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Technology that targets thieves, killers

An online database company, Adams Database is piling up pressure on the Botswana Police Service, Pawn shops, retail outlets and other stakeholders to enter into loose compact agreements that would see technology being efficiently employed to help reduce crimes of all kinds.

Despite writing a proposal to the Botswana Police Service two years ago expressing interest in working with the law enforcement entity at no cost to fight crime, Adams Database is yet to receive a response.

“But this has not stopped us from forging ahead with our intention. Although this is a business, we believe this will cover as a big relief to the wider public because crime is giving many of our people sleepless nights,” said Victor Setlhare, a founder and senior partner at Adams Database.

Setlhare said the Crime and Investigations Department (CID) of the Botswana Police has expressed interest in working with them to recover stolen goods.

“This is not just about recovering stolen  goods such as cellphones, television screens, fridges and others, our application has the ability to solve other crimes that may be occasioned in the process of stealing these goods,” observed Setlhare.

On the other hand, the police are pretty busy and may not have time or resources readily available to investigate theft cases immediately hence an online database could complement police work, he stressed.

Other crimes that the Adams Database proprietor is confident they will help solve include murder, common theft, assaults, fraud, cross border theft, and obtaining by false pretence among others.

He said they already have agreements with some furniture shops and pawn shops that have lost millions of Pula as a result of goods being stolen and not being recovered by the police. He said their technology will also help the Botswana Police to be in a position to locate owners of goods as soon as they are recovered.

Setlhare said key to their technology is that before goods go missing or are stolen, they are captured into the database by recording their model, serial numbers, and where they were bought.

“The key to recovering lost or stolen electronics is to know their pertinent digits and in this case, their model and serial numbers. If you file a police report for stolen equipment, the form will ask for this information, and having the serial number makes it much easier to reclaim your property,” observed Setlhare.

He said most of the stolen goods are usually sold to pawn shops and having them on board is critical.

“We want them to register all the goods they buy from people into our database so that if whatever they buy could be potentially stolen property the system reports immediately,” he added.

Setlhare said their mission is to reduce the trade of stolen property in Botswana and to provide the community with increased visibility of stolen property and pets nationwide, to assist individuals, businesses and police in the recovery of stolen goods and to aid the prevention of the trade of stolen property while achieving the bigger picture of reducing crime.

The Adams Database team encouraged individuals and companies to open accounts with them where they will register their goods. They explained that a Household Account can be opened at P50 and one will be able to register all their electronics, and other goods. They say it is important to bring receipts along if they are still available. The model or make will determine the price one has to pay to register individual goods, but it rangers from P30 to P120, explained Setlhare.

“The reason why we want pawn shops, furniture shops and other retailers to enter into a working relationship with Adams Database is for us to become an open-source alternative for tracking stolen laptops, phones, televisions, fridges, radios and tablets among other goods,” said a partner at Adams Database, Shima Petrus Keakopa. He emphasised that database of stolen items will help to prevent their resale and help police find the goods and their rightful owners.  

As an advice to property owners, Keakopa said, “If you have a homeowners or renters insurance policy, you should probably photograph your valuable personal property. When snapping shots of your electronics equipment, you're better off capturing the bottom or back of the device wherever the model and serial numbers are located because the information may come in handy when goods are stolen,” he said.

Keakopa indicated that they intend to approach the Botswana Unified Revenue Services (BURS) to enter into a Memorandum of Understanding so that they can help reduce cross border crime. He said they are busy developing a system that could assist their customers beyond borders. Keakopa observed that equipment is stolen in Botswana is taken to other neighbouring countries. He said the application will require that people bringing gadgets from outside Botswana quickly enter them into the database at the border.

He further pointed out that other crimes are committed during the process of stealing or robbery. He gave examples of murder and assault, further stressing that stolen goods if recovered can help reveal perpetrators of crimes.

“You know police investigations are sophisticated, with the help of technology it can be easy to identify a needle in a haystack,” he said.

Keakopa also observed that the Insurance industry and furniture shops could save millions of Pula which they spend as pay-outs to cover for stolen goods. He said fraud cases where people make false claims of theft could be arrested if their technology is given support. 


He said Adams Database, a leading asset data management system company providing peace of mind to businesses and home owners with monitored asset management systems and support, is mentored and housed by the Botswana Innovation Hub (BIH).  Setlhare and Keakopa are confident that with the support of BIH and the Botswana Police Service, their technology approach can help reduce crime significantly.

“I read somewhere that since the introduction of bolus insertion in cattle, theft of livestock has gone down almost 60 percent,” said Setlhare.

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Civil Service volatility: Democracy vs Bureaucracy

19th April 2021
President Masisi

Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.

These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.

The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”

The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.

“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”

Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.

The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.

The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.

Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.

One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.

But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.

One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.

Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.

In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.

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Morupisi fights for freedom in court

19th April 2021
morupisi

Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.

Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.

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Pressure mounts on Biden to suspend Covid-19 vaccine patents

19th April 2021
Joe Biden

United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.

According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.

“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.

A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.

Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.

In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”

While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.

Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility.  Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.

For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies.  European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.

It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.

According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.

The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.

“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”

“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.”
The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”

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