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?Entrepreneurs are the emerging stars in Botswanas growing economy

Entrepreneur, 
Pinkie Setlalekgosi



As Botswana aims to diversify its economy to reduce a dependence on diamonds, a growing number of local businesspeople are blazing a trail for others, but a lack of financial know-how could trip them up caution global entrepreneurship experts.


Pinkie Setlalekgosi is a mother and grandmother as well as an employer of 168 people. She is one of Botswana’s top female entrepreneurs, seen as a trailblazer for other women trying to make it in male-dominated industries across the country. The co-founder and director of Sprint Couriers, one of the country’s leading courier companies knows what it takes to be an entrepreneur.

“There are no short cuts to success, you have to work hard to realise your dream,” she said in a recent interview. Together with her partner, Michelle Gabriel, she started the company about 10 years ago in a coffee shop.

For almost a year, they didn’t draw salaries and almost threw in the towel, but their perseverance has paid off. Sprint Couriers now operates in Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Africa as well as in Botswana.

There are many entrepreneurs like Setlalekgosi in Botswana – a country with the second highest score in the world for Total Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) – measured by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) as the percentage of adults who have started a business in the past three months.

Botswana scored 35%, not far behind the top scorer Senegal at 39%. The average for the sample, which included 60 countries, was 21%.

Entrepreneurship is actively encouraged in Botswana, a country wanting to diversify its economy and reduce a dependency on diamonds. For 2016, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated a 3.7% increase in growth for Botswana, significantly higher than neighbouring countries Zimbabwe and South Africa.



Numerous government initiatives and programmes exist that are aimed at job creation and promoting entrepreneurship. With a high unemployment rate sitting at around 19%, there is growing awareness of the benefits of entrepreneurship, which include income generation, economic stimulation and opportunities for collaboration.

But, according to the GEM study, while Botswana has a highly entrepreneurial population and many positive supporting framework conditions, not all of the businesses created manage to survive to maturity. In addition, the data clearly shows that entrepreneurial businesses in Botswana are less likely to be innovative than businesses operating in more advanced economies.

The net result of this is that they are neither generating enough jobs nor creating new markets and products that will benefit the country.  

Nearly half or more of entrepreneurs in Botswana operate wholesale or retail businesses whereas in more developed economies entrepreneurs are drawn more to opportunities in information and communications, financial, professional, health, education and other services industries.

According to Mike Herrington, Executive Director of GEM, more specialist support needs to be directed at entrepreneurs in less developed economies to help right these imbalances. He cites making it easier for new businesses to register and operate by reducing the amount of regulations and ensuring that people have better training – particularly around financial skills – as key.

Targeted financial training has definitely played a key role in the success of local entrepreneur Tony Mautsu. At the age of 23, Mautsu founded Social Light, a media management company that specialises in social media marketing, working across platforms like Facebook, LinkedIn, Youtube and Twitter. Trained as an accountant, he might have thought he was leaving the world of numbers behind him when he started a media business, but he says financial skills are vital to any entrepreneur who wants to make it in the tough world of business.

It is a view also held by Sprint Courier’s Setlalekgosi. “Business is easy,” she says. “It’s how you manage it that matters. Financial management is important.”

“Hiring the right accounting staff is an essential ingredient for any successful business,” says Mark Farrar, Chief Executive of the Association for Accounting Technicians (AAT) – a UK-based professional body for accounting technicians that offers qualifications in accounting and finance. “But it is also essential that the entrepreneur themselves has a good grasp of the numbers so that they can spot the red flags before they become a major threat to the business.”

Farrar says that many people think an accountancy or business degree is the only way to develop finance skills. “However shorter, more targeted training options are available,” he says. “AAT offers shorter, practical qualifications like the AAT Accounting Qualification. No prior experience or qualifications are needed and students are taught financial skills that they can use straight away in the workplace.”

“It takes a lot of courage to venture into business,” says Mautsu, who started out running his business from a mobile phone. Now a well-known name in Botswana’s social media circles, Mautsu sees a bright future for himself and other entrepreneurs. “Entrepreneurship is very important to our country. A lot of people are now waking up to the harsh reality of unemployment after graduation and are starting businesses,” says Mautsu.

According to GEM, 60% of people in Botswana have indicated that they want to start a business in the next three years. They are also rated highly when it comes to not fearing failure – with the country featuring amongst the most confident entrepreneurs of all the nations surveyed for the report.


The Botswana government is also credited as being one of the countries in Africa with the least bureaucracy and red tape, meaning that entrepreneurs have less of an uphill battle when establishing businesses and getting companies off the ground.

“I believe that we are yet to see a lot of global leaders rise from Botswana,” says Mautsu. “In my opinion, Botswana is positioned geographically and otherwise as the future place to do great business. Botswana, just like anywhere in the world, is not without its challenges but entrepreneurs here are learning and making great strides within our borders as well as outside of it.”

* To find out more about AAT, contact Nicky Burke at nicky.burke@aat.org.uk

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China’s GDP expands 3% in 2022 despite various pressures

2nd February 2023
China’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expanded by 3% year-on-year to 121.02 trillion yuan ($17.93 trillion) in 2022 despite being mired in various growth pressures, according to data from the National Bureau Statistics.

The annual growth rate beat a median economist forecast of 2.8% as polled by Reuters. The country’s fourth-quarter GDP growth of 2.9% also surpassed expectations for a 1.8% increase.

In 2022, the Chinese economy encountered more difficulties and challenges than was expected amid a complex domestic and international situation. However, NBS said economic growth stabilized after various measures were taken to shore up growth.

Industrial output rose 3.6% in 2022 over the previous year, while retail sales slightly shrank by 0.2% data show that fixed-asset investment increased 5.1% over 2021, with a 9.1% hike in manufacturing investment but a 10% fall in property investment.

China created 12.06 million new jobs in urban regions throughout the year, surpassing its annual target of 11 million, and officials have stressed the importance of continuing an employment-first policy in 2023.

Meanwhile, China tourism market is a step closer to robust recovery. Tourism operators are in high spirits because the market saw a good chance of a robust recovery during the Spring Festival holiday amid relaxed COVID-19 travel policies.

On January 27, the last day of the seven-day break, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism published an encouraging performance report of the tourism market. It said that domestic destinations and attractions received 308 million visits, up 23.1% year-on-year. The number is roughly 88.6% of that in 2019, they year before the pandemic hit.

According to the report, tourism-related revenue generated during the seven-day period was about 375.8 billion yuan ($55.41 billion), a year-on-year rise of 30%. The revenue was about 73% of that in 2019, the Ministry said.

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Jewellery manufacturing plant to create over 100 jobs

30th January 2023

The state of the art jewellery manufacturing plant that has been set up by international diamond and cutting company, KGK Diamonds Botswana will create over 100 jobs, of which 89 percent will be localized.

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Investors inject capital into Tsodilo Resources Company

25th January 2023

Local diamond and metal exploration company Tsodilo Resources Limited has negotiated a non-brokered private placement of 2,200, 914 units of the company at a price per unit of 0.20 US Dollars, which will provide gross proceeds to the company in the amount of C$440, 188. 20.

According to a statement from the group, proceeds from the private placement will be used for the betterment of the Xaudum iron formation project in Botswana and general corporate purposes.

The statement says every unit of the company will consist of a common share in the capital of the company and one Common Share purchase warrant of the company.

Each warrant will enable a holder to make a single purchase for the period of 24 months at an amount of $0.20. As per regularity requirements, the group indicates that the common shares and warrants will be subject to a four month plus a day hold period from date of closure.

Tsodilo is exempt from the formal valuation and minority shareholder approval requirements. This is for the reason that the fair market value of the private placement, insofar as it involves the director, is not more than 25% of the company’s market capitalization.

Tsodilo Resources Limited is an international diamond and metals exploration company engaged in the search for economic diamond and metal deposits at its Bosoto Limited and Gcwihaba Resources projects in Botswana.  The company has a 100% stake in Bosoto which holds the BK16 kimberlite project in the Orapa Kimberlite Field (OKF) in Botswana.

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