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Standard Chartered Bank profits fall

Standard Chartered Bank Botswana (SCB) has continued the trend of dwindling profits that has since plagued commercial banks in Botswana since 2014 amid a challenging trading environment characterised by low interest rates, sluggish economic growth and decline in market liquidity. Of all the listed banks in the Botswana Sock Exchange,  SCB took a huge hit in its profit as they went down by as much as 85 percent, this as a result of the bank’s bold decision to focus more on the balance sheet at the expense of short term performance.

Moatlhodi Lekaukau, the bank’s chief executive officer, said that the decision was deliberate on their part as a strong balance sheet will put them in an enviable position as they tackle the year 2016 which promises to be equally riddled with tough trading conditions. “Anyone who understands the banking sector will tell you the balance sheet of the bank is its heart beat. If the balance sheet is under stress then you can forget about sustainability of the bank.” He also added that they have the most liquid balance sheet, with advances to deposits ratio of 73 percent. The bank is strongly capitalised with capital adequacy ratio at 19.8 percent from 16.1 percent in the previous year. Nonetheless Moatlhodi consented that 2015 was a difficult year and they really took a hit.

Mr Lekaukau said ‘Our  performance in 2015 was impacted by the challenging trading environment, characterised by subdued macro-economic conditions, low interest rates and a significant decline in market liquidity. These factors resulted in a substantial increase in our cost of funding, causing considerable margin compression, which ultimately reduced income and profit. Throughout these challenges, the group remained focused on implementing long term sustainable solutions to keep the statement of financial position resilient and ensure that the group remains here for good for our customers and stakeholders.’

The bank’s three segments did not impress much in terms of performance, with only the commercial banking segment showing growth. It was the retail banking segment that saved them bank in what could have been an embarrassing loss. The retail bank division contributed 62 percent to the bank’s total operating income and it was the only segment that reported a positive profit after tax. The retail segment‘s profit before tax for 2015 was significantly lower than that of 2014 as it decreased by 51 percent on the backdrop of increased impairments.

The corporate and institutional banking segment was the worst performer, registering a 21 percent decline in growth and bringing in losses before tax compared to the positive profit it posted in 2014. The segment was devastated by a whopping 1660 percent rise in impairments which also negatively affected the bank’s overall performance. The newly created commercial banking segment showed signs of growth at 9 percent but it failed to make any impact as it brought in losses before tax but the losses were 35 percent lower than losses it realised in 2014.

The operating income at P880 million is down by 18 percent as a result of decreases in net interest income which was weighed down by an increase in interest expense. Also weighing down on the operating income was a 6 percent decrease in fee and commission income. Total operating expenses for 2015 were 6 percent higher than the previous reporting period.

A 7200 percent surge in net impairment loss also ate at the bank’s profit margins as the impairments moved from P1.4 million to P105 million. The increase comes as a result of the company’s exposure to businesses that have been operating under challenging market conditions, particularly those in the mining sector which has seen commodity prices plunge. In the end it was a difficult year for the Moatlhodi Lekaukau led bank as it posted a profit after tax of P47.4 million, a drastic drop from P319 million it posted for the year 2014.

The bank’s focus on growing its balance sheet resulted in a 3 percent growth, with much of the growth coming from investment securities. The investment securities grew by 161 percent, up from 2014’s P885 million to P2.3 billion. This was despite declines in the loans and advances to banks and customers. The loans and advances to bank was down by 12 percent to end at P2.2 billion while loans and advances to customers decreased by 11.5 percent to close at P7.2 billion. The bank managed to improve on its deposits from other banks as it shot up by 30 percent. Meanwhile deposits from customers crept back by 2 percent to reflect P9.8 billion. The total assets now stand at P13 billion up from 2014’s P 12.8 billion.

The bank’s upbeat CEO says 2016 promises to be interesting for the bank as they will be focused on delivering strong returns. The retail banking segment is expected to benefit from improved banking channels as it seeks to leverage as well as expand on its digital banking platform that will enhance service delivery and meet customers’ end to end requirements. As for the commercial banking segment, the bank says the modest growth it received in 2015 has given them the impetus to focus more on this segment as it shows potential to deliver better returns. The corporate and institutional banking segment is expected to continue providing advisory and structured financing solutions.

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Debswana-Botswana Oil P8 billion fuel partnership to create 100 jobs

18th May 2022
Head-of-Stakeholder-Relations

The partnership between Debswana and Botswana Oil Limited (BOL) which was announced a fortnight ago will create under 100 direct jobs, and scores of job opportunities for citizens in the value chain activities.

In a major milestone, Debswana and BOL jointly announced that the fuel supply to Debswana, which was in the past serviced by foreign companies, will now be reserved for citizen companies. The total value of the project is P8 billion, spanning a period of five years.

“About 88 direct jobs will be created through the partnership. These include some jobs which will be transferred from the current supplier to the new partnership,” Matida Mmipi, Head of Stakeholder Relations at Botswana Oil, told BusinessPost.

“We believe this partnership will become a blueprint for other citizen initiatives, even in other sectors of the economy. Furthermore, this partnership has succeeded in unlocking opportunities that never existed for ordinary citizens who aspire to grow and do business with big companies like Debswana.”

Mmipi said through this partnership, BOL and Debswana intend to impact citizen owned companies in the fuel supply value chain that include transportation, supply, facilities maintenance, engineering, customs clearance, trucks stops and its support activities such as workshop / maintenance, tyre services, truck wash bays among others.

“The number of companies to be on-boarded will be determined by the economics at the time of engagement,” she said. BOL will play a facilitatory role of handholding and assisting emerging citizen-owned fuel supply and fuel transportation companies to supply Debswana’s Jwaneng and Orapa Letlhakane Damtshaa (OLDM) mines with diesel and petrol for their operations.

“BOL expects to increase citizen companies’ market share in the fuel supply and transportation industries, which have over the years been dominated by foreign-owned suppliers. Consequently, the agreement will also ensure security of supply for Debswana operations, which are a mainstay of the Botswana economy,” Mmipi said.

“Furthermore, BOL will, under this agreement, transfer skills to citizen suppliers and transporters during the contract period and ensure delivery of competent and skilled citizen suppliers and transport companies upon completion of the agreement.”

Mmipi said the capacitating by BOL is limited to providing citizen companies oil industry technical capability and capacity to deliver on the requirements of the contract, when asked on helping citizen companies to access funding.

“BOL’s mandate does not include financing citizen empowerment initiatives. Securing funding will remain the responsibility of the beneficiaries. This could be through government financing entities including CEDA or through commercial banks. Further to this, there are financial institutions that have already signed up to support the Debswana Citizen Economic Empowerment Programme (CEEP),” Mmipi indicated.

While BOL is established by government as company limited by guarantee, it will not benefit financially from the partnership with Debswana, as citizen empowerment in the petroleum value chain is core to BOL’s mandate.

“BOL does not pursue citizen facilitation for financial benefit, but rather we engage in citizen facilitation as a social aspect of our mandate. Citizen facilitation comes at a cost, but it is the right thing to do for the country to develop the oil and gas industry,” she said.

Mmipi said supplying fuel to Debswana comes with commercial benefits such as supply margins. These have traditionally been made outside the country when supply was done by multi-nationals for a period spanning over 50 years. With BOL anchoring supply for Debswana, this benefit will accrue locally, and BOL will be able to pay taxes and dividends to the shareholders in Botswana.

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VAT in Africa Guide 2022 – Africa re-emerging

18th May 2022

PwC Africa has presented the eighth edition of the VAT in Africa Guide – Africa re-emerging. This backdrop of renewal informs on the re-emergence of African economies and societies which have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.

In this edition, which has been compiled by PwC Africa’s indirect tax experts, covers a total of 41 African countries. It is geared towards sharing insight with our clients based on the constantly changing tax environments that can have a significant impact on business operations.

Within Africa, governments continue to focus on expanding the tax net by improving revenue collection through efficient compliance systems and procedures. PwC Africa has observed that revenue authorities also continue to take a keen interest in indirect taxes as part of revenue mobilisation initiatives.

Maturing VAT system and upskilling SARS 

“In South Africa, VAT is becoming more relevant as a revenue source for the government,” says Matthew Besanko, PwC South Africa’s Indirect Tax Leader. “Strides have been made to upskill South African Revenue Service (SARS) staff and identify VAT revenue leakages, particularly in respect of foreign suppliers of electronic services to people and businesses in South Africa.”

Broadening the tax base and digital economy

In the past year, South Africa, Mozambique and Zimbabwe saw updates to their VAT legislation, or introduced specific legislation targeting electronically supplied services (ESS), which is in line with the global trend of attempting to tax the digital economy. “The expectation is that Botswana will also introduce VAT legislation in due course, while the National Treasury in South Africa has also made mention of revising the rules to account for further developments in the digital economy,” Besanko says.

South Africa’s National Treasury has also drafted legislation with the intention to introduce a reverse charge on gold, which is expected to come into effect later in 2022. While in Zimbabwe, revenue authorities have introduced a tax on the export of raw medicinal cannabis ranging between 10% and 20%, which came into effect on 1 January 2021.

ESG and carbon tax 

Key strides have also been made within the Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) space. “ESG leadership, strategising and reporting is essential now for organisations that wish to flourish and remain relevant,” Kabochi says. He adds that companies need to consider how ESG and tax intersect, since tax is a significant value driver when businesses need to deliver on their ESG goals.

In South Africa, a carbon tax regime, which is being implemented in three phases, has been adopted. The second phase was scheduled to start in January 2023, however phase one was extended by three years until 31 December 2025.

Until then, taxpayers will enjoy substantial tax-free allowances which reduce their carbon tax liability. At the beginning of 2022, the South African government increased the carbon tax rate to R144 (about US$9), which is expected to increase annually to enable South Africa to uphold its COP26 commitments.

With effect from 1 January 2023, carbon tax payers in South Africa will also be required to submit carbon budgets and adhere to the provisions of the carbon budgeting system which will be governed by the Climate Change Bill. Where set carbon budgets are exceeded, the government plans to impose penalties. “At PwC, we are continuously focused on our renewed global strategy, ” The New Equation,” Kabochi says. “Through this strategy, a key focus area for PwC Africa is to support clients in adding value to their ESG ambitions and building trust through sustained outcomes.”

The New Equation is also an acknowledgement of the fundamental changes in the business environment in which PwC’s clients and other stakeholders operate. PwC continues to reinvent and adapt to these changes as a community of problem solvers, combining knowledge and human-led technology to deliver quality services and value.

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Economists project lower economic growth for Botswana

18th May 2022
CBD

Local and international economists have lowered their projections on Botswana’s economic growth for 2022 and 2023, saying the country is highly likely to fail to maintain high growth rate recorded in 2021 hence will not reach initial forecasts.

Economists this week lowered 2022 forecasts for Botswana’s economic growth rate, from the initial 5.3% to 4.8% and added that in 2023 growth could further decline to 4.0%. The lower projections come on the backdrop of an annual economic growth that recovered sharply in 2021 with figures showing that year-on-year real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth increased to 11.4%, up from a contraction of 8.7% in 2020.

Economists from the local research entity, E-consult, this week stated that the 2021 double digit growth that exceeded projections made at the time of the 2022 budget may be short lived due to other developments taking place in the global economy. E-consult Economist Sethunya Kegakgametse stated that the war in Ukraine has worsened supply problems in the global economy and added that before the war, macroeconomic indicators were seen as improving and returning to pre-COVID levels.

According to the economist the global economy was projected to improve in 2022 and 2023. Recent figures show that global growth projections have been revised downwards from the initial forecast of 4.9% in 2022 with the World Bank’s new estimate for global growth in 2022 at 3.2%.

The statistics also shows that International Monetary Fund revised their growth projections for 2022 and 2023 down by 0.8% and 0.2% respectively, falling to 3.6% for both years. “The outbreak of war has severely dampened the global recovery that was under way following the COVID-19 pandemic,” said the economist.

She stated that despite Botswana being geographically removed from the conflict, the country has not and will not be exempt from the disruptions in the global economy. “The disruptions to global supply chains resulting from the war will have a negative effect on both Botswana’s growth and trade activities.

The economic sanctions against diamonds from Russia will add uncertainty to the market which will have knock on effects to Botswana’s growth, exports, and government revenues,” said the economists who added that the disruptions are driving prices up and result with very high inflation in the local economy.

Kegakgametse projected that in an attempt to limit inflation Bank of Botswana will be forced to raise interest rate “Should the sharp increase in both global and local inflation persist, Bank of Botswana much like other central banks around the world will be forced to raise interest rates in a bid to control rising prices. This would mean an end to the expansionary monetary policy stance that had been adopted post COVID-19 to aid economic growth,” she said.

In the latest projections, the UK based economic research entity Fitch Solutions lowered 2022 real GDP growth forecast for Botswana from 5.3% to 4.8% “In 2023, we see economic growth rate decelerating to 4.0%,” said Fitch Solutions economists who also noted that the 2022 and 2023 economic growth projections may come out lower than the current forecasts, as it is possible that new vaccine-resistant virus variants may be identified, which could result in the re-implementation of restrictions. “In such circumstances, we cannot rule out that Botswana’s economy may post weaker growth than our baseline scenario currently assumes,” said the economists.

According to the projections, Fitch Solution stated that there is limited scope for Botswana government to increase diamond production and exports, following the economic sanctions imposed on Russian diamond mining companies operating in Botswana. The research entity added that De Beers is unlikely to scale up diamond output from Botswana in order to prop up diamond prices.

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