Cresta Marakanelo has fired Valentine Mganga, its Chief Financial Officer, after he was suspended following ongoing investigations relating to some financial irregularities.
The announcement from Cresta is a follow up to the previous one where they had announced that the chief financial officer and the managing director have been suspended with immediate effect.
“Further to the initial Cautionary Announcement dated 10 October 2016, shareholders of Cresta Marakanelo Ltd (the company) are hereby advised that investigations are still ongoing regarding the irregularity involving the company’s Chief Finance Officer. The Board has commissioned a full investigation and a report has been made to the police. The Chief Finance Officer has been dismissed from work while the Managing Director remains on suspension pending the outcome of the investigation,” the company revealed in the latest cautionary note.
It still remains unclear of what kind of irregularity the CFO was involved in, and furthermore it is not known what role the managing director played in the whole fracas. When the news of the duo’s suspension broke, it was revealed that the irregularity relates to unaccounted funds in the region of P2.3 million. From the recently issued statement from Cresta, it appears as the matter has now moved from an administrative issue to a criminal case. In the aftermath of the suspensions, the share price of Cresta has since shed off 2.3% to trade at P1.28t.
The suspended managing director, Tawanda Makaya, joined Cresta as the Group Financial Controller in 1996 before rising through the ranks to become CFO and eventually Managing Director in 2007. The current CFO, Valentine Mganga, joined Cresta as the finance manager in 2007. The two men have been at the helm of the company for 9 years in which the company has grown from being privately owned to being publicly listed in the Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE).
Cresta Marakanelo is the operating company for the 10 Cresta Hotels in Botswana. The company was established in 1987, when Cresta Hospitality was awarded the Management contract for the Marakanelo Hotels in Botswana by the Botswana Development Corporation (BDC). Prior to the listing, Cresta Marakanelo was jointly owned by the Botswana Government, through BDC, and TA Botswana.
TA Botswana is ultimately owned by TA Holdings Limited, a company that was once listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange, with an investment portfolio that extends from Zimbabwe to Botswana, South Africa, Uganda and Nigeria. The Group's portfolio spans the Hospitality, Insurance, Investment Management and Agrochemical sectors. Its hospitality arm, Cresta Hospitality Holdings, is one of Southern Africa's largest hotel management groups, managing or operating 16 hotels in Zimbabwe(5), Botswana(10) and Zambia(1).
The company listed on the BSE in 2010 after BDC, the main shareholder, put up 62.9 million shares in an Initial Public Offering (IPO). The IPO was made up of 40.7 million shares offered to the public at P1.45 per share, while 18.5 million was sold through private placement. The remaining 3.7 million was bought by the company on behalf of its employees. The IPO which was 94% subscribed managed to raise P55.4 million, a record for the BSE at that time. The listing of the company resulted in a new shareholding structure, with BDC now holding 26% of the total issued shares, leaving TA Botswana as the single largest shareholder at 40% while the public holds 34%.
The stock which is currently trading below its IPO price has been gaining momentum this year, with the share price appreciating by 19.6% to trade at P1.28, making Cresta the best performing stock so far in the BSE’s domestic company index. The gain in share price follows an impressive run that began in 2015 when the company’s share price went up by 20%. For the year ended 2015, the group’s revenue was up by 5%, delivering a profit before tax of P36.2 million, a 12% increase from the previous year.
In its latest half year results, the group has impressed after profit before tax increased by 48% to from P12.3 million to P18.2 million. The group’s assets currently stand at P248 million, up by 7% from previous corresponding period. With a cash balance of P58.9 million, Cresta says part of the funds will be used to finance a new hotel project in Maun.
This century is always looking at improving new super high speed technology to make life easier. On the other hand, beckoning as an emerging fierce reversal force to equally match or dominate this life enhancing super new tech, comes swift human adversaries which seem to have come to make living on earth even more difficult.
The recent discovery of a pandemic, Covid-19, which moves at a pace of unimaginable and unpredictable proportions; locking people inside homes and barring human interactions with its dreaded death threat, is currently being felt.
Member of Parliament for Kanye North, Thapelo Letsholo has cautioned Government against excessive borrowing and poorly managed debt levels.
He was speaking in Parliament on Tuesday delivering Parliament’s Finance Committee report after assessing a motion that sought to raise Government Bond program ceiling to P30 billion, a big jump from the initial P15 Billion.
Government Investment Account (GIA) which forms part of the Pula fund has been significantly drawn down to finance Botswana’s budget deficits since 2008/09 Global financial crises.
The 2009 global economic recession triggered the collapse of financial markets in the United States, sending waves of shock across world economies, eroding business sentiment, and causing financiers of trade to excise heightened caution and hold onto their cash.
The ripple effects of this economic catastrophe were mostly felt by low to middle income resource based economies, amplifying their vulnerability to external shocks. The diamond industry which forms the gist of Botswana’s economic make up collapsed to zero trade levels across the entire value chain.
The Upstream, where Botswana gathers much of its diamond revenue was adversely impacted by muted demand in the Midstream. The situation was exacerbated by zero appetite of polished goods by jewelry manufacturers and retail outlets due to lowered tail end consumer demand.
This resulted in sharp decline of Government revenue, ballooned budget deficits and suspension of some developmental projects. To finance the deficit and some prioritized national development projects, government had to dip into cash balances, foreign reserves and borrow both externally and locally.
Much of drawing was from Government Investment Account as opposed to drawing from foreign reserve component of the Pula Fund; the latter was spared as a fiscal buffer for the worst rainy days.
Consequently this resulted in significant decline in funds held in the Government Investment Account (GIA). The account serves as Government’s main savings depository and fund for national policy objectives.
However as the world emerged from the 2009 recession government revenue graph picked up to pre recession levels before going down again around 2016/17 owing to challenges in the diamond industry.
Due to a number of budget surpluses from 2012/13 financial year the Government Investment Account started expanding back to P30 billion levels before a series of budget deficits in the National Development Plan 11 pushed it back to decline a decline wave.
When the National Development Plan 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at budget deficits.
This as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.
Cumulatively since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances. Drawing down from government cash balances meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account.
The Government Investment Account (GIA) was established in accordance with Section 35 of the Bank of Botswana Act Cap. 55:01. The Account represents Government’s share of the Botswana‘s foreign exchange reserves, its investment and management strategies are aligned to the Bank of Botswana’s foreign exchange reserves management and investment guidelines.
Government Investment Account, comprises of Pula denominated deposits at the Bank of Botswana and held in the Pula Fund, which is the long-term investment tranche of the foreign exchange reserves.
In June 2017 while answering a question from Bogolo Kenewendo, the then Minister of Finance & Economic Development Kenneth Mathambo told parliament that as of June 30, 2017, the total assets in the Pula Fund was P56.818 billion, of which the balance in the GIA was P30.832 billion.
Kenewendo was still a back bench specially elected Member of Parliament before ascending to cabinet post in 2018. Last week Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka, when presenting a motion to raise government local borrowing ceiling from P15 billion to P30 Billion told parliament that as of December 2019 Government Investment Account amounted to P18.3 billion.
Dr Matsheka further told parliament that prior to financial crisis of 2008/9 the account amounted to P30.5 billion (41 % of GDP) in December of 2008 while as at December 2019 it stood at P18.3 billion (only 9 % of GDP) mirroring a total decline by P11 billion in the entire 11 years.
Back in 2017 Parliament was also told that the Government Investment Account may be drawn-down or added to, in line with actuations in the Government’s expenditure and revenue outturns. “This is intended to provide the Government with appropriate funds to execute its functions and responsibilities effectively and efficiently” said Mathambo, then Minister of Finance.
Acknowledging the need to draw down from GIA no more, current Minister of Finance Dr Matsheka said “It is under this background that it would be advisable to avoid excessive draw down from this account to preserve it as a financial buffer”
He further cautioned “The danger with substantially reduced financial buffers is that when an economic shock occurs or a disaster descends upon us and adversely affects our economy it becomes very difficult for the country to manage such a shock”