limitations and the exclusion of Lesotho from the regional bloc as a proposal for the next SADC summit.

She continued that she believes, President Ian Khama who is also the SADC chairperson, sensing the palpable mood of the member states tailed the issue further beyond the stalemate.  She also believes that Pakalitha Mosisili also sensing the sulk atmosphere among the regional headship did not immediately depart for home and joined the chairman for a private meeting the next morning.

Venson-Moitoi says that the meeting between SADC chairman Ian Khama and Mosisili fundamentally changed the complexion of the previous day’s hard line trajectory that had mulled over imposition of sanctions as well as the expulsion of Lesotho from the regional community, removing the likelihood of a suspension that would have been concluded.

She also says that Mosisili accepted the report on condition that as a head of state leading a coalition government, he would not unilaterally accept the report as he had to go back home to consult his coalition partners before reaching an agreement with the chairman to issue a response to the chairman of the organ and President of Mozambique Felipe Nyusi within 14 days. Nyusi is head of the SADC organ on Politics, Defence and Security.

Venson-Moitoi also said that had Lesotho not accepted the commission’s report SADC was to publicise the report but since it had accepted it the onus falls on Lesotho to publicise it after 14 days. The 14 days agreement also stipulates that Lesotho has to show how it intends to execute constitutional public sector and security sector reforms that came as recommendations from findings of a report by SADC facilitator and South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa, for Lesotho to come back into proper democratic governance.

Justice Mpaphi Phumaphi of Botswana had led a 10 member strong commission to investigate among other things; the rupture of political stability in the mountain kingdom and the assassination of Lieutenant-General Maaparankoe Mahao who was killed on the 25th of June 2015. General Mahao was killed on his way from his farm in an operation to arrest soldiers suspected of being involved in a plot to topple Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) military command. Ironically, General Mahao was in 2010 posted at the SADC headquarters in Gaborone as Chief of Staff-SADC Standby Forces (SSF) where he worked for a couple of years. He was also the scion of an accomplished Lesotho family as a brother to National University of Lesotho Chancellor Professor Nqosa Mahao.

The Lesotho government had stalled accepting the Phumaphi Commission of Enquiry report citing a court case in which LDF’s Special Forces Commander Lieutenant-Colonel Tefo Hashatsi accuses the commission of being biased against him to the point that Justice Phumaphi had bordered on accusing him of participating in Mahao’s assassination. Mahao had survived at least one assassination attempt where his family dog was gunned down as the political situation in that country spiralled out of control.

The Lesotho political and state security sector had been severely fractured with the Lesotho Mounted Police Service (LMPS) and Gen. Mahao said to be allied to former Prime Minister Tom Thabane.

Thabane promoted Mahao to the rank of Lieutenant-General in the LDF after a failed military coup d’état resulted in the sacking of Lieutenant-General Tlali Kamoli who is said to be allied to incumbent Prime Minister Mosisili. Gen. Kamoli is also said to be a distant cousin to Prime Minister Mosisili. After winning power in a snap general election Mosisili reinstated Kamoli to the top military post defying SADC facilitator Cyril Ramaphosa who warned that his entry had the potential to spark further political instability in the country.

The Phumaphi commission report was completed on the 23rd of October 25 2015 and handed to SADC on the 6th of December of the same year. Unconfirmed reports indicate that that the Phumaphi commission urges SADC to call for strictly monitored elections in Lesotho, and further calls for the dismissal of some military chiefs in that country.  

This publication learns that Lesotho has been given fourteen days to study the report and comply. The Lesotho cabinet is said to have held an emergency meeting on Wednesday and they now realise the seriousness of SADC leaders.

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Botswana economic recovery depends on successful vaccine rollout – BoB

5th May 2021
Botswana-economic-recovery-depends-on-successful-vaccine-rollout---BoB-

Bank of Botswana (BoB) has indicated that the rebounding of domestic economy will depended on successful vaccine roll-out which could help business activity to return to its post pandemic days.

Projections by the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) suggest a rebound in economic growth for Botswana in 2021.

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Inside the UB-BDF fighter Jet tragedy report

5th May 2021
Inside-the-UB-BDF-fighter-Jet-tragedy-report

Despite being hailed and still regarded as a hero who saved many lives through his decision to crash the BF5 fighter Jet around the national stadium on the eve of the 2018 BDF day, the deceased Pilot, Major Clifford Manyuni’s actions were treated as a letdown within the army, especially by his master-Commander of the Air Arm, Major General Innocent Phatshwane.

Manyuni’s master says he was utterly disappointed with his Pilot’s failure to perform “simple basics.”

Manyuni was regarded as a hero through social media for his ‘colourful exploits’, but Phatshwane who recently retired as the Air Arm Commander, revealed to WeekendPost in an exclusive interview that while he appreciated Batswana’s outpouring of emotions and love towards his departed Pilot, he strongly felt let down by the Pilot “because there was nothing wrong with that Fighter Jet and Manyuni did not report any problem either.”

The deceased Pilot, Manyuni was known within the army to be an upwardly mobile aviator and in particular an air power proponent.

“I was hurt and very disappointed because nobody knows why he decided to crash a well-functioning aircraft,” stated Phatshwane – a veteran pilot with over 40 years of experience under the Air Arm unit.

Phatshwane went on to express shock at Manyuni’s flagrant disregard for the rules of the game, “they were in a formation if you recall well and the guiding principle in that set-up is that if you have any problem, you immediately report to the formation team leader and signal a break-away from the formation.

Manyuni disregarded all these basic rules, not even to report to anybody-team members or even the barracks,” revealed Phatshwane when engaged on the much-publicised 2018 incident that took the life of a Rakops-born Pilot of BDF Class 27 of 2003/2004.

Phatshwane quickly dismisses the suggestion that perhaps the Fighter Jet could have been faulty, “the reasons why I am saying I was disappointed is that the aircraft was also in good condition and well-functioning. It was in our best interest to know what could have caused the accident and we launched a wholesale post-accident investigation which revealed that everything in the structure was working perfectly well,” he stated.

Phatshwane continued: “we thoroughly assessed the condition of the engine of the aircraft as well as the safety measures-especially the ejection seat which is the Pilot’s best safety companion under any life-threatening situation. All were perfectly functional.”

In aircrafts, an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft in an emergency. The seat is propelled out of the aircraft by an explosive charge or rocket motor, carrying the pilot with it.”

Manyuni knew about all these safety measures and had checked their functionality prior to using the Aircraft as is routine practice, according to Phatshwane. Could Manyuni have been going through emotional distress of some sort? Phatshwane says while he may never really know about that, what he can say is that there are laid out procedures in aviation guiding instances of emotional instability which Manyuni also knew about.

“We don’t allow or condone emotionally or physically unfit Pilots to take charge of an aircraft. If a Pilot feels unfit, he reports and requests to be excused. We will subsequently shift the task to another Pilot. We do this because we know the risks of leaving an unfit pilot to fly an aircraft,” says Phatshwane.

Despite having happened a day before the BDF day, Phatshwane says the BDF day mishap did not really affect the BDF day preparations, although it emotionally distracted Manyuni’s flying formation squad a bit, having seen him break away from the formation to the stone-hearted ground. The team soldiered on and immediately reported back to base for advice and way forward, according to Phatshwane.

Sharing the details of the ordeal and his Pilots’ experiences, Phatshwane said: “they (pilots) were in distress, who wouldn’t? They were especially hurt by the deceased‘s lack of communication. I immediately called a chaplain to attend to their emotional needs.

He came and offered them counselling. But soldiers don’t cry, they immediately accepted that a warrior has been called, wiped off their tears and instantly reported back for duty. I am sure you saw them performing miracles the following day at the BDF day as arranged.”

Despite the matter having attracted wide publicity, the BDF kept the crash details a distance away from the public, a move that Phatshwane felt was not in the best interest of the army and public.

“The incident attracted overwhelming public attention. Not only that, there were some misconceptions attached to the incident and I thought it was upon the BDF to come out and address those for the benefit of the public and army’s reputation,” he said.

One disturbing narrative linked to the incident was that Manyuni heroically wrestled the ‘faulty’ aircraft away from the endangered public to die alone, a narrative which Phatshwane disputes as just people’s imaginations. “Like I said the Aircraft was functioning perfectly,” he responded.

A close family member has hinted that the traumatised Manyuni family, at the time of their son’s tragedy, strongly accused the BDF ‘of killing their son’. Phatshwane admits to this development, emphasising that “Manyuni’s mother was visibly and understandably in inconsolable pain when she uttered those words”.

Phatshwane was the one who had to travel to Rakops through the Directorate of Intelligence Services (DIS) aircraft to deliver the sad news to the family but says he found the family already in the know, through social media. At the time of his death, Manyuni was survived by both parents, two brothers, a sister, fiancée and one child. He was buried in Rakops in an emotionally-charged burial. Like his remains, the BDF fighter jets have been permanently rested.

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Uphill battle in Khama’s quest to charge Hubona

5th May 2021
JAKO HUBONA

A matter in which former President Lt Gen Ian Khama had brought before Broadhurst Police Station in Gaborone, requesting the State to charge Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) lead investigator, Jako Hubona and others with perjury has been committed to Headquarters because it involves “elders.” 

Broadhurst Police Station Commander, Obusitswe Lokae, told this publication this week that the case in its nature is high profile so the matter has been allocated to his Officer Commanding No.3 District who then reported to the Divisional Commander who then sort to commit it to Police Headquarters.

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