The Selibe Phikwe Economic Diversification Unit (SPEDU) is injecting some pace into its implementation strategy and seeks to develop a bridge in the estimation of close to P200 million in the Bobirwa area. The project is envisaged to excite the tourism sector in the area with over a billion Pula generation annually when fully operational.
The Platjan Bridge construction is likely to attract interests from a lot of companies and SPEDU is said to be guarded on the modus operandi. Recently they advertised for a company that could help them set up ITTs for the tender for construction as well as the recruitment of a resident engineer to oversee the project. RSS Engineering Pty Ltd was given the job and has now advertised to invite companies for the construction of the Platjan Bridge.
Puna Molebatsi, the Communications manager at SPEDU confirmed the developments and stated that they have engaged RSS as consultants who will help with the drafting of ITTs and tender evaluations. She said all the companies that have been engaged so far a 100 percent citizen owned. “By recruiting a resident engineer we intend to tackle the problem of capacity at SPEDU, but still that person will work with a well-resourced and experienced consulting company,” she said.
SPEDU is carrying out major projects like Motloutse farm electrification, horticultural processing plant, Platjan Bridge construction, mine museum, among other projects. SPEDU was funded by the European Union’s Re-Employment Account that is administered by the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning. SPEDU has about P600 million in the account and one point the funds were a hot potato as some within the structures of SPEDU were adamant that the organisation was failing to add value to the money. But with a steady action plan towards implementing some of the projects, the argument of lost value could fade off.
The Platjan Bridge in Bobirwa is strategic for tourists to access the region and they are still profiling the tourist attractions in the area. The project is a priority area and P200 million has been reserved for its implementation. The hope is that more jobs will be created as the bridge is expected to unlock several opportunities in the area. Business people and farmers in the area have started striking partnerships with South African based investors and it is expected that the Platjan Bridge will ease movement between the two countries in the Bobirwa region.
FALTERING STEEL PROJECT
The faltering steel project saw about P89 million injected into the project and a manufacturing plan was officially opened in October last year and SPEDU was planning to let small businesses in its land banks to tap into the new steel business – but this remains a dream as the projects are struggling to take off.
Pula Steel was to become the country's first steel processing plant, but faces an uncertain future, barely twelve months after it was opened. The project, promoted by government as one of the key diversification drivers, as well as part of the BCL's diversification blueprint dubbed Polaris II, has been experiencing problems since inception.
Reports suggest that the plant was last week closed down by health inspectors, after it failed to meet safety standards. Striking expatriate workers at Pula Steel this week called for the dismissal of the steel processing plant's CEO, Ranvir Vermy.
The workers, who were brought from India to set up and commission the plant, have accused the CEO of failing to train the local workforce, using insulting language against both local and expatriate workers, as well as nepotism.
They accuse him of lack of knowledge or experience in steel processing, but always interferes in technical matters. The workers went on strike last week, complaining about going for months without getting their salaries, which are paid to their Indian accounts, while they are only given a living allowance of 500 Pula. BCL is the majority shareholder at Pula Steel.
OTHER SPEDU PROJECTS
The SPEDU region has a number of dams and the SPEDU management and Board have agreed that it is necessary to tap into the aqua tourism and create water resorts.
The Motloutse farm electrification project that entails supplying power to 44 farms along Motloutse River, they intend to improve the output of the horticultural farms along the river. SPEDU had injected P9 million has been injected into Botswana Power Corporation (BPC) to connect a 42 kilometre powerline and the corporation is yet to conduct the environmental impact assessment study and they had hoped the project will be completed by the first quarter of this year.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.