We are still digesting the shocking news which we woke up to on the weekend of the 8th of October; “BCL mine placed under provisional liquidation.
” The news which we have been dreading to hear all along finally came. We all knew that BCL, just like any other mine have been facing challenges mainly due to the depressed commodity prices on the international market. We never thought it would come to this level. One thing which is certain is that the closure of the mine will send ripple effects not only in the mining town of Selibe Phikwe, Francistown and surrounding areas but the whole economy of Botswana. Francistown will be affected even more as Tati Nickel Mine, a subsidiary of BCL has also been closed. Palapye and surrounding areas will also feel the pinch as the Morupule coal mine will be affected given than BCL was the major consumer of Morupule coal.
The placing of BCL under provisional liquidation comes at a time when we are still recovering from the closure of Boseto and African Copper mines throwing many workers into the streets. The negative multiplier effects will be severe and will have long lasting effects on the whole economy at large. It will no longer be business as usual.
Brief history of BCL
BCL formation can be traced back to August 1956 when a meeting, arranged by John Buchanan, Chairman of Minerals Separation Limited, took place between Tshekedi Khama, Regent of the Bangwato Tribe in the Bechuanaland Protectorate (The Republic of Botswana) and Sir Ronald Prain, Chairman of Roan Selection Trust (RST). At the meeting an agreement was reached between the two men, which was later signed on the 2nd of June 1959 and subsequently ratified by the British House of Lords and led to the formation of Bamangwato Concessions Limited (later to be renamed BCL Limited), to prospect, explore and mine Copper and Nickel ore discovered in the present day township of Selebi Phikwe.
BCL produces two types of finished matte containing nickel, copper, and cobalt and to a smaller extent precious and platinum group metals. It is the second largest private sector employer in the country with a labour force of +/-4200. It consumes just under 20% of total electricity usage in Botswana or 43% of BPC’s own power generation.
The aftershock effects
The direct effect is the loss of jobs and income for some +/-4200 workers who were employed by the mine. Companies that were subcontracted will also close further putting more workers on the streets. The indirect jobs that will be lost are even more. Palapye town will be affected as Morupule Coal mine will probably downsize operations as BCL was the biggest user of its coal. The hospitality sector around Selibi Phikwe and Francistown areas will be crippled, if not likely close altogether in the case of Phikwe. The retail sector will face a significant decline in business activity and most will be forced to relocate from Phikwe. This in turn will reduce the business activity of the town ie the transport sector, education sector, food outlets, fuel suppliers, property sectors etc.
The property sector will be affected as the decline in occupancy and property demand will have an effect on valuations. The list is endless and the negative multiplier effects will be severe.
Government revenue in the form of taxes will also be constrained due to the reduced business activities that will follow. This will have an impact on the government fiscal balance at a time when diamond prices are not doing very well. Already Lerala Diamond mine is reportedly planning to scale down production and retrench.
The country’s current account and Balance of Payments positions will also worsen. The mining sector at large contributes over 35% towards government revenue.
Banks not spared either. The banking sector is not spared either. Impairments are likely to spike especially from unsecured facilities extended to the mine directly, mine employees and other related companies exposed to BCL. The list is endless and the negative multiplier effects will be severe. Some of government enterprises will not be spared either.
Already Botswana Railways is reportedly facing a P20mn reduction in business revenue from BCL. Water Utilities Corporation will also have to scale down its operations as it has been supplying bulk water to the mine.
Where to from here…
The liquidator report is likely to come up with 2 recommendations.
(1) Complete shutdown of the mine (which is highly unlikely)
(2) Scaling down of the mine operations and closure of some of the shafts which are unprofitable. (This is highly likely, although we cannot rule out some job losses)
There are many lessons to be derived from the placing of BCL mine under provisional liquidation. Once again this has shown the need to speed up the diversification of the country’s economy away from the mining sector. Although there has been some movements in this regard as shown by the growth of the non-mining sector over the years and the decline of the mining sector contribution to the economy from levels around 31% of GDP in 2004 to levels around 13% of GDP as at 31 December 2015. What we can agree is that the speed of the diversification process is not moving at a pace that we want. The pace has been slow. BCL smelter can be the game changer
BCL has been making losses for some years, but we believe there is still value in the copper/nickel mining company and some of the shafts that are not profitable have to be shut down if the mine is to operate efficiently and profitable. The BCL smelter is one of the project we believe has the potential not only to contribute positively towards the profitability of BCL but also turn Botswana into a hub for the smelting and refining of copper/nickel in the region. With a capacity to treat up to 850 000mt of nickel/copper concentrates per annum, the smelter is large enough to absorb all the smelting requirements of all nickel/copper miners in the region as it is the only copper/nickel smelter in the region.
This is because it will be uneconomical for other small mining companies in the region to build their own refineries given the large capital outlay that is required to build one. It is estimated that the current BCL smelter has a replacement value of between US$2bn and US$3bn.
After falling to close the gap on Arsenal by losing to a record breaking goal by Kane at the Tottenham stadium.Manchester City now find themselves being charged by the Premier League with more than 100 breaches of its financial rules following a four-year investigation.
According to BBC , it has referred the club to an independent commission over alleged rule breaches between 2009 and 2018 , and also that Man-city has not been co-operating since the investigation which started in 2018 .
BBC further states that The commission can impose punishment including a fine , points deduction and expelling the club from the Premier league.
The alleged breaches include , breaching rules for requiring full details of manager remuneration,from 2009-2010, to 2012-2013 seasons when Roberto Mancini was in charge . Also player remuneration between 2010-2011 and 2015-2016.
The Premier league stated that City breached rules related to UEFA regulations , including Financial Fair Play , from 2013-2014 to 2017-2018 ,as well as Premier League rules on profitability and sustainability from 2014-2016 to 2017-2018
South Korean Ambassador in South Africa has donated e-learning equipment through Botswana Red Cross Society (BRCS) to Tlamelong Rehabilitation Centre in Tlokweng recently, in a bid to fine tune the student’s textile skills.
When talking at the handing over ceremony, Chull-Joo Park, said they agreed with BRCS to give out e-learning equipment to better the training skills of students living with disabilities.
“With the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) equipment and job training skills, we will be able to help the students living with disabilities to do e-learning and to better their education and job training,” said Chull-Joo Park.
It was revealed that the South Korean Embassy approached BRCS with the intent to donate equipment and educational material that includes an embroidery machine, photo copier machine, tablets and interactive boards to be utilized by the trainees.
The industrial printer is a machine that works with embroidery machine to print designs for clothing and it will enable the learners to have more material available to them to facilitate learning.
Through this embroidery machine, students will be exposed to better technologies which ultimately improve the quality of materials they produce. It will also allow students to learn business skills and run profitable ventures.
Smart board gadgets will provide the students with an elevated learning process to be fostered by e-learning. The gadgets provide a more visual element to the learning process, which in turn improves learner mental retention.
Tlamelong Rehabilitation serves the marginalized and underserved less privileged persons living with disability in Botswana. The center offers boarding services, vocational training, social services, physiotherapy and rehabilitation services for young people living disabilities aged 18-35 from across the country over a period of two (2) years per cohort which has a maximum intake capacity of 35. BRCS through International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have managed to create great working synergy with the South Korean Embassy in Pretoria based in South Africa to support or augment the National Society’s Rehabilitation Centre’s learning challenges.
For his part, BRSC Secretary General Kutlwano Mokokomani said they are delighted to convey their gratitude as BRSC to the South Korean Embassy for donation and they look forward to an enduring partnership for such worthy causes.
“South Korean Embassy’s great gesture will enable trainees to thrive, to fulfil their dreams to become a reality as this equipments will go a long way in creating great impact in the lives of trainees and their families. We wish to convey our sincere gratitude to the South Korean Embassy for their noble gesture of donating the E-learning equipments.”
BRCS offers rehabilitation services spread across three (3) areas in Botswana being Sefhare Stimulation center in Sefhare, Tshimologo stimulation center in Francistown and Tlamelong rehabilitation center in Tlokweng.