Member of Parliament (MP) for Gaborone Bonnington South and Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Secretary General, Ndaba Gaolathe has expressed discontentment over calls made by fellow legislators who want MP salaries to be increased.
In an exclusive interview with Weekend Post, Gaolathe argued that it was improper for some MPS to be calling for a salary review while they could instead be fighting for reforms in the governance system including the empowerment of parliament through the provision of greater intellectual infrastructure and autonomy through an independent parliamentary service with a parliamentary budget office and fully-fledged bill drafting capacity.
“If Botswana had a well configured political or parliamentary system, this debate would not have occurred in the first place, and if it did, such a system would have realised that members of parliament are ill-positioned to be the ones spearheading the debate,” he said.
“Secondly, our parliament needs the resources and facilities to do its work, before compensation can even become an issue, and as it is, our parliament will remain a side-show-talk shop without any meaningful contribution to the development or transformation of our people’s lives.”
Gaolathe holds that parliamentarians should never have to conceive debate and approve their pay in any system, as this would constitute abuse of a privileged position. “This is why a separate, independent structure and mechanism for determining the remuneration of parliamentary remuneration is necessary,” he asserted.
While he said he understood why the debate cropped up in the first place, the outspoken MP said he believes that unless parliament is reformed, even if salaries were to be doubled it will not address the real problem.
“Consider the circumstances of a member of parliament from Okavango, or one from Gantsi. They have to travel 600 or more than 700 km to reach the capitals of their constituencies. The areas of their constituencies are vast, or even larger than some countries,’ he said.
Gaolathe believes that the country’s democratic system should be carved in a way that the state is the one that facilitates the reach of those elected to represent or service the people irrespective of how far they live from the centre.
“This is therefore not a matter that should be resolved through salaries of representatives but through adequate facilitation of travel by representatives. The debate should not be about salaries, but about facilitating the reach of public representatives to ordinary citizens,” he added.
“The question should not be, and indeed is not, about salaries, but one of finding effective and sufficient means to facilitate such dutiful reach, for the sake of adequate representation of the people.”
The Gaborone Bonnington South legislator has slammed the state of the country’s legislature, noting that it is poorly resourced and the executive dictates its business.
“It is the executive that dictates parliamentary business – in a five year week, four of the days, save for a few short questions, are mainly executive branch business,” he observed.
“Only one of the five days, on Friday, when most are itching to take off for the weekend, is private members day, a day on which ordinary members of Parliament may table their own bills and motion.”
Gaolathe also said MPs do not have capacity to draft bills because of lack of personnel which means ordinary members of parliament, can only draft bills through private networks in the legal fraternity or when members of parliament raise funds, privately, to fund them.
“This is a significant anomaly. Most progressive parliaments around the world have several drafters and invest considerable time drafting bills on behalf of MPs.”
He noted that the same problem applies in parliamentary committees as they have little access to senior professionals in key disciplines, and chairpersons are selected along partisan lines.
“Many committees remain paralysed simply because chairpersons are at a loss on what their responsibilities are, and this is true especially in committees responsible for the economy and finances of our country,” he argued.
“This is a major blight and lapse in our system, which conceivably will cost our economy billions of Pula over the years.”
Gaolathe said this further demonstrates that the debate should not be about pay, but about empowering members of parliament with the intellectual infrastructure to pursue their role effectively.
The former Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis (BIDPA) think tank slammed the practice of allowing MPs to submit as many motions as they wish, sometimes more that 50 or 100 by one member of parliament, as is the case currently.
“The motions need not necessarily be well researched, or reasonable, as is so often the case,” he said.
“This means, parliament may go on for long periods considering the motions of only one member of parliament no matter how superb the ideas or motions of other members of parliament who may have submitted their motions later, those ideas will not see the light of day.”
Gaolathe said, as a result of this, substantial motions are left to languish for months.
“Motions noticed on water and power regulators, mortgage guarantee schemes, health regulator, and on special types of investments remain in limbo because of our system,’ he said.
Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.
These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.
The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”
The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.
“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”
Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.
The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.
The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.
Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.
One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.
But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.
One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.
Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.
In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.
Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.
Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.
United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.
According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.
“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.
A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.
Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.
In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”
While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.
Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility. Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.
For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies. European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.
It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.
According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.
The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.
“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”
“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.” The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”