Legal representatives locked shoulders Thursday morning defending and shoring interests in a civil case where De Beers Botswana head honcho, Daniel Neo Moroka is being sued for an amount of P2 million for killing of Tshabong youngster, Kealeboga Danster in the fall of 2014.
For some time attorneys in the case, Kgosietsile Ngakaagae, representing Moroka and Letlhogonolo Makgene representing the litigant and the deceased’s mother Margaret Danster, became locked in an argument where Ngakaagae, representing Moroka is yet to file a plea, a development that inadvertently holds back the filing of a default judgement by the accuser’s legal representative.
Ngakaagae had cited confusion in the rules saying they did not know whether the court had to tell them to file a plea or whether they had to file it on their own, playing it down as the selection of either of the two options. However, Makgene openly wondered how Moroka, represented by an experienced barrister could have failed to file a plea. He also pondered to the Judge why Ngakaagae as an experienced barrister could cite confusion in the court rules that were last reviewed in 2008.
Makgene said, “Without trying to cast aspersions on Ngakaagae I do not think that there was confusion on when to file, there must be another reason, more so that the litigant is represented by an experienced lawyer.”
Ngakaagae shot down Makgene and Danster’s argument made in the declaration that she is entitled to compensation for her son’s death, on the premise that she being the mother deserved compensation because the life of the deceased was cut short.
Ngakaagae contended that there has never been a cause of action affirming compensation for the loss of a loved one and that no individual can be compensated for the life of another individual, safe for where the life expectancy of an individual has been reduced and right to long quality life had been taken due to negligence by another person.
He further argued that should Danster be given the judgement she requests, the law will be thrown into pandemonium and confusion as there will be no limit as to who could claim compensation for the death of a family member as any other next of kin or even friend can lay own claims.
Ngakaagae also argued that the judgement might also precipitate a state of affairs where people might accelerate deaths of other people eyeballing laying their own claims.
He pointed out to Danster’s statement that says the deceased was only 18 years old when he passed on and she was hoping that in future he will earn money and take care of her, saying that she ought to show and prove that the deceased was supporting her when he passed on and not the anticipated or speculated future support. Ngakaagae contended that the elder Danster’s own life is still intact; therefore she has no legal standing to seek recompense and is not even in the clear as to whether she is administrator of the estate of the deceased.
He said that on the claim of loss of dependency and support, such claim is premised on uncertainty and is futuristic. He argued that nobody knows what could have become of the future life of the deceased. “Possibly he could have become something in life-we don’t know, they don’t know but they are asking for damages.” Ngakaagae sniped before adding that the litigant’s claim does not hold water and it should collapse.
The litigant’s lawyer Makgene however retorted by saying and conceding that while a case of this kind has never been brought before the courts of law in the country it will be simplistic to say that the parent of a child who has been killed has no remedy to seek recompense for the loss.
He argued that there are a number of jurisdictions in the commonwealth where shortened life is claimable and it should not only be with past as there has been an action for loss of prospective support that you raise a child so that they pay back by supporting the parent, an argument which presiding Justice Godfrey Nthomiwa questioned the application’s use of the word ‘pay back.’
However, Makgene still held his own against a ferocious counter- argument from Ngakaagae reiterating his stance that an individual can still claim loss of future support not only for the past but for the future as well, before letting known that Danster had not asked expressly for the P2million figure, but a judgement and the court or the registrar will determine the quantum of damage.
He also contended that if judgement is served in favour of the defendant it will then be easier and cheaper to maim than to kill as there is no civil claim when you kill, particularly since the relative child has been killed which is itself a prima facie.
He also argued that since in the broader context the body (Directorate of Public Prosecutions) responsible for prosecutions has abdicated its duty of criminally prosecuting Moroka, a judgement on the contrary will effectively mean Moroka is allowed to get away scot free having already escaped from accountability under criminal law.
Ngakaagae countered Makgene in the extended legal affray saying that in common law no parent has the right of support from a child except in circumstances where the parent brings action of support because such parent is destitute, then that right arises. He continued slicing and dicing Makgene’s argument saying any parent who says, “I hope for the future” is effectively saying, “I am actually eyeballing a life of poverty” also adding that parents are not reserved the right of support from their children as that support is only given as societal obligation and not a right.
Ngakaagae added that Neo Moroka does not undermine the death of the deceased and Danster’s argument is prone to collapse since its success is at present premised on the mercy of the court. “We do not in any way undermine the death of this poor soul but this application is simply ill advised and pleading sentiment before the court,” he said.
Moroka, who is a former Minister of Trade and Industry is being sued for killing Kealeboga Danster in a hunt for a rogue stray dog that terrorised farm hands at his farm about 22 kilometres from Makopong in Kgalagadi South.
Moroka, it is believed holds the defence that the projectile that killed the younger Danster came from the barrel of his (Moroka) gun that had been aimed in the direction of a camping tent where it was believed the stray dog was in, but had ricocheted in a different direction toward the youthful Danster.
Former Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) Member of Parliament for Gaborone North, Haskins Nkaigwa has confirmed his departure from opposition fold to re-join the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Nkaigwa said opposition is extremely divided and the leadership not in talking terms. “They are planning evil against each other. Nothing much will be achieved,” Nkaigwa told WeekendPost.
“I believe my time in the opposition has come to an end. It’s time to be of value to rebuilding our nation and economy of the country. Remember the BDP is where I started my political journey. It is home,” he said.
“Despite all challenges currently facing the world, President Masisi will be far with his promises to Batswana. A leader always have the interest of the people at heart despite how some decisions may look to be unpopular with the people.
“I have faith and full confidence in President Dr Masisi leadership. We shall overcome as party and nation the current challenges bedevilling nations. BDP will emerge stronger. President Masisi will always have my backing.”
Nkaigwa served as opposition legislator between 2014-2019 representing Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) under UDC banner. He joined BMD in 2011 at the height public servant strike whilst Gaborone City Deputy Mayor. He eventually rose to become the mayor same year, after BDP lost majority in the GCC.
Nkaigwa had been a member of Botswana National Front (BNF), having joined from Alliance for Progressives (AP) in 2019.
Botswana has received assistance worth over P100 million from Japanese government since 2019, making the latter of the largest donors to Botswana in recent years.
The assistance include relatively large-scale grant aid programmes such as the COVID-19 programme (to provide medical equipment; P34 million), the digital terrestrial television programme (to distribute receivers to the underprivileged, P17 million), the agriculture promotion programme (to provide agricultural machinery and equipment, P53million).
“As 2020 was a particularly difficult year, where COVID-19 hit Botswana’s economy and society hard, Japan felt the need to assist Botswana as our friend,” said Japan’s new Ambassador to Botswana, Hoshiyama Takashi.
“It is for this reason that grants of over P100 million were awarded to Botswana for the above mentioned projects.”
Japan is now the world’s fourth highest ranking donor country in terms of Official Development Assistance (ODA).
From 1991 to 2000, Japan continued as the top donor country in the world and contributed to Asia’s miracle economic development.
From 1993 onwards, the TICAD process commenced through Japan’s initiative as stated earlier. Japan’s main contribution has been in the form of Yen Loans, which are at a concessional rate, to suit large scale infrastructure construction.
“In Botswana, only a few projects have been implemented using the Yen Loan such as the Morupule “A” Power Station Rehabilitation and Pollution Abatement in 1986, the Railway Rolling Stock Increase Project in 1987, the Trans-Kalahari Road Construction Project in 1991, the North-South Carrier Water Project in 1995 and the Kazungula Bridge Construction Project in 2012,” said Ambassador Hoshiyama.
“In terms of grant aid and technical assistance, Japan has various aid schemes including development survey and master planning, expert dispatch to recipient countries, expert training in Japan, scholarships, small scale grass-roots program, culture-related assistance, aid through international organizations and so on.”
In 1993, Japan launched Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) to promote Africa’s development, peace and security, through the strengthening of relations in multilateral cooperation and partnership.
TICAD discuss development issues across Africa and, at the same time, present “aid menus” to African countries provided by Japan and the main aid-related international organizations, United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank.
“As TICAD provides vision and guidance, it is up to each African country to take ownership and to implement her own development following TICAD polices and make use of the programmes shown in the aid menus,” Ambassordor Hoshiyama noted.
“This would include using ODA loans for quality infrastructure, suited to the country’s own nation-building needs. It is my fervent hope that Botswana will take full advantage of the TICAD process.”
Since then, seven conferences where held, the latest, TICAD 7 being in 2019 at Yokohama. TICAD 7’s agenda on African development focused on three pillars, among them the first pillar being “Accelerating economic transformation and improving business environment through innovation and private sector engagement”.
“Yes, private investment is very important, while public investment through ODA (Official Development Assistance) still plays an indispensable role in development,” the Japanese Ambassador said.
“For further economic development in Africa, Japan recognizes that strengthening regional connectivity and integration through investment in quality infrastructure is key.”
Japan has emphasized the following; effective implementation of economic corridors such as the East Africa Northern Corridor, Nacala Corridor and West Africa Growth Ring; Quality infrastructure investment in line with the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment should be promoted by co-financing or cooperation through the African Development Bank (AfDB) and Japan.
Japan also emphasized the establishment of mechanisms to encourage private investment and to improve the business environment.
According to the statistics issued by Japan’s Finance Ministry, Japan invested approximately 10 billion US dollars in Africa after TICAD 7 (2019) to year end 2020, but Japanese investment through third countries are not included in this figure.
“With the other points factored in, the figure isn’t established yet,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
The next conference, TICAD 8 will be held in Tunisia in 2022. This will be the second TICAD summit to be held on the African continent after TICAD 6 which was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2016.
According to Ambassador Hoshiyama, in preparation for TICAD 8, the TICAD ministerial meeting will be held in Tokyo this year. The agenda to be discussed during TICAD 8 has not yet been fully deliberated on amongst TICAD Co-organizers (Japan, UN, UNDP, the World Bank and AU).
“Though not officially concluded, given the world situation caused by COVID-19, I believe that TICAD 8 will highlight health and medical issues including the promotion of a Universal Health Coverage (UHC),” said Hoshiyama.
“As the African economy has seriously taken a knock by COVID-19, economic issues, including debt, could be an item for serious discussion.”
The promotion of business is expected to be one of the most important topics. Japan and its partners, together with the business sector, will work closely to help revitalize private investment in Africa.
“All in all, the follow-up of the various programs that were committed by the Co-Organizers during the Yokohama Plan of Actions 2019 will also be reviewed as an important item of the agenda,” Ambassador Hoshiyama said.
“I believe that this TICAD follow-up mechanism has secured transparency and accountability as well as effective implementation of agreed actions by all parties. The guiding principle of TICAD is African ownership and international partnership.”
Directorate on Intelligence Services (DIS) Director General, Brigadier Peter Magosi is said to be hell-bent and pushing President Mokgweetsi Masisi to reshuffle his cabinet as a matter of urgency since a number of his ministers are conflicted.
The request by Magosi comes at a time when time is ticking on his contract which is awaiting renewal from Masisi.
This publication learns that Magosi is unshaken by the development and continues to wield power despite uncertainty hovering around his contractual renewal.