â€¨The collapse and ultimate closure of BCL has impacted on the not only economic justice of the Selibe Phikwe residents and surrounding areas. It has more badly eroded the little social justice that was aspired at the then copper mining town.
In the light of these, basing its authenticity on its newly adopted strategic plan, Botswana Council of Non-Governmental Organisations (BOCONGO) is riding on partnership of its affiliating member; Botswana Christian Council (BCC) on the ongoing study to identify the social injustices preceding the economic injustices imposed on the people of Selibe Phikwe and surrounding areas through the abrupt and unforeseen closure of the BCL mine.
The ongoing survey has through its preliminary report, of which final report will be made public before the end December 2016, painted a dehumanising impact of the BCL closure on residents, vulnerable communities and families, businesses and the Non-Governmental Organisations that have been serving the dead mining town.
The BOCONGO Board Vice Chairperson Mr. Olebile Machete responding to the Weekend Post enquiries as to the exact purpose of the impact survey assessment explained that “we at BOCONGO together with our affiliating partner BCC are of the strong view that inclusive development through democratic ownership involves empowering people as primary beneficiaries, but also as actors in their development”. He continued that what BOCONGO is currently engaged in is just a grain of the new strategy.
This study is aimed at BOCONGO and BCC learning the impact of uncertainties from the Selibe Phikwe community and what is going to be of their lives. BOCONGO expresses that this scenario will essentially impact the whole nation and thus needs mitigation of affiliating BOCONGO members to mitigate.
BOCONGO expresses that, though it does in its new dispensation continues to recognise the Government of Botswana as the most immediate strategic partner, as all the BOCONGO work is strategically aimed at complementing efforts of the Government, it is however concerned at the rate of economic and social injustices where communities have become the victim and Government being the perpetrator.
Machete points out that “BOCONGO shall in response to this prevailing and growing unfortunate fashion and behavior by the Government, thus as guided by the new the new three year strategic plan, endevour to motivate more formal partnerships on delivery of certain targets in specific thematic areas based on our member comparative advantages”.
BOCONGO shall in the next three years 2017 – 2020, guided by its new strategic plan, embark on joint plans within relevant structures and appropriate entities, including government departments where direct and deliberate plans shall be developed, monitored and evaluated to a certain progress and value addition.
Machete is quick to emphasise that, as much as possible, the new BOCONGO, having learnt from the past will avoid casual agreements and partnerships and rather will be more legal, constitutional and obliging to ensure concrete efforts towards inclusive development as obligated by its member affiliates at the recent Annual General Meeting where the new strategy was adopted. The new strategy shall be branded and marketed for stakeholder knowledge and buy-in and follow up efforts shall be made to explore opportunities for new partnerships.
Machete continued that “BOCONGO readily recognises that the new targets are ambitious and therefore strongly require an aggressive approach to partnership prospecting for co-responsibility and subsidiarity for value addition in service delivery. And we shall be engaging several stakeholders such as BONELA and BOSASNET and other social justice, economic justice and human rights institutions to address social and economic injustices that we find not only in Selibe Phikwe but nationally. We can no longer pretend that the situation is normal”.
Amongst other things coming from the impact assessment survey done by BOCONGO and BCC in Selibe Phikwe is that extracting companies operating in Botswana are not regulated to the benefit of local communities. They make millions from geographical areas and not plant anything back into the communities. The Phikwe pollution has left disastrous health effects. And Machete insists that BOCONGO shall through lobby and advocacy ensure that these issues are addressed and appropriate regulation put in place.
“BCL for example should have set up respiratory control and treatment centres funded by the mine. This should have been a pre-requisite to mining and we will be dialoguing with Government and appropriate institutions on the way forward not only for Selibe Phikwe but for other mining areas that are ongoing and that shall arise. We have agreed that if need be we shall frequent the courts to ensure that not only economic justice is met but that social justice be upheld.
The preliminary report carries amongst other things complaints by neighbouring villages such as Sefhophe where the head teachers have already complained to the village chief that they are unable to enroll all students being transferred to their schools from Selibe Phikwe schools. Health facilities are also not coping as luxuries of private hospitals have diminished overnight. These are social pressures that were not taken into consideration when authorities decided to close the mine.
BOCONGO expresses worry that “it is not only with the employees that consultation should have been done but it should have also been with authorities in neighbouring villages to prepare for such drastic changes that impact directly on the day to day affairs of their operations in schools, clinics, hospitals etcetera. Micro loans are taking all the monies that have been paid to the former employees and landlords are struggling, it is all economic and social injustice misery that could have been mitigated had things been done in consideration of all affected parties.
Machete also told this publication that the new BOCONGO strategy is aligned to the reality that, in representative democracies, it becomes indispensable to have organised groups like the NGOs effectively working for the people and representing their interests. It is about creating structured and permanent forums for dialogue that includes diversity of thoughts in advising and monitoring development policies, plans and strategies.
The main mission of BOCONGO is to provide an enabling environment for the NGO sector to become a recognized partner in the development process in Botswana. “Furthermore, BOCONGO aims to promote experience sharing with other NGOs as well as provide and we shall carry out this mission without a grain of apology”, noted Machete who continued that, human rights norms and standards do not operate in a vacuum, they lead to a conceptualisation of political and social relations between the state and citizens from the perspective of legitimate claims and obligations.
Of central significance is seeing individuals as rights holders and states as duty-bearers. With regards to social protection such a standpoint means that the state is obligated to guarantee economic and social justice and that citizens can claim it.
Machete further emphasised that the new strategy is a focus to ensure that the concept of citizenship, in terms of what is necessary for and meaningful about being a citizen, focuses on important matters such as the quality of relationships between citizens, the distribution and mix of resources necessary for ensuring that relationships are positive in nature.
This perspective underscores the value in pursuing a social inclusion agenda undergirded in the idea of social citizenship. Under a social citizenship framework social resources are not granted by the state out of benevolence or other motives but rather are conferred as a right of citizenship. All these point to the painfully felt impact of closure of the BCL mine and based on the increasing inequalities in the country in other areas beyond Selibe Phikwe.
When the Weekend Post asked the BOCONGO Deputy Leader on the position of BOCONGO with regard to SPEDU plan and implementation of the same, he narrated that, according to the World Bank Report, Botswana is the third most unequal country in the world. The government of Botswana has since 1966 delivered myriad mixtures of infrastructure, goods and services with a view to fighting poverty and improving the quality of life of the people.
However, this social provision has not made a significant impact on poverty reduction for the majority of the people in the country. “For the funds spent, not enough has been gained in terms of enhancing the overall quality of life by reducing levels of poverty and bridging the widening gap between the rich and the poor and SPEDU if not guarded by the NGO world led by BOCONGO will simply join the fray of lost promises. We shall thus through a lot of activities planned and aligned to our new strategic plan, in robustness, in resoluteness through and with our members, address all these challenges”.
As the preparations for the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) congress are about to kick off, reports on the ground suggest that the party’s Deputy Treasurer Jackdish Shah will not defend the position in August as he contemplates relocation.
According to sources, the businessman who joined the BDP Central Committee in 2015 at the 36th Congress held in Mmadinare is ready to leave the party’s politburo. It is said he long made up his mind not to defend the position last year. A prominent businessman, Shah, when he won the position to assist Satar Dada in 2015 was expected to improve the party’s financial vibrancy. By then the party was under the leadership of Ian Khama.
According to close sources, Shah long decided not to contest because he has fallen out of favour with the party leadership. It is said he took the decision after some prominent businessmen who are BDP members and part of football syndicate decided to push him out and they used their proximity to President Mokgweetsi Masisi to badmouth him hence the decision.
“The fight at the Botswana Football Association (BFA) and Botswana Football League (BFL) has left him alone in the desert and some faces there used their close access to the President to isolate him,” said a source. Media reports say, Shah does not see eye to eye with BFA President MacLean Letshwiti who is also Masisi’s buddy hence the decision.
BFL Chairman Nicholas Zackhem is said to be not in good terms with Shah, who at one point Chaired the then Botswana Premier League (BPL). “He is seriously considering quitting because of what is unfolding at the team (Township Rollers) which is slowly not making financial gains and might be relegated and he wants to sell while it is still worth the investment,” said a highly placed source.
Shah is a renowned businessman who runs internet providing company Zebra net, H &G, game farm in Kasane, cattle farm in Ghanzi region and lot of properties in Gaborone. He also has two hotels in USA, his advisors have given him thumbs up on the possible decision of relocating provided he does not sell some of the investments that are doing well.
Asked about whether he will be contesting Shah could not confirm nor deny the reports. It is said for now it is too early as a public decision will have to be taken after the national council meeting and prior to the national congress. “As a BDP Central Committee member he cannot make that announcement now,” a BDP source said.
BDP is expected to assemble for the National Council during the July holidays while the National Congress is billed for August. It is then that the party will elect a new CC members. The last time BDP held elective congress was at Kang in 2019. The party is yet to issue writ.
The government has failed to implement some commitments and agreements that it had entered into with unions to improve conditions of public servants.
Three years after the government and public made commitments aimed at improving conditions of work and services it has emerged that the government has ignored and failed to implement all commitments on conditions of service emanating from the 2019 round of negotiations.
In its position paper that saw public service salaries being increased by 5%, the government the government has also signalled its intention to renege on some of the commitments it had made. “Government aspires to look into all outstanding issues contained in the Labour Agreement signed between the Employer and recognised Trade Union on the 27th August 2019 and that it be reviewed, revised and delinked by both Parties with a view to agree on those whose implementation that can be realistically executed during the financial years 2022/23, 2023/24 and 2024/25 respectively,” the government said.
Furthermore, in addition to reviewing, revising and de-linking of the outstanding issues contained in the Collective Labour Agreement alluded to above and taking on a progressive proposal, government desires to review revise, develop and implement human resource policies as listed below during the financial year 2022/23,2023/24,2024/25
They include selection and appointment policy, learning and development policy, transfer guidelines, conditions of service, permanent and pensionable, temporary and part time, Foreign Service, expatriate and disciplinary procedures.
In their proposal paper, the unions which had proposed an 11 percent salary increase but eventually settled for 5% percent indicated that the government has not, and without explanation, acted on some of the key commitments from the 2019/2020 and 2021/22 round of negotiations. The essential elements of these commitments include among others the remuneration Policy for the Public Service.
The paper states that a Remuneration Policy will be developed to inform decision making on remuneration in the Public Service. It is envisaged that consultations between the government and relevant key stakeholders on the policy was to start on 1st September 2019, and the development of the policy should be concluded by 30th June 2020.
The public sector unions said the Remuneration Policy is yet to be developed. The Cooperating Unions suggested that the process should commence without delay and that it should be as participatory as it was originally conceived. Another agreement relate to Medical Aid Contribution for employees on salary Grades A and B.
The employer contribution towards medical aid for employees on salary Grades A and B will be increased from 50% to 80% for the Standard Option of the Botswana Public “Officers’ Medical Aid Scheme effective 1st October 2019; the cooperating unions insist that, in fulfilling this commitment, there should be no discrimination between those on the high benefit and those on the medium benefit plan,” the unions proposal paper says.
Another agreement involves the standardisation of gratuities across the Public Service. “Gratuities for all employees on fixed term contracts of 12 months but not exceeding 5 years, including former Industrial class employees be standardized at 30% across the Public Service in order to remove the existing inequalities and secure long-term financial security for Public Service Employees at lower grades with immediate effect,” the paper states.
The other agreement signed by the public sector unions and the government was the development of fan-shaped Salary Structure. The paper says the Public Service will adopt a best practice fan-shaped and overlapping structure, with modification to suit the Botswana context. The Parties (government and unions) to this agreement will jointly agree on the ranges of salary grades to allow for employees’ progression without a promotion to the available position on the next management level.
“The fan-shaped structure is envisaged to be in place by 1st June 2020, to enable factoring into the budgetary cycle for the financial year 2021/22,” the unions’ proposal paper states. It says the following steps are critical, capacity building of key stakeholders (September – December 2019), commission remuneration market survey (3 months from September to November 2019), design of the fan-shaped structure (2 to 3 months from January to March2020) and consultations with all key stakeholders (March to April 2020).
The unions and government had also signed an agreement on performance management and development: A rigorous performance management and reward system based on a 5-point rating system will be adopted as an integral part of the operationalization of the new Remuneration System.
Performance Management and Development (PMD) will be used to reward workers based on performance. The review of the Performance Management System was to be undertaken in order to close the gaps identified by PEMANDU and other previous reports on PMS between 1st September 2019 and 30th June 2020 as follows; internal process to update and revise the current Performance Management System by January 2020.
A job evaluation exercise in the Public Service will also be undertaken to among others establish internal equity, and will also cover the grading of all supervisory positions within the Public Service. Another agreement included overtime Management. The Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) was to facilitate the conclusion of consultations on management of overtime, including consideration of the Overtime Management Task Team’s report on the same by 30th November 2019.
A public health expert, Dr Edward Maganu who is also the former Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health has said that unlike many who are expressing shock at the population census growth decline results, he is not, because the 2022 results represents his expectations.
He rushed to dismiss the position by Statistics Botswana in which thy partly attributes the low growth rates to mortality rates for the past ten years. “I don’t think there is any undercounting. I also don’t think death rates have much to do with it since the excessive deaths from HIV/AIDS have been controlled by ARVs and our life expectancy isn’t lower than it was in the 1990s,” he said in an interview with this publication post the release of the results.
Preliminary results released by Statistics Botswana this week indicated that Botswana’s population is now estimated to be 2,346,179 – a figure that the state owned data agency expressed worry over saying it’s below their projected growth. The general decline in the population growth rate is attributed to ‘fertility’ and ‘mortality’ rates that the country registered on the past ten years since the last census in 2011.
Maganu explained that with an enlightened or educated society and the country’s total fertility rate, there was no way the country’s population census was going to match the previous growth rates. “The results of the census make sense and is exactly what I expected. Our Total Fertility Rate ( the average number of children born to a woman) is now around 2.
This is what happens as society develops and educates its women. The enlightened women don’t want to bear many children, they want to work and earn a living, have free time, and give their few children good care. So, there is no under- counting. Census procedures are standard so that results are comparable between countries.
That is why the UN is involved through UNFPA, the UN Agency responsible for population matters,” said Maganu who is also the former adviser to the World Health Organisation. Maganu ruled out undercounting concerns, “I see a lot of Batswana are worried about the census results. Above is what I have always stated.”
Given the disadvantages that accompany low population for countries, some have suggested that perhaps a time has come for the government to consider population growth policies or incentives, suggestions Maganu deems ineffective.
“It has never worked anywhere. The number of children born to a woman are a very private decision of the woman and the husband in an enlightened society. And as I indicated, the more the women of a society get educated, the higher the tendency to have fewer children. All developed countries have a problem of zero population growth or even negative growth.
The replacement level is regarded as 2 children per woman; once the fertility level falls below that, then the population stops growing. That’s why developed countries are depending so much on immigration,” he said.
According to him, a lot of developing countries that are educating their women are heading there, including ourselves-Botswana. “Countries that have had a policy of encouraging women to have more children have failed dismally. A good example is some countries of Eastern Europe (Romania is a good example) that wanted to grow their populations by rewarding women who had more children. It didn’t work. The number of children is a very private matter,” said Maganu
For those who may be worried about the impact of problems associated with low growth rate, Maganu said: “The challenge is to develop society so that it can take care of its dependency ratio, the children and the aged. In developed countries the ratio of people over 60 years is now more than 20%, ours is still less than 10%.”
The preliminary results show that Mogoditshane with (88,098) is now the biggest village in the country with Maun coming second (85,293) and Molepolole at third position with 74,719. Population growth is associated with many economic advantages because more people leads to greater human capital, higher economic growth, economies of scale, the efficiency of higher population density and the improved demographic structure of society, among many others.