President Lt Gen Dr Ian Khama has assured party structures that he will not trigger any constitutional amendments that will see him staying in power beyond 2018, after his term expires.
According to Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) Secretary General, Botsalo Ntuane, President Khama has assured ‘the party, the whole country, Africa and the international community’ that he will leave office at the expiry of his term in 2018.
According to other sources close to developments Khama has informed party structures that he would not tamper with the constitution, and is not open to considerations of prolonging his stay in power, shattering hopes of those who wish to sway his decision as they believe the party will be in trouble after he retires.
“The president is very consistent on this matter and there has never been any doubt about his stance. He said they would be no third term,” Ntuane told Weekend Post.
The BDP Secretary General further contended that, given Khama’s appeal and good works, if he wanted another term, chances are he would get it. “He is not campaigning for a third term. The answer is no, that has never been an issue because the president has long pronounced on it,” he said.
“But Khama is clear he does not do third terms and neither does his country Botswana. He wouldn’t want Botswana to turn into a banana republic because the moment a country violates term limits it sinks into banana republic status,” he said.
Several politicians have in the past expressed misgiving about Khama leaving office in 2018 as some suspected he may use his influence to seek a third term in office. Ntuane said Khama is only concerned with revitalising and mobilising party structures to position the party well in advance to retain office in 2019.
Khama has consistently condemned regimes which refuse to leave power when their terms in office expire by seeking an extension. Recently, Burundi was plunged into violence, following President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to seek a controversial third term.
Khama, ascended to the position of Vice President in 2008 at a time when constitutional amendments to ensure that he becomes the country’s next president when the sitting president’s term to came to an end, were on course.
The ruling BDP had met at Sebele for a party congress to introduce the constitutional reforms which came into force in 1997, a few months before the then President, Sir Ketumile Masire retired from office. Part of the reforms included introduction of the 10 year presidential tenure limit and automatic succession in the event the office of president became vacant.
The reforms came in the wake of the drastic 1994 general elections performance as the party also felt President Masire had become a liability.
Khama was the second president, after Festus Mogae, to ascend to the presidency through the automatic succession dispensation.
Another African country which has seen the sitting president getting a term extension was Rwanda, with Paul Kagame being endorsed for a further term, albeit without any form of violence.
Kagame has become popular in Rwanda after positioning his country to be one of the emerging economies in Africa.
With Botswana enjoying peace and stability and favourable rankings in the international community, Khama will become the country’s third president to hand over power peacefully.
President Khama has excluded himself from the succession debate going on, with indications becoming clear that supposed heir to the throne, Mokgweetsi Masisi, may be challenged for the party presidency in 2019.
Masisi, who is the third Vice President under Khama’s presidency, after the late Lt Gen Mompati Merafhe (2008-2012) and Ponatshego Kedikilwe (2012-2014), would be the vice president who served the shortest stint before ascending to the presidency.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.