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BOFEPUSU appeals Industrial Court ruling

Botswana Federation of Public Sector Unions (BOFEPUSU) has decided to appeal the Industrial Court decision that pushed the Federation out of the Public Service Bargaining Council (PSBC). The Federation has already filed the appeal paper with the Court of Appeal.

The decision by the Federation follows a ruling by the Industrial Court Judge President Justice Tebogo Maruping this week confirming the interim interdict that he issued on 22nd February 2016 to be a final court ruling.

The confirmed interim interdict which is now a final court ruling provides that, The PSBC verification report that confirmed that BOFEPUSU meets the threshold and as such should continue being admitted into the PSBC is set aside; BOFEPUSU is not entitled to be admitted into the Public Service Bargaining Council; Only trade unions recognized by the government of Botswana on its capacity as the employer, are entitled to be admitted into the Public Service Bargaining Council; and that – For the purposes of verification of whether or not a trade union party should continue to be admitted, the PSBC should take into consideration the individual membership figures of each union rather than as a collective.

BOFEPUSU Secretary General, Tobokani Rari said BOFEPUSU and the four affiliate unions carefully considered the judgement with a view of mapping a way forward. “In doing so particular attention was given to the fact that they are two available options, of either resorting to the mediation process as suggested by the court at paragraph 55 (8) or exercising our right to appeal,” he wrote in a statement.  

Rari said a decision was arrived as there are some fundamental points of law and facts that the court overlooked and as such BOFEPUSU and the four affiliates would appeal the judgement. “Our view is that such misdirections are so grave that they cannot be left to pass without being challenged at the court of appeal.”

The BOFEPUSU Secretary General said the appeal papers have already been signed to be filed before the Court of Appeal.  “We therefore appeal to affiliate unions, their general membership and public service in general to exercise patience and restraint as the case would be proceeding to the Court of Appeal,” said Rari.

HOW THE INDUSTRIAL COURT REASONED

The industrial Court ruling on Wednesday yanked BOFEPUSU out of the Public Sector Bargaining Council (PSBC) in a case where the Botswana Public Employees Union (BOPEU) had sought the court to bar BOFEPUSU as a federation from PSBC.

Judge President of the Industrial Court, Tebogo Maruping ruled that only trade unions which are recognised by the government in its capacity as the employer are entitled to be admitted into the membership of the PSBC.

He also continued that, for purposes of verification of whether or not the trade union party to the PSBC should continue to be admitted, PSBC shall take into consideration the individual membership figures of trade unions that make up BOFEPUSU but not as a collective.

Judge President Maruping also said that, “the dispute has given the court a lot of anxiety, the primary reason being that there is a great deal at stake for both parties.”

He added that, “in the eyes of the court there is even a greater deal at stake for the many public officers who are looking forward to being represented in the salary and conditions of service for 2016/2017 and the court appreciates the fact that time is obviously of essence.”

Judge President Maruping also directed the disputing unions and all labour unions that represent public officers to meet with Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) to amend the constitution of PSBC.

He thus interdicted PSBC from proceeding with the 2016/2017 salary and conditions of service negotiations pending the outcome of the mediation of this dispute by the Commissioner of labour within 30 days.

Maruping also said that the court is aware that as the matters stand, if the PSBC were to move forward it will only have one union, National Amalgamated Local Government, Parastatal and Manual Workers Union, as the trade union party, “which is unacceptable.”

He also continued to say that the court is also aware that time has probably run against PSBC as far as negotiations of the 2016/2017 salary negotiations and conditions of service are concerned but it is a matter that the court will leave for resolution by the trade unions and their employer.

Maruping also observed that while BOFEPUSU is cited fifth in the court papers, according to the labour unions making up the federation, BOFEPUSU was an ‘Acting Jointly Arrangement’ or ‘AJA’ which was admitted as the trade union party into Bargaining Council.

He continues that, according to the unions in the federation, it was that ‘AJA’ which went by the name BOFEPUSU and not the federation cited in the court papers before observing that, “curiously if that is correct it would mean that BOFEPUSU ‘AJA’ is not cited as in court proceedings… the question that immediately comes to mind is whether this BOFEPUSU ‘AJA’ has a separate legal existence from the unions under which it exists in the same way that the federation has.”

Judge President Maruping then concludes that, “probably not because as has been emphasized during the hearing of this dispute it is just a label."

He also said that the current constitution of the PSBC which would allow a trade union with 10 000 members to represent its workers in the PSBC while one with 26000 members does not, is not a sensible approach and does not give the best effect to the apparent purpose of all the parties who have agreed to terms of PSBC constitution.

He also said that in view of the court the trade unions at first had options that would have avoided the current quagmire such as making specific provision for qualification for admission such as preferring absolute numbers such as 5,000, 10,000 or 15,000 as opposed to fractions or the one third of the membership of all recognised trade unions whose members are public officers.

Judge President Maruping also said that as figures stand at the moment it is only the Manual Workers Union which qualifies for admission into PSBC at 30,812 members against a threshold of 28,780. He also continued to say that the court is not convinced that BOPEU does not have direct interest in the case as it is the next largest union and has shown interest in continuing to be a member of the PSBC. He however noted that its application for an ‘acting jointly arrangement’ with unions which does not qualify numerically seems to cast doubt on its own position on the matter.

He also said that the court has come to the conclusion that this is a dispute which requires the parties to look at the bigger picture and to decide what is best for themselves and their members saying that the parties may wish to benchmark on what is considered to be best international practice in such situations.

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Details emerge in suspected Batswana poachers in Namibia

28th June 2022
suspected Motswana poacher arrested

New details about a suspected Motswana poacher arrested in Namibian and his accomplice who is on the run were revealed when the suspect appeared in court this week.

The Motswana Citizen who was shot and wounded by Namibia’s anti poaching unit is facing criminal charges under criminal case number (CR NO 10/06/2022) which was registered at the Divundu Police Station in the Mukwe constituency of the Kavango East Region on 10 June 2022.

It is alleged that a patrol team laid an ambush after discovering a giraffe’s fresh carcass in a snare wire and hanging biltong.  According to the Charge Sheet, the suspect Djeke Dihutu, aged 40 years, is charged with contravening and transgressions of Nature Conservation Ordinance andcontravening Immigration Act 07 in Mahango Wildlife Core Area, Bwabwata National Park. Dihutu’s first court appearance was on the 17th of June 2022, Rundu and it was postponed to the 07 July 2022. He is currently hospitalized in hospital under Police Guards.

Commenting on this latest development, the Namibian Lives Matter Movement National Chairperson Sinvula Mudabeti applauded the Namibian Anti Poaching Unit for its compliance with what it called the universal instrument on the Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 34/169.

“We are aware that the duties of the police carry a great deal of risk, but our police has shown that they have a moral calling and obligation to protect even foreigners suspected of serious crimes on Namibian soil,” said Mudabeti.

According to him, whereas the Botswana Police Service, the Botswana Defence Force (BDF) and Directorate of Intelligence Service (DIS) have “very low moral ethics, integrity, accountability and honesty, the Namibian security agencies has shown very high levels of ethical leadership in the discharge of their duties even under duress.”

He said Namibian’s anti poaching unit has exercised one very important value, that is, the use of force only when it is reasonable and necessary. Mudabeti said this is in harmony with international best practices as enshrined in Article 2 of the UN instrument on law enforcement conduct, “In the performance of their duty, law enforcement officials shall respect and protect human dignity and maintain and uphold the human rights of all persons.

Our police have protected the life of a Botswana poacher and accorded him dignity, which is very foreign to our Botswana counterparts,” he said. He said article 3 of the same instrument above, calls for Law enforcement officials to use force only when strictly necessary and to the extent required for the performance of their duty.

“This provision emphasizes that the use of force by law enforcement officials should be exceptional; while it implies that law enforcement officials may be authorized to use force as is reasonably necessary under the circumstances for the prevention of crime or in effecting or assisting in the lawful arrest of suspected offenders, no force going beyond that was used by our Police,” he said.

Furthermore, Mudabeti said, whereas the universally accepted norm of the law of proportionality ordinarily permits the use of force by law enforcement, it is to be understood that such principles of proportionality in no case should be interpreted to authorize the use of force which is disproportionate to the legitimate objective to be achieved.

“Our police have used force proportional to the situation at hand. Great work indeed! Article 6 urges law enforcement officials to ensure the full protection of the health of persons in their custody and, in particular, shall take immediate action to secure medical attention whenever required,” he said.

Mudabeti said the Botswana poacher was immediately taken to hospital whereas the Nchindo brothers who were captured on Namibian soil, beaten, tortured and executed while pleading to be taken to the hospital we left to die.

“The Namibian Doctor gave evidence in court that Sinvula Munyeme’s lungs showed signs of life (during the autopsy) and that he could have survived if he was accorded immediate medical assistance in time but was left to die while BDF soldiers looked and possibly ignored his cry for help,” he said.

Mudabeti said unlike in Botswana where there are no clear separation of powers between the BDF, Botswana Police Service, Department of Intelligence and their Directorate of Public Prosecutions,” we have a system that allows for checks and balances and allows our people and foreigners who are found on the wrong side of the law to be accorded the right to a fair trial.”

He said Botswana citizens are treated with dignity when apprehended in Namibia and not assaulted, tortured and executed. “We are a civilized country that respects international law in dealing with non-Namibian criminals. The Namibian Police have not mistreated the Botswana poacher but have given him the benefit of the doubt by allowing due processes of the law to be followed,” he said.

He added that, “We are a peace loving nation that has not repaid Botswana by the evil that Botswana has done to Namibia by killing more than 37 innocent and unarmed Namibians by the trigger happy BDF.” He concluded that, “Our acts of mercy in arresting Botswana citizens should never be mistaken for cowardice.”

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Gov’t, Unions clash over accommodation

28th June 2022
accomodation

The government has reportedly taken a decision to terminate provision of pool housing and subsidy for civil servants as it attempts to trim the public service wage bill.

This emerges in a dispute that is currently before the Labour Office headquarters lodged by unions representing thousands of civil servants across the country. This publication understands that the decision to cease providing pool housing and rental subsidy for public officers is part of proposals that government put on the table during its negotiations with public service unions in order for it to adjust salaries.

A letter from Labour Office addressed to the Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) shows that the directorate is cited as the First Respondent. The letter is titled, “Dispute lodged: Cessation of provision of pool housing and subsidy for pubic officers.”

“This serves as a notification and requirement to a mediation hearing,” the letter informed DPSM. According to the letter, the Botswana Teachers Union (BTU), Botswana Sectors of Educators Trade Unions (BOSETU) Botswana Nurses Union (BONU) and Botswana Land Board &Local Authorities &Health workers Union (BLLAHW) who lodged the complaint are cited as the Applicant.

“Please come for mediation hearing. The hearing will be conducted by Mr Lebang. The hearing is scheduled for date/time 29th June 2022, 09: 00HOURS at Block 8 District Labour Office, Gaborone. Please bring all relevant documents,” reads the letter in part.

According to a document described as a proposal paper on the negotiations on salaries and other conditions of employment of public officers by the employer (government), the government did not only propose to stop providing accommodation to civil servants but also put a number of proposals on the table.

The proposal papers states that the negotiations (which have since been concluded) cover three government financial years; 2022/23, 2023/24 and 2024/25. The government proposed an across the board salary adjustments as follows; 3% for the financial year 2022/23 effective 1st April 2022, across the board salary adjustment of 3.5% for the financial year 2023/24 effective 1st April 2023 subject to performance of the economy and across the board salary adjustment of 4% for the financial year 2024/25 effective 1st April 2024 subject to performance of the economy.

The government also proposed phasing out of retention and attractive (Scarce Skills) Allowance with a view to migration towards clean pay, renegotiate and set new timelines for all outstanding issues contained in the Collective Labour Agreement, executed by the employer and trade unions on the 27th August 2019, to ensure proper sequencing, alignment and proper implementation.
The government also proposed to freeze public service recruitment for the 2022/23 financial year and withdraw the financial equivalence of P500 million attached to vacancies from Ministries, Department and Agencies (MDAs).

Another proposal included phasing out of commuted overtime allowance and payment of overtime in accordance with the law and review human resource policies during the financial year 2022/23, 2023/24 and 2024/25.

The government argued that its proposals were premised on affordability and sustainability adding that it was important to underscore that the review of salaries and conditions of service for public officers was taking place at a time when there were uncertainties both in the global and domestic economies.

“Furthermore there is need to ensure that any collective labour agreement that is concluded does not breach the fiscal deficit target of 4% of GDP,” the proposal paper stated. The proposal paper further indicated that beyond salary adjustments, the Government of Botswana is of the view that a more comprehensive consideration “must be taken on the issue of remuneration in the public service by embracing principles such as total rewards compensation which involves taking a fully comprehensive and holistic approach to how our organization compensates employees for the work.”

The proposal paper also noted that, “Clearly, the increase in salaries and changes to other conditions of service which have monetary consequences will further increase the proportion of the budget taken by salaries, allowances and other monetary based conditions of services.”

“The consequential effect would be a reduction of the portion that can be used for other recurrent budget needs (e.g. maintenance of assets, consumable supplies such as medicines and books) and for development projects,” the proposal states.

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BPF NEC probes Serowe squabbles

28th June 2022
BPF

Opposition Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF) National Executive Committee will in no time investigate charges party members worked with the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) membership to tip the scales in favour of the latter for Serowe Sub-council Chairmanship in exchange for deputy seat in a dramatic 11th hour gentleman’s deal, leaving the ruling party splinter under the political microscope.

In a spectacular Sub-council election membership last Thursday, the ruling BDP’s Lesedi Phuthego beat Atamelang Thaga with 14 votes to 12 for Serowe Sub-council Chairmanship coveted seat and subsequently the ruling party’s councilor Bernard Kenosi withdrew his candidacy in the final hour for the equally admired deputy chair paving the way for Solomon Dikgang of BPF, seen as long sealed ‘I scratch your back and you scratch mine’ gentleman’s agreement between the contenders.

Both parties entered the race with a tie of votes torn between 12 councillors each, translating for election race that will go down to the wire definitely. But that will not be the case as two BPF councilors shifted their allegiance to the ruling party during the first race for Chairmanship held in a secret ballot and no sooner was the election concluded then the ruling party answered back by withdrawing its candidacy for the deputy chair position to give BPF’s Dikgang the post on a silver platter unopposed.

BPF councilor Vuyo Notha confirmed the incident in an interview on Wednesday, insisting the party NEC was determined to “investigate the matter soon”. “During the race for the Chairmanship, two more BPF voted for alongside the ruling party membership. It was clear Dikgang voted alongside the BDP as immediately after the vote for Chairmanship was concluded, Kenosi withdraw his candidacy to render Dikgang unopposed as a payback,” Notha added.

As for the other vote, Makolo ward councilor will not be drawn for the identity preferring instead to say: “BPF NEC will convene all the councilors to investigate the matter soon and we will take from there.” Notha will also not be drawn to conclude may be the culprit councilors could have defected to the ruling party silently.

“If they are no longer part of us they should say so and a by-election be called,” was all he could say. As it stands now, the law forbids sitting Councilors and Parliamentarians from crossing the floor to another party as to do so will immediately invite for a new election as dictated by the law. Incumbent politicians will therefore dare not venture for the unknown with a by-election that could definitely cost their political life and certainly their full benefits.

Notha could also not be dragged to link the culprit councilors actions to BPF Serowe region Chairperson Tebo Thokweng who has silently defected to the ruling party and currently employed by the party businessman and former candidate for Serowe West Moemedi Dijeng as PRO for the highly anticipated cattle abattoir project in Serowe.

“As for Thokweng he has not resigned from the party but from the region’s chairmanship,” he said. WeekendPost investigations suggest Thokweng is the secret snipper behind the recruitment drive of the votes for the elections and is determined to tear the party dominance in Serowe and the neighbouring villages asunder including in Palapye going forward.

This publication’s investigations also show BPF’s Radisele and UDC’s Mokgware/Mogome councilors are under the radar of investigations for the votes-themselves associated with the workings and operations of Thokweng.

“NEC will definitely leave no stone unturned with their investigations to get into the bottom of the matter. Disciplinary actions will follow certainly,” Notha concluded, underscoring the need to toe the party line to set a good precedent. For the youthful councilor, the actions of his peers has set a wrong precedent which has to be dealt with seriously to deter future culprits.

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