Political factions that used to cause ripples in the Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) have subsided their activities and closed ranks to guard against Vice President, Mokgweetsi Masisi’s now frequent incursions.
Up until three months back BMD was split up by two warring factions; one under the control of party President, Ndaba Gaolathe and his deputy Wynter Mmolotsi, while the other centre of power was helmed by party chairman, Nehemiah Modubule and secretary general, Gilbert Mangole. Some insiders say this could just be a temporary truce to deal with Masisi recruitment within the BMD.
Gaolathe and Mmolotsi mostly had the backing of BMD parliamentarians while the Mangole and Modubule axis generally had the backing of the large BMD central committee. Gaolathe and his team wanted a special congress this year, and it is evident that it will not happen. Some say but of the deal, allegedly brokered by former conveners of opposition talks was to call off the debate on the special congress.
In August the BMD National Executive Committee (NEC) dismissed calls for a special congress arguing that proper process was not followed in the request. Modubule was quoted in the media as stating that the letters written to trigger the special congress were questionable and that there were not accompanied by minutes from the constituencies.
However, on Thursday Mmolotsi and Mangole held a joint press briefing in a rare public show of unity not seen in well over 12 months. The two leaders conceded that the factionalism that used to rile BMD might actually be a contributing factor to the mass exodus of youths currently rocking BMD. Mangole, who is also Member of Parliament for Mochudi East further noted that reconciliation is a step by step process that takes time. For the entire duration, Mangole kept referring to Mmolotsi as “my VP.”
He however stated that while they have their own differences, the calm that has been reigning in the party lately is testament to the thawing of relations between the two factions. Since last year BMD has been losing its regional youth leaders and ordinary members to the BDP as a result of Vice President, Mokgweetsi Masisi’s spirited recruitment campaign from the opposition parties. Most of the defectors have been coming from the two Molepolole constituencies which fell into opposition hands for the first time in 50 years, in the 2014 general election.
In the ensuing frenzy, BMD lost youth wing leaders such as former treasurer general, Anderson Mathibe and his deputy as well as its National Organising Secretary, Gomotsegang Karabo. The now infamous Karabo, who is an orator of note, was this week implicated as the mastermind of botched recruitment activities of BMD’s two councillors and two Francistown youths who hold party positions in their region. The four BMD youth leaders who somersaulted at the last minute related that, in the heavily moneyed recruitment drive that spanned Molepolole, Phakalane and the Junior State House to Francistown, money was no object.
They related that their meetings with Masisi and his men either took place in hotels, restaurants or his state residence where they gobbled down grilled chicken and ordered to pick anything off the menu. They further stated that when they parted, sometimes in the small hours of the morning after a night of negotiations, they would each be gifted either P300 or P400. Omphemetse Demana from Francistown stated that she was told “not to walk in the sun” and transport was duly arranged for her, in the form of a big double door bakkie to meet Masisi at Marang hotel in Francistown.
She was further wired transport money via e-Wallet service to come to the capital to be welcomed into the party. The Francistown duo stated that they were on the brink of being whisked to the mall where they were to be dressed in red party colours at expensive stores, for last week’s BDP press conference, when Mangole intercepted their exit.
Mangole however stated of Masisi’s BDP: “The factional wars within the BDP are so intense that the faction leaders do not trust fellow party members. They would rather entrust their campaigns with activists recruited from the opposition. The BMD is particularly the target because BDP warring faction leaders apparently all agree that with the BDP split, hardworking cadres relocated to the BMD and they desperately need them back to fight their factional wars. The now lavishly living Karabo is actively recruiting for the Vice President’s faction.”
Mangole further stated that a plot to “annihilate and dismantle BMD is in place as it is believed to have played and continues to play a pivotal role in the opposition collective”.
For so many years, Botswana has been trying to be a self-sufficient country that is able to provide its citizens with locally produced food products. Through appropriate collaborations with parastatals such as CEDA, ISPAAD and LEA, government introduced initiatives such as the Horticulture Impact Accelerator Subsidy-IAS and other funding facilities to facilitate horticultural farmers to increase production levels.
Now that COVID-19 took over and disrupted the food value chain across all economies, Botswana government introduced these initiatives to reduce the import bill by enhancing local market and relieve horticultural farmers from loses or impacts associated with the pandemic.
In more concerted efforts to curb these food crises in the country, government extended the ploughing period for the Southern part of Botswana. The extension was due to the late start of rains in the Southern part of the country.
Last week the Ministry of Agriculture extended the ploughing period for the Northern part of the country, mainly because of rains recently experienced in the country. With these decisions taken urgently, government optimizes food security and reliance on local food production.
When pigs fly, Botswana will be able to produce food to feed its people. This is evident by the numbers released by Statistics Botswana on imports recorded in November 2020, on their International Merchandise Trade Statistics for the month under review.
The numbers say Botswana continues to import most of its food from neighbouring South Africa. Not only that, Batswana relies on South Africa to have something to smoke, to drink and even use as machinery.
According to data from Statistics Botswana, the country’s total imports amounted to P6.881 Million. Diamonds contributed to the total imports at 33%, which is equivalent to P2.3 Million. This was followed by food, beverages and tobacco, machinery and electrical equipment which stood at P912 Million and P790 Million respectively.
Most of these commodities were imported from The Southern African Customs Union (SACU). The Union supplied Botswana with imports valued at over P4.8 Million of Botswana’s imports for the month under review (November 2020). The top most imported commodity group from SACU region was food, beverages and tobacco, with a contribution of P864 Million, which is likely to be around 18.1% of the total imports from the region.
Diamonds and fuel, according to these statistics, contributed 16.0%, or P766 Million and 13.5% or P645 Million respectively. Botswana also showed a strong and desperate reliance on neighbouring South Africa for important commodities. Even though the borders between the two countries in order to curb the spread of the COVID-19 virus, government took a decision to open border gates for essential services which included the transportation of commodities such as food.
Imports from South Africa recorded in November 2020 stood at P4.615 Million, which accounted for 67.1% of total imports during the month under review. Still from that country, Botswana bought food, beverages and tobacco worth P844 Million (18.3%), diamonds, machinery and fuel worth P758 Million, P601 Million and P562 Million respectively.
Botswana also imported chemicals and rubber products that made a contribution of 11.7% (P542.2 Million) to total imports from South Africa during the month under review, (November 2020).
The European Union also came to Botswana’s rescue in the previous year. Botswana received imports worth P698.3 Million from the EU, accounting for 10.1% of the total imports during the same month. The major group commodity imported from the EU was diamonds, accounting for 86.9% (P606.6 Million), of imports from the Union. Belgium was the major source of imports from the EU, at 8.9% (P609.1 Million) of total imports during the period under review.
Meanwhile, Minister of Finance and Economic Development Thapelo Matsheka says an improvement in exports and commodity prices will drive growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Growth in the region is anticipated to recover modestly to 3.2% in 2021. Matsheka said this when delivering the Annual Budget Speech virtually in Gaborone on the 1st of February 2021.
He said implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement (AfCFTA), which became operational in January 2021, could reduce the region’s vulnerability to global disruptions, as well as deepen trade and economic integration.
“This could also help boost competition and productivity. Successful implementation of AfCFTA will, of necessity, require Member States to eliminate both tariffs and non-tariff barriers, and generally make it easier to do business and invest across borders.”
Matsheka, who is also a Member of Parliament for Lobatse, an ailing town which houses the struggling biggest meat processing company in the country- Botswana Meat Commission, (BMC), said the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) recognizes the need to prioritize the key processes required for the implementation of the AfCFTA.
“The revised SACU Tariff Offer, which comprises 5,988 product lines with agreed Rules of Origin, representing 77% of the SACU Tariff Book, was submitted to the African Union Commission (AUC) in November 2020. The government is in the process of evaluating the tariff offers of other AfCFTA members prior to ratification, following which Botswana’s participation in AfCFTA will come to effect.”
Women continue to shadow men in politics – stereotypes such as ‘behind every successful man there is a woman’ cast the notion that women cannot lead. The 2019 general election recorded one of Botswana’s worst performances when it comes to women participation in parliamentary democracy with only three women elected to parliament.
Botswana’s former Minister of Health, Professor Sheila Tlou who is currently the Co-Chair, Global HIV Prevention Coalition & Nursing Now and an HIV, Gender & Human Rights Activist is not amused by the status quo. Tlou attributes this dilemma facing women to a number of factors, which she is convinced influence the voting patterns of Batswana when it comes to women politicians.
Professor Tlou plugs the party level voting systems as the first hindrance that blocks women from ascending to power. According to the former Minister of Health, there is inadequate amount of professionalism due to corrupt internal party structures affecting the voters roll and ultimately leading to voter apathy for those who end up struck off the voters rolls under dubious circumstances.
Tlou also stated that women’s campaigns are often clean; whilst men put to play the ‘politics is dirty metaphor using financial muscle to buy voters into voting for them without taking into consideration their abilities and credibility. The biggest hurdle according to Tlou is the fallacy that ‘Women cannot lead’, which is also perpetuated by other women who discourage people from voting for women.
There are numerous factors put on the table when scrutinizing a woman, she can be either too old, or too young, or her marital status can be used against her. An unmarried woman is labelled as a failure and questioned on how she intends on being a leader when she failed to have a home. The list is endless including slut shaming women who have either been through a divorce or on to their second marriages, Tlou observed.
The only way that voters can be emancipated from this mentality according to Tlou is through a robust voter education campaign tailor made to run continuously and not be left to the eve of elections as it is usually done. She further stated that the current crop of women in parliament must show case their abilities and magnify them – this will help make it clear that they too are worthy of votes.
And to women intending to run for office, Tlou encouraged them not to wait for the eleventh hour to show their interest and rather start in community mobilisation projects as early as possible so that the constituents can get to know them and their abilities prior to the election date.
Youthful Botswana National Front (BNF) leader and feminist, Resego Kgosidintsi blames women’s mentality towards one another which emanates from the fact that women have been socialised from a tender age that they cannot be leaders hence they find it difficult to vote for each other.
Kgosidintsi further states that, “Women do not have enough economic resources to stage effective campaigns. They are deemed as the natural care givers and would rather divert their funds towards raising children and building homes over buying campaign materials.”
Meanwhile, Vice President of the Alliance for Progressives (AP), Wynter Mmolotsi agrees that women’s participation in politics in Botswana remains a challenge. To address this Mmolotsi suggested that there should be constituencies reserved for women candidates only so that the outcome regardless of the party should deliver a woman Member of Parliament.
Mmolotsi further suggested that Botswana should ditch the First Past the Post system of election and opt for the proportional representation where contesting parties will dutifully list able women as their representatives in parliament.
On why women do not get elected, Mmolotsi explained that he had heard first hand from voters that they are reluctant to vote for women since they have limited access to them once they have won; unlike their male counterparts who have proven to be available night or day.
The pre-historic awarding of gender roles relegating women to be pregnant and barefoot at home and the man to be out there fending for the family has disadvantaged women in political and other professional careers.