The Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) has launched an investigation into the awarding of P4 million worth of projects approved by the Youth Development Fund (YDF) in Maun constituencies following allegations of rampant corruption in the awarding process.
According to a reliable source, the DCEC instigated the investigations following an alert by the Ministry of Youth, Sports and Culture that the youth offices in Maun had gone beyond the usual practice in approval of projects for the youth programme. MYSC’s Permanent Secretary, Kago Ramokate is said to have halted the funding of projects following emergence of reports relating to malpractice and un-procedural approval of business proposals in the Maun YDF offices.
According to one of the applicants, whose proposal got the nod, the application process closed in July 2015, and the successful proposals were approved in February this year. However, it emerged that those who presided over the approval of projects had allegedly erred by approving proposals worth more than the P4 million available budget.
The said constituencies consist of Maun West and Maun East, and are awarded P2 million each every financial year to fund viable youth projects.
This publication is also informed that, consequent to the malpractice, the funding was delayed because the YDF did not have sufficient money to fund the approved projects.
Ramokate ordered for a probing, with preliminary findings revealing that various malpractices and corrupt activities happened. These include; overfunding of projects which would ordinarily have been funded with less money, funding of ghost companies, and funding of undeserving projects owned by relatives.
Despite MYSC having promised to disburse funds for the projects which were successful and deserved funding, applicants are being moved from pillar to post, with no signs of progress in the matter.
“On the 21st of July this year, the Ministry promised that the assessment will be done by the 31st of August and then the funds will be disbursed to beneficiaries,” said the source.
“But on 1st of September, we were informed that someone will be sent to do the auditing, and that our funds will only be available after the process which is about to begin is completed.”
The development further means that, the funding of projects for the current financial year will also not go through, putting another P4 million worth of projects in abeyance.
The delay in the matter has lead to the applicants writing a letter, to the Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture, Thapelo Olopeng requesting his audience. The action is likely to delay funding of youth projects at least for two financial years, totalling P8 million.
Olopeng has reportedly declined to meet the concerned youth but instead referred them to the PS, Ramokate who had been handling the issue.
The affected group since resolved to seek the intervention of Office of the President after losing patience with Olopeng over the possibility of him resolving the matter. The youth wants President Lt Gen Ian Khama to hasten the process, and direct for those who were deservedly approved to be given their funds.
The source has revealed to this publication that the desperation from applicants is brought by the fact that they have, prior to applying and getting approval for youth fund, entered into several agreements with various players for services such as office rentals, banks and other suppliers.
“Further delay may affect the viability of some projects; property owners may lease the office to somebody else, and some applicants are already paying for rentals even before their projects commence just to secure the office,” said the source.
The source further suggested that the whole process had been marred by deceit and corruption which has brought desperation on other applicants who were successfully approved.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.