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Here for Good and Here for Africa



It is an honour and privilege to have been invited to be part of this important event and officiate at the opening of the Sir Seretse Khama International Airport Branch of Standard Chartered Bank.  The opening of this branch is yet another testimony to Standard Chartered Bank’s Brand Promise of being “Here for Good and Here for Africa”.  


It is indeed a practical demonstration of commitment towards providing convenient access to banking services, in support of economic development, employment creation, financial inclusion and, more broadly, financial sector development in Botswana.


Let me, therefore, start by thanking the Board of Directors, Chief Executive Officer, Management and Staff of Standard Chartered Bank for the bank’s continued support and investment in the economy and the people of Botswana.  Your efforts, in this regard, are highly commendable.


I can only hope that, this is a good sign; that in my new role as Governor of the Bank of Botswana, there will be many more new Standard Chartered facilities to which I will be invited, preferably in remote areas of Botswana, as well. 


Standard Chartered Bank has had a long term relationship with this country.  It first opened its doors to the public in 1897, and by the 1960’s, the bank had established branches in Lobatse, Mahalapye and Gaborone.  Therefore, while Botswana has just attained 50 years of independence, Standard Chartered looks towards 120-year anniversary in 2017. 


Since its inception, the bank has grown in terms of asset base, deposit and advances and, to-date, it is among the four largest banks in Botswana. The bank employs approximately 800 Batswana and operates a network of 20 branches and sub-branches inclusive of the new branch, as well as 68 Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) throughout the country.


I am reliably informed that as recently as 2015, the Standard Chartered Bank Group committed USD1.5 billion towards technology infrastructure over three (3) years with an emphasis on mobile and digital platforms, with these innovative offerings being offered here in Botswana as they are for the rest of the Group.


This commitment saw the bank being awarded the “Best Global Consumer Digital Bank” by Global Finance for the sixth successive year.  I am also informed that at the same awards ceremony in London, the bank further emerged as the Best Global Consumer Mobile Banking; Best Global Consumer Mobile Banking App; Best Global Information Security Initiatives; and Best Consumer Digital Bank Middle East and Africa.  I take this opportunity to commend Standard Chartered Bank for these laudable achievements.


A major development challenge for many countries in the region is that the financial markets are fragmented and a large number of people do not have cost-effective access to financial services.  For example, the Botswana Finscope Survey of 2014 indicates that even though Botswana has made significant progress in resolving the issue of access to basic financial services, there is still room for improvement.


The survey found that formal access to financial services stands at 68 percent, with most segments of the population having broad access to financial services; 46 percent of adults use more than one product category such as savings, credit, insurance and payments, while 24 percent of the population are completely excluded mainly in the lower income, rural and remote areas. 


The main policy objective of the financial inclusion agenda is to “improve household welfare, increase economic efficiency and support economic growth” by increasing outreach.  This can be achieved through several means. First, besides opening branches outside urban and semi-urban areas, banks can also take advantage of opportunities provided by technological advancements to offer affordable on-line products and services.


Second, banks can also make significant investments in infrastructure and staff to mobilise resources for further expansion to reach the unbanked. Third, there is no doubt that user-friendly and cost-effective information and communication products and platforms play an important role in broadening safe and secure access to financial services.  In this regard, financial literacy and public education are paramount.


It is undeniable that communications infrastructure, especially mobile money and efficient payment systems, play a significant role in financial inclusion.  It has also been established that financial inclusion promotes economic development and is a major tool for economic empowerment, especially of women.


Therefore, public policy will continue to focus on fostering broader access to financial services by building on well-functioning mobile money technologies and a more cost-effective access to payments and financial messaging infrastructure in order to promote inclusive growth.


The opening today of this branch here at Sir Seretse Khama International Airport, I am told the first bank to open a full-fledged branch post the refurbishment of the airport, will no doubt be an important public infrastructure; making banking more accessible and convenient to customers as they enter into and leave the City of Gaborone.


Furthermore, I have no doubt that this facility which, I am told, will offer world class banking facilities, will support both the country’s tourism objectives and the ambition of the airport authorities to welcome visitors from across the globe.   


I am assured that this will be indeed the case as the branch will offer the complete suite of banking services including: Personal Banking, Internet Banking, Priority Banking and a 24 hour ATM that offers South African Rand withdrawals.


Another matter of serious concern in today’s banking world is the fast-growing problem of cybercrime.  The internet and other digital platforms have provided capabilities and opportunities that have transformed many business activities, resulting in much faster, easier and cheaper execution and conclusion of transactions.


However, the same platforms have provided criminals with new opportunities and fertile ground to pursue unlawful businesses, such as cybercrime.


You will readily agree that the corrosive effect of such criminal acts, including card fraud and identity theft, can discourage members of the public from entrusting their savings with banks; this could undermine public confidence and trust in the banking system.


Cybercrime and other forms of fraud also impose a financial cost on the economy as banks and customers have to allocate large amounts of human and financial resources on preventative measures.


That is why the Bank of Botswana has implored banks to have robust and effective corporate governance frameworks, sound risk management and internal control systems as well as ensure compliance with best international standards for combating such criminal activities; and build resilience to withstand any threats that could arise from internal or external sources.


In this regard, I wish to commend Standard Chartered Bank for consistently complying with regulatory and corporate governance issues, thus fulfilling the fiduciary responsibility bestowed on the Board and Management of banks, by the banking license to operate in a prudent, safe and sound manner. 


Standard Chartered Bank has also undertaken highly visible social responsibility programmes and has also given back directly to the community through its community investment initiatives. The bank’s Global community investment programme – Seeing is Believing – has taken the task of tackling avoidable blindness across the globe.


I am informed that, since 2003, over 100 million people have been helped through the programme. In Botswana, the programme recently concluded a 3-year P4 million project with the Ministry of Health and Wellness and Addenbrooks Abroad called Pono le Tlotlo.


The programme saw the establishment of testing centres strategically located across the country with a particular focus on testing children, the elderly and those with diabetes. Furthermore, the bank’s employee volunteering programme sees staff members devoting their time to supporting community initiatives of their choice and has seen contributions made to schools across the country.  These are commendable efforts, indeed.


Official opening of Standard Chartered Bank Sir Seretse Khama International Airport Branch by Governor of the Bank of Botswana, Mr Moses Pelaelo

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The Taiwan Question: China ramps up military exercises to rebuff US provocations

18th August 2022

US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan has violated the One-China policy, and caused the escalation of tensions across the Taiwan Strait. Experts and political observers across the spectra agree that Pelosi’s actions and subsequent pronouncements by US President Joe Biden gave impetus to an already simmering tension in the Taiwan Strait, provoking China to strengthen its legitimate hold on the Taiwan Strait waters, which the US and Taiwan deem as ‘international waters’.

Pelosi’s visit to China’s Taiwan region has been heavily criticised across the globe, with China arguing that this is a serious violation of the one-China principle and the provisions of the three China-US Joint Communiqués.  In response to this reckless move which seriously undermined China’s sovereignty, and interfered in China’s internal affairs, the expectation is for China to give a firm response. Pelosi visit violated the commitments made by the U.S. side, and seriously jeopardized peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait.

To give context to China’s position over Taiwan region, the history behind gives us perspective. It is also important to note that the history between China and Taiwan is well documented and the US has always recognized it.

The People’s Republic of China recognises Taiwan as its territory. It has always been  the case even before the Nationalist Republic of China government fled to the previously Japanese-ruled Island after losing the civil war on the mainland in 1949. According to literature that threat was contained for decades — first with a military alliance between the US and the ROC on Taiwan, and after Washington switched diplomatic recognition to the PRC in 1979 by the US One China policy, which acknowledges Beijing’s position that Taiwan is part of One China. Effectively, Taiwan’s administration was transferred to the Republic of China from Japan after the Second World War in 1945, along with the split between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC) as a consequence of the Chinese Civil War. Disregarding this history, as the US is attempting to do, will surely initiate some defence reaction on the side of China to affirm its sovereignty.

However, this history was undermined since Taiwan claimed to democratise in the 1990s and China has grown ever more belligerent. Furthermore, it is well documented that the Biden administration, following the Trump presidency, has made subtle changes in the way it deals with Taipei, such as loosening restrictions on US officials meeting Taiwanese officials – this should make China uneasy. And while the White House continues to say it does not support Taiwanese independence, Biden’s words and actions are parallel to this pledge because he has warned China that the US would intervene militarily if China attacked Taiwan – another statement that has provoked China.

Pelosi, in her private space, would know that her actions amount to provocation of China. This act of aggression by the USA seriously undermines the virtues of sovereignty and territorial integrity which has a huge potential to destabilize not only the Taiwan Strait but the whole of the Asia- Pacific region.  The Americans know very well that their provocative behavior is deliberately invoking the spirit of separatism masqueraded as “Taiwan independence”.  The US is misled to think that by supporting separatism of Taiwan from China that would give them an edge over China in a geopolitics. This is what one Chinese diplomat said this week: “The critical point is if every country put their One-China policy into practice with sincerity, with no compromise, is going to guarantee the peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait.”  Therefore, it was in the wake of US House speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan, that China, in a natural response revealed plans for unprecedented military exercises near the island, prompting fears of a crisis in the Taiwan Strait and the entire Asia-Pacific region. The world community must promote and foster peace, this may be achieved when international laws are respected. It may also happen when nations respect the sovereignty of another. China may be in a better space because it is well capacitated to stake its territorial integrity, what about a small nation, if this happens to it?

As to why military exercises by Beijing; it is an expected response because China was provoked by the actions of Pelosi. To fortify this position, Chinese President, Xi signed a legal basis for China’s People’s Liberation Army to “safeguard China’s national sovereignty, security and development interests”. The legal basis will also allow military missions around disaster relief, humanitarian aid and peacekeeping. In addition the legal changes would allow troops to “prevent spillover effects of regional instabilities from affecting China, secure vital transport routes for strategic materials like oil, or safeguard China’s overseas investments, projects and personnel.  It then follows that President Xi’s administration cannot afford to look weak under a US provocation. President Xi must protector China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, of which Taiwan is a central part.” Beijing is very clear on One-China Policy, and expects all world players to recognize and respect it.

The People’s Liberation Army has made it clear that it has firepower that covers all of Taiwan, and it can strike wherever it wants. This sentiments have been attributed to Zhang Junshe, a researcher at the PLA Navy Research Institute. Zheng further said, “We got really close to Taiwan. We encircled Taiwan. And we demonstrated that we can effectively stop intervention by foreign forces.” This is a strong reaction from China to warn the US against provocation and violation of the One-China Policy.

Beijing’s military exercises will certainly shake Taiwan’s confidence in the sources of its economic and political survival. The potential for an effective blockade threatens the air and shipping routes that support Taiwan’s central role in global technology supply chains. Should a humanitarian situation arise in Taiwan, the blame would squarely be on the US.

As China’s military exercises along the Taiwan Strait progress and grow, it remains that the decision by Nancy Pelosi to visit China’s Taiwan region gravely undermined peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait, and sent a wrong signal to “Taiwan independence” separatist forces. This then speaks to international conventions, as the UN Secretary-General António Guterres explicitly stressed that the UN remains committed to the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758. The centerpiece is the one-China principle, namely, there is but one China in the world, the government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China, and Taiwan is a part of China. It must be noted that the US and the US-led NATO countries have selectively applied international law, this has been going on unabated. There is a plethora of actions that have collapsed several states after they were attacked under the pretext of the so-called possession of weapons of mass destruction illuminating them as threats – and sometimes even without any valid reason. to blatantly launch military strikes and even unleash wars on sovereign countrie

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Internal party-democracy under pressure

21st June 2022

British novelist, W. Somerset Maugham once opined: “If a nation values anything more than freedom, it will lose its freedom; and the irony of it is that if it is comfort or money that it values more, it will lose that too.”

The truism in these words cannot be underestimated, especially when contextualizing against the political developments in Botswana. We have become a nation that does not value democracy, yet nothing represent freedom more than democracy. In fact, we desire, and value winning power or clinging to power more than anything else, even if it harms the democratic credentials of our political institutions. This is happening across political parties — ruling and opposition.

As far as democracy is concerned, we are regressing. We are becoming worse-off than we were in the past. If not arrested, Botswana will lose its status as among few democratic nations in the Africa. Ironically, Botswana was the first country in Africa to embrace democracy, and has held elections every five years without fail since independence.

We were once viewed as the shining example of Africa. Those accolades are not worth it any more. Young democracies such as South Africa, with strong institutions, deserves to be exalted. Botswana has lost faith in democracy, and we will pay a price for it. It is a slippery slope to dictatorship, which will bring among other excess, assault on civil liberties and human rights violations.

Former President, Festus Mogae once stated that Botswana’s democracy will only become authentic, when a different party, other than the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) wins elections, and when the President of such party is not from Serowe.

Although many may not publicly care to admit, Mogae’s assertion is true. BDP has over the years projected itself as a dyed-in-the-wool proponent of democracy, but the moment its stay in power became threatened and uncertain, it started behaving in a manner that is at variance with democratic values.  This has been happening over the years now, and the situation is getting worse by the day.

Recently, the BDP party leadership has been preaching compromise and consensus candidates for 2024 general elections. Essentially, the leadership has lost faith in the Bulela Ditswe dispensation, which has been used to selected party candidates for council and parliament since 2003. The leadership is discouraging democracy because they believe primary elections threaten party unity. It is a strange assertion indeed.

Bulela Ditswe was an enrichment of internal party democracy in the sense that it replaced the previous method of selection of candidates known as Committee of 18, in which a branch committee made of 18 people endorsed the representatives. While it is true that political contest can divide, the ruling party should be investing in political education and strengthening in its primary elections processes. Democracy does not come cheap or easy, but it is valuable.

Any unity that we desire so much at the expense of democracy is not true unity. Like W. Somerset Maugham said, democracy would be lost in the process, and ultimately, even the unity that was desired would eventually be lost too. Any solution that sacrifice democracy would not bring any results in the long run, except misery.

We have seen that also in opposition ranks. The Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) recently indicated that its incumbent Members of Parliament (MPs) should not be challenged for their seats. While BDP is sacrificing democracy to stay in power, UDC is sacrificing democracy to win power. It is a scary reality given the fact that both parties – ruling and opposition — have embraced this position and believe democracy is the hindrance to their political ambitions.

These current reality points to one thing; our political parties have lost faith in democracy. They desire power more than, the purpose of power itself. It is also a crisis of leadership across the political divide, where we have seen dissenting views being met with persecution. We have seen perverting of political process endorsed by those in echelons of power to manipulate political outcomes in their favour.

Democracy should not be optional, it should be mandatory. Any leader proposing curtailing of democracy should be viewed with suspicion, and his adventures should be rejected before it is too late. Members of political parties, as subscribers of democracy, should collectively rise to the occasion to save their democracy from self-interest that is becoming prevalent among Botswana political parties.

The so-called compromise candidates, only benefits the leadership because it creates comforts for them. But for members, and for the nation, it is causing damage by reversing the gains that have been made over the years. We should reject leaders who only preach democracy in word, but are hesitant to practice it.

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The Big Deal About Piracy

21st June 2022

Piracy of all kinds continues to have a massive impact on the global creative industry and the economies of the countries where it thrives.

One of the biggest misconceptions around piracy is that an individual consumer’s piracy activities, especially in a market the size of Botswana’s, is only a drop in the pool of potential losses to the different sectors of the economy piracy affects.

When someone sitting in Gaborone, Botswana logs onto an illegal site to download King Richard online, they don’t imagine that their one download will do anything to the production house’s pocket or make a dent in the actors’ net worth. At best, the sensitivity towards this illegal pirating activity likely only exists when contemplating going about pirating a local musician’s music or a short film produced locally.

The ripple effects of piracy at whatever scale reach far beyond what the average consumer could ever imagine. Figures released by software security and media technology company, Irdeto, show that users in five major African territories made approximately 17,4 million total visits to the top 10 identified piracy sites on the internet.

The economic impact of this on the creative industry alone soars to between 40 and 97.1 billion dollars, according a 2022 Dataprot study. In addition, they estimate that “illegally streamed copyrighted content consumes 24% of global bandwidth”.

As Botswana’s creative industry remains relatively slight on the scale of comparison to industries such as Nollywood and Nilewood where the creative industry contributes a huge proportion to West and East Africa’s respective GDPs, that does not imply that piracy activities in Botswana do not have a similar impact on our economy and the ability of our creative industry to grow.

When individuals make decisions to illegally consume content via internet streaming sites they believe they are saving money for themselves in the name of enjoying content they desire to consume. Although this is a personal choice that remains the prerogative of the consumer, looking beyond the fact that streaming on illegal content sites is piracy, the ripple effect of this decision also has an endless trail of impact where funds which could be used to grow the local creative industry through increased consumption, and revenue which would otherwise be fed back into Botswana’s economy are being diverted.

“Why can’t our local creative industry grow?” “Why don’t we see more home-grown films and shows in Botswana?” are questions constantly posed by those who consume television content in Botswana. The answer to this lies largely in the fact that Botswana’s local content needs an audience in order for it to grow. It needs support from government and entities which are in a position to fund and help the industry scale greater heights.

Any organisational body willing to support and grow the local creative industry needs to exist and operate in an economy which can support its mandates. Content piracy is a cycle that can only be alleviated when consumers make wiser decisions around what they consume and how.

This goes beyond eradicating piracy activities in so far as television content is concerned. This extends to the importation and trade in counterfeit goods, resale of goods and services not intended for resale across the border, outside its jurisdiction, and more. All of these activities stunt the growth of an economy and make it nearly impossible for industries and sectors to propel themselves to places where they can positively impact society and reinvest into the country’s economy.

So what can be done to turn the tide here in Botswana in order to see our local production houses gain the momentum required to produce more, license more and expand their horizons? While those who enforce the law continue to work towards minimizing piracy activities, it’s imperative that as consumers we work to make their efforts easier by being mindful of how our individual actions play a role in preventing the success of our local creative networks and our economy’s growth.

Whether you are pirating a Hollywood Blockbuster, illegally streaming a popular Motswana artist’s music, or smuggling in an illegal decoder to view content restricted to South Africa only, your actions have an impact on how we as a nation will make our mark on the global landscape with local creative productions. Thembi Legwaila is Corporate Affairs Manager, MultiChoice Botswana

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