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Odd number phenomenon behind BDP rule

The fire-breathing former Botswana National Front Youth League (BNFYL) President Kagiso Ntime says that an unknown and inexplicable phenomenon that has directed the fate of the country’s leadership will once again come out to thwart an opposition takeover in the well anticipated 2019 general election.

Ntime who has since joined the ruling Botswana Democratic party (BDP) says that the seemingly preordained dynamic continues to be overlooked in the mainstream political analysis. According to his analysis an enigmatic trend has charted the course of Botswana’s rulership, ensuring BDP’s retention of government control while strategically keeping opposition parties far out of reach of stately power.

He says that the phenomenon is such that opposition parties will always falter in the odd number election years as it has done in the 1989, 1999 and 2009 general elections and then will rise again from the ashes in the even number election years of 1994, 2004 as well as 2014.

He highlights that in 1989 the gains of opposition parties plummeted and then again surged in the general election year of 1994. Ntime continued to say that contrary to popular opinion the 1994 general election remains the best year that opposition parties ever came close to the reach of state power.

He reasons that at the time, BNF managed on its own to wrestle 13 constituencies out of a 40 seat parliament and was left with securing the remaining 8 constituencies. He also reasons that the 2014 general election cannot compare with those held in 1994 as the current opposition gains came by way of a united opposition parties.

Ntime said that the same electoral gains of the 1994 general elections were reversed in 1999 when the BNF split bore the Botswana Congress Party and BNF representation in parliament came crashing down again from 13 representatives to 6.

He went on to say that while BNF’s 2004 intra party squabbles critically hurt its electability resulting in a dented public confidence BDP still managed to win 12 out of 57 seats.

Ntime was referring to the fracas where the so called ‘Temporary Platform’ faction was fighting against BNF President Otsweletse Moupo. Members of the ‘Temporary Platform’ included Dr Kathleen Letshabo, Dr Elmon Tafa and Akanyang Magama among others. They were agitating for Moupo to step down from party presidency as they said he had failed the party, labeling him a weak leader.

In the 2009 general election BNF’s elected seats dropped again to 6.BNF subsequently was in the eyes of many seen as a dying party. It received a fresh lease of life after prominent attorney Duma Boko took its leadership and led it into a coalition with Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) and Botswana People’s Party (BPP) where it won 17 legislative seats in the 2014 elections.

Ntime opined that looking at this phenomenal trend which is yet to be broken he is confident that BDP will once again emerge the party on top in the next general election. “I believe this phenomenon is going to continue and perhaps in the 2024 general elections that is when we might have problems but as of now I am awaiting a scholarly analysis that can crack and make sense of it.”

While he conceded the 2014 opposition gains were “a commendable good work that is good for a democracy” he also crushed it with the same effort. He said that out of 57 parliamentary seats or constituencies, the Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC), politicking as a three party coalition, with the endorsement of the all powerful Botswana Federation of Public Sector Unions (BOFEPUSU) it managed to garner only 17 constituencies failing to go near the BDP constituencies’ half margin.

He also continued that the belief of an opposition takeover in the coming 2019 general election, based on opposition’s capture of the Gantsi North, Molepolole North and South and Goodhope-Mabule constituencies is an unbalanced argument. He asserted that most people fail to grasp the political dynamics at play. “The margins are very slim and those constituencies can always go back to BDP even if there is a by-election tomorrow,” Ntime countered, before adding that BDP also captured avowed opposition constituencies such as Ngami and Kgalagadi South while most BDP strongholds have never been infiltrated by opposition.

Ntime also labels opposition as weak, slippery and not strong saying that the coalition looks set to implode in no time. He says that the bubbling dissatisfaction at BMD over its inclusion of BCP in the coalition has potential to collapse the coalition. He also says that BCP will most likely not arrive at the coalition intact while BDP will continue to receive disgruntled BCP and BMD activists and members.

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Botswana still weighing in on Maseko’s assassination

27th January 2023

The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Lemogang Kwape says Botswana has not taken any position regarding the killing of a renowned human rights lawyer, Thulani Maseko, who was gunned down at his house in Mbabane, Eswatini.

In a brief interview with WeekendPost, Dr Kwape said Botswana has not yet taken any position regarding his death. He said the purported incident should be thoroughly probed before Botswana can form an opinion based on the findings of the inquiries.

“Botswana generally condemns any killing of human life by all means,” says Dr. Kwape. He wouldn’t want to be dragged on whether Botswana will support the suspension of Eswatini from SADC.

“We will be guided by SADC organ Troika if they can be an emergency meeting. I am not sure when the meeting will be called by Namibian president,“ he said.

However, the Namibian president Hage Geingob notes with deep concern reports coming out of Eswatini about the killing of Mr. Maseko. In a statement, he called upon the “Government of the Kingdom of Eswatini to ensure that the killing of Maseko is swiftly, transparently and comprehensively investigated, and that any or all persons suspected of committing this heinous crime are brought to justice.”

Maseko was chairperson of the Multi-Stakeholder Forum which was established as a coalition of non-State actors to advocate for a process of national political dialogue aimed at resolving the security and political challenges confronting the Kingdom.

“SADC expresses its deepest and heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr. Maseko, his friends, colleagues, and to the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini for the loss of Mr. Maseko. In this context, SADC further calls upon the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini to remain calm, exercise due care and consideration whilst the appropriate structures conduct the investigations and bring the matter to completion,” the statement says.

Geingob reiterated the need for peaceful resolution of the political and security challenges affecting the country.

Meanwhile political activists are calling on SADC to suspend Eswatini from the block including the African Union as well.

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Kopong Murder: Accused interferes with witnesses again!

27th January 2023

State prosecutor, Seeletso Ookeditse revealed before the Broadhurst Magistrate Jobbie Moilatshimo that the third accused involved in the murder of Barulaganye Aston, has interfered with the State witnesses again.

The second and third accused (Lefty Kosie and Outlwile Aston) were previously accused of interference when they were caught in possession of cellphones in prison. They were further accused of planning to kill the deceased’s brother, who is currently the guardian to the children of the deceased.

Ookeditse indicated that Outlwile had earlier went to challenge the magistrate’s decision of denying him bail at the High Court before Judge Michael Motlhabi.

“The third accused approached the High Court and made a bail application, which was dismissed on the same day,” Ookeditse said.

However, even after the High Court verdict on their bail application, the duo (Kosie and Aston) has once again applied for bail this week.

Ookeditse plead with the court to stop the accused from abusing the court process.

“Yesterday, Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP) received papers of his bail application filed before the Broadhurst Magistrates Court. However, the papers do not speak to changed circumstances, therefore this back and forth about bail must be put to a stop,” said the State prosecutor.

While giving evidence before court, the Investigations Officer, Detective Inspector Quite Zhalamonto, said his investigations have proved that there is interference continuing regarding the accused trio.

He told the court that on the 12th of January 2023, he received a report from Thato Aston, who is the son of the accused and the deceased. The son had alleged to the Investigation Officer that he received a call from one Phillip Molwantwa.

According to Zhalamonto, Thato revealed that Molwatwa indicated that he was from prison on a visit to the Outlwile Aston and went on to ask where he was staying and where his siblings (Aston’s children) are staying.

“Thato revealed that Phillip went on to ask if he or his siblings saw their father murdering their mother, and he was referring to the crime scene. Thato told me that he, however, refused to answer the questions as he was afraid especially because he was asked about where him and his siblings stay,” said Zhalamonto.

Zhalamonto alluded to the court that he then went to Orange to confirm the communication between Thato and Molwantwa where he found the case.

“I have arrested Philip yesterday and when I interviewed him, he did not deny that he knows Aston and that he has indeed called Thato and asked questions as to where him and his siblings resides even though he failed to give reasons for asking such questions,” Zhalamonto told the court.

He further revealed that Molwantwa indicated that he had received a call from an unknown man who refused to reveal himself.

“Phillip told me that the unknown man said he was sent by the accused (Aston), and that Aston had instructed him to tell me to check if there was still some money in his bank accounts, and he also wanted to know where the kids were residing, the unknown man even asked him to meet at Main Mall” the Investigation Officer told the court.

He further informed the court that he is working tirelessly to identify the “unknown caller” and the route of the cell number.

Furthermore, the fourth accused, Kebaleboge Ntsebe, has revealed to the court through a letter that she was abused and tortured by the Botswana Police Services. She wrote in her letter that she suffered miscarriage as a result of being beaten by the police.

Ntsebe is on bail, while a bail ruling for Aston and Kosie will be delivered on the 6th of next month

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Ngamiland Cattle Farmers Gain Green Zone Revenue

27th January 2023

Cattle farmers from Eretsha and Habu in the Ngamiland district, supported by the Community Based Trade (CBT) project, recently generated over P300 000.00 for sales of 42 cattle to the Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) in Maun. This milestone was achieved through support from various stakeholders in conservation, commodity-based trade and the government, in collaboration with farmers. Ordinarily, these farmers would not have made this direct sale since the area is a designated Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) Red Zone.

Traditional livestock farming contributes toward livelihoods and formal employment in the North-West District (Ngamiland) of Botswana. However, primarily due to the increase in FMD outbreaks over the past two decades and predation by wildlife, the viability of livestock agriculture as a source of income has declined in the region. This has led to a greater risk of poverty and food insecurity. Access across the Okavango River (prior to the construction of a bridge) restricted access for farmers in Eretsha. This lack of access hampered sales of cattle beyond Shakawe, further discouraging farmers from investing in proper livestock management practices. This resulted in negative environmental impacts, poor livestock health and productivity.

To address this challenge, farmers are working with a consortium led by Conservation International (CI), with funding secured from the European Union (EU) to pilot a CBT beef project. The project focuses on supporting and enabling communal farmers to comply with standards and regulations that will improve their chances to access markets. An opportunity to earn higher income from cattle sales could incentivize the adoption of restorative rangelands management practices by farmers.

These collaborative efforts being piloted in Habu and Eretsha villages also include the Pro-Nature Enterprises Project for the People of Southern Africa, funded by Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and Le Fonds français pour l’environnement mondial (FFEM). This complementary funding from AFD and FFEM supports the implementation of the Herding4Health (H4H) model and Rangeland Stewardship Agreements across four rangeland sites in Southern Africa, including Habu and Eretsha, to incentivize best practices that could offer sustainability in the long term for livelihoods, conservation and human-wildlife coexistence.

“We spend a lot of money getting our cattle to Makalamabedi quarantine site, the herder spends on average two months taking care of the cattle before they are taken into quarantine – that needs money. All these costs lead to us getting less money from BMC,” said one of the farmers in the programme, Mr Monnaleso Mosanga.

Farmers that participate in the project agree for their cattle to be herded and kraaled communally by fulltime professional herders (eco-rangers). At the core of this pilot is the use of predator-proof bomas (cattle kraals), planned grazing systems and mobile quarantine bomas (electrified enclosures) for the cattle, facilitated in support with the Department of Veterinary Services. The first successful exit from the mobile quarantine bomas in the Habu and Eretsha villages, in December 2022, saw cattle quarantined on-site and directly transported to BMC in Maun. Farmers received almost double the average sales within this region, as costs including transportation to quarantine sites, herder’s fees and other associated costs incurred before qualifying for BMC sales were no longer included.

“This pilot mobile quarantine is leveraging the techniques and protocols we are using at our current permanent quarantine sites, and we are still observing the results of the project. The outcome of this pilot will be presented to the World Organisation of Animal Health to assess its effectiveness and potentially be approved to be used elsewhere,” said Dr Odireleng Thololwane, the Principal Veterinary Officer (Maun).

Through co-financing of almost P1 billion from the Botswana government and Green Climate Fund, these interventions will be replicated, through The Ecosystem Based Adaptation and Mitigation in Botswana’s Communal Rangelands project, across the country. Both projects aim to improve the economic benefits of cattle owners and multitudes of Batswana households, while contributing to land restoration and climate change efforts by the Botswana government

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